Genesis

Introduction

Genesis from the Greek Septuagint, as used by the 1st-century Christians. Genesis was compiled by Moses. It covers the period from the beginning of creation until the death of JoSeph (which we calculate as around 1847 BCE).

Chapter 1

The wording of Genesis chapter 1 suggests that it was originally written as a poem, or more likely, as a song.

In the beginning, The God created the sky and the land.However, the land was unsightly and unfinished, darkness covered its depths, and God’s Breath moved over its waters.

Then The God spoke, saying:
‘Let there be light.’

So light came to be,and God saw that the light was beautiful.

Then The God brought a division between the light and the darkness.He called the light day and the darkness night.
So came the evening and the morning of the first day.

And The God spoke, saying:
‘Let there be space between all the waters and a dividing of the waters and the waters.’

And that’s what happened.For God ordered a space to divide the waters that were under the space from the waters that were over the space.God then called that space the sky, and He saw that this was beautiful.
So came the evening and the morning of the second day.

Then The God said:
‘Let the waters under the skies be brought together in one place so the land can be seen.’

And that’s what happened.God called the dry land earth and the collected waters the seas, and God saw that this was beautiful.

Then The God spoke, saying:
‘Let the land sprout with pastures of grasses that bear seeds [each] of its own kind and appearance. And let there be fruit trees that bear fruit with its seeds, [each] of its own kind.’

And that’s what happened.The ground sprouted with pastures of grasses that [each] bore seeds of its own kind and appearance, and the fruit trees bore fruit with their seeds, [each] of its own kind, upon the land. And God saw that this was beautiful.
So came the evening and the morning of the third day.

Then The God spoke, saying:
‘Let there be lights in the heavenly space to illuminate the ground to make the division between day and night, and to serve as signs for the seasons, days, and years.Let them serve as sources of light in the skies to shine upon the ground.’

And that’s what happened.God made the two huge lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light and stars to rule the night.And God assigned them space in the sky to shine upon the earth,to dominate the days and nights, and to make the divisions between light and darkness. And God saw that it was beautiful.
So came the evening and the morning of the forth day.

Then The God spoke, saying:
‘Let the waters give birth to living, slithering animals, as well as to winged creatures that will fly above the earth in the space of the skies.’

And that’s what happened.Then The God created the great sea creatures and all the living, slithering animals that live in the water, according to their types, and all the feathered flying creatures, according to their types; and God saw that it was beautiful.So God blest them, saying:
‘Reproduce and multiply in the water until you fill the seas, and let the winged creatures multiply on the earth.’
So came the evening and the morning of the fifth day.

Then The God spoke, saying:
‘Let the land give birth to living animals, each of its own kind… four-footed animals, slithering animals, and wild animals of the ground, each of its own kind.’

And that’s what happened.For thereafter, The God made the wild animals of the ground (each of its own kind), the herding animals (each of its own kind) and all the earth’s slithering animals (each of its own kind). And God saw that they were beautiful.

Then The God spoke, saying:
‘Let us make men in our image and like us, so that they will rule the creatures in the seas, the winged creatures of the skies, the herding animals of the ground, and all the slithering animals that crawl on the ground.’

So then, God created mankind (gr. anthropon). He created mankind in the image of the Gods as a male and a female.Then The God blest them, saying:
‘Reproduce and multiply… fill the earth and control it. Rule over the sea creatures, the winged creatures of the skies, all the herding animals of the ground, all the slithering animals that crawl on the ground, and the whole earth.’

Then The God said:
‘Look, I’ve given you all the seed-bearing plants upon the entire earth to plant, as well as all the seed-bearing trees to plant as your food.And [I’ve given] greenish-yellow plants as food for all the earth’s wild animals, all the winged creatures of the skies, and all the slithering animals that crawl on the ground and have the breath of life.’

And that’s what happened.

Then The God viewed everything that He had made, and {Look!} it was very beautiful.
So came the evening and the morning of the sixth day.

Chapter 2

Genesis chapter 2 doesn’t appear to be part of the poem or song found in the first chapter, for it breaks into a narration of the things that followed.

So the skies and the lands were complete, as was all the arranging of them.For after that, The God finished the work that He did on the 6th day. And on the seventh day, He then rested from all the works that He had done.Then God blest the seventh day and He declared it to be holy, for by then He had finished all the work that He had started to do.

This was the scroll of the origins of the skies and the lands, and of when they came to be in the day that The God spoke the sky and the land [into existence],as well as when all the greenish-yellow plants for it began on the ground and all the grasses of the fields started growing from it.

However, because Jehovah God had not yet provided rain on the earth and there were no men to cultivate it,springs poured from the ground and watered the entire surface of the land.

Then The God formed the man from the dust of the ground. He breathed the breath of life against his face, and he became a living creature.

Thereafter, God planted a Paradise east of Edem where He put the man whom he had formed.
And it was there that God caused every tree that was attractive to look at and worthy as food to spring from the ground. [He also] put the Tree of Life in the middle of the Paradise, as well as the tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil.

There was also a river that flowed out of Edem to water the Paradise, and from there [came the] head [waters] of 4 [rivers].

The name of the [first river] is Phison. It flows around the land of Evilat, where there is gold,and the gold from that land is good. There is also red gemstone and ornamental stone there.

The name of the 2nd river is Geon. It runs around the land of Kush.

The 3rd river is the Tigris. It flows over toward the Assyrians. And the 4th river is the EuPhrates.

Then Jehovah God took the man that He had formed and put him in the Paradise of Delights so that He could cultivate it and take care of it.And Jehovah God gave these instructions to Adam:
‘You may eat from all the trees of Paradise,but you must not eat from the tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. For on whatever day you eat from it, your life will end and you will die.’

Then Jehovah God said:
‘It isn’t good for the man to be alone, so let’s make a helper for him.’

Well, after God had made all the wild animals of the plains and all the winged creatures of the skies from the [dirt], He brought them to Adam to see what he would call them. And whatever Adam called each living animal was what its name became.

So Adam named all the cattle, all the winged creatures of the skies, and all the wild animals of the plains. Yet, a suitable helper that was like Adam couldn’t be found.

God then put Adam into a trance, and while he was sleeping, He took one of his ribs and filled the place where it was with flesh.Then The God built the rib that He took from Adam into a woman and brought her to Adam.And Adam said:
‘This is now bone from my bones and flesh from my flesh. She will be called woman, because she was taken from man.And because of this, a man will leave his father and mother and bond with his woman, and the two will become one flesh.’

Chapter 3

[Well at the time], both of them (the man and the woman) were naked and unashamed.

Then the snake (which was the wiliest of the animals that Jehovah had made on the earth) asked the woman:
‘Why did God tell you that you shouldn’t eat from all of the trees in the Paradise?’

And the woman replied to the snake:
‘We can eat the fruit from the trees of Paradise, but God said that we shouldn’t eat the fruit from the tree in the middle of Paradise – that we shouldn’t even touch it – or we will die.’

Then the snake said to the woman:
‘You won’t stop living and die,for God knows that on whatever day you eat from it your eyes will be opened wide and you will be like the gods knowing good and evil.’

Well, the woman saw that the tree was worthy as food, it was a pleasant sight to her eyes, and it was a beautiful thing to think about. So after picking its fruit, she ate it.
Then she gave some to her man (who was with her), and they ate it [together].And thereafter, the eyes of both of them were opened wide and they realized that they were naked. So they sewed fig leaves together and made skirts to go around themselves.

But then, when they heard the voice of Jehovah God as He walked around in Paradise at dusk, Adam and his woman hid from the face of Jehovah God among the trees in the Paradise.

So Jehovah God called out to Adam, asking:
‘Where are you Adam?’

And [Adam] replied to God:
‘I heard Your voice as You were walking through the Paradise, but I was afraid because of my nakedness, so I hid myself.’

Then The God asked him:
‘If you haven’t eaten from the only tree about which I commanded you not to eat; then, who told you that you were naked?’

And Adam replied:
‘It was this woman whom You gave to me as a companion… she gave me some [fruit] from the tree, and I ate it.’

Then Jehovah God asked the woman:
‘Why did you do this?’

And the woman replied:
‘The snake deceived me, so I ate it.’

So Jehovah God said to the snake:
‘Because you did this; among all the cattle and wild animals of the earth, you [alone] are doomed to be punished. Therefore, you will now travel on your chest and belly and you will have to eat from the ground all the days of your life.
I’m also going to create hatred between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed. He will then watch for your head and you will watch for his heel.’

And after that, He said to the woman:
‘I will now make your sorrow and moaning [much] worse; for when you give birth to children, you will do so with groaning. You will also have to submit to your man and he will dominate you.’

Then He said to Adam:
‘Because you listened to your woman’s voice and ate from the tree from which I commanded you not to eat (and from which you went ahead and ate); all the work that you will do on the ground will be cursed, and you will groan as you eat from it all the days of your life.
Briars and thistles will grow for you, and your food will be the grasses in the fields.
You will then eat your bread through the sweat on your face until you return to the ground from which you were taken… yes, you were taken from the ground and that’s where you will return!’

Well, thereafter, Adam called his woman’s name Life, because she was to be the mother of all [human] life.

Then Jehovah God made leather clothing for Adam and his woman, and He dressed them in it.

And after that, The God said:
‘Look, Adam has now become one of us in knowing good and evil!’
Therefore, to keep him from reaching out to pick and eat from the Tree of Life so as to gain age-long life,Jehovah God then put Adam outside of the Paradise of Delights, where he had to work the ground from which he was taken.
Yes, He drove Adam out and made him live next to the Paradise of Delights. Then He stationed the [heavenly] cherubs with their flaming, spinning swords to guard the way to the Tree of Life.

Chapter 4

Well thereafter, Adam had [sexual relations] with Eue, his woman, so she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain. And she said:
‘I have gained a man through God.’

Then she again gave birth to his brother, Abel.

Abel [grew up to be] a herder of sheep, while Cain worked the ground.

Then after many days, Cain brought some of the fruit of the ground as an offering to Jehovah,while Abel brought the first-born of his sheep and his belongings.

Well, God looked favorably upon Abel and his gifts,but He paid no attention to Cain and his sacrifices, which made Cain very sad, and his face [reflected] this.So Jehovah God asked Cain:
‘Why are you so sad and why is your face so long?For even if you didn’t bring righteously, you didn’t sin by sharing. Overlook this, because [Abel] will submit to you and you will [rule] over him!’

But thereafter, Cain said to his brother Abel:
‘Let’s go out into the fields.’

Then, while they were in their fields, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.

And when Jehovah God asked Cain,
‘Where is your brother?’
he replied:
‘I don’t know… I’m not my brother’s keeper!’

Then Jehovah God asked:
‘What have you done? I hear the blood of your brother calling out to Me from the ground!Therefore, you will now be cursed by the ground, which has opened her mouth wide to [drink] the blood of your brother from your hand.
So from here on, whenever you work the ground, it will [no longer] give you its strength, and you will groan and tremble on the earth.’

Then Cain said to Jehovah God:
‘My crime is too great to be forgiven.So if you [drive me] away from Your face and the face of this land today, I will have to hide, groaning and trembling on the land… for anyone that finds me will kill me!’

And Jehovah God replied:
‘That isn’t so! For whoever kills Cain will pay 7 penalties.’

Then Jehovah God put a mark on Cain so that nobody that found him would kill him.And thereafter, Cain left the presence of God and lived in Nod, which also borders Edem.

There, Cain [had sex] with his woman and she became pregnant, giving birth to Enoch. [Then Cain] built a city, which he named after his son, Enoch.

Enoch fathered GaiDad; GaiDad fathered MalaleEl; MalaleEl fathered MethuSelah; and MethuSelah fathered Lamech.
Then Lamech took two women; the first was Ada and the second was SelLa.Ada gave birth to JoBel, who was the ancestor of those that lived in tents and herded cattle.He had a brother named JuBal, who invented the lute and the harp.
SelLa also gave birth to ThoBel, who worked iron and brass. And he had a sister named NoEma.

Then Lamech said this to his women (Ada and SelLa):
‘Listen to me, [my] women and remember; I have killed a man that wounded me… a young man that whipped me.So if the vengeance [for killing] Cain was 7 punishments; mine will be 7 times that.’

Well, Adam [again had sex with] his woman Eue and she became pregnant, giving birth to a son whom she named Seth. For she said:
‘God has [provided me with] another son to replace Abel, who was murdered by Cain.’

Then Seth had a son whom he named Enos, who hoped to call upon the Name of The God, Jehovah.

Chapter 5

This was the scroll of the early [days] of mankind, when God fathered Adam, forming him in [His] image.He created the male and the female and He blest them. Then in the day that He created [the first man], He named him Adam (heb. HaAdama).

Adam was 230 years old when he fathered a son that was just like him and looked like him, that he named Seth.
Then after fathering Seth, Adam lived on for 700 years, as he fathered other sons and daughters.So Adam was 930 years old when he died.

Now, Seth was 205 years old when he fathered Enos.And after fathering Enos, he lived on for 707 more years, as he fathered other sons and daughters.So Seth was 912 years old when he died.

Enos was 190 years old when he fathered Kainan.Then after fathering Kainan, he lived on for another 715 years, as he fathered other sons and daughters.So Enos was 905 years old when he died.

Kainan was 170 years old when he fathered MaleLeal.Then after fathering MaleLeal, he lived on for some 740 years, as he fathered other sons and daughters.So Kainan was 910 years old when he died.

MaleLeal was 165 years old when he fathered JaRed.And after fathering JaRed, he lived on for 730 years, as he fathered other sons and daughters.So MaleLeal was 895 years old when he died.

JaRed was 162 years old when he fathered Enoch.Then after fathering Enoch, he lived on for another 800 years, as he fathered other sons and daughters.
So JaRed was 962 years old when he died.

Enoch was 165 years old when he fathered MethuSelah.And it was after he fathered MethuSelah that God found Enoch to be righteous.
So after he lived for 200 more years and after he had fathered other sons and daughters(when he was 365 years old…and because he had pleased God), God transported him and he disappeared.

Well, MethuSelah was 187 years old when he fathered Lamech.Then after fathering Lamech, he lived on for another 782 years, as he fathered other sons and daughters.
So MethuSelah was 969 years old when he died.

Lamech was 188 years old when he fathered a sonwhom he named Noah. And he said:
‘He will stop us from doing all the [bad] things that we are doing, as well as from working with our hands and from [living on] the ground that Jehovah has cursed.’

Then, after he fathered Noah, [Lamech] lived on for some 565 years, as he fathered other sons and daughters.So Lamech was 753 years old when he died.

Well, it was after Noah was 500 years old that he fathered three sons; Shem, Ham, and JaPheth.

Chapter 6

Now, as the population of men grew on the earth and they fathered daughters,the sons of The God noticed that the daughters of men were beautiful; so, they took all whom they chose as their women.

Then Jehovah God said:
‘There’s no way that My Breath will stay with these men. They’re [just] flesh, so their [lives] will last just 120 [more] years.’

Well, there were giants on the earth back in those days; for after that, the sons of The God continued to [had sex] with the daughters of mankind and fathered [children] for themselves that became the giants and the famous men of that age.

Well, Jehovah God saw that the badness of the people on the earth was getting much worse… for the things that they conceived in their hearts every day was all twisted toward evil.
So God became disturbed (gr. enethumethe) that He had created humans on the earth… He shook His head (gr. dienoethe)and declared:
‘I will wipe the humans that I made off the face of the earth… yes, the people, the cattle, and the winged creatures of the skies, for I’m sorry that I made them.’

However, Noah found mercy in the eyes of (The God) Jehovah.

This is the account of Noah’s generation:

Noah was a righteous man… perfect [when compared to] that generation, for Noah pleased God well.Then he fathered three sons; Shem, Ham, and JaPheth.

As God saw it, the land had become unclean and the earth was filled with unrighteousness.So when Jehovah God looked at the earth, all He saw was corruption, because all flesh had become corrupt in its ways.

Then Jehovah God told Noah:
‘A season is now before me [that will lead to the end of] all mankind, because the earth is filled with their unrighteousness. Look! I’m going to lay waste to them and to the whole earth!
So [you must] make a chest of squared timbers for yourself and [divide the] chest into stalls, then cover both the inside and outside of it with tar.

‘This is how you should build the chest: [Make it] 500 feet (152m) long, 80 feet (24.4m) wide, and 50 feet (15.25m) tall.You must also make a roof that is about 1 cubit [~20in, ~50cm] thick, and put a door in the side of the chest… make a bottom floor, a 2nd floor, and a 3rd floor.
[For after it’s completed], {Look!} I’m going to bring a downpour of water upon the ground to destroy all flesh under the skies that has the breath of life… so, all that is on the ground will then come to an end.And after that, I will establish an agreement between you and Me.’

‘Therefore, [I want you to] bring all [types of] cattle, slithering creatures, and wild animals – all [types of] flesh – into the chest by pairs of males and females.
Then, bring in enough food for them and for yourselves.For they will all be eating there with you… all the winged creatures, all types of cattle, and all varieties of slithering animals that crawl on the ground (both the males and the females).
Yes, you must gather all types of food for yourselves so that you will each have something to eat.’

And thereafter, Noah did everything that Jehovah God told him to do.

Chapter 7

Then Jehovah God said to Noah:
‘Now you and your family must enter the chest, because I have found [just] you to be righteous among this generation.Take 7 pairs (males and females) of [all the] clean cattle in with you, and take in [single] pairs (males and females) of [all the] unclean animals.

‘[Do the same with all] the winged creatures of the sky… bring in 7 pairs (males and females) of the clean ones, and [just] pairs of all the unclean winged creatures, so that their seed will remain on the earth.
For in just 7 days, I will bring rain to the ground [that will last for] 40 days and 40 nights, and I will blot every creature that I’ve made off of the face of the entire earth!’

And thereafter, Noah did everything that Jehovah God had commanded him to do.

Noah was 600 years old when the Downpour of waters started on the earth.Then Noah, his woman, his sons, and their women went into the chest with him (because of the downpour of water).
And the clean winged creatures, the unclean winged creatures, the clean cattle, the unclean cattle, and all the wild animals as well as all the things that crawled on the groundcame to Noah and entered the chest in pairs of males and females, just as God had commanded Noah.
Then after 7 days, the waters of the Downpour started falling on the earth.

It was in the 600th year of Noah’s life, on the 27th day of the 2nd month, that all the springs under the ground broke open, and the floodgates of the skies were opened.Then it rained on the earth for 40 days and 40 nights.
It started on the very day that Noah, his woman, as well as Shem, Ham, JaPheth (the sons of Noah and his woman) and their three women went into the chest with him.

Also, all the wild animals (each of its kind), all the cattle (each of its kind), all the slithering animals that move on the earth (each of its kind),and all the winged creatures (each of its kind) went inside the chest to Noah in pairs of males and females… everything that had the breath of life.
Males and females of all flesh went inside, just as God had commanded Noah; then Jehovah God closed the chest from the outside.

Thereafter, the Downpour continued on the earth for 40 days and 40 nights, and the water got so deep that it lifted the chest high above the ground.
The water dominated and totally covered the land, and the chest was carried along on top of the water.For the water dominated and covered even the tallest mountains under the whole sky…it covered the highest mountains by at least 25 feet (7.6m).

So everything that moved on the earth died… all the men, winged creatures, cattle, wild animals, and all the animals that slithered across the ground.Everything that lived on the ground and had the breath of life, died.
God blotted out all His creatures on the face of the earth… the men, the animals, the winged creatures, and the slithering animals. He blotted them all from the earth. The only ones that remained were Noah and those that were with him inside the chest.

Altogether, the water covered the land for 150 days.

Chapter 8

But God didn’t forget Noah or any of the wild animals, cattle, winged creatures, or crawling, slithering animals that were inside the chest.
So God sent a wind to the earth that stopped the water…for the springs that were under the ground closed and the floodgates of the skies and the rain from the skies were held back.

Then the water level started to drop, flowing off the ground. And after 150 days, the water lowered, and the chest came to rest on Mount Ararat on the 27th day of the 7th month.

Well, the water levels kept dropping through the 10th month,and on the 1st day of the 10th month, they could see the mountaintops.

Then, after 40 days, Noah opened the window that he had made in the chest, and he sent out a crow, which left and didn’t return until the water had abated.
So it left and it did not return until the water had dried off the ground.

And after that, he sent out a dove to see if the earth was still flooded.But the dove couldn’t find a place to rest its feet, because the water was still covering all the ground, and it returned to the chest.
So [Noah] stuck out his hand to take [the dove], and brought it to himself inside the chest.

Well, a week later, he sent the dove out from the chest once again.And that evening, the dove returned to him with a stem and leaf from an olive tree in its beak. That’s when Noah knew [for sure] that the water had left the ground.
However, he continued to wait another week before he released the dove once more. And this time, it didn’t return at all.

So by the 601st year of Noah’s life, on the 1st day of the 1st month, the water had poured off the ground.

Then Noah opened the roof that he had made for the chest, and he could finally see that the water had drained from the ground…and by the 22nd day of the 2nd month, the ground was dry.

Then Jehovah God spoke to Noah and said:
‘Come out of the chest… you, your woman, your sons, their women that are with you,and all the wild animals that are with you.
Bring out all the flesh that is with you – the winged creatures, the cattle, and the slithering animals that move on the ground – [so that they can] reproduce and multiply on the earth.’

So Noah, his woman, his sons, and his son’s women that were with him, came out.And all the wild animals, all the cattle, all the winged creatures, and all the slithering animals that crawl on the ground (according to their kinds) came out of the chest.

Then Noah built an altar to Jehovah, and he took some of the clean animals, as well as some from among all the clean winged creatures, and offered them whole… burning them on the altar.

And as Jehovah noticed the sweet smell, He thought about it and said:
‘Never again will I curse the ground for the bad things that men do, because the imagination of men is totally bent toward doing bad things from the time they are young. Also, will I never again [destroy] all living flesh as I have just done.Then, during all the days of the earth, the seed time and harvesting, the heat and the cold, the spring and the summer, and the days and nights won’t ever be brought to an end.’

Chapter 9

Thereafter, God blest Noah and his sons and told them:
‘Now, reproduce and multiply… fill the earth and rule over it.For all the wild animals of the earth, all the winged creatures in the skies, and everything that moves on the ground (including all the creatures in the seas) will have a dread and fear of you. So I have put you in charge over all of them.

‘Also, all the living and slithering animals can serve as meat for you… I have given them all to you as though they were green vegetation.But you must not eat their flesh with its blood of life,or I will require your blood at the hand of all those wild animals.
I will also require a man’s life at the hands of his brothers…for, whoever spills the blood of mankind will also have his blood spilled, since I made mankind in the image of God.
Now, reproduce and multiply… fill the earth and rule over it!’

Then The God spoke to Noah and his sons that were with him and said:
‘Look; I am making an agreement between you and Me, [as well as] with your seed [that will come] after youand with every living thing (the winged creatures, the [domesticated] animals, and all the wild animals of the earth)… with all that are with you and came out of the chest.
This is My promise to you and to all flesh:
I will never again send a downpour of water to kill all flesh, and never again will I send a downpour to destroy the whole earth.’

Then The God said to Noah:
‘This is the sign of the Agreement that I have established between you and Me through ages of generations, as well as with every living creature that is with you:
I have put My bow in the clouds, which will serve as the sign of the Agreement between the earth and Me,so that whenever I gather clouds over the earth, My bow will be seen in those clouds,and this will remind Me of My agreement between you and Me, and with every living creature and all flesh, that never again will I send a downpour of water that will blot out all flesh.
My bow will be there in the clouds, and when I see it, I will remember the age-long agreement between Me and the earth, as well as with every living creature among all the flesh that is on the earth.’

And God said to Noah:
‘Yes, this is the sign of the Agreement that I made with all flesh that is on the earth and Myself.’

Now, the sons of Noah that came out of the chest were [named] Shem, Ham, and JaPheth (Ham was the father of CanaAn).And it was from these three sons of Noah that all men came to be scattered over the whole earth.

Thereafter, Noah took up farming and he planted some grapes.[Then, one day], Noah was drinking some wine while he was naked in his house, and he got drunk.But then, Ham (CanaAn’s father) saw his father’s nakedness, and he went outside and told his brothers about it.
So Shem and JaPheth grabbed a robe, put it over their backs, and walked backward to cover their father’s naked body.
And because they were looking away, they didn’t see their father’s nakedness.

Well, after Noah recovered from the wine, he realized what his son had done to him.So he said:
‘The servant CanaAn is cursed, and he will be a slave to his brothers.’

Then he added:
‘May Jehovah, Shem’s God, bless him… but let CanaAn be his houseboy.
Also, may God make room for JaPheth and allow him to live in the tents of Shem… and may CanaAn then become his also.’

Well, after the Downpour, Noah lived on for another 350 years.So he lived for 950 years, and then he died.

Chapter 10

Now, these are the generations of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and JaPheth. And these are the sons that were born to them after the Downpour:

JaPheth’s sons were Gamer, Magog [the Scythians], Madoi [the Medes], Jovan, EliSa, ThoBel [of Tubal], Mosoch [possibly Moscow of Russia], and Thiras [Islands of the Aegean Sea].

Gamer’s sons were AshKenaz [Germans and Slavs], RiPhath [of Northwestern Asia Minor], and Thorgama [the Armenians].

Jovan’s sons were EliShah [of Tyre], TarShish [of Spain], Cetian [of Cypress], and Rhodes [of Rhodes]…[they settled the] islands, which lands were divided by tribe and nation among the ethnics, each according to his own language.

Ham’s sons were Kush [blacks], Mesrain [Egyptian tribes], Phud [Libyans], and CanaAn [Palestinians].

The sons of Kush were Saba [other blacks of southern Africa], Evilat, SaBatha, Rhegma, and Sabathaca [East Africans].

The sons of Rhegma were Saba [of 13 Arabian Tribes], and Dadan [part of Arabia].

Kush fathered NimRod, who became a giant on the earth.He was a gigantic hunter before Jehovah God, and that’s why people speak of NimRod as ‘the gigantic hunter before Jehovah.’
His kingdom started with Babylon and ran to Orech, Archad, and ChalanNe, which were all in the land of Shinar.
Then outside of that land, [he went to] Assyria and built Nineveh, the cities of RehobOth, Chalach,and Dase (between Nineveh, and Chalach), which is the great city.

Mesrain fathered the Lydim [Lydians], the MaphTuhim [people of Memphis, Egypt], the AnaMim [Libyans], the Lehabim [people of Lower Egypt],
the Pathrusim [people of Upper Egypt], the Casluhim [Cretans] (from whom the Philistines descended), and the GaphThoriim [also from the area of Crete].

CanaAn’s first-born son was Sidon. Then there were the Hittites,the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites,the Hevites, the Arukites, the Sinites [Chinese?], the Asenites,the Aradians, the Samarians [Northern Lebanon], and the Hamathites.
But the CanaAnites were scattered,so their territory ran from Sidon to Gerar (near Gaza), to Sodom and GomorRah, to Adama, and to Seboim, as far as Dasa.

These were the descendants of Ham by tribe, country, language, and nation.

Shem, who was the elder brother of JaPheth and the ancestor of all the sons of Heber, also had children born to him.His sons were ElAm, AsSur, ArphaxAd, Lud, Aram, and Kainan.

Aram’s sons were Uz, Ul, Gater, and Mosoch.

ArphaxAd fathered [a son whom he named] Kainan, who fathered Sala, who fathered [a son whom he named] Heber.This Heber had two sons. He named the first PhalEd (Division), because the land became divided in his day, and his brother’s name was JekTan.

JekTan fathered ElModad, Saleth, SarMoth, Jarach,OdorRha, AiBel, Decla,Eval, AbiMaEl, Saba,Uphir, Evila, and Jobab. These were all the sons of JekTan.Their territory ran from MasSe all the way to Saphera, which is a mountain in the east.

These were the sons of Shem by tribe, language, country, and nation,and these were the tribes of the sons of Noah by generations and nations. From them came the people of all the islands and nations that were scattered around the earth after the Downpour.

Chapter 11

[At the time], the whole earth shared the same lips, because they all spoke the same language.And as they migrated from the east, they found a flat area of land in Shinar, and started living there.Then one man said to his neighbor:
‘Come on, let’s make some bricks and bake them in an oven.’

So bricks became their stone and tar served as their mortar.

And they said:
‘Come on; let’s build ourselves a city with a tower that reaches into the sky. And let’s create a name for ourselves, before we end up being scattered all over the face of the earth.’

Then Jehovah came down to see this city and its tower that the sons of men had built.And Jehovah said:
‘Look; they’re all the same race and they share the same lips… and now they’ve started doing this. [Before long], they’ll be able to accomplish anything they set out to do.
Therefore, let’s go down there and change their language so that no one will be able to understand the voice of his neighbor.’

So, Jehovah scattered them from there over the entire face of the earth, and they stopped building the city and its tower.
That is why [the city] is named Confusion (Babylon), because, that’s where Jehovah confused all the languages of the earth and scattered them from there over all the face of the earth.

These are the generations of Shem:
Shem was 100 years old when he became father to ArphaxAd in the 2nd year after the Downpour.
And after Shem became father to ArphaxAd, he lived 335 more years (fathering other sons and daughters), and then he died.
ArphaxAd was 135 years old when he became father to Kainan.And after ArphaxAd became the father to Kainan, he lived 330 years more (as he fathered other sons and daughters), and then he died.
Kainan was 130 years old when he became father to Sala. And after he became father to Sala, he lived 330 years (as he fathered other sons and daughters), and then he died.

Sala was 130 years old when he became father to Heber.And after he became father to Heber, he lived 330 years more (as he fathered other sons and daughters), and then he died.
Heber was 134 years old when he became father to Phaleg.And after he became father to Phaleg, he lived 270 years (as he fathered other sons and daughters), and then he died.
Phaleg was 130 years old when he became father to Ragau.After he became father to Ragau, he lived 209 years (as he fathered other sons and daughters), and then he died.
Ragau was 132 years old when he became father to Seruch.After he became father to Seruch, he lived 207 years (as he fathered other sons and daughters), and then he died.

Seruch was 130 years old when he became father to NaHor.And after he became father to NaHor, he lived 200 years (as he fathered other sons and daughters), and then he died.
NaHor was 79 years old when he became father to Terah.And after he became father to Terah, he lived 129 years (as he fathered other sons and daughters), and then he died.
[After] Terah was 70 years old, he became father to Abram, NaHor, and Haran.

These are the generations of Terah:
Terah became father to Abram, NaHor, and Haran; and Haran became father to Lot.
Haran died in the presence of Terah his father in the land where he was born, the country of the Chaldeans.

Both Abram and NaHor then took women for themselves.
Abram’s woman was named Sara, and NaHor’s woman was named Malcha. She was the daughter of Haran (the father of Malcha and Jescha).
However, Sara was sterile, so she didn’t have any children.

Then Terah took his son Abram, Abram’s woman Sara (his daughter-in-law), and his grandson Lot (the son of Haran), and led them from the land of the Chaldeans toward the land of CanaAn.
However, when they got to Haran, they started living there.And thereafter, Terah continued living in the land of Haran for the next 205 years, and [that is where] he died.

Chapter 12

Then Jehovah said to Abram:
‘Leave this land, as well as your family and your father’s home, and go to a land that I will show you,because I’m going to make a great nation of you. I will bless you, make your name famous, and you will become a blessing [to others].
I will bless those that praise you and curse those that curse you… all the tribes will be blest because of you.’

So Abram did just as Jehovah told him… and Lot went with him.

Abram was 75 years old when he left Haran,taking along his woman Sara, his nephew Lot, all the many things that they owned, and all the souls that they had accumulated in Haran, as they traveled to the land of CanaAn.
Abram traveled down through the land to a place called SheChem, where there was a tall tree. And at the time, the CanaAnites were living in the land.

Then the Lord appeared to Abram and said:
‘I will give this land to your seed.’

So Abram built an altar there to the Lord that had appeared to him.

Then he moved on from there to a mountain that was east of BethEl, and he pitched his tent near BethEl, close to the sea, east of AgGai. There he built an altar to Jehovah and started calling on the Name of the Lord.
Thereafter, Abram left that place and camped in the desert.

Well, there came a famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt to stay, because the famine had devastated the land.
And as Abram was about to enter Egypt, he said to his woman Sara:
‘You’re a beautiful woman,[and I’m afraid] that when the Egyptians see you they’ll say, [Look at] his woman, and they’ll kill me… but they will allow you to live.
So tell people that you’re my sister. That way, things will go well for me because of you, and my life will be safe because of you.’

And that’s what happened; when Abram entered Egypt and the Egyptians saw how beautiful his woman was,one of PharaOh’s princes praised her to PharaOh (likely Pepi II) and brought her into PharaOh’s [Palace].
And because of her, PharaOh treated Abram very well. So he accumulated [many] sheep, calves, burros, male and female servants, mules, and camels.

However, God cursed PharaOh and his house with some very serious and difficult problems because of Sara (Abram’s woman).
So PharaOh called Abram and asked:
‘What have you done to me? You didn’t tell me that she’s your woman.Why did you tell us that she’s your sister? Look, I’ve already taken her as mine!
Now, there’s your woman standing before you… she’s yours, so take her and leave quickly!’

Then PharaOh gave his men instructions about Abram, telling them to accompany him and his woman on their way, along with all the things that they owned.

Chapter 13

So thereafter, Abram left Egypt and traveled into the desert along with his woman and with Lot, taking along everything that he owned(for by then, Abram had become very rich in cattle, silver, and gold).
So he returned to the place where he had come from (in the desert near BethEl, between BethEl and AgGai, where he had pitched his tent previously),and to the place where he had earlier built the altar andcalled on the Name of the Lord.

At the time, Lot (who had left [Egypt] along with Abram) had also accumulated many sheep, oxen, and tents;so the land just wasn’t large enough for both of them to live together, because of their many possessions.
And since there wasn’t enough land to share, there were problems between the herdsmen of Abram’s cattle, the herdsmen of Lot’s cattle, and with the CanaAnites and Pherezites who lived in that land. So Abram said to Lot:
‘There shouldn’t be problems between you and me, or between my herdsmen and your herdsmen, because we are brothers.
Look; the whole land lies before you, so leave me and choose your own way. If you go to the left, I’ll go to the right; or if you go to the right, I’ll go to the left.’

So Lot surveyed all the country around the JorDan and noticed that it had plenty of water (this was before God overthrew Sodom and GomorRah). It looked like the Paradise of Jehovah and like the land of Egypt up to Zogora.
So Lot chose all the country around the JorDan for himself and he traveled to the east, as the brothers parted ways.

Now, as Abram took up living in the land of CanaAn,Lot [chose] to live in a city among neighbors; so he moved to Sodom.
However, the men of Sodom were evil and they were sinning before God.

Then The God said to Abram (after Lot had separated from him):
‘Look around at this place where you’re standing… look to the north, to the south, to the east, and to the sea.I will give all this land that you see before you, to you and your seed through the ages.And I will make your seed like the dust of the ground.
Why, if anyone is able to count all the dust of the earth, he should be able to count your seed.So get up and walk across the land… across its length and its breadth. I’m giving it all to you and to your seed through the ages!’

Well after that, Abram packed up his tent and started living by the big tree [close to] MamRe in HebRon, and he built an altar there to Jehovah.

Chapter 14

It was during the reign of AmarPhal (the king of Shinar) and AriOch (the king of ElLasar), that ChodolLogomor(the king of ElAm) and Thargal (the king of the Gentiles) went to war with BalLa (the king of Sodom), BarSa (the king of GomorRah), Sennaar (the king of Adama), SymoBor (the king of Seboim), and Balac (or Segor).
So they all agreed to meet together at the Salt Valley (which is now the Dead Sea).For they had served as vassals to ChodolLogomor for some 12 years, but in the 13th year they revolted.

So in the 14th year, ChodolLogomor and his allies attacked them, cutting the giants in AshtarOth CarNain to pieces, along with the strong nations that were their allies (the OmMeans in the city of Saue andthe ChorRheans in the mountains of SeIr) all the way to the turpentine trees of Pharan (in the desert).
And on their return, they stopped at the Well of Judgment (Cades), where they cut to pieces all the princes of Amalecites and the Amorites that were living in AsaSon/Thamar.

And then the kings of Sodom, GomorRah, Adama, Seboim, and Balac (or Segor) went out and set up battle lines against these other kings in the Salt Valley– against ChodolLogomor (king of ElAm), Thargal (king of the Gentiles), AmarPhal (king of Shinar), and AriOch (the king of ElLasar) – the 4 against 5.

Now, there were slime pits in the Salt Valley, and the kings of Sodom and GomorRah fell into them as they were fleeing (and as the rest were retreating into the mountains).
So [the invaders] took all the horses and food in Sodom and GomorRah and they left,carrying away Abram’s nephew Lot (who lived in Sodom), along with all of his possessions.

Then one of those that had been rescued went and told Abram (the Hebrew) [what had happened].
At the time, he was living by the large tree [that belonged to] MamRe. ([MamRe] was an Amorite, the brother of Eschol and AuNan (who were Abram’s allies).
And when Abram heard that his nephew Lot had been captured, he gathered 318 of his personal home-born servants, and pursued them all the way to Dan.

Then when he and his servants caught up with them that night, he attacked them and pursued them all the way to Choba, which is to the left of Damascus.
So he recovered all the horses of Sodom, his nephew Lot, and all of his possessions and women, as well as the rest of the people.

Then after [Abram] returned from the slaughter of ChodolLogomor and the kings that were with him; the king of Sodom traveled to the valley of Saby (in the plain of the king) to meet with him.
And there, MelchiZedek (the king of Salem) brought him some loaves [of bread] and some wine.

This man was also the Priest of the Most High God,and he blest Abram there, saying:
‘May Abram of the Most High God that made the heavens and the earth, be blest.And may the Most High God that delivered your enemies into your hands be praised.’

Then Abram gave him 1/10th of everything [that he had captured].

And the king of Sodom said to Abram:
‘Let me take all the men… you can keep the horses for yourself.’

But Abram said to the king of Sodom:
‘I swear by Jehovah, the Most High God who made the heavens and the earth,that I won’t take anything from you – not so much as a piece of string or a shoe lace – so you won’t be able to say, I’m the one that made Abram wealthy.
[I will take] nothing other than what the young men have eaten and the share that belongs to the men that went with me… Eschol, AuNan, and MamRe… they will each take a portion.’

Chapter 15

Well after that, Jehovah sent word to Abram in a vision, saying:
‘Don’t be afraid, Abram; for, I am your shield and you will receive a huge reward.’

Then Abram said:
‘O Almighty Jehovah; What can You give me, since I’m about to die without a son? EliEzer of Damascus, the home-born son of my [slave girl] Masek of Damascus, is my heir.’

And Abram continued:
‘I’m so very sad, because You haven’t given me a seed, and the home-born [of my slave girl] will be my heir.’

Well, the Lord immediately replied, saying:
‘He won’t be your heir… another that comes from you will be your heir.’

Then He took him outside and said:
‘Look up into the sky and count all the stars… that is, if you can come up with an accurate count.’

And He said: ‘This is how your seed will be.’

So Abram believed The God (gr. To Theo), and his [faith] was counted to him as righteousness.

Then [God] said to him:
‘I’m the God that brought you out of the land of the Chaldeans to give you this land as an inheritance.’

And [Abram] said:
‘My Lord and Master; How can I know [for sure] that I will inherit it?’

And He replied:
‘Collect for Me a 3-year-old heifer, a 3-year-old nanny goat, a 3-year-old billy goat, a dove, and a pigeon.’

So Abram brought all three of [the animals] to Him, cut them each into halves, and set [the halves] opposite each other… but he didn’t cut the winged creatures into halves.

Well, birds then started landing on the bodies (the cut-up parts), as Abram sat there next to them.

Then, about sunset, Abram fell into a trance and {Look!} he had an ominous premonition.For Abram was told:
‘You must know this for a fact; Your seed will have to live as aliens in a foreign land where they’ll be slaves that are treated badly and humbled for 400 years.
Then I will judge the nation that they are to serve; and following that, [your seed] will return here with many possessions.However, you will go to your fathers well fed and in peace at a ripe old age.
Then the 4th generation will return here; because, even to this point, the sins of the Amorites haven’t reached their climax yet.’

Well, as the sun was setting, {look!} there was a flame that looked like a smoking furnace and like lamp fires that moved between the divided pieces [of the animals].
This was the day that Jehovah made a Sacred Agreement with Abram. He said:
‘I will give this land – from the [Nile] River of Egypt to the great EuPhrates River – to your seed,along with the Kainites, the Kenezites, the KedMoneans, the Hittites, the Pherezites, the Raphaim,the Amorites, the CanaAnites, the Hevites, the Gergesites, and the Jebusites.’

Chapter 16

Well, Sara (Abram’s woman) hadn’t given him any children. However, she had an Egyptian handmaid whose name was Hagar.
And so, Sara said to Abram:
‘Look; Jehovah has kept me from getting pregnant; so, [sleep with] my maid that I might have my children through her.’

Well, Abram accepted this offer from Sara,so Sara (Abram’s woman) took Hagar her Egyptian handmaid (this was after Abram had lived in the land of CanaAn for 10 years) and gave her to her man Abram as his woman.
Then [Abram] went in to [bed with] Hagar, and she became pregnant.

However, after she realized that she was going to have a child, she started being disrespectful to her mistress.So Sara said to Abram:
‘I’ve really been hurt by you, for I gave you my handmaid [to sleep with], and when I saw that she was pregnant, she started treating me disrespectfully.
So may Jehovah judge between you and me!’

Then Abram told Sara:
‘Look, your handmaid is yours! Treat her any way that seems right to you!’

So Sara started treating [Hagar] badly, and she ran away.

Then a messenger from Jehovah found [Hagar] by a spring of water in the desert (the spring on the way to Sur).And Jehovah’s messenger said to her:
‘Hagar, Sara’s maid; Where are you coming from and where are you going?’

And she replied:
‘I’m running away from my mistress, Sara.’

Then Jehovah’s messenger said:
‘Return to your mistress and obey her.’

And the messenger of Jehovah told her:
‘I will make your seed grow, and they’ll become so many that they can’t be counted.’

The messenger of Jehovah then went on to say:
‘Look; You are pregnant with a child. You will give birth to a son, and you should name him IshMaEl (‘God has Noticed’), because Jehovah has noticed how you’ve been humiliated.
He will be a wild man, for his fists [will be lifted] against everyone, and everyone [will lift] their fists against him. However, he will live in the midst of all his brothers.

Then she called upon the Name of the Lord God that was speaking to her, saying:
‘You are the God that watches over me,’ and she added, ‘because I openly saw the One who appeared to me.’

[So from that point on], she called that well, ‘The Well of The One Whom I Openly Saw.’ Look; it [still can be found] between Cades and BarAd!

Well thereafter, Hagar bore a son to Abram; and Abram named the son that Hagar bore to him, IshMaEl.Abram was 86 years old when Hagar bore IshMaEl.

Chapter 17

Then, when Abram was 99 years old, the Lord appeared to him [again] and said:
‘I am your God; so, if you’ll be pleasing before Me and not do anything for which you can be blamed,I will establish a Sacred Agreement between you and Me, and I will prosper you greatly!’

Well at that, Abram fell with his face [to the ground]. Then The God spoke to him [again], saying:
‘Look; I am making My Sacred Agreement with you. Since you will become the father of many nations, your name will no longer be called Abram, but AbraHam;for I’ve made you the father of many nations.
I will make you grow tremendously, I will make nations come from you, and kings will descend from you.

‘I will also extend my Sacred Agreement between you and Me to the seed that comes from you through its generations. It is a Sacred Agreement through the ages that [I] will be your God and the God of the seed that comes from you.
Also, I will give the land where you are [now] living as an alien, to you and to your seed. This includes the entire land of CanaAn… it will become yours through the ages, and I will be their God.’

Then The God told AbraHam:
‘You must absolutely keep my Sacred Agreement… both you and your seed that descends from you through all their generations.

‘This is the Sacred Agreement between you and your seed and Me through all its generations:
All of your males must be circumcised…the foreskin of their flesh must be circumcised, for this will be the sign of the Sacred Agreement between you and Me.
All of your male children must be circumcised by you when they are 8-days old, throughout all your generations. [This includes all your] home-born servants and those who are bought with money (the sons of aliens that are not your seed).

‘Those that are born in your house and those that are bought with money must surely be circumcised. So My Sacred Agreement will be in their flesh as [a sign of the] Sacred Agreement through the ages.
As for the uncircumcised males that aren’t circumcised in the flesh of their foreskin on the 8th day; such individuals must be totally destroyed from among their families for breaking My Sacred Agreement!’

Then The God told AbraHam:
‘Your woman Sara will no longer be called Sara… SarAh will be her name.For I will bless her and give you a son from her, whom I will also bless… nations and kings of nations will come from him!’

Well with that, AbraHam fell to his face and laughed, asking in his heart:
‘Will a 100-year-old [man] father a child? And will SarAh (who is 90 years old) give birth to it?’

Then AbraHam said to God:
‘Please accept IshMaEl to [stand] before You.’

But God told AbraHam:
‘Look; Your woman SarAh will give birth to your son, and you should name him IsaAc (Laughter).
I will make my Sacred Agreement [with you] firm through him… it will be an age-long Sacred Agreement that I will be his God and [the God] of his seed that descends from him.

‘As for IshMaEl; {Look!} I have heard you and I have blest him. I will make him grow and multiply tremendously, so he will become the father of 12 nations that I will make a great people.
However, My Sacred Agreement will be established with IsaAc, whom SarAh will bear to you at this time next year.’

Then The God stopped talking to him, and He left AbraHam.

Well thereafter, AbraHam took his son IshMaEl, all of his home-born servants, all of those whom he had bought with money… all the males in AbraHam’s house, and circumcised their foreskins on that very day, just as God had told him.

AbraHam was 99 years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin,and his son IshMaEl was 13 years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

Both AbraHam and his son IshMaEl were circumcised that very day,along with all the men of his house… those that were born there and the foreigners that were bought with money.

Chapter 18

God [next] appeared to [AbraHam] around noon, as he was sitting at the entrance to his tent by the big tree close to MamRe.For when he looked up, he saw three men standing in front of him.
And when he noticed them, he ran from the entrance of his tent to meet them, bowing all the way to the ground.Then he said:
‘Lords; If I have indeed found favor in your sight, don’t pass your servant by.[I’ll have] water brought and [my servants] will wash your feet.
You just rest here under this tree.I will also bring some bread for you to eat, and then you can continue your journey… allow your servant to offer you some refreshment.’

And they replied:
‘You may do as you have said.’

So AbraHam ran back to SarAh (who was in the tent) and said to her:
‘Hurry… knead three scoops of fine flour and make [some bread].’

Then AbraHam ran to the pens, where he took a young calf (a nice, tender one) and gave it to his servant, who quickly prepared it.
Next, he got some butter, some milk, and the calf that he had prepared, and set it all out before them… and they ate as he stood near them under the tree.

Then the Lord asked:
‘Where is your woman SarAh?’

And [AbraHam] replied:
‘Look, she’s there in the tent!’

So the Lord said:
‘I will return this way and come to see you during this season [next year], and your woman SarAh will have a son.’

Well, SarAh overheard this as she stood behind him at the entrance of the tent.
And because AbraHam and SarAh were old, and SarAh was [well beyond the age of child bearing], she laughed inside herself, saying,
‘This hasn’t happened to me [in the past]… and now my lord is [too] old!’

And at that, the Lord asked AbraHam:
‘Why is SarAh laughing inside herself and asking,
Will I give birth? I’m already old.
Is there anything that is impossible for Jehovah?
I will return to you [next year] in this season, and SarAh will have a son!’

However, SarAh denied it, saying, ‘I didn’t laugh’ (she said this because she was afraid).

And the Lord replied:
‘Oh, but you did laugh.’

Then the men got up and headed toward Sodom and GomorRah, and AbraHam traveled along with them to assist in their journey.

So the Lord then asked:
‘Shall I hide the things that I’m about to do from my servant AbraHam?
For AbraHam will become a great and highly populated nation through whom all the nations of the earth will be blest,because I know that he will order his sons and the house that is to come from him to keep the ways of Jehovah… to be righteous and just, so that Jehovah can bring all the things to AbraHam that He has promised.’

Then the Lord told him this:
‘The cries that I’m hearing about Sodom and GomorRah keep growing, and their sins are very bad.So I’m going down to see if they are as bad as the cries that I’m hearing have said.
And if not, at least I will know [for sure].’

And at that, the men headed toward Sodom.

Meanwhile, AbraHam was still there in the Lord’s presence.
So AbraHam went up to him and asked:
‘Are you going to destroy the righteous along with the wicked, treating the righteous as though they were wicked?If there are 50 righteous [people] in the city, will you destroy them? Wouldn’t you spare the whole place if there were 50 righteous [people] there?
You would never do such a thing as to destroy the righteous along with the wicked and treat the righteous as though they were wicked… no way! Won’t you, the judge of the whole earth, do what is right?’

And the Lord said:
‘If there are 50 righteous [people] in the city of Sodom, I will spare the whole city and the whole place for their sakes.’

Then AbraHam continued:
‘My Lord; Here I am speaking to you, and all I am is dirt and ashes.However, what if there weren’t 50 righteous [people] and there were only 45. Would you destroy the whole city because of the lack of 5?’

And the Lord said:
‘I won’t destroy it if I can find 45 there.’

However, [AbraHam] just kept talking to him and said:
‘What if there are only 40?Would you not destroy it for the sake of the 40?’

And he went on,
‘Lord, please don’t hold it against me if I continue to speak; but, what if there are 30?’

And the Lord replied:
‘I won’t destroy it for the sake of 30.’

So he said:
‘Since I am allowed to speak to [my] Lord; What if you can only find 20?’

And he said:
‘I won’t destroy it if I can only find 20.’

Finally, he said:
‘Lord; Would you hold it against me if I were to say just one more thing? What if you were to find just 10 [righteous people]?’

And he replied:
‘I won’t destroy it for the sake of the 10.’

Then the Lord stopped speaking to AbraHam and left, and AbraHam returned to his [tent].

Chapter 19

Well, that evening, the two messengers [of God] finally arrived at Sodom, where they found Lot sitting by the [city] gate.
And when Lot saw them, he got up [and went] to meet them, bowing low with his face to the ground. He said:
‘Look here, my lords; come to the house of your servant and rest from your journey. [Then you can] wash your feet and get up early in the morning to continue on your way.’

However, they said:
‘No, we’ll just sleep here in the street.’

But [Lot] kept insisting, so they went with him to his house. Then he baked fermentation-free bread and made a feast for them, which they ate.

[Well, that evening], before they went to bed, the men of the city of Sodom gathered around the house… all of them, from the young to the old,and they shouted for Lot, saying:
‘Where are the men that came to your home this evening? Send them out to us, so we can [have sex] with them!’

Well, Lot went out on his porch, shut the door behind him,and said:
‘Absolutely not, my brothers! Don’t do this wicked thing!I have two daughters that have never [had sex] with a man. I will bring them out to you and you can do whatever you want with them.
However, don’t harm these men! It was to avoid such a thing that [I brought them] under the shelter of my roof!’

But they replied:
‘Get out of the way! You came here to live among us, and [now, do you think] have become our judge?
We’re going to do more harm to you than we’ll do to them!’

So they started pushing Lot and were ready to break down his door.
But the [messengers] reached out and grabbed Lot, dragged him back inside the house, and shut the door.
Then they struck the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both the great and the small… until they finally got tired of trying to find the door.

And the [messengers] said to Lot:
‘If you have any sons, daughters, sons in law, or any friends in the city, you must take them away from this place,because we’re going to destroy it!
A great cry has been raised against [this city] to Jehovah, and [He] has sent us to destroy it.’

So Lot went and spoke to his [future] sons-in-law that [were engaged to] his daughters, and said:
‘Get up and leave this place, because Jehovah is going to destroy the city!’

However, to his [future] sons-in-law, it seemed as though he was joking.

Then the next morning, the messengers started to hurry Lot along, saying:
‘Get up! Take your woman and your two daughters and go, so you won’t be destroyed with the sins of this city!’

However, they were unsure. So the messengers grabbed the hands of Lot, his woman, and his two daughters… and that’s how Jehovah saved them.

Then, once they were outside [of the city], the [messengers] told them:
‘Now, do whatever you must to save your own lives. You must not turn around and look back at the things that are behind you… and don’t stay anywhere in the countryside around here. Run to the mountains, so you won’t be [destroyed along] with the rest!’

But Lot said:
‘I beg you, Lord; Your servant has been shown such mercy and you have shown such righteousness in the things that you’ve done for me to save my life.However, I won’t be able to make it to the mountains, because the [destruction] will likely catch up with me and kill me.
Look, there’s a town nearby… a small one that I can escape to and be spared. Isn’t this just a small thing?
If you [allow] this, you will save my life!’

And [the messenger] told him:
‘Look; I will respect your wishes in this matter and I won’t destroy the town that you’re talking about.But hurry and get out of here, because I won’t be able to do anything until you get there.’

And from that point on, [Lot] referred to that town as Segor (small).

Well, the sun was already up by the time that Lot arrived in Segor, and that’s whenJehovah poured fire and sulfur from the sky upon Sodom and GomorRah,which destroyed those cities, all the countryside around them and everyone that lived in the cities… including even the plants that grew on the ground.
However, [Lot’s] woman had turned and looked back, and she then became an upright block of salt.

Well, that morning (as AbraHam arose early to go to the place where he had stood before the Lord);when he looked toward Sodom, GomorRah, and the surrounding countryside, he saw what looked like the flames and smoke of a furnace arising from that land!
And this is how it all happened.
However, when God destroyed all the cities around there, He remembered AbraHam and He brought Lot out of the midst of that destruction, when the Lord overthrew those cities where Lot had been living.

Well after that, Lot and his daughters left Segor and they went to live in the mountains, because he was afraid to live in Segor. So he and his daughters went and lived in a cave.

[It was there that] the eldest [daughter] said to the younger:
‘Our father is old, and no one on earth will come to us here where we’re living.So let’s get our father drunk with wine and then we will sleep with him, so we can have the seed of our father.’

Well, that night, they brought their father some wine to drink, and the eldest went in and laid down with him.
However, he wasn’t aware of when he went to sleep or when he got up.

Then the next day, the eldest said to the younger:
‘Look; I slept with our father last night. Therefore, let’s get him some wine to drink again tonight, and then you go in and sleep with him, so we can raise a seed from our father.’

Well, they got their father to drink wine again, and the younger went in and slept with her father that night… and he didn’t know when he went to sleep or when he got up.

As the result, the two daughters of Lot became pregnant by their father.Then the eldest bore a son whom she called MoAb, saying:
‘He’s of my father.’
([MoAb] is the father of the MoAbites to this day).
And the younger also bore a son whom she named AmMon, saying:
‘He’s the son of my family.’
([AmMon] is the father of the AmMonites to this day).

Chapter 20

Well, sometime after that, AbraHam moved to the southern part of the country and took up living between Cades and Sur, staying for a while in GeraRa.And [there], AbraHam [again told the people] that his woman SarAh was his sister.
He didn’t want to say, ‘She’s my woman,’ for fear that the men of that city would kill him because of her.

So AbiMelech (the king of GeraRa) sent for SarAh and took her [to be his woman].
But God came to AbiMelech at night in a dream and told him:
‘Look; You’re all going to die because of this woman you’ve taken, since she [already has] a man!’

Well, AbiMelech hadn’t touched her [yet], so he replied:
‘Lord, would you destroy a righteous nation that has sinned in ignorance?
Didn’t he tell me, She’s my sister?
And didn’t she tell me, He’s my brother?
I’ve done this with righteous hands and with a pure heart.’

Then The God replied to him in his [dream], saying:
‘Yes, I know that you did this with a pure heart. That’s why I’ve spared you and [kept you from] sinning against Me, and that’s why I also kept you from touching her.
So return this man’s woman now, because he’s a Prophet. Then he will pray for you and you will continue to live.
However, if you don’t return her, you and all that are yours will die.’

So early the next morning, AbiMelech got up and called all his servants in; then he told them everything that was said, which frightened them.
And thereafter, AbiMelech called AbraHam in and asked:
‘What have you done to us? [What type of bad] have you seen in me that you should do such a thing? Have we sinned against you in some way so that you would draw my whole kingdom and me into such a great sin?
Why, you’ve done something to me that no one should ever do!’

And AbiMelech continued:
‘What [bad] have you seen in me that you would do such a thing?’

Then AbraHam replied:
‘[I thought] that this surely couldn’t be a place of godly people, so they will kill me for my woman.
[And in fact], she really is my sister by my father (but not by my mother), whom I took as my woman.
So when God took me from my father’s house, I told her:
I have a righteous thing that I want you to do for me: Wherever we go, tell [people] that I’m your brother.

Then AbiMelech returned his woman SarAh, along with 1,000 silver coins, as well as sheep, cattle, and male and female servants.
And AbiMelech said to AbraHam:
‘Look, my whole land lies before you. So now, go wherever you wish.’

Then he told SarAh:
‘Look, I’ve given your brother 1,000 silver coins. These are yours as the price of your face and for all the women that are with you… but [in the future, you must] always tell the whole truth!’

So AbraHam prayed to God, and God healed AbiMelech. [He also healed AbiMelech’s] woman and his concubines, and they thereafter gave birth to children(since Jehovah had closed all the wombs in AbiMelech’s house due to AbraHam’s woman, SarAh).

Chapter 21

Then the Lord visited SarAh and did as [He had promised] to her.She became pregnant and bore a son to AbraHam in his old age, at the exact time that the Lord had specified.And AbraHam named the son that was born to him through SarAh, IsaAc (Laughter).
Then on the 8th day, AbraHam circumcised IsaAc, just as God had instructed him.

AbraHam was 100 years old when his son IsaAc was born.And SarAh said:
‘Jehovah has created laughter for me, because everyone that hears [about this] will rejoice with me.’

Then she added:
‘Who could tell AbraHam that I’m nursing a child, because I’ve given birth in my old age?’

Thereafter, the child grew; and on the day that he was weaned, AbraHam prepared a great feast.However, SarAh noticed Hagar’s son (the one that was born to AbraHam through the Egyptian [woman]) playfully making fun of their son IsaAc.So she told AbraHam:
‘Throw this slave woman and her son out, because I won’t have the son of this slave receive an inheritance with my son IsaAc!’

Now, those words about his son were very difficult for AbraHam.But God said to AbraHam:
‘Don’t allow this thing about your son and the slave woman to become too difficult for you. Listen to whatever SarAh tells you, because IsaAc will be the one that is called your seed.However, I will make a great nation of this slave woman’s son, because he’s also your seed.’

So the next morning, AbraHam got up, gave Hagar some loaves [of bread] and a skin of water, put her son on her shoulders, and sent her away. Then she left there and wandered in the desert near the Well of the Promise.

However, [before long], the skin of water was empty. So she threw her child under a fir tree,where she left him, and then she sat some distance across from him (a bow-shot away). And she said:
‘I can’t just watch my child die.’

So she sat there across from him as her child bawled and cried.

Well, God heard the voice of the child from the place where He was, and a messenger from God called to Hagar out of the sky, and asked:
‘Why are you so concerned, Hagar? Don’t worry; for God has heard the child’s voice from where He is.So now, get up and take the child by his hand, because I’m going to make a great nation of him.’

Then The God opened her eyes and she saw a life [sustaining] well of water; so she went and filled the skin with water and gave the child a drink.

God was with that child, so he grew up living in the desert and he became an archer.And as he was living there in the desert, his mother found a woman for him in Pharan, Egypt.

Now, the time came when AbiMelech, OchoZath (his trusted friend), and Pichol (the head of his army) [came to] AbraHam and said:
‘God is with you [and has blest] everything that you do.So swear to me by God that you won’t harm me, my seed, or my name; rather, you should deal with me in the same righteous way that I’ve dealt with you in this land in which you are living.’

And AbraHam said:
‘I swear.’

Then AbraHam complained to AbiMelech about some water wells that his servants had taken from him.And AbiMelech replied:
‘I don’t know who did this thing to you, nor did you tell me about it. Today is the first time I’ve heard of this.’

And thereafter, AbraHam took some cattle and sheep and gave them to AbiMelech, and they made a treaty.Then AbraHam set aside 7 female lambs.And AbiMelech asked him:
‘Why have you set those 7 female lambs aside?’

And AbraHam replied:
‘I’m giving my 7 female lambs to you as testimony to the fact that I dug this well.’

So thereafter, he named that place, ‘The Well of the Promise,’ because that’s where they swore their oathand made their treaty. Then AbiMelech, his trusted friend OchoZath, and Pichol (the head of his army) got up and returned [home] to the land of the Philistines.

Well, after that, AbraHam planted a field near The Well of the Promise and started calling on the Name of the God of the ages, Jehovah.And he stayed there in the land of the Philistines for many days.

Chapter 22

It was then that God put AbraHam to the test. He called to him, saying:
‘AbraHam…AbraHam!’

And [AbraHam] replied:
‘Look! It’s me!’

Then [God] said:
‘Take your beloved son (this one whom you so love, IsaAc) then go to the highlands and offer him there on one of the mountains that I’ll tell you about, as a burnt offering.’

So AbraHam got up in the morning, saddled his burro, and [prepared to] take two servants and his son IsaAc with him. Then, after splitting some wood for the offering, he got up and traveled toward the place about which God had spoken to him.

Well, it was on the 3rd day that AbraHam looked up and saw the place in the distance.Then AbraHam said to his servants:
‘Stay here with the burros; for my son and I will go over there… and after we bow low [before God], we will return to you.’

 So AbraHam took the wood for the offering and laid it on his son IsaAc’s [shoulders], and the two went off together, with him carrying both the fire and the knife in his own hands.

Then IsaAc called out to his father (AbraHam) and said:
‘Father!’

And he replied:
‘What is it, son?’

And [IsaAc] continued:
‘Look! [We have the] the fire and the wood, but where is the sheep for the offering?’

Then AbraHam said:
‘God will provide His own sheep for the offering, son.’

So they both traveled on, and theyfinally arrived at the place that God had spoken to him about.

Then AbraHam built the altar there and laid the wood on it, and he tied his son IsaAc’s feet together and laid him on the wood on top of the altar.And as AbraHam was reaching for the knife to slaughter his son,a messenger of Jehovah called out to him from the sky, and said:
‘AbraHam… AbraHam!’

And he said:
‘Look, it’s me!’

Then [the messenger] said:
‘Don’t lay a hand on the child and don’t do anything to him, for now I know that you fear God, since you haven’t spared even your loved son for My sake!’

And when AbraHam looked up, he saw {Look!} a male goat that was caught by its horns on a bush in the thicket. So AbraHam went over and grabbed the male goat; [then he] offered it as a whole burnt offering instead of his son IsaAc.

Well, AbraHam thereafter named that place, ‘The Lord Was Seen.’ [He did that] so people today would say, ‘This is the mountain where the Lord was seen.’

Then a messenger of Jehovah called AbraHam a second time from the sky, saying:
‘This is what Jehovah has said:
I have sworn [an oath] by Myself that, because you’ve done this thing (because you haven’t spared your loved son for Me);when it comes to blessings, I will bless you, and when it comes to multiplying, I will multiply your seed as the stars in the skies and as the sands on the sea shores.
Your seed will inherit the cities of their enemies,
and all the nations of the earth will be blest by your seed, because you’ve listened to My voice.

Well thereafter, AbraHam returned to his servants, and they all got up and traveled together to the Well of the Promise. Then AbraHam took up living there at the Well of the Promise.

Then later on, AbraHam received this report:
‘Look! Melcha has given birth to sons by your brother NaHor!Uz is the first-born, [then there is] Baux his brother, CamuEl (the father of the Syrians), Chazad,Azav, Phaldes, JelDaph, and BathuEl (BathuEl was RebecKa’s father).
Melcha bore these 8 sons to AbraHam’s brother NaHor.In addition, his concubine (named RheUma) also gave birth to TaBec, TaAm, Tochos, and Mocha.’

Chapter 23

Well, SarAh lived to be 127 years old,and then [she] died in the city of ArBoc (HebRon in the land of CanaAn), which is located in a valley.

So AbraHam went to SarAh to mourn for her.And as AbraHam stood before his dead [woman], he spoke to the sons of Chet, saying:
‘I’m just a visitor and a stranger among you; but [please] allow me to buy a burying-place among [your people], so I can bury my dead away from [my place].’

And the sons of Ket replied to AbraHam, saying:
‘No Sir!Listen; You may live among us, but you’re [really] a king from God! So bury your dead in our best tombs! None of us will ever withhold our tombs to keep you from burying your dead here!’

Then AbraHam arose and bowed low before the people of the land (the sons of Ket).And AbraHam said to them:
‘If you approve of me burying my dead out of my sight; then, listen to what I have to say and [please] speak on my behalf to EphRon, the son of SaAr.
[I want] him to give me the double cave that he owns, which is located in his field. I will [be happy to] pay whatever it’s worth for a burial-place among you.’

Now, EphRon happened to be sitting there in the midst of the children of Ket, and [he] answered AbraHam (speaking where he could be heard by all the sons of Ket and by all that were entering the city) saying:
‘Pay attention to me, my lord; Here before all my countrymen [I say], Bury your dead!

And at that, AbraHam bowed low before the people of the land,and he told EphRon (before the people of the land):
‘Since you’re on my side, listen to me; Accept the price of the field from me and I’ll bury my dead there.’

However, EphRon answered AbraHam, saying:
‘No, my lord! I’ve heard that the land [is worth] 400 silver coins, but what value is that between you and me? No, just bury your dead.’

And though AbraHam heard what EphRon had said, he still paid [him] the money, just as he had vowed before the sons of Ket – 400 silver coins that had been approved by the merchants.

So at that, the double cave that was in the field of EphRon opposite MamRe (the field, the cave that was in it, every tree in the field, and everything that was within its borders) was soldto AbraHam as his possession, there in front of the sons of Ket and all those [that were] entering the city.

There, AbraHam buried his woman SarAh inside the field’s double cave, which is opposite MamRe (HebRon in the land of CanaAn).For the field and its cave were sold to AbraHam as his burying place by the sons of Ket.

Chapter 24

Well by then, AbraHam was very old, and Jehovah had blest AbraHam in everything.So AbraHam said to his servant (the elder of his house that was in charge of all his possessions):
Put your hand under my thigh,because I want you to swear by Jehovah the God of heaven and the God of the earth, that you won’t take a woman for my son IsaAc from the daughters of the CanaAnites… these [people] among whom I am living.
Rather, I want you to go to my country – to the place where I was born and to my people – to find a woman for my son IsaAc.’

And his servant replied:
‘But if the woman isn’t happy and willing to return with me to this land, should I carry your son back to that land from which you came?’

And AbraHam said to him:
‘Make sure that you don’t carry my son back there.For it was Jehovah (the God of heaven and the God of earth) that took me out of my father’s house and out of the land where I was born. He spoke to me and swore to me, saying,
I will give this land to you and to your seed.
[So I know that He] will send His messenger ahead of you… and you must take a woman for my son from there.However, if the woman isn’t willing to come with you into this land, you will be free from this oath. Just don’t carry my son back there.’

At at that, the servant put his hand under the thigh of his master AbraHam and swore to him.Then the servant took 10 camels from his master’s herd and [some of] his master’s valuables, and he traveled through MesoPotamia to the city of NaHor.

It was toward evening that he [stopped and] rested his camels outside of the city, by the well where the young women went to draw water.And he [prayed]:
‘O Jehovah, the God of my master AbraHam; Bless what I’m doing today, and be merciful to my master AbraHam.{Look!} Here I am standing by the well where the daughters of those that live in this city come to draw water.And may it be that whichever virgin to whom I say,
Bring down the water jar so that I may have a drink,
and she replies,
Take a drink, and I will also [pour water] for your camels to drink until they are satisfied;
I’ll know that this is the one You’ve prepared for Your servant IsaAc, and that You’ve been merciful to my master, AbraHam.’

Well, before he was even done speaking in his mind, {Look!} RebecKa, the daughter of BathuEl (who was the son of Melcha, the woman of NaHor, AbraHam’s brother) came there carrying a water jug on her shoulders.
This virgin was very beautiful, and she was in fact a virgin… no man ever had sexual relations with her. She went down to the well, filled her water jug, and [walked back] up.

Then [AbraHam’s] servant ran to meet her, and said:
‘Give me a little water to drink from your pitcher.’

And she said:
‘Have a drink, sir.’

So she quickly removed the pitcher [from her head] and allowed him to drink until he was finished.

Then she said:
‘I’ll also draw water for your camels, until they’ve all had enough to drink.’

And she quickly emptied the water jug into the trough, and then she kept running to the well to draw, until she had drawn enough water for all the camels.

Well, the man paid attention to this, but he didn’t say anything, because he wanted to know whether this was Jehovah’s blessing.
Then, after all the camels were finished drinking, he gave her [two] gold earrings (each weighing about 1/8th of an ounce), and he [put] two bracelets on her hands (they weighed about the same as 10 gold coins),and he asked her,
‘Whose daughter are you… tell me! And is there room for us to lodge with your father?’

Then she replied:
‘I’m the daughter of BathuEl, who is the son of Melcha and whose father was NaHor.’

And she added:
‘We have straw, a lot of fodder, and a place for [you to] rest.’

Well at that, the man (who was very happy) bowed low to Jehovahand said:
‘May Jehovah the God of my master AbraHam be praised, [because He] hasn’t allowed His righteousness or His truth to fail my master, since the Lord has led me right to the house of my lord’s brother!’

Then the young maiden ran and reported what he said to the household of her mother.

Now, RebecKa had a brother whose name was Laban; and Laban ran all the way to the well to meet the man.
For when he saw the earrings and the bracelets on his sister’s hands; and when he heard what his sister RebecKa said about what the man had told her, he went to the man as he was standing by the well with his camelsand said to him:
‘Come on in, you who are blest by Jehovah! Why are you standing outside? I’ve prepared the house and I’ve also made a place for your camels!’

So the man went into the house, and [Laban] unloaded the camels, gave them straw and fodder, and he drew water to wash the feet [of AbraHam’s servant] as well as the feet of the men that were with him;then he set loaves of bread before them to eat.
However, [AbraHam’s servant] said:
‘I’m not going to eat until I’ve told you the reason why I’ve come here.’

And [Laban] said:
‘Then go ahead and speak.’

So he said:
‘I’m a servant of AbraHam;and Jehovah has greatly blest my master. He is highly respected and has been given sheep, cattle, silver, gold, male and female servants, camels, and burros.
And SarAh, my master’s woman, bore one son to my master after he had grown old, to whom he has given everything that he owns.

‘Now, my master made me swear [an oath], saying,
You must not take a woman for my son from among the daughters of the CanaAnites… these [people] among whom I am living.But you should go to the house of my father and to my tribe, and take a woman for my son from there.

‘Then I asked my master:
What if the woman is unhappy about coming along?

‘And he replied:
Jehovah God, who has found me to be acceptable in His presence, will send His messenger along with you, and your journey will be blest.
You should take a woman for my son from among my tribe and from the house of my father.
Then you will be free from the curse [of your oath].
And if they won’t give her to you when you get to my tribe, you will be freed from your oath.


‘So today I came to this well, and I [prayed]:
O Jehovah, the God of my master AbraHam; If you will bless this journey that I’m now on,{Look!} I will stand by this well where the daughters of the people of this city come to draw water. And whichever young woman to whom I will say,
Give me a little water to drink out of your pitcher,
and she replies,
Take a drink, and I will also [pour water] for your camels to drink until they are satisfied;
this is the woman that Jehovah has prepared for His servant IsaAc, and that’s how I’ll know that You’ve been merciful to my master, AbraHam.

‘Well, before I had even finished speaking in my mind, RebecKa arrived with her pitcher on her shoulders. And [after] she went down to the well and drew water, I said to her,
Give me a drink.
Then she quickly took the pitcher from her head, and said,
Take a drink, and I will also give your camels [something to] drink.
So I drank, and then she watered the camels.

‘Then I asked her:
Whose daughter are you… tell me!
And she replied:
I’m the daughter of BathuEl, who is the son of Melcha and whose father was NaHor.
And that’s when I gave her the earrings and put the bracelets on her hands.

‘Well, all of this made me so happy that I bowed low and praised Jehovah, the God of my master AbraHam, who has truly blest me in such a way that I might take the daughter of my master’s own brother for his son.
Now, tell me whether you will be merciful and just with my lord, so I can know which way to turn.’

And at this, Laban and BathuEl answered, saying:
‘Since this thing has come from Jehovah, we can’t answer you in either a bad way or a good way.
Look! There is RebecKa standing before you… take her and go! Let her be the woman of your master’s son, just as Jehovah has said.’

 And when AbraHam’s servant heard these words, he bowed to the ground to Jehovah.
Then he brought out silver and gold jewelry, as well as clothing, and gave it to RebecKa. He also gave gifts to her brother and to her mother.
And afterward, both he and the men who were with him ate and drank; then they went to sleep.

Well, when he got up in the morning, he said to them:
‘Now allow me to leave, so I can return to my master.’

And her brothers and mother said:
‘Let the virgin stay here with us for 10 more days, and then she can go.’

But he replied to them:
‘Don’t hold me back, because Jehovah has blest my journey. Send me away now, so I can return to my master!’

And they said:
‘Let’s call the girl and ask [what she wants to do].

So they called RebecKa and asked:
‘Will you go with this man?’

And she replied:
‘I’ll go.’

So they [agreed to] send their sister RebecKa and all her possessions along with AbraHam’s servant and his attendants.
Then they [gave] RebecKa a blessing, saying to her:
‘You are our sister; now become ten thousands of thousands, and may your seed own the cities of their enemies.’

Thereafter, RebecKa and her female attendants mounted the camels and went along with the man. And the servant, on having received RebecKa, departed.

Meanwhile, IsaAc had traveled through the desert toward the Well of the Vision, and he took up living in the southern portion of that land.
It was toward evening that IsaAc had gone out into the plains to think (because he was discouraged). And when he looked up, he saw camels coming.

It was then that RebecKa looked up and saw IsaAc. So she quickly dismounted the cameland asked the servant:
‘Who is the man that is walking across the plains to meet us?’

And the servant said:
‘This is my master.’

So she took her veil and covered herself.

Thereafter, the servant told IsaAc everything that he had done.
And IsaAc went to the house of his mother and took RebecKa, so she became his woman… and he loved her… and IsaAc was given comfort for [the death of] his mother, SarAh.

Chapter 25

Well, after that, AbraHam took a woman again, whose name was KetTura.She bore to him ZomBran, JeZan, Madal, MidiAn, JesBoc, and SoYe.

JeZan fathered Saba and DeDan. The sons of DeDan were the AsShurites, the Latusians, and the Laomim.
The sons of MidiAn were Gephar, Aphir, Enoch, Abida, and ElDaAh. These were all the sons of KetTura.
However, AbraHam had given all of his possessions to his son IsaAc.He just gave gifts to the sons of his concubines, then he sent them away from his son IsaAc, to a country in the east.

AbraHam lived to be 175 years old.But AbraHam [eventually found himself in] failing health and he died at a ripe old age… an old man that had lived a full life; and he was [buried] with his family.

His sons, IsaAc and IshMaEl buried him in the double cave that was in the field of EphRon (the son of SaAr the Kettite), which is across from MamRe.
So AbraHam and his woman SarAh [were both buried] in that field, inside the cave that AbraHam bought from the sons of Ket.

Well, after AbraHam died, God blest his son IsaAc. And IsaAc went to live by the Well of the Vision.

These are the generations of IshMaEl, the son of AbraHam, whom Hagar (SarAh’s Egyptian handmaid) had born to AbraHam,and these are the names of IshMaEl’s sons by each of their generations:
The firstborn of IshMaEl was NabaiOth, then Kedar, NabDeEl, MasSam,MasMa, Duma, MasSe,ChodDan, ThaEman, Jetur, Naphes, and Kedma.
Those are all IshMaEl’s sons, whose names are on their tents and dwellings… 12 princes of their nations.

And this is how long IshMaEl lived: 137 years.
Thereafter, [his health started to] fail and he died and was [buried with] his family.

[IshMaEl] and all his descendants lived [in the area] from Evilat [in the northeast] to Sur [in the southwest], and from Assyria to just across from Egypt.

And these are the generations of IsaAc, the son of AbraHam:
AbraHam fathered IsaAc. And when IsaAc was 40 years old, he took RebecKa (the daughter of BathuEl, the Syrian of Syrian MesoPotamia, the sister of Laban the Syrian) as his woman.

Then IsaAc prayed to Jehovah about his woman RebecKa, because she was sterile, and Jehovah heard him; so his woman (RebecKa) got pregnant.
And [one day], the babies that were inside her jumped. And she asked:
‘Why did this happen to me?’

So she went to ask Jehovah,and He told her:
‘There are two nations in your womb, and two races will be separated from your belly. One race will become greater than the other, and the older one will serve the younger.’

Well, when it came time for her to deliver, she [found that] she indeed had twins in her womb.
The first came out red and covered with hair all over his skin; and she named him Esau.
Then his brother was born while holding onto the heel of Esau with his hand, so she named him Jacob (Snatcher of the Heel).
IsaAc was 60 years old when RebecKa bore them.

Well, after the boys grew up, Esau became a skilled hunter that lived in the country, while Jacob was a simple man that lived in a house.
And though IsaAc loved Esau (because he enjoyed venison), RebecKa loved Jacob.

Then [one day], as Jacob was cooking up some stew, Esau came in from the plains tired and weak,he said to Jacob:
‘Let me have a taste of that red stew, because I’m weak.’
(That’s when he started to be called Edom [or Red]).

And Jacob replied to Esau:
‘Then, sell me your right [as firstborn]… right now!’

So Esau said:
‘Look, I’m about to die! What good does this right [of the firstborn] mean to me?’

And Jacob said to him:
‘Swear to me right now!’

So then he swore to him, and that’s when Esau sold his birthright to Jacob.

Thereafter, Jacob gave Esau some bread and some lentil stew, which he ate and then he drank, and he got up and left. This is how Esau [showed little regard for] his birthright.

Chapter 26

Thereafter, a famine came upon the land that was greater than past famines that had happened in the time of AbraHam. So IsaAc went to GeraRa to see AbiMelech, the king of the Philistines.And there the Lord appeared to him and said:
‘Do not go to Egypt! Rather, live in the land that I’m going to tell you about.Stay in this land and I will be with you and bless you.
I’m going to give all of this land to you and to your seed, for now I will fulfill the oath that I swore to your father AbraHam.
I will increase your seed as the stars in the skies, I will give all of this land to your seed, and all the nations of the earth will be blest by your seed,because AbraHam (your father) listened to My voice and did as I said… He obeyed My commandments, rules, and laws.’

So thereafter, IsaAc started living there in GeraRa.

Well, when the men in GeraRa asked him about RebecKa (his woman), he told them that she was his sister, because he was afraid to tell them that she was his woman, as she was very pretty and [he feared that] the men there would kill him for RebecKa.

Then, after he had lived there a long time, AbiMelech (the king of GeraRa) happened to lean over to look out his window, and he saw IsaAc playing with RebecKa, his woman.
So AbiMelech called IsaAc and asked him:
‘Is she your woman? [And if so, then] why did you say she’s your sister?’

And IsaAc replied:
‘Well, I said this so that I wouldn’t be killed for her.’

And AbiMelech said:
‘Why would you do such a thing to us?
Before long, one of my relatives would have had [sex] with your woman, and you would have brought a sin upon us in our ignorance!’

So, AbiMelech gave a command to all his people, that said:
‘Any man that touches this man or his woman will die!’

Then IsaAc planted grain in the land; and that year, the barley produced 100 times [more than what he had planted], for Jehovah was blessing him.
So he became highly regarded and very wealthy, as he continued to prosper.For he owned many sheep, cattle, and tillable lands. But as the result, the Philistines [started to] envy him,and [they] stopped up all the wells that his father’s servants had dug back in his time, filling them in with dirt.

Then AbiMelech told IsaAc:
‘[I want you to] leave us, because you’ve become much greater than us.’

So IsaAc left there, stopping to rest in the valley of GeraRa, where [he decided to] live.

And once more, IsaAc dug the [same type of] wells that his father’s servants had dug (which the Philistines had stopped up after AbraHam’s death). And he gave them each names, using the same names as his father had used.
Then when IsaAc’s servants dug in the valley of GeraRa, they found a live well of water.However, the shepherds of GeraRa argued with IsaAc’s shepherds, claiming that the water was theirs. So they named the well Injury, because [they claimed] injury over this matter.

As the result, he left that place and dug another well. [But then the people] started claiming [that it was theirs also].
So he named it Hatred.And he left that place and dug another well, which no one else claimed to be theirs; so he named it Space, saying:
‘Jehovah has made space for us and He has prospered us in the land.’

Then he traveled to the Well of the Promise,where the Lord appeared to him that evening and said:
‘I am the God of your father AbraHam. Don’t be afraid, for I am with you! Because of your father AbraHam, I will bless you and your seed will increase.’

So he built an altar there, and he named it Jehovah.
Then he pitched his tent, and IsaAc’s servants dug another well there in the valley of GeraRa.

However, later, AbiMelech came to him from [the City of] GeraRa with his trusted friend OchoZath and with Phichol, the commander of his army.
And IsaAc asked them:
‘Why have you come to me here, now that you’ve shown your hatred for me and driven me away?’

And they replied:
‘We have seen that the Lord is surely with you. So we said,
Let us swear an oath between him and us.
Yes, we want to make an agreement with you,that you won’t do any wrong to us, and we won’t show any more hatred toward you. After all, isn’t it because we treated you well by sending you away peacefully that you are now being blest by Jehovah?’

So, [IsaAc] prepared a feast for them, and they all ate and drank.
And when they got up the next morning, they each swore [an oath] to their neighbors. Then IsaAc sent them away, and they left him in safety.

However, that very same day, IsaAc’s servants came and [gave him news about] the well that they were digging. They said,
‘We’ve found water!’
So he named it and the city, ‘The Oath.’ This is why that city is called ‘The Well of the Promise‘ (BeerSheba) to this day.

Then when Esau was 40 years old, he took Judith, the daughter of BeOch the Kettite, and BaseMath (the daughter of Helon the Kettite).And [these women] made life very difficult for IsaAc and RebecKa.

Chapter 27

Well, after IsaAc grew old, his eyes became so dim that he couldn’t see. Then he called Esau, his eldest son, and said to him:
‘Son!’

And [Esau] replied:
‘Look, here I am!’

And [IsaAc] said:
‘{Look!} I’m old and I don’t know [how much longer I will live].So, go get your weapons, both your bow and your quiver, and go into the plains to get me some venison.Then prepare the meat for me just the way I like it and bring it to me, so I can eat it.
Thereafter, I will pass my blessing upon your life before I die.’

However, RebecKa overheard IsaAc speaking to his son Esau. And after Esau had gone out to the plains to get some venison for his father,RebecKa said to her younger son Jacob:
‘{Look!} I overheard your father speaking to your brother Esau. And he told himto bring him some venison and prepare the meat so he could eat it; then he would bless him in front of Jehovah, before he dies.

‘Now, listen my son and do what I tell you!
Go out to the animals and bring two young goats to me ([make sure they’re] tender and good), and I’ll prepare the meat for your father just the way he likes it.
Then you must take it to your father, so he can eat it and bless you before he dies.’

But Jacob said to his mother RebecKa:
‘My brother Esau is covered with hair, while [my body] is smooth.So if my father should [reach out] and feel me, it will look like I’m doing a bad thing to him, and that would bring a curse on me, not a blessing!’

However, his mother said to him:
‘May I receive your curses, my son. Just listen to what I’ve told you to do and bring [the young goats] to me.’

So he went out and brought them to his mother, and his mother prepared the meat just the way his father liked it.
Then RebecKa took some of her eldest son Esau’s finest clothes that she had there in the house, and put them on her younger son Jacob,and she also covered his arms and the bare parts of his neck with the skins of the young goats.
Thereafter, she put the meat and the bread that she had prepared into the hands of Jacob,and he brought it in to his father.

He said:
‘Father.’

And [IsaAc] replied:
‘Look, it’s me! Who are you, son?’

And Jacob said to his father:
‘It’s me, Esau your first-born! I’ve done what you told me to do; so, sit up and eat my venison… then you can pass your blessings on my life.’

But IsaAc asked his son:
‘How did you find [the meat] so quickly?’

And he replied:
‘Jehovah your God set it before me.’

Then IsaAc told Jacob:
‘Come close to me so I can feel you, [to see] whether you are truly my son Esau!’

And Jacob drew close to his father, so IsaAc could feel him, and he said:
‘Your voice is that of Jacob, but your hands are the hands of Esau.’

Therefore, he didn’t recognize him, because his hands were hairy like the hands of his brother Esau… and this is how [IsaAc] came to bless [Jacob].

Well after that, [IsaAc] again asked:
‘Are you my son Esau?’

And [Jacob] replied:
‘It’s me.’

So he said:
‘Then, bring your venison over here and I’ll eat it, son, and I will pass my blessings on to your life.’

So he brought [the food] to him and he ate it, along with some wine, which he drank.

Thereafter, IsaAc (his father) said to him:
‘Come close and kiss me, son.’

So [Jacob] went over and kissed him; and [IsaAc] then sniffed the odor of his clothes and blest him, saying:
‘{Look!} This is the odor of my son. It has the smell of a wonderful field that has been blest by Jehovah.
So may God give you the dew of the skies, the fatness of the land, and plenty of grain and wine.May the gentiles serve you, and may their princes bow low before you. May you be the lord of your brother, and may your father’s [other] sons show you respect.
May anyone that curses you be cursed, and may all that praise you be blest.’

Well, right after IsaAc had blest his son Jacob (immediately after Jacob had left the presence of IsaAc his father), his brother Esau returned from his hunt.He had also prepared some meat and brought it in to his father, and he said:
‘Get up father! Sit up and eat some of your son’s venison, so you can pass your blessings on my life.’

But his father IsaAc asked:
‘Who are you?’

And he said:
‘I’m your first-born son, Esau!’

Well, IsaAc was shocked, and asked:
‘Then, who was it that [just] got the venison and brought it to me? I ate it all before you got here, and I blest him… so he’s the one that will be blest!’

And when Esau heard what his father IsaAc said, he shouted loudly and bitterly:
‘I beg you, father; Bless me too!’

And [IsaAc] told him:
‘Your brother slyly took your blessing.’

Then [Esau] said:
‘He is well named Jacob, because {Look!} this is the second time that has he has taken what was mine. First he took my right as the firstborn, and now he has taken my blessing!’

And again, Esau asked his father:
‘Don’t you have a blessing left for me, father?’

Then IsaAc said to Esau:
‘I’ve already made him your lord and all of your brothers his servants. I have also empowered him with the wine and grain… so what more can I give you, my son?’

But Esau asked his father:
‘Don’t you have just one blessing father? I beg you father, bless me too!’

Well, this really bothered IsaAc, because Esau was shouting and crying.So (his father) IsaAc answered and said:
‘Look; Your home will be in the fatness of the ground and in the dew of the skies up above.
You will indeed live by your sword and you will serve your brother. However, the time will come when you will loosen and break his yoke from your neck.’

Well, Esau was very angry with Jacob over the blessing that his father had given to him. So Esau thought about it and then he said:
‘May the days of mourning my father come quickly, so I can kill my brother Jacob!’

Then when these words of Esau (her eldest son) were reported to RebecKa; she sent for her younger son Jacob, and said to him:
‘{Look!} Your brother Esau has threatened to kill you!
So now, listen to me, my son; Get up and quickly leave for MesoPotamia… go to my brother Laban in Haranand live with him until all of your brother’s angerand rage against you has passed and he forgets what you’ve done to him.
Then I will send for you and bring you back. For I don’t want to be saddened over [the death] of both you [and your father] on the same day.’

Then [later], RebecKa said [to IsaAc]:
‘I’m so tired of my life because of the daughters of the sons of Chet. And if Jacob were [also] to take a woman from the daughters of this land, where would I live?’

Chapter 28

So IsaAc called for Jacob… he blest him and said to him:
‘You must not take a woman from among the daughters of the CanaAnites.Rather, get up quickly and travel to MesoPotamia, to the house of my father-in-law BathuEl, and find yourself a woman among the daughters of your mother’s brother Laban.
May my God bless you, prosper you, and make you increase; for you will indeed become a gathering of nations.May He give the blessings of my father AbraHam to you and to your seed that comes after you, so that you will inherit this land in which you are living and which God had given to AbraHam.’

So thereafter, IsaAc sent Jacob away, and he went to [stay with] Laban, the son of BathuEl the Syrian, who was the brother of RebecKa (the mother of Jacob and Esau) in MesoPotamia.

Now, Esau knew that IsaAc had blest Jacob and that after he blest him, he’d sent him away to find a woman in Syrian MesoPotamia. [And he also knew that he told Jacob] not to take a woman from the daughters of the CanaAnites…and that Jacob had obeyed his father and mother by going off to Syrian MesoPotamia.For Esau recognized that his father IsaAc viewed the daughters of the CanaAnites as evil.
As the result, he went to see IshMaEl (the son of AbraHam) and he took MaEleth (IshMaEl’s daughter and NabeOth’s sister) to be another one of his wives.

Meanwhile, Jacob had left the Well of the Promise and traveled to Haran.And when he reached a certain place, he decided to sleep there, since the sun had gone down.
So he chose a stone and placed it under his head, then he went to sleep in that placeand he started to dream.

Well, {Look!} [in the dream] there was a stairway fastened to the ground that reached all the way into the heavens… and the messengers of God were ascending and descending upon it.
Then [he saw] Jehovah standing at the top of it, who said this to him:
‘I am the God of your father AbraHam and the God of IsaAc.
Don’t be afraid, for I will give the land where you’re now lying to you and to your seed.For your seed will become as many as the sands of the earth… they will spread from the sea to the north, south, and the east. And through you and your seed all the tribes of the earth will be blest.
Look; I am with you! [I will] always keep you safe no matter where you may go… and then I will return you to this land. I will never leave you until I’ve done everything that I said I will do for you.’

And when Jacob awoke from his sleep, he said:
‘Jehovah is here and I didn’t realize it.’

Well, this frightened him, and he said:
‘What a fearful place! For this is nothing other than the House of God and the Gate to Heaven!’

So after Jacob got up in the morning, he took the stone on which he had laid his head and erected it as a pillar.
Then he anointed it with oil,and he named that place, The House of God (BethEl). (Before that, the city had been called UlamLuz.)

There Jacob made a vow to Jehovah, saying:
‘If You will be with me and guard me throughout this journey, giving me enough bread to eat and clothes to wear,and then You bring me back safely to the house of my father; You will be my God.
Also, this stone that I have erected as a pillar will be a House of God to me, and I will return 1/10th of everything that You give to me.’

Chapter 29

So thereafter, Jacob [resumed his journey] eastward toward the land of Laban… to the son of BathuEl the Syrian and the brother of RebecKa (the mother of Jacob and Esau).

{Look!} [Jacob] then spied a well in the plains where there were three flocks of sheep resting. It was a well that they used to water the flocks, and there was a large stone covering it.
For after all the flocks had gathered there, they used to roll the stone away from the mouth of the well to provide water for the [animals], then they’d push it back over the mouth of the well to cover it again.

So Jacob asked [those that were there]:
‘Brothers, where are you from?’

And they replied:
‘We’re from Haran.’

Then he asked:
‘Do you know Laban, the son of NaHor?’

And they answered:
‘We do!’

And he asked:
‘Is he doing well?’

Then they replied:
‘He is well. Look, here comes his daughter RachEl with his sheep!’

And Jacob said:
‘It’s still mid-day… it isn’t time for the flocks to be gathered yet. So, why don’t you just water the flocks, then take them back out to graze?’

But they said:
‘We can’t do that until all the shepherds arrive. They will roll away the stone from the mouth of the well and then we will all water our flocks.’

Well, while he was still speaking to them, {Look!} Laban’s daughter RachEl arrived with her father’s sheep, because she was in charge of grazing them.
And when Jacob saw RachEl (the daughter of Laban, his mother’s brother) and the sheep of his mother’s brother Laban; Jacob went over and rolled the stone away from the mouth of the well and watered Laban’s sheep.

Thereafter, Jacob kissed RachEl and shouted loudly, as he [started to] cry…for he explained to RachEl that he was a close relative of her father, and that he was the son of RebecKa.
So she ran and told her father what he said.And when Laban heard the name of Jacob (his sister’s son), he ran to meet him… he hugged and kissed him, then he led him into his house.

Then after [Jacob] explained to Laban [all that had happened to him],Laban said to him:
‘You are my own flesh and bones!’

Well, after [Jacob] had stayed with [Laban] for a full month,Laban said to Jacob:
‘Surely you aren’t going to serve me for nothing, for you’re my brother! Tell me how I can reward you!’

Well, Laban had two daughters. The name of the eldest was called LeAh, and the younger was called RachEl.Though LeAh had weak eyes, RachEl was beautiful and had a very pretty face.
And because Jacob loved RachEl, he replied:
‘I will serve you 7 years for your younger daughter, RachEl.’

So Laban said to him:
‘It’s better for me to give her to you than to some other man. Come and live with me!’

Well, Jacob served [Laban] 7 years for RachEl, but to him it seemed like just a few days, because he loved her so much.
Then Jacob told Laban:
‘Now, give me my woman, because I’ve served my time.’

So Laban assembled all the people and prepared a wedding banquet.
Then that evening, he took his daughter LeAh and brought her to Jacob, and Jacob [had sex] with her.Laban also gave his servant ZelPha to his daughter LeAh, to be her handmaid.

Well, it was [the next] morning before [Jacob realized] that it was LeAh. So Jacob [went to] Laban and asked:
‘What have you done to me? Didn’t I serve you for RachEl? Why have you deceived me?’

And Laban answered:
‘In our country, it isn’t proper to give the younger before the eldest.Serve me for 7 [more years] and I’ll give her to you also, in return for your labor of 7 more years.’

So, that’s what Jacob did… he served for 7 [more years].
Then Laban also gave his daughter RachEl to be his woman.And Laban gave his servant BalLa to be his daughter’s handmaid.

Thereafter, [Jacob had sex with] RachEl, and he loved RachEl more than LeAh… and this is why [he had been willing] to serve him for 7 more years.

Well, when Jehovah God saw that [Jacob] wasn’t attracted to LeAh, He opened her womb, while RachEl remained barren.
So LeAh got pregnant and bore a son to Jacob, whom she named ReuBen (‘See, a Son!’). For she said:
‘Jehovah has seen my humiliation and given me a son, so that now my man will love me.’

Then she got pregnant again and bore a second son to Jacob. [This time] she said:
‘Because Jehovah has heard that I’m hated, He has also given me this one.’

So she named him SimeOn (‘He Has Heard’).

Then she got pregnant a third time and bore a son, and said:
‘Now my man will stay with me, because I’ve born three sons to him.’

So she named him Levi (‘He Is Mine’).

Thereafter, she got pregnant again and bore a [4th] son. And she said:
‘I give thanks to Jehovah once more.’

So she named him Judah (‘Praised’). And after that, she stopped having children.

Chapter 30

Well, when RachEl realized that she wasn’t bearing children for Jacob, she became jealous of her sister, and she said to Jacob:
‘Give me children… for if you don’t, I’ll die!’

This made Jacob very angry with RachEl, so he asked:
‘Am I in the position of God who has deprived you of the fruit of your womb?’

Then RachEl told Jacob:
‘Look; Here’s my handmaid BalLa. [Sleep] with her, and she will give birth [to children] on my knees… I will have children by her.’

So she gave him BalLa her handmaid to be his woman, and Jacob went in [and slept with] her.
As the result, BalLa (RachEl’s handmaid) got pregnant and bore a son to Jacob.
Then RachEl said:
‘God has given me justice and listened to my voice, for He has given me a son.’ So she named him Dan (‘Justice’).

Thereafter, BalLa (RachEl’s handmaid) got pregnant again and bore a second son to Jacob.And RachEl said:
‘God has helped me… I fought with my sister and won.’

So she named him NaphTali (‘Struggle’).

Well when LeAh saw that she was no longer bearing children, she took ZelPha her handmaid and gave her to Jacob as his woman, and he went in to [sleep with] her.
So ZelPha, LeAh’s handmaid, got pregnant and bore Jacob a son.And LeAh said:
‘[Now I’m] happy!’

So she named him Gad (‘Happiness’).

Then ZelPha, LeAh’s handmaid, got pregnant again and bore Jacob a second son.This time LeAh said:
‘I am blest, because the women will call me blest.’

So she named him Asher (‘Blessings’).

Well, when it came time to harvest the barley, ReuBen went out to the field and found some mandrake apples [growing] there, and he brought them to his mother LeAh.
Then RachEl said to her sister:
‘Give me some of your son’s mandrakes!’

And LeAh replied:
‘Isn’t it enough that you’ve taken my man… would you also take my son’s mandrakes?’

And RachEl said:
‘[I’ll] allow you to [sleep] with [Jacob] tonight for your son’s mandrakes.’

So that evening, when Jacob came in from the field, LeAh went out to meet him and said:
‘You will [sleep] with me tonight, because I’ve hired you for my son’s mandrakes.’

So he slept with her that night,and God listened to LeAh, so she got pregnant and bore a 5th son to Jacob.
And LeAh said:
‘God has rewarded me for giving my handmaid to my man.’

So she named him IshSachar (‘Reward’).

Then LeAh got pregnant again and bore a 6th son to Jacob.
And LeAh said:
‘God has given me a fine gift this time. For my man will choose me, since I’ve given him 6 sons.’

So she named him ZebuLon (‘Gift’).

And after that, she gave birth to a daughter whom she named DinAh (‘Justified’).

Then The God remembered RachEl… He heard her and opened her womb,so she got pregnant and bore Jacob a son.
And RachEl said:
Jehovah has removed my disgrace.’

So she named him JoSeph (‘Jehovah Will Increase’), saying:
‘May God give me another son.’

Well, after RachEl had given birth to JoSeph, Jacob said to Laban:
‘[Allow] me to leave now, so I may return to my country and my home.
Free my women and children for whom I served you, so I can go… and don’t forget all the services that I’ve provided for you.’

Then Laban replied:
‘If I’ve found favor in your eyes, it’s a good sign for me, because Jehovah has blest me by sending you here.
Now, tell me how much I owe you and I’ll pay it.’

And Jacob said:
‘You know how many ways I’ve served you and how many of your cattle I’m [responsible for]…you didn’t have many before I came here, and now there are many! So Jehovah God has blest you since I arrived.
Now, help me to establish my own house.’

Then Laban asked:
‘What should I give you?’

And Jacob replied,
‘Don’t give me anything… just do this one thing for me: I will continue to watch over your flocks and tend them,and as your sheep pass by each day, let me set aside the dark sheep and the speckled and spotted goats as my reward.
So by tomorrow, my righteousness will answer for me, because this will be my reward from you.
You can steal back any goats that aren’t spotted or speckled, or any sheep that aren’t dark.’

Well at that, Laban agreed, saying:
‘May it be as you’ve said.’

However, that same day, [Laban craftily] separated the spotted and speckled billy goats and nanny goats, and all the dark sheep from those that were white, and he gave them to his sons.
Then he sent [them away] on a 3-day journey, while Jacob was tending the animals that were left behind.

However, Jacob gathered some green rods from storax, walnut, and sycamore trees, and peeled them alternately [to create the look of] white and green stripes, which gave a [spotted] appearance to the rods.
Then he laid the rods he had peeled at the bottom of the watering troughs, so that when the cattle came to drink, they would see the rods and mate there in front of the rods.
And [that’s what happened]… the cattle did get pregnant at the rods and gave birth to [young with] speckles, streaks, and ash-colored spots.
Then Jacob separated the lambs, setting aside the speckled goats and lambs for himself away from Laban’s sheep.

Thereafter, Jacob [continued] to put the rods in the troughs before the cattle, so they would mate in front of the rods.
And when the cattle gave birth, [he would give] the unmarked ones to Laban, but he set aside the marked ones as his.And [before long], he became very rich with many cattle, oxen, male and female servants, camels, and burros.

Chapter 31

However, Jacob happened to overhear Laban’s sons saying,
‘Jacob has taken everything that belongs to our father and all our father’s property… all of his glory!’
So Jacob realized that Laban [wasn’t happy to see him anymore].

Then the Lord said to Jacob:
‘Now, return to your family and to your father’s land, and I will be with you.’

So Jacob sent for LeAh and RachEl, [who were] out in the plains with the flocks,and he said to them:
‘I know that your father is no longer [happy to see me]. However, the God of my father is still with me.For though I’ve served your father with all my might,and he deceived me by changing what he owed me to [just] 10 lambs… God hasn’t allowed him to [wrong me].Because, if he would have said,
The speckled will be your reward;
then all the cattle would give birth to the speckled.
And if he would have said,
The white ones will be your reward;
all the cattle would have been born white.

‘Therefore, it was God that has taken all these cattle from your father and given them to me.
For during the time that the cattle were pregnant with their young, I fell asleep and {Look!} I dreamed that I saw billy goats and rams jumping on the nanny goats and sheep that were all speckled, striped, and spotted with ash-colored spots.

‘Then a messenger from God called to me in that dream, shouting,
Jacob!
And I said,
What is it?
And he said,
Look up and see the billy goats and rams jumping on the nanny goats and sheep… they are all speckled, striped, and spotted with ash-colored spots. I’ve seen all things that Laban did to you;for I’m the God that appeared to you at BethEl where you poured oil out on a pillar to Me and [where you] swore an oath to Me.

‘So now, get up and leave this land. Return to the land of your birth, and I will be with you!


Then RachEl and LeAh asked:
‘And what about our inheritances in the house of our father?
Does he now consider us strangers?
He sold us and then he spent our money!
Therefore, all the wealth and glory that God has taken from our father also belongs to us and to our children. So you should do whatever God has told you to do!’

Well at that, Jacob got up and mounted his women and children on their camels,along with all the possessions and provisions he had obtained in MesoPotamia and all [the servants and animals] that belonged to him, so he could return to his father (IsaAc) in the land of CanaAn,as Laban was off shearing his sheep.

But then, RachEl also stole her father’s idols.

Meanwhile, Jacob didn’t let Laban the Syrian know that he was running away…he and all that were his just left, crossing the river and traveling on to Mount GileAd.

Well, it was three days later that Laban the Syrian was finally told that Jacob was gone.
So he gathered his brothers and he chased after them, catching up with them after 7 days at Mount GileAd.
However, God came to Laban the Syrian in his sleep that night and said to him:
‘Be very careful not to say anything bad about Jacob.’

So when Laban caught up with Jacob (Jacob had pitched his tent on the mountain, and Laban had stationed his brothers all around the mountain),he asked Jacob:
‘What have you done… why did you run away secretly, then steal from me and use swords to take my daughters as captives?
If you had just told me first, I would have happily sent you away with singing, tambourines, and harps!
Didn’t you consider me worthy to hug my children and my daughters before you did such a foolish thing?

‘And now, though I have enough power in my hands to harm you; the God of your father spoke to me yesterday and said,
Be very careful to never say anything bad about Jacob.
So go on, because you really wanted to return to the house of your father.

‘However, why did you steal my gods?’

And Jacob replied to Laban:
‘[I left secretly] because I was afraid that you would take your daughters and all my possessions away from me!’

And he added:
‘But whoever you find that has [stolen] your gods won’t [be allowed to] live in the presence of our family.
Just look around for anything I might have that is yours and take it back!’

[Well, Laban searched], but he couldn’t find anything (Jacob didn’t realize that his woman RachEl had stolen [the idols]).Laban went in and searched LeAh’s tent, then Jacob’s tent, and then the tent of the two female servants, and he found nothing.
Lastly, he entered RachEl’s tent.However, RachEl had hidden the idols among the camel’s packs and she was sitting on them.[And when her father asked to check her camel], she told him:
‘Don’t be impudent, sir! I can’t get up and stand before you, because it isn’t my way and it isn’t customary for women!’

Well, Laban searched throughout the [camp] and he couldn’t find the idols,which made Jacob very angry; so he argued with Laban and asked him:
‘What wrong have I done to you and what is my sin that caused you to chase after meand then search all the furnishings in my [tents]?
What have you found [that ] came from your home? Lay it out here between your relatives and mine, and let them decide!

‘I’ve been with you for 20 years, and during all that time, your sheep and nanny goats didn’t fail to give birth… and I didn’t eat any of the rams from your herds.
All that I ever took was the wild animals that I didn’t bring to you.
I [even paid] for anything that was stolen during the day or night,as I was dried out with the heat of the day, [chilled] by frost in the night… and I seldom ever got much sleep!

‘During those 20 years that I stayed in your house, I served you for 14 years for your two daughters.
[Then I spent the next] 6 years among your sheep… just to have you fraudulently set my wages as 10 lambs!
So if it weren’t for the God of my father AbraHam and for the fact that [you’re] afraid of IsaAc’s [God], you would have even sent me away empty-handed!

‘Yet, it was because God saw how I was humiliated and how hard I’ve worked for you, that He [scolded you] last night!’

Then Laban replied:
‘These are my daughters and my sons… yes, the cattle are mine, and everything that you see belongs to my daughters and me!
But, what should I do to them today, or to their children?
Come on; let’s conclude a treaty between you and me that will serve as a witness between us. And though nobody else is here, {Look!} God will serve as the witness between you and me.’

So then, Jacob found a [large] stone and he erected it as a pillar.And Jacob told his family to gather some stones.
So they brought stones and made a pile; then they [shared bread] on top of the pile.

And thereafter, Laban said:
‘This [pile of stones] will serve as the witnesses between you and me today.’

So Laban called it ‘The [Stone] Pile of Testimony,’ while Jacob referred to it as ‘The Witness [Stone] Pile.'

And Laban said to Jacob:
‘Look at this pile and pillar that I’ve erected between you and me… this Witness [Stone] Pile and this [Stone] Pile of Testimony. We will call them, the [Stone] Pile Witnesses.’

And thereafter, [Laban] referred to this place as The Watchtower; for he said:
‘May God keep watch over you and me, because we are about to leave each other.But if you should humble my daughters by taking other women in addition to them, you will see that someone that is with us is watching… for God is the witness between you and me.’

Then Laban continued:
‘Look! This pile of stones and this pillar are the witnessesthat I won’t come beyond this pillar to do anything bad to you, and you won’t come [beyond this pillar] to me.May the God of AbraHam and the God of NaHor judge between us!’

Then Jacob swore by the fear of his father IsaAc,and he offered a sacrifice on the mountain. He called his family together and they ate and drank, then they all went to sleep on the mountain.
And when Laban got up in the morning, he kissed his daughters and [their] sons and blest them, and then Laban turned around and went back to his home.

Chapter 32

Well, just as Jacob [was about to] continue on his journey, he looked up and he saw the camp of the army of God, and a messenger of God [coming to] meet him.So when Jacob saw this, he said:
‘This [place] is the campground of God!’

So he named that place MahaNahim (The Campgrounds).

Then Jacob sent messengers in front of him to his brother Esau in the land of SeIr and the country of the Edomites.He told them to say to Esau:
‘Lord, this is what your servant Jacob has said:
I have visited with Laban and stayed there until now.And [during this time], oxen, burros, sheep, and male and female servants were born to me.
Now I’ve sent [my messengers] to beg you, my lord Esau, to help your servant find favor in your eyes.


Then when the messengers returned to Jacob, they told him:
‘We found your brother Esau, and {Look!} now he’s coming to meet you with 400 men!’

Well, Jacob was upset and terrified by this. So he divided the people that were with him, as well as the cattle, camels, and sheep, into two camps.And Jacob said:
‘If Esau comes to one camp and attacks it, the other camp will survive.’

Then Jacob [prayed]:
‘O Jehovah, the God of my father AbraHam and the God of my father IsaAc; You’re the One that told me to get up and return to the land where I was born, and that You would treat me well.
So, please remember all the justice and truth that You’ve brought about through Your servant.

‘Now, with this walking stick of mine, I have crossed the JorDan [River] divided into two camps.So, please save me from the hands of my brother – from the hands of Esau – because I’m afraid of him, since [he may] enjoy coming here to strike me down with the mothers and the children.
[Don't forget that] you said You would treat me well and make my seed as the sands of the seas… so many that they can’t be counted.’

Well, after sleeping there that night, [Jacob selected] gifts to be carried to his brother Esau.[He sent] 200 nanny goats, 20 billy goats, 200 sheep, 20 rams,30 milk camels and their foals, 40 cows, 10 bulls, 20 burros, and 10 colts.
He gave them to his servants and said to them:
‘Go ahead of me… and leave a space between each of the herds.’

Then he told the first group:
‘If you meet my brother Esau, and he asks,
Who sent you, where are you headed, and whose animals are [being herded] in front of you?
you should say,
[We were sent by] your servant Jacob. He is sending these as gifts to his lord Esau… {Look!} he’s [traveling] behind us.

Then he gave the same instructions to the 2nd group and then to the 3rd… to everyone that traveled ahead of him (following the herds). He said:
‘This is what you should tell Esau when you find him…
Look! Your servant Jacob is following behind us.
For I want to impress Esau with the gifts that [are being sent] ahead of me, so I can see him face to face and hope that he will accept me.’

So the gifts were then sent out ahead of him, as he spent [part of] the night there in the camp.

But then, during the night, he got up and took his two women, the two female servants, and his 11 children, and they all crossed the Jaboch River…he led them and all his possessions through that raging river.

It was there that, while Jacob was all by himself, a man came up and wrestled with him until the next morning.
[And when the man] saw that he wasn’t going to win, he touched the upper part of Jacob’s thigh, which became numb as they wrestled.
Then [the man] told [Jacob]:
‘Let me go, because the sun is coming up!’

But [Jacob] said:
‘I’m not going to let you go until you give me a blessing!’

So [the man] asked:
‘What is your name?’

And he answered:
‘Jacob.’

And [the man] said to him:
‘Your name will no longer be Jacob. Rather, IsraEl will be your name; for you’ve grown stronger with God and mightier with men.’

Then Jacob said:
‘Tell me your name.’

And he said:
‘Why do you [have to] ask my name?’

So He blest him there,and Jacob named that place, PeniEl (Face of God); for he said:
‘I’ve now seen God face to face and survived.’

Well, the sun was up by the time he left PeniEl (the place where he had been stopped by his thigh).
And this is why, to this very day, the children of IsraEl will never eat the part of meat that is on the thigh… because, that was the place on Jacob’s thigh that [God’s messenger] had numbed.

Chapter 33

Well, when Jacob looked up, {Look!} he saw his brother Esau coming with 400 men. So Jacob divided the children between LeAh, RachEl, and the two female servants.
Then he put the two female servants and their children out in front, followed by LeAh and her children, then RachEl, and [finally, himself] at the rear…but then Jacob stepped out ahead of them all and bowed to the ground 7 times, as he approached his brother.

Well at that, Esau ran up to meet him! He hugged him, fell around his neck and kissed him… and they both started crying.

Then when Esau noticed the women and children, he asked:
‘What are they to you?’

And Jacob replied:
‘They’re the children with which God has so mercifully blest your servant.’

Then the female servants and their children came up and bowed low,followed by LeAh and her children who also came up and bowed low.
And finally, RachEl [arrived] and bowed down next to JoSeph.

So [Esau] asked:
‘Then, what did all those groups that I met along the way have to do with you?’

And [Jacob] replied:
‘This was done so that your servant might find favor in your eyes, my lord.’

Then Esau said:
‘But I [already own] much, my brother. Keep what is yours!’

And Jacob said:
‘If I’ve found favor in your eyes, take the gifts from my hands; for, seeing your face is like seeing the face of God. If you are happy with me,take the blessings that I’ve brought to you, because God has been merciful to me, and I have everything.’

And he kept insisting, so [Esau] took them.Then he said:
‘Now, let’s head back.’

But [Jacob] said:
‘My lord; You know that the children are frail, and the flocks and herds that I’ve brought also have [many] young ones. So if I drive them hard today, these cattle will die.
Therefore, my lord; go on ahead of your servant… I’ll take it easy along the way, so [I’ll have] enough strength [to make the long journey] that’s still ahead of me, and so that the children will have enough strength.
Then I will [meet up with] my lord at SeIr.’

And Esau said:
‘Then, let me leave some of my men with you.’

And [Jacob] asked:
‘Why? It’s enough that I’ve found your favor, my lord!’

So Esau returned to SeIr that day,and Jacob returned to the tents that he had set up to live in… and he also built pens for his cattle. Then he named that place, SucCoth (The Pens).

Finally, Jacob arrived at Salem (SheChem’s city) in the land of CanaAn, after traveling all the way from MesoPotamia of Syria.
So he went to [the city gate]and bought the field where he had pitched his tent from Hamor (the father of SheChem) for 100 lambs.And there he erected an altar, where he called upon his (IsraEl’s) God.

Chapter 34

Well, DinAh, the daughter that LeAh had born to Jacob, went to see the daughters of the local people.And SheChem, the son of Hamor the Tent Dweller (and the ruler of the land), noticed her. Then he humiliated her by taking her and [having sex] with her.
Yet, he was deeply drawn to the person of DinAh, Jacob’s daughter… he loved the girl and spoke kindly to her.
So SheChem told his father Hamor:
‘Take this girl for me to be my woman.’

Well when Jacob heard that Hamor’s son had violated his daughter DinAh, he sent for his sons that were out in the fields with his cattle.
And Jacob didn’t say a word until they all got there.

Then Hamor, SheChem’s father, went over to talk to Jacob,arriving there just as Jacob’s sons were returning from the fields.

Well when [Jacob’s sons] heard [what had happened], they were very upset.
It really hurt them, because he’d made a joke of IsraEl by [having sex] with Jacob’s daughter… it just shouldn’t have happened.

 But Hamor spoke to them and said:
‘My son SheChem has decided in his heart to marry your daughter. So give her to him to be his woman…come and marry among us. Give us your daughters, and take our daughters for your sons…come live among us!
Look, there’s plenty of room for you, so live here in this land… trade [with us] and prosper here!’

Then SheChem said to [DinAh’s] father and brothers:
‘I’ll do whatever I must to find your favor, and we’ll give you whatever you ask.
Raise the bride price several times and I’ll pay whatever you say. Just give me this girl to be my woman!’

However, Jacob’s sons answered SheChem and his father Hamor cunningly, because he had violated their sister DinAh.DinAh’s brothers (SimeOn and Levi) said to them:
‘We won’t be able to give our sister to someone that isn’t circumcised, because that would dishonor us.
The only way we can do what you say and live among you, is if you will become as we are… all your males must be circumcised.
Then we will give our daughters to you and take your daughters as our women and live with you as one race.
But if you refuse to listen and won’t get circumcised, we will just take our [sister] and leave.’

Well, what they said was agreeable to Hamor and his son SheChem.
And the young man didn’t delay when it came to doing this thing, because he was really attached to Jacob’s daughter.
He was indeed the most honorable person in his father’s house.

So then, Hamor and his son SheChem walked out to the city gate and they said to the men that were there:
‘These are peaceable people, so let them live with us here in our land and trade in it.
Look! There’s a lot of land before them; so, we will take their daughters to be our women and we’ll give them our daughters.The only thing that they require to live among us as one people, is that all our males must be circumcised, just as they are circumcised.And then, won’t their cattle, their herds, and their possessions be ours?
So, let’s do what they say and then they will live among us!’

Well, everyone that was there at the city gate listened to Hamor and his son SheChem, and thereafter, the foreskins of all the males were circumcised.
But on the 3rd day, while they were all aching in pain, Jacob’s two sons (DinAh’s brothers, SimeOn and Levi) each took their swords and crept into the city, then they killed every male…they killed Hamor and his son SheChem with their swords, and then they took DinAh from SheChem’s house and left.

Thereafter, when Jacob’s [other] sons came upon those that were wounded, they ravaged the city where DinAh (their sister) had been violated…they took all the sheep, oxen, burros, and everything in the city, as well as everything that was in their fields.
Then they took all the people as captives (all their provisions and all their women) and they looted whatever was left in their city and in their homes.

Well afterward, Jacob said to SimeOn and Levi:
‘You have made me an evil and hated [person] among the people that live in this land… all the CanaAnites and the Pherezites.
And now, since there are only a few of us, they will band against me and cut me to pieces, destroying both me and my house!’

And they replied:
‘Not so! Would [you rather] have them treat our sister as a whore?’

Chapter 35

Then The God told Jacob:
‘You must get up and go to the place [you named] BethEl, and live there. And then you must build an altar to the God that appeared to you there when you were running from your brother Esau.’

So Jacob told his family and everyone that lived with him:
‘You must get rid of any strange gods that you may have, then wash yourselves, change your clothes,and get ready, because we’re going up to BethEl, where we will build an altar to the God that listened to me, was with me, and kept me safe through my journeys and trials.’

So they gave Jacob all the strange gods that they owned and the earrings in their ears; and Jacob buried [these things] under a turpentine tree at SheChem, where they’ve remained destroyed down to this day.

Then IsraEl left SheChem, and because the cities around them had the fear of The God in them, they didn’t chase after the children of IsraEl.

Well, Jacob and all the people that were with him finally arrived at Luza in the land of CanaAn, which [he had earlier named] BethEl;for it was there that he had built an altar and called it ‘the House of God,’ since that’s the place where God appeared to him as he was running from his brother Esau.

Well thereafter, RebecKa’s nurse DeborAh died, and she was buried under an oak tree in BethEl that Jacob then named, AlLon-BaCuth (Oak Tree of Mourning).

It was at Luza that God appeared to Jacob again as he was on his way back from MesoPotamia of Syria, and that’s when God blest himand told him:
‘You will no longer be called Jacob; IsraEl will be your name.’

So that’s when [God] first referred to him as IsraEl.

Then The God said to him:
‘I am your God, so prosper and grow… nations and groups of nations will descend from you, and kings will come from your loins.I am now givinge this land that I gave to AbraHam and IsaAc to you, as well as to the seed that descends from you.’

Then The God left him there in that place where He spoke to him.And Jacob erected a [stone] pillar [to honor] the place where he had been spoken to by God, pouring a drink offering and oil upon it.
And that’s when Jacob actually named this place where God spoke to him, BethEl (House of God).

[Well, after DeborAh died], Jacob left BethEl and pitched his tent beyond the tower of Gader.
And as they were getting close to ChabRatha, on their way to EphRatha, RachEl had birth pains and then she went into hard labor.It was while she was in hard labor that the midwife told her,
‘Don’t worry, you’re going to have this son!’

Then, as she was giving up her life (she was dying), she named him BenOni (Son of My Pain). However, his father named him BenJamin (Son of My Right Hand).

So RachEl died there and was buried along the road to EphRatha (BethLehem).And Jacob erected a pillar over her tomb, [which is referred to as] The Pillar of RachEl’s Tomb to this day.

It was while IsraEl was living in this land that ReuBen went and [had sex] with BalLa, his father’s (Jacob’s) concubine. And when IsraEl heard about this, it really upset him.

Now, there were 12 sons of Jacob.The sons of LeAh were Jacob’s first-born ReuBen, then SimeOn, Levi, Judah, IshSachar, and ZebuLon.The sons of RachEl were JoSeph and BenJamin.The sons of BalLa (RachEl’s handmaid) were Dan and NaphTali.And the sons of ZelPha (LeAh’s handmaid) were Gad and Asher.
These sons were born to Jacob in MesoPotamia of Syria.

Then Jacob returned to his father IsaAc in MamRe, to a city of the plains [called] HebRon (in the land of CanaAn), where AbraHam and IsaAc had stayed.
For IsaAc had lived 180 yearsbefore he stopped breathing and died.
Then his sons Esau and Jacob buried him beside his family, after he had lived a long and full life.

Chapter 36

And these are the generations of Esau (or Edom):

Esau took these women from the daughters of theCanaAnites: There was Ada (the daughter of AiLom the Kettite), OliBema (the daughter of Ana [who was] the son of SebeGon the Hivite),and BaseMath (the daughter of IshMaEl and the sister of NabaiOth).

Ada bore EliPhas to [Esau], BaseMath bore RaguEl,and OliBema bore JeUs, JegLom, and CoRe. These were Esau’s sons that were born to him in the land of CanaAn.

Then Esau took his women, his sons, his daughters, and everyone in his house, along with all his possessions, all his cattle… yes, everything that he had and absolutely everything that he’d acquired in the land of CanaAn, and he left the land of CanaAn [to get away from] his brother Jacob,because they had both acquired so much that they could no longer live close to each other; for the land where they were staying couldn’t hold them, since they had so much.
So Esau [went to live] at Mount SeIr (Esau is Edom).

These are the generations of Esau, the father of the Edomites, when [he lived at] Mount SeIr,and these are the names of Esau’s [grand]sons through EliPhas (Ada’s son) and RaguEl (BaseMath’s son).

The [grand]sons of Ada through EliPhas were ThaEman, Omar, Sophar, Gothom, and Kenez.Also, ThamNa (EliPhas’ concubine) bore Amalec to him.

The [grand]sons of BaseMath through RaguEl were NachOth, ZaRe, SoMe, and MoZe.

These are the sons of Esau’s woman OliBema (the daughter of Ana, who was the son of SebeGon):
She bore JeUs, JegLom, and CoRe to Esau.

These are the chiefs of EliPhas, the first-born of Esau:
Chief ThaEman, Chief Omar, Chief Sophar, Chief Kenez,Chief CoRe, Chief Gothom, and Chief Amalec. They are the chiefs of [the family of] EliPhas (the sons of Ada), in the land of Edom.

And these are the chiefs of RaguEl, the son of Esau:
Chief NachOth, Chief ZaRe, Chief SoMe, and Chief MoZe. They are the chiefs of [the family of] RaguEl (the sons of BaseMath) in the land of Edom.

And these are the chiefs of OliBema (the daughter of Ana), Esau’s woman:
Chief JeUs, Chief JegLom, and Chief CoRe.

These were the sons of Esau. They are [all] chiefs, and they are [all] the sons of Edom.

These are the sons of SeIr the ChorRhite that lived in the land:
LoTan, SoBal, SebeGon, Ana,DeSon, Asar, and Rison.

And these are the chiefs of the son of SeIr the ChorRhite, in the land of Edom:
The sons of LoTan and his sister ThamNa were ChorRhi and HaEman.The sons of SoBal were GoLam, ManaChath, GaEbel, Sophar, and Omar.
The sons of SebeGon were Aie, and Ana (this is the same Ana that found JaMin in the desert when he was tending his father SebeGon’s animals).

Ana’s children were DeSon (his son) and OliBema (his daughter).

DeSon’s sons were Amada, AsBan, IthRan, and CharRhan.Asar’s sons were BalaAm, ZuCam, and JuCam.Rison’s sons were Hos, and Aran.

These are the chiefs of the ChorRites:
Chief LoTan, Chief SoBal, Chief SebeGon, Chief Ana,Chief DeSon, Chief Asar, and Chief Rison.
They are the chiefs of the ChorRites in their own principalities in the land of Edom.

These are the kings that reigned in Edom before [the time of] the kings of IsraEl:
Balac (the son of BeOr) reigned in Edom, and his [capital] city was DenNaba.
After Balac died, Jobab (the son of ZaRa from BosorRha) reigned in his stead.
After Jobab died, Asom (from the land of the ThaEmanites) reigned in his stead.
After Asom died, Adad (the son of BarAd, who cut off MidiAn in the plain of MoAb) reigned in his stead. And his [capital] city was GetThaim.

After Adad died, SaMada of MasSecca reigned in his stead.
After SaMada died, Saul of RhoObOth by the River reigned in his stead.
After Saul died, BalLenon (the son of AchObor) reigned in his stead.
After BalLenon died, Arad (the son of BarAd) reigned in his stead. The name of his [capital] city was PhoGor, and the name of his woman was MeteBeel (the daughter of MatraIth, who was the son of MaiZoOb).

These are the names of the tribal chiefs of Esau in their areas, countries, and nations:
Chief ThamNa, Chief Gola, Chief JeTher,Chief OliBema, Chief Helas, Chief PhiNon,Chief Kenez, Chief ThaEman, Chief Mazar,Chief MagediEl, and Chief ZaphoIn.
They are the chiefs of Edom in the areas where they live and in the lands that they own.
And this is Esau, the father of [all] Edom.

However, Jacob lived in the land where his father stayed, the land of CanaAn.

Chapter 37

And these are the generations of Jacob:

When JoSeph was 17 years old (and because he was so young), he was accompanied by his brothers (the sons of his father’s women BalLa and ZelPha) as he grazed the sheep. And [at the time], they had been speaking of their father IsraEl in an evil way because of JoSeph,since Jacob loved JoSeph more than the rest of his sons (he was the son of his old age).
And because [Jacob] had just made a multi-colored coat for him,his brothers could see that their father loved him more, so they hated him and they never spoke to him in a peaceful way.

Then JoSeph had a dream, and he told his brothers about it.
He said,
‘Listen to what I dreamed:
I saw you bundling stalks of grain in the middle of the field; and then suddenly my bundle stood straight up, and your bundles turned around and bowed low before mine.’

So his brothers asked:
‘[Does this mean] that you’re going to rule over us and you’re going to be our master?’

Well, this dream and the things he said made them hate him even more.

Then [JoSeph] had another dream, and he told his father and brothers about it, saying:
‘{Look!} I had another dream in which the sun, the moon, and 11 stars bowed low before me.’

Well, his father scolded him over this, and he asked:
‘What kind of a dream is that? Do you think that your mother, brothers, and I will come and bow to the ground before you?’

Nevertheless, although his brothers were jealous of him, his father still paid attention to the things that he was saying.

Well, one day, JoSeph’s brothers went to SheChem to graze their father’s sheep.
And IsraEl said to JoSeph:
‘Your brothers are grazing the flocks at SheChem and I want you to go to them.’

And he replied:
‘Look, here I am.’

So IsraEl said:
‘Go there to see if your brothers and the sheep are doing well, then come back and report to me.’

So he sent him from the HebRon Valley to SheChem.

Well, a man later found JoSeph wandering in the fields and asked him:
‘What are you looking for?’

And he said:
‘I’m looking for my brothers. Tell me where they are grazing [their flocks].’

And the man said:
‘They’ve left here. I heard them say, Let’s go to Dothaim.

So JoSeph went after his brothers, and he found them in Dothaim.
However, they had spotted him in the distance before he got there, so they got together and wickedly started talking about killing him.
They were saying to each other:
‘Look, here comes the dreamer!Come on, let’s kill him and then throw his [body] into a ravine. We can say, An evil wild animal ate him… then let’s see what his dreams amount to.’

But when ReuBen heard this, he saved [JoSeph] from them by saying,
‘Let’s not kill him.’Then [he suggested]:
‘Don’t shed [his] blood; let’s throw him into one of these deep crevices in the desert… but don’t lay a hand on him.’

([ReuBen] said this so that he could save [JoSeph] from them and return him safely to his father).

Well, when JoSeph reached his brothers, they took off the multi-colored coat that he was wearing,then they threw him into a deep crevice that was empty and didn’t have any water.
And after that, they sat down to eat some bread.

Thereafter, when they looked up, they noticed {Look!} an IshMaElite caravan that was coming from GileAd (their camels were loaded down with spices, resin, and myrrh that they were carrying to Egypt).
And Judah said to his brothers:
‘What profit would it bring us if we kill our brother and just cover it up?Let’s sell him to these IshMaElites instead.
We don’t want to lay a hand on him, because he’s our brother and our own flesh.’

Well, his brothers listened to this;so, as the merchants of MidiAn were traveling by, [his brothers] pulled JoSeph out of the crevice and sold him to the IshMaElites for 20 gold coins… and [the IshMaElites] took JoSeph [with them] down to Egypt.

Then when ReuBen later returned to the crevice and saw that JoSeph wasn’t there, he started ripping his clothes.
So he went to his brothers and said:
‘The boy isn’t [there]… where do I have to go [to find him]?’

Well after that, the men killed a young goat and dipped JoSeph’s coat in its blood.Then they took JoSeph’s multi-colored coat to their father and said:
‘We found this… do you recognize it as your son’s coat or not?’

Well, he recognized it and said:
‘It is my son’s coat! An evil wild animal has surely eaten him… a wild animal has carried off JoSeph!’

Then Jacob tore his clothes and covered the lower part of his body with sackcloth; and thereafter, he spent a long time mourning over his son.Although all of his sons and daughters went there to comfort him, he didn’t want to be comforted. He said:
‘I will go to my grave mourning my son.’

And his father kept crying over him.

Well, when they got to Egypt, the MidiAnites sold JoSeph to Potiphar, PharaOh’s councilor and captain of the guard.

Chapter 38

Then Judah left his brothers and he traveled for some distance, arriving [at the home] of an OdolLamite named Iras.
And while he was there, Judah found the daughter of a CanaAnite man named Sava. He took her [as his woman] and [slept] with her,and she got pregnant. Then she gave birth to a son whom she named Er.And after that, she got pregnant again and gave birth to a son whom she named AuNan.Then she gave birth to a [3rd] son whom she named SeLom (she was living in Chasbi when she gave birth to them).

[Well, sometime later], Judah took a woman named Tamar to be the wife of his first-born son, Er.But Er was wicked before Jehovah, so God killed him.
Then Judah told AuNan:
‘You must go and [have sex] with your brother’s woman… since you’re her brother-in-law, you must take her so [she can] raise a seed for your brother.’

However, AuNan knew that the seed wouldn’t be [counted as] his. So when he [had sex with] his brother’s woman, he spilled [his semen] on the ground, so his brother’s woman wouldn’t [get pregnant].And his doing this appeared evil to God, so He killed him also.

Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar:
‘Live as a widow in your father’s house until my son SeLom grows up… for I don’t want him to die like his brothers.’

So Tamar left and went to stay in her father’s home.

Well, after several years, Judah’s woman Sava died.
So while Judah was looking for comfort, he went to see his sheep shearers at ThamNa, along with his Shepherd, Iras the OdolLamite.And when his daughter-in-law Tamar was told,
‘{Look!} Your father-in-law is going up to ThamNa to shear his sheep,’
she took off her widow’s clothes, put on a veil and made up her face, and she went to sit by the gate of [the town of] AiNan, along the road that leads to ThamNa.
She did this because [Judah’s son] SeLom had already grown up and [Judah] hadn’t given [Tamar] to be his son’s woman.

Well, when Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, because she had her face covered and he didn’t recognize her.So he stopped and said to her (not knowing that she was his daughter-in-law):
‘Let me [have sex with] you.’

And she asked:
‘What will you give to [have sex] with me?’

And he said:
‘I’ll send you a young goat from my flock.’

But she told him:
‘You must provide me some assurance that you’ll send it.’

So he asked:
‘What kind of assurance can I give you?’

And she said:
‘Give me your ring, your bracelet, and the walking stick you’re holding.’

So he gave them to her, [had sex with] her, and she got pregnant by him.Then afterward, she got up and took off her veil, put her widow’s clothes back on, and left that place.

Well later, Judah sent the young goat with his shepherd (the OdolLamite), to get back the things that he had left with the woman… but he couldn’t find her.So he asked the local men:
‘Where’s that prostitute that used to sit by the road [here at] AiNan?’

And they replied:
‘There was no prostitute here.’

So he returned to Judah and said:
‘I couldn’t find her, and the local men say there wasn’t any prostitute there.’

Then Judah told him:
‘Let her have [those things]. Although I sent the young goat, you couldn’t find her; so, let’s not leave ourselves open to ridicule.’

Well after three months, Judah was told:
‘Your daughter-in-law Tamar has played the whore… and now look; she’s pregnant by her whoring!’

So Judah said:
‘Then drag her out and have her burned!’

But as they were dragging her out, she called out to her father-in-law, and said:
‘I’m pregnant by the man that owns these things… just whose ring, bracelet, and walking stick are these?’

Well, Judah recognized them [as his] and said:
‘Tamar is innocent… but not me, because I didn’t give her to my son SeLom.’

And that was the last time [Judah had sex] with her.

Then when she went into labor, it was found that she had twins in her womb.And as they were being born, one pushed his hand out. So the midwife took hold of the hand and tied some scarlet [thread around it], and said:
‘This is the firstborn.’

But then he drew his hand back and his brother came out immediately thereafter. And she asked:
‘Why have you broken the barrier between you?’

So she named him Phares (Breach).

It was then that his brother (around whose hand the scarlet thread was tied) was born. And she named him ZaRa (Scarlet).

Chapter 39

Meanwhile, JoSeph was down in Egypt where he had been bought by an Egyptian named Potiphar (PharaOh’s advisor and captain of the guard), who had purchased him from the IshMaElites that carried him there.

But Jehovah was with JoSeph and He blest him as he was living in the house of his Egyptian master.
Even [Potiphar] recognized that Jehovah was with [JoSeph] and that He was blessing everything he did;so JoSeph was treated kindly by him, and [JoSeph did everything he could to] please his master well.

Then before long, the man put JoSeph in charge of his whole house… he was appointed to be in charge of everything that [his master] owned.
And because he had put JoSeph in charge of his house and over everything that he owned, Jehovah blest the Egyptian’s house for JoSeph’s sake. He blest everything that the man had in his house and in his fields,because he had entrusted everything he owned into JoSeph’s hands.
So the man didn’t even know what belonged to him, other than the bread that he ate.

Well, JoSeph was extremely attractive… he had an excellent body and a very handsome face.And so, after he had been [put in charge of the house], his master’s woman eyed JoSeph and said:
‘[Have sex] with me.’

However, he wouldn’t. For he told his master’s woman:
‘Look, it’s because of me that my master doesn’t even know what’s going on in his own house! He has put everything that he owns into my hands.
Nobody in this house is over me, nor has anything been withheld from me, except you… and you’re his woman! So, how could I do such a wicked thing and sin against God?’

Still, she pleaded with JoSeph every day… but he wouldn’t listen to her requests to sleep with her.

Then one day, as JoSeph entered the house to do his work, he found that none of the household staff was around.That’s when she grabbed him by his clothes and said:
‘[Have sex] with me.’

But JoSeph just left his clothes there in her hands and ran from the house.

Well, when she saw that he had left his clothes in her hands and ran away,the woman called [the family in] and said:
‘You see; He has brought in a Hebrew slave to make fun of us!
Why, he came in and told me that he wanted to have sex with me, but I screamed.And when he heard me scream, he left his clothes here and ran out of the house!’

So she kept the clothes near by, and when [her husband] got back home,she said to him:
‘This Hebrew servant that you brought to us came here to make fun of me! He said to me,
I’m going to [have sex] with you.
But after he heard me scream, he left his clothes with me and ran out of the house.’

Well, when his master heard everything his woman said, he proclaimed:
‘Then he did it to me!’

And because he was so angry, his master took JoSeph and had him thrown in prison… into the place where the king’s prisoners were kept.

Nevertheless, Jehovah was with JoSeph and He was very merciful to him. So He helped him find favor in the eyes of the prison’s warden.
And therefore, the warden put JoSeph in charge of the prison along with all the prisoners that were there and everything that they did.
So the warden was unaware of what was going on there, because everything was in JoSeph’s hands. And Jehovah continued to bless all that he was doing.

Chapter 40

It was some time after this that the king’s chief cupbearer and his chief baker had wronged their lord, the king of Egypt.
PharaOh was furious with his two eunuchs (his chief cupbearer and his chief baker),so he had them locked up in prison… in the same place where JoSeph was kept,and the prison warden left them with JoSeph, who was to guard them.

Well, after they had spent some time in the prison,they both had a dream one night. Each man had his own dream and each dream had its own interpretation.

Then the next morning when JoSeph went in to see them, they were both quite disturbed.
So he asked PharaOh’s eunuchs (who were there in the prison with him):
‘Why are you so sad today?’

And they replied:
‘We have [both] seen [visions] in our dreams, and nobody knows what they mean.’

So JoSeph said:
‘Doesn’t the interpretation of [dreams come] through God? Tell [me what you saw]!’

And the chief cupbearer told JoSeph his dream. He said:
‘In my dream [I saw] a vinethat had three stems, which budded and put out blossoms; then [it formed] clusters of grapes that ripened.
Then after that, [I found] PharaOh’s cup in my hands. So I took the grapes and squeezed them into the cup, and I gave the cup to PharaOh.’

Well at that, JoSeph said to him:
‘This is what [the dream] means: The three stems are three days.So in three days, PharaOh will remember what you did and he will give you back your position as chief cupbearer.
Therefore, you will [once again] put PharaOh’s cup in his hands, holding the same high position that you once had as his cupbearer.’

[Then he continued]:
‘Now, remember me when things are going well for you… be merciful to me and mention me to PharaOh, so that I can be released from this dungeon.
You see; I was stolen from the land of the Hebrews. And though I’ve done nothing wrong here, I was thrown into this hole.’

Well, when the chief baker saw that he’d given [the first man] the right interpretation, he said to JoSeph:
‘I also had a dream. I remember looking up, and I found three baskets of bakery goods on top of my head.
In the top basket, there were all the kinds of things that PharaOh enjoys. But birds in the sky came and ate them out of the basket that was on my head.’

Then JoSeph told him:
‘This is what it means:
The three baskets are three days.So in three days, PharaOh will cut off your head and hang you on a tree, where the birds of the sky will eat your flesh.’

Well, three days later, it was PharaOh’s birthday when he held a banquet for all his servants. It was then that he remembered the offices that the cupbearer and the baker once held among them.
So he restored the chief cupbearer to his office, and once again he put PharaOh’s cup into his hands.
However, he hanged the chief baker, just as JoSeph foretold.
But thereafter, the chief cupbearer soon forgot about JoSeph.

Chapter 41

It was a full 2 years later that PharaOh (likely AmenemHat 1) also had a dream.
He dreamed that he was standing next to a river,then {Look!} he saw 7 fat and good-looking cows come up out of the water to feed at the river’s edge.
And after that, 7 more cows, which were skinny and ugly, came up out of the river to feed along its banks.
Then the 7 skinny, ugly cows ate the 7 fat and good-looking cows… and that’s when PharaOh woke up.

Then he had another dream.
{Look!} There were 7 large and good-looking [heads] of grain that grew on a single stalk.And {Look!} they were followed by [a stalk] with 7 thin and windblown [heads] that grew up alongside them.
Then the [stalk] with the 7 thin and windblown [heads] ate the ones with the 7 large, good-looking [heads]… and that’s when PharaOh woke up… and it was just a dream.

Well the next morning, he was deeply disturbed [by the dreams], so he sent for all the [dream] interpreters of Egypt and all the wise men.
PharaOh told them of his dreams, but no one could tell him what they meant.
And that’s when PharaOh’s chief cupbearer told him:
‘I just remembered something that I’m responsible for.
[You were once] quite angry with your servants and you had us imprisoned in the house of the captain of the guard… both the chief baker and me.Each of us had a dream in that same night (both him and me)… but we each had our own dream.
And there was a young man with us, a Hebrew servant of the captain of the guard, to whom we told [our dreams], and he interpreted [them] to us.
Well, everything that he said would happen, came true… I was restored to my office and [the baker] was hanged.’

So, PharaOh sent for JoSeph… they took him from the prison, shaved him and changed his clothes; then he went in to PharaOh.
And PharaOh said to JoSeph:
‘I had a vision that no one can interpret, and I’ve heard that you have listened to dreams and interpreted them.’

But JoSeph answered PharaOh, saying:
‘Without God, [I couldn’t] give a safe answer to PharaOh.’

Then PharaOh told JoSeph:
‘In my dream, I was standing by the bank of the river.Then out of the river came 7 fat and good-looking cows that fed along the river’s edge.And after that, {Look!} 7 more cows came up out of the river that were evil, skinny, and ugly… I’ve never seen worse in the entire land of Egypt.
Then the 7 skinny, ugly cows ate the 7 fat and good-looking cows…they swallowed them down whole; yet, I couldn’t see that they had gone into their stomachs, because they still looked as ugly as they did before.

‘And after I woke up, I went to sleep again.
Then I saw what looked like 7 large, good-looking [heads] of grain growing from a single stalk.
And [after that, I saw] 7 more [heads] that were thin and windblown, coming up next to them.
Then the 7 thin and wind-blown [heads] ate the 7 large, good-looking [heads].
Now, I told all this to the [dream] interpreters, but none of them could explain it to me.’

So JoSeph told PharaOh:
‘Both of your dreams are the same, for The God has shown PharaOh what He’s going to do.

‘The 7 good-looking cows mean 7 years, and the 7 good-looking [grain heads] mean 7 years… so PharaOh’s dreams are both the same!
Also, the 7 skinny cattle that came up after them mean 7 years, and the 7 thin and windblown [heads] mean 7 years… therefore, there will be 7 years of famine.

‘Now, what I’m telling PharaOh is that it’s God’s purpose to show you what He’s going to do.
And look! 7 years are coming when there will be a great abundance throughout the land of Egypt;but these will be followed by 7 years of famine, which will be so bad that the abundance Egypt had will be forgotten, and famine will consume the land.
Yes, the abundance in the land will be gone because of the famine that will follow, since it’s going to be an extremely bad time.
And the fact that PharaOh saw the dream twice, proves that the things I’m telling you (which will come from The God) are true; for, God will cause it to happen very soon!

‘Therefore, search for a wise and discerning man, and put him in charge over the land of Egypt.Also, PharaOh should appoint local governors over the land that must collect 1/5 of all the produce in the land of Egypt during the 7 abundant years.
They must gather all the food that will come in during the 7 good years, and have all the grain gathered into the hands of PharaOh… and you must store the food in each city.
This stored food will then [protect] the land during the 7 years of famine that are coming upon Egypt, so [the country] won’t be totally destroyed by the famine.’

Well, what [JoSeph] said appeared good to PharaOh and to all of his servants.
So [he] asked his servants:
‘Where can we find such a man as this… someone that has the Breath of God in him?’

Then PharaOh said to JoSeph:
‘Since God has shown all of these things to you; is there a man that is wiser or more discerning than you?
I’ll appoint you to be over my house, and then all of my people must do whatever you say… only I will be greater than you on the throne.’

Then PharaOh told JoSeph:
‘{Look!} Today, I’m putting you in charge of the entire land of Egypt.’

And at that, PharaOh took the ring off of his hand and put it on JoSeph’s hand, [he had him dressed in] a robe of fine linen and put a gold chain around his neck.
Then he mounted [JoSeph] on his second-best chariot and had a herald walk in front of him to proclaim that [JoSeph] had been appointed over the whole land of Egypt.

And PharaOh said to JoSeph:
‘Although I am the PharaOh; nobody will lift his hand anywhere in the land of Egypt without [your permission].’

Thereafter, PharaOh started calling JoSeph the Savior of the Age, and he gave him Asenath, the daughter of Petephre, the priest of HelioPolis (Greek for City of the Sun), to be his woman.

Well, JoSeph was 30 years old when he stood before PharaOh, the king of Egypt.

So thereafter, JoSeph left the presence of PharaOh and he traveled throughout the land of Egypt.

And after that, the land did in fact produce well during the 7 years of abundance… by the heaping handfuls.
So, during those 7 years he gathered much food, because there was such abundance in the land, and he stored it away in each of the cities.
He took the food that grew in the fields around each city and stored it in them.
So the grain that JoSeph stored away became like the sands of the seas… so much that it couldn’t be calculated.

Meanwhile, JoSeph had two sons born to him prior to the 7 years of famine, by Asenath (the daughter of Petephre, the priest of HelioPolis).And JoSeph named his firstborn ManasSeh (Forgotten), for he said:
‘God has made me forget all my hard work, and even the house of my father.’

Then he named his second son Ephraim (Double Fruitfulness); for he said:
‘God has caused me to grow in the land where I was humiliated.’

Well, the 7 years of abundance in the land of Egypt soon passed,and then the 7 years of famine began, just as JoSeph had foretold. However, though there was a famine throughout the entire earth, there was still plenty [in Egypt].
Then, when the people of Egypt finally got hungry, they called out to PharaOh for bread, and PharaOh said to [them]:
‘Go to JoSeph and do whatever he tells you to do.’

Well, before long, the famine covered the entire earth; so JoSeph opened all the granaries and sold [the stored grain] to the Egyptians.

Then all the countries roundabout started coming to Egypt to buy [food] from JoSeph, because the famine had become [so great].

Chapter 42

Now, Jacob had noticed that they were still selling [grain] down in Egypt.
So he said to his sons:
‘Why don’t you do something?
Look; I’ve heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go there and buy us a little food, so we don’t starve to death.’

Therefore, JoSeph’s 10 brothers went down to Egypt to purchase grain.
However, JoSeph’s brother BenJamin wasn’t sent along with his brothers, ‘So he doesn’t get sick,’ Jacob said.

Of course, the sons of IsraEl [traveled along with] many others to buy [grain], because the famine had affected the entire land of CanaAn.

Well, since JoSeph was the ruler of the land, he’s the one that actually sold [the food] to all the people that were coming from these lands; so, JoSeph’s brothers came to him and had to bow with their faces to the ground before him.
But when JoSeph saw his brothers (because he recognized them), he hid himself in front of them and spoke harshly to them, asking:
‘Where are you coming from?

And they replied:
‘[We came from] the land of CanaAn to buy food.’

Well, although JoSeph recognized his brothers, they didn’t recognize him.
Then JoSeph remembered his dreams and the things that he saw, and he said to them:
‘You are spies… you’ve come here to spy in our land!’

But they said:
‘No Sir; we’re just your servants that have come to buy food!We’re all the sons of one man and we are peace loving… your servants aren’t spies!’

And he said to them:
‘No, you’ve come to spy [in our] land!’

Then they replied:
‘Your servants were once 12 brothers from the land of CanaAn. The youngest [of us] is with our father right now… but the other one is no more.’

Then JoSeph argued:
‘It’s just as I said; you are spies!Here’s how I will prove it: By the health of PharaOh, you aren’t going to leave until your younger brother comes here.
One of you can go to get your brother, but the rest of you will stay in jail until what you’ve said can be [proven]… whether you’re telling the truth or not.
And if not, then by the health of PharaOh, you really are spies!’

So he had them all locked up in jail for three days.
Then on the 3rd day, he said:
‘Do this and you will live, because I fear the gods (gr. ton Theon):
If you really are peace loving, I’ll allow just one of your brothers to be held in jail.
So now, go and carry the grain that you bought [back to your home].Then bring your younger brother to me, and I will believe what you said.
But if you don’t, you will all die!’

And that’s what they did.

Well, each one was saying to his brother:
‘Yes, we are to blame when it comes to our brother.
We didn’t pay attention to the anguish that he was going through, and when he looked to us, we didn’t listen to him. That’s why this bad thing is happening to us!’

Then ReuBen said:
‘Didn’t I tell you not to harm the boy? But you wouldn’t listen to me! Now look… his blood is [being avenged]!’

However, they didn’t realize that JoSeph was standing right there in front of them, because an interpreter stood between them.

Well at that, JoSeph left them and started crying. Then he returned and spoke to them, and he took SimeOn and had him bound before their eyes.

And thereafter, JoSeph gave orders to fill their [sacks] with grain, and to return the money to each one’s sack before giving them permission to leave.
And that’s what happened…the grain was loaded on their burros, and then they left.

Well, when they stopped somewhere to rest, one of them opened his sack to feed the burros, and that’s when he saw his bundle of money lying in the top of his sack.
So he said to his brothers:
‘They’ve returned my money. Look, its all here in my sack!’

Well, they were all dumbfounded and sick at heart. And they asked each other:
‘What has God done to us?’

And when they got back to their father Jacob (in the land of CanaAn), they told him everything that had happened to them, saying:
‘This man that is the lord of the land spoke harshly to us and had us put in jail as spies.But we told him that we are peaceful men… we aren’t spies.
We said that we are 12 brothers, the sons of our father. One [of us] is no more, and the youngest is with our father today in the land of CanaAn.
However, this man that is the lord of the land said to us,
Here’s how I will know that you are peaceful: Leave one of your brothers here with me and take the grain you bought, then return to your familyand bring your younger brother to me so I will know that you aren’t spies, but men of peace.
Then you can have your brother back and you can trade in this land.


‘But, as we were emptying our sacks, each man found his bundle of money inside his sack.’

So they [showed] their father their bundles of money, and they were all frightened.

Then their father (Jacob) said to them:
‘Now you’ve made me very sad, for JoSeph is no more and neither is SimeOn. So are you going to take BenJamin away also?
[Why have] all these [bad] things come upon me?’

Then ReuBen said to his father:
‘You can kill my two sons if I don’t bring him back to you. Give him to me, and I’ll bring him back!’

But [Jacob] said:
‘I won’t allow my son to go with you, because his brother is already dead, and he’s the only one left.
What if something happens to him on the way? This would bring such sorrow upon me in my old age that it would lead me to my grave.’

Chapter 43

However, the famine continued in the land.
And so, after they had finished eating the grain that they’d brought from Egypt, their father told them:
‘Go there to buy us a little food again.’

But Judah said to him:
‘That man who’s the lord of the land absolutely warned us, saying,
You may not see my face again unless you have your younger brother with you.
So if you’ll send our brother with us, we’ll go and buy you food.But if you won’t send our brother with us, we won’t go.’

Then IsraEl asked:
‘Why did you do so much harm to me by telling the man that you had a brother?’

And they replied:
‘The man asked a lot of questions about our family. He asked, Is your father still alive? and, Do you have a brother? All we did was answer his questions!
How could we know that he would tell us to bring our brother?’

Then Judah said to his father IsraEl:
‘Send the boy with me and we’ll go… so we don’t all [starve] to death!
I’ll be responsible for him, and you can hold me to blame if anything happens to him.
If I don’t return him and stand him before you, I will be guilty before you through the age.
If we hadn’t been delaying, we could could have already have gone there a second time!’

And their father IsraEl said to them:
‘If that’s the case, then do this:
Take along the fruit of the land in your sacks.
Carry gifts of gum, honey, frankincense, oil of myrrh, turpentine, and walnuts to the man.
Also, carry twice as much money – in addition to the money that was put back in your sacks – just in case that was a mistake.
Then take your brother along and go down to the man.
May my God allow you to find favor in the eyes of that man, so he sends you home with your other brother and BenJamin. For I’ve been saddened, and I’m very sad now.’

So the men loaded up their gifts and took twice as much money, as well as BenJamin, and headed down to Egypt, where they soon stood before JoSeph.

Well, when JoSeph saw them and his brother BenJamin (who was born to the same mother), he told his house manager:
‘Bring the men into [my] house, then butcher some animals and prepare them, because these men are to eat bread with me at noon.’

So the man did just as JoSeph said, and he brought them into JoSeph’s house.

Well, when the men realized that they had been taken to the house of JoSeph, they said:
‘We’ve been brought here because of the money that was returned to our sacks the first time. [This is being done] so witnesses can be called and we can be charged [with a crime]… then they will confiscate our burros and take us as slaves!’

So they went up to the man that was in charge of JoSeph’s house and spoke to him out on the porch.
They said:
‘We are begging you, sir… we just came the first time to buy food.But, as we were unloading and opening our sacks, [we found] this money in each sack.
We have the full amount of money in our hands [and we wish] to return it.
We’ve also brought more money along with which to buy the food… we don’t know who put the money in our sacks!’

And [the man] replied:
‘May God be merciful with you. Don’t be afraid, for it was your God and the God of your ancestors that put the treasures in your sacks.
I have enough of your good money!’

Then he brought SimeOn out to them…along with some water to wash their feet, and some fodder for their burros.

It was then that they started preparing their gifts for JoSeph’s arrival at noon, because they heard that he was going to dine there.
So when JoSeph came home, they brought him the gifts that they had carried into the house… and afterward, they bowed with their faces to the ground.

Well, he asked them:
‘How are you? Is your father, the old man that you spoke of, well? Is he still living?’

And they replied:
‘Our father, your servant, is well. And yes, he’s still alive.’

Then JoSeph said:
‘May that man of God be blest!’

And at that, they all bowed low to show him respect.

It was then that JoSeph looked up and saw his brother BenJamin (who was born to the same mother). And he asked:
‘Is this the younger brother that you said you would bring to me?’

Then he added:
‘May God have mercy on you, my son.’

Well, JoSeph’s emotions overcame him, because he missed his brother so much, and he wanted to cry. So he walked to his inner room and cried there.
Thereafter, he washed his face and regained his composure, and came out and said:
‘Now, bring on the bread!’

So they set out bread for JoSeph, for his servants, and for the Egyptians that were eating with him, but not for [his brothers], because the Egyptians considered it dishonorable to eat bread with Hebrews.
They just sat there in front of him (in the order of their ages, from the firstborn to the youngest), as the brothers looked at each other in astonishment.

But then, JoSeph gave them their portions to eat by themselves. However, BenJamin received 5 times as much as did the rest. They also drank with him until each one was full.

Chapter 44

Then JoSeph gave instructions to his house manager. He said:
‘Now, fill the men’s sacks with as much food as they can carry, and put each one’s money in the top of his sack.Also, put my silver cup in the sack that belongs to the youngest, along with the price of his grain.’

So he did exactly as JoSeph said.Then the next morning, the men and their burros were sent away.

Well, after they left the city (but before they had traveled very far), JoSeph said to his house manager:
‘Now, get up and chase after those men; and when you catch up with them, ask:
Why have you returned evil for good…why have you stolen my silver cup? Isn’t this the [cup] that our lord drinks from and the one that he uses to foretell the future?
You’ve done an evil thing!’


So when he caught up with them, he said what [JoSeph] had told him to say.And they replied:
‘Why is our lord saying such things? Your servants wouldn’t do anything like that.
If we returned the money to you that we found in our sacks all the way from the land of CanaAn, why would we steal silver or gold from the house of your lord?
May whichever of your servants that you find with the cup die, and then we will all be our lord’s slaves!’

So, [JoSeph’s house manager] told them:
‘May it be just as you’ve said. But just the one that is found with the cup will be my slave… the rest of you can go free.’

Then each man quickly took down his sack and put it on the ground, and opened their sacks,and the man began his search, starting from the eldest to the youngest… and then he found the cup in BenJamin’s sack.

Well at that, they all started ripping their clothes. So each man put his sack back on his burro, and they all returned to the city,where Judah and his brothers were taken to see JoSeph, who was [still at home].

There they fell to the ground before him,and JoSeph asked them:
‘What have you done? Didn’t you realize that a man like me can see the future?’

And Judah replied:
‘What can we say to you, our lord? What can we say that will justify us? God has uncovered the unrighteousness of your servants.
Look! We’re now our lord’s slaves… both us and the one that was found with your cup!’

But JoSeph said:
‘I wouldn’t do anything like that… just the man that was found with my cup will be my slave. [The rest of you] may return home safely to your father.’

Then Judah came up to him and said:
‘I beg you, sir; Allow your servant to say something to you, and don’t get angry, because you are next to PharaOh.
Sir; you once asked your servants whether we have a father or a brother.And we replied,
Yes Lord, we have a father that is an old man, and he has a young son of his old age. [Since this boy’s] brother is now dead, he’s the only one left that came from his mother, and his father loves him.

‘Then you said to your servants:
Bring him down here to me, and I will take care of him.
And we said to our lord,
The child can’t leave his father, because if he leaves his father, [his father] will die.
But you told your servants:
Unless your younger brother comes down with you, you won’t see my face again.
And so, when we went up to your servant our father, we told him what our lord said.Then, when our father said,
Return and buy a little food for us,
we said,
We can’t return, unless our younger brother goes with us. We can go there, but we won’t be able to see the man unless we bring our younger brother along!
And your servant (our father) said to us:
You know that my woman gave birth to two [sons] for me.Now, one [of the two] is gone from me. For you told me that wild animals ate him, and I haven’t seen him since.So if you take this one away from me also and something should happen to him along the road, the sorrow will bring me to the grave in my old age.

‘Therefore, if I should return to your servant (our father) and the boy doesn’t return with us (remember that his life depends on this [boy’s] life);well, when he sees that the boy isn’t with us, he will die. And then your servants [will be responsible for] bringing your servant (our elderly father) to his grave in his sorrow.
For when I (your servant) took the boy from his father, I said,
If I don’t return him to you and stand him before you, I will be guilty before my father through the age.

‘Now, may I stay here as your slave instead of the boy. I will work in my lord’s house; but, let the boy [return home] with his brothers.
For how could I return to my father without the boy and cause evil things to happen to him?’

Chapter 45

However, JoSeph couldn’t restrain himself when they were all standing there with him; so he said:
‘Everyone else is dismissed.’

As the result, nobody [was there guarding] JoSeph when he told his brothers who he was…and as he spoke, he was crying.

Well, soon all the Egyptians heard about this, and it was reported to the house of PharaOh.
For JoSeph said to his brothers:
‘I’m JoSeph! Is my father still alive?’

However, his brothers couldn’t answer him, because they were in shock!

Then JoSeph told his brothers:
‘Come closer to me,’
and they all came up to him.

And he said:
‘I’m your brother JoSeph whom you sold into Egypt!But, don’t be upset and don’t feel guilty that you sold me here, because [it was] God that sent me ahead of you, so you could live.
For this [is just] the 2nd year of the famine on the earth, and there are still 5 years to come when there will be no plowing or reaping.

‘It was God that sent me ahead of you so that some of you would survive on the earth to feed the rest of your crowd.
Therefore, you didn’t send me here, God did! And now He has made me like a father to PharaOh… the master of his whole house and the ruler of the entire land of Egypt.
So hurry and return to my father, and tell him that this is what your son JoSeph has said:
God has made me the lord of the entire land of Egypt. So come here to me, and don’t delay!You will live in the land of Gesem in Arabia, where you will be closer to me… you, your sons, your grandsons, your sheep, your cattle, and everything that’s yours.
I will feed you there, because the famine is going to last for 5 more years. This way, nothing that you own will be lost… not your sons or any of your possessions!

‘Look at me and see!
And [you], my brother BenJamin; Use your eyes [and recognize] that it’s my mouth speaking to you!
So report to my father about all the glory that I have in Egypt, and about everything that you’ve seen. Then hurry and bring my father down here.’

[Well, after that], he fell on his brother BenJamin’s neck and cried, and BenJamin cried on his neck.
Then he kissed all his brothers and cried over them, and his brothers [were finally able to] speak to him.

Well, the report of this was carried back to the house of PharaOh, for he was told,
‘JoSeph’s brothers have come.’
And this made PharaOh and his household very happy.

Then PharaOh said to JoSeph:
‘Tell your brothers to [get] wagons and return to the land of CanaAnto get their father and all their possessions, and then come here to me.
I will give them all the good things of Egypt, and they will eat from the [best] of our land.

‘Now, you must give them these instructions:
Tell them to take wagons from the land of Egypt to get their women, their children, and their father, and come here.
[Tell them] not to worry about their possessions, because all the good things of Egypt will be theirs.’

So that’s what the children of IsraEl did.
JoSeph gave them wagons, just as PharaOh the king had said, and he gave them the things that they would need for their journey.
He also gave each of them two suits of clothes… but he gave BenJamin 5 suits of clothes, plus 300 gold coins.
And he sent the same gifts to his father, plus 10 burros that carried a sampling of all the good things of Egypt, along with 10 mules that carried [provisions] for their journey.

So he dismissed his brothers and they left.
But before they left, he told them:
‘Don’t go away angry.’

Then they left Egypt and returned to the land of CanaAn and to their father, Jacob.
There they reported everything to him, saying:
‘Your son JoSeph is ALIVE, and he’s now the ruler of the entire land of Egypt!’

Well, this was so amazing to Jacob that he didn’t believe them.But they told him everything that JoSeph said, no matter what it was that he said to them.

It was then that [Jacob] noticed the chariots that JoSeph had sent to pick him up, and that’s when the spirit of their father Jacob was restored.
And IsraEl said:
‘If my son JoSeph is still alive, that’s wonderful! I want to go see him before I die!’

Chapter 46

So IsraEl left with everything that he owned. And when he got to the Well of the Promise (BeerSheba), he offered a sacrifice to the God of his father IsaAc.
Then The God spoke to IsraEl in a vision that night.
He said:
‘Jacob! Jacob!’

And (Jacob) asked:
‘What is it?’

Then [God] said to him:
‘I am the God of your ancestors.

'Don’t be afraid to go down to Egypt, because I will make a great nation of you there.
I will be going down to Egypt with you and I will be bringing you back… for it will be JoSeph that will lay his hands over your eyes.’

Well after that, Jacob left the Well of the Promise, and IsraEl’s sons carried their father, their baggage, and their women on the wagons that JoSeph had sent to them.
They also brought along the goods and things that they had obtained in the land of CanaAn, and they went to the land of Egypt (Jacob and all his descendants –his sons, his grandsons, his daughters, and his granddaughters)… he brought all of his seed with him down to Egypt.

These are the names of the grandsons of IsraEl that went to Egypt with their father Jacob:
The sons of Jacob’s first-born, ReuBen, wereEnoch, PhalLus, AsRon, and CharMi.
The sons of SimeOn were JemuEl, JaMin, Aod, Achin, SaAr, and Saul (the son of a CanaAnite woman).
The sons of Levi were GedSon, CaAth, and MeraRi.
The sons of Judah were Er, AuNan (who died in the land of CanaAn), SeLom, Phares, ZaRa, and Er.Phares’ sons were EsRon and JemuEl.
The sons of IshSachar were: Thola, Phua, Asum, and SamBran.
The sons of ZebuLun were Sered, AlLon, and AchoEl.

These were the sons that LeAh gave birth to (for Jacob) in MesoPotamia of Syria, and those of his daughter Dina.
Altogether, the sons and daughters numbered 33.

The sons of Gad were Saphon, Angis, SanNis, ThasoBan, Aedis, AroEdis, and AreElis.
The sons of Asher were JemNa, JesShua, JeUl, BariJa, and their sister, SarAh. BariJa’s sons were Chobor, and MelchiEl.

These were the sons that ZelPha (whom Laban had given to his daughter LeAh) gave birth to for Jacob – 16 people.

The sons of Jacob’s woman RachEl were JoSeph and BenJamin,and the sons that were born to JoSeph in the land of Egypt through Asenath (the daughter of Petephre, the priest of HelioPolis) were ManasSeh, and Ephraim.
The son that was born to ManasSeh by his Syrian concubine was MachIr. Then MachIr fathered GalaAd.

Ephraim’s sons were SutalaAm and TaAm. SutalaAm’s son was Edom.
The sons of BenJamin were Bala, Bochor, and AsBel. Bala’s sons were Gera, NoEman, Anchis, Ros, and Mamphim. Then Gera fathered Arad.

These were the sons that RachEl gave birth to for Jacob.
Altogether, there were 18 people.

The son of Dan was Hushim,and NaphTali’s sons were AsiEl, Goni, IshSaar, and SolLem.

These were the sons that BalLa (whom Laban had given to his daughter RachEl) gave birth to for Jacob.
[Altogether], there were 7 people.

Therefore, all the descendants of Jacob that came with him to Egypt (those – except his son’s women – that came from his loins) totaled 66.And the sons of JoSeph that were born in the land of Egypt totaled 9.
So all the people of the house of Jacob that were with JoSeph in Egypt totaled 75.

Now, [Jacob] had sent Judah ahead of him to JoSeph, who told him to meet them at the City of HroOn (Mit El-Harun?) in the land of RaMesse.
So JoSeph got his chariots ready and went to meet his father IsraEl at the City of HroOn. And when he got there, [JoSeph] fell on [Jacob’s] neck and cried profusely.

Then IsraEl said to JoSeph:
‘Now that I’ve seen your face I can die happy, because you’re still alive!’

And JoSeph told his brothers:
‘I will go to PharaOh and tell him that my brothers and my father’s household have arrived from the land of CanaAn.I will also tell him that you are shepherds and cattlemen, and that you’ve brought along your cattle, herds, and all of your belongings.
So if PharaOh calls for you and asks you what you do for a living,you must say,
Your servants have been shepherds since our youth… both our fathers and us.
[You must say this], so you can live in the land of Gesem (Goshen) in Arabia, because shepherds are looked down on by the Egyptians.’

Chapter 47

So then, JoSeph went and told PharaOh that his father and brothers had arrived from the land of CanaAn with their cattle, oxen, and all their possessions, and that they would be staying in the land of Gesem.

He also took 5 of his brothers and brought them before PharaOh.
And when PharaOh asked them,
‘What is your occupation?’
they replied,
‘Your servants (we and our fathers) are shepherds.’

Then they said to PharaOh:
‘We have come to stay in [your] land. And since there are no pastures for your servant’s flocks here, and because there is a famine in the land of CanaAn; please allow us to live in the land of Gesem.’

And PharaOh told JoSeph:
‘Then, may they live in the land of Gesem. And if you know any among them that are more capable, put them in charge of my cattle also.’

So that’s how Jacob and his sons came to JoSeph in Egypt. And after PharaOh (the king of Egypt) learned about this,he told JoSeph:
‘[Now that] your father and brothers have come to you,{Look!} the whole land of Egypt is before you; so, choose the very best land as a place for your father and brothers to settle!’

Then later, JoSeph brought his father Jacob in and stood him before PharaOh, and Jacob blest PharaOh.
Then PharaOh asked Jacob:
‘How old are you?’

And Jacob replied to PharaOh:
‘The years of my life that I’ve lived are 130.
These years have been too few and too troubled, for I haven’t reached the age that my ancestors [achieved], back in the days when they lived.’

And after that, Jacob [again] blest PharaOh, and left.

So, just as PharaOh commanded, JoSeph gave his father and brothers a tract of land as their possession and settled them in the land of Egypt, on the best ground in the land of RaMesse.
And thereafter, JoSeph provided grain for his father, brothers, and his father’s entire household.

However, there was no grain [growing on] the land at the time, so the famine was terrible. For both in the land of Egypt and in the land of CanaAn, people were weak from the famine.
As the result, JoSeph collected all the money that there was in the land of Egypt and in the land of CanaAn, because the people had spent all that they had for the grain that they were buying… and he took it all to the house of PharaOh.
So before long, there was no more money left in the land of Egypt or in the land of CanaAn. And because of this, all the Egyptians came to JoSeph and said:
‘Give us bread! Do you want us to die here before you? All our money is gone!’

And JoSeph replied to them:
‘If all your money is gone, then bring me your cattle, and I’ll give you bread in exchange for them.’

So they brought their cattle to JoSeph, and he gave them bread in exchange for their horses, sheep, oxen, and burros.
And JoSeph kept the people alive with bread that year in exchange for their cattle.

But after that year had passed, they came to him the 2nd year and said:
‘Must we be consumed before you, our lord? For all our money is gone, and since we’ve brought all our possessions and our cattle to you, our lord, we don’t have anything left other than our bodies and our land.
Therefore, so that we won’t die before you, and so that our land isn’t devastated, please buy us and our land for bread, so that we and our land will become PharaOh’s servants.
Give us seeds to grow so we can live and not die, and so that our land won’t be devastated!’

 As the result, JoSeph bought all the land of the Egyptians for PharaOh… they sold it all to PharaOh, because the famine was so bad.
And therefore, the entire land became PharaOh’s,and the people became his servants from one end of Egypt to the other…that is, except for the land of the priests.
JoSeph didn’t buy [their land], because PharaOh gave [grain] as gifts to the priests. So they ate what PharaOh gave them, and they didn’t have to sell their land.

Then JoSeph told all the Egyptians:
‘{Look!} Today I have purchased both you and your land for PharaOh. So now, take the seeds and plant the land.Then, when it produces, you must give 1/5 of its produce to PharaOh.
You may keep the rest for yourselves as seeds for planting and as food for you and for all that are in your homes.’

And they said:
‘You have saved us! We’ve found favor before you, our lord, and we will be PharaOh’s servants!’

As the result, JoSeph passed a law that we still have today:
A fifth part [of the produce of the land of Egypt] is to be [given to] PharaOh. The only exception is the land of the priests… that doesn’t belong to PharaOh.

Well thereafter, the IsraElites lived in the land of Gesem in Egypt and they owned an allotment [of land] there… so the [family] grew rapidly and profusely.
Jacob also lived for 17 more years there in the land of Egypt, until he was 147 years old.

Then, as the time for IsraEl to die drew near, he called his son JoSeph and said this to him:
‘If I’ve found favor before you, put your hand under my thigh and [swear] to me mercifully and truthfully that you won’t bury me in Egypt,but that I will sleep with my ancestors.
[Swear that] you will carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their tomb.’

And JoSeph said:
‘I will do as you’ve asked.’

But [Jacob] said:
‘Swear to me!’

And he swore to him.

Then IsraEl bowed low, as he leaned on his cane.

Chapter 48

Well, sometime after that, this report came to JoSeph:
‘{Look!} Your father is ill!’

So he took his two sons, ManasSeh and Ephraim, and they went to [see] Jacob.

Then when Jacob was told that his son JoSeph had come to see him, IsraEl straightened himself and sat up on his bed.
And [he] said this to JoSeph:
‘My God appeared to me in Luza in the land of CanaAn and blest me.Then He said to me,
{Look!} I will make you grow and increase, and I will make many nations come from you. I will also give this land to you and to your seed that comes after you as an inheritance through the ages.

‘Now, your two sons (Ephraim and ManasSeh) that were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came here, are my [sons] the same as ReuBen and SimeOn are my [sons].
And any children that you have from this point on will share in the names of their brothers; so, [the lands that they will] inherit will be named after them.

‘As for me; After I left Assyrian MesoPotamia, your mother RachEl died in the land of CanaAn during the evening, near the ChabRatha racetrack while we were coming to EphRatha (or BethLehem).
So I buried her beside the road at the racetrack of BethLehem.’

Then, when IsraEl noticed JoSeph’s sons, he asked:
‘Who are they?’

And JoSeph replied to his father:
‘They’re the sons that God has given to me here.’

And Jacob said:
‘Bring them here to me, so that I can bless them.’

Now, IsraEl’s eyes were weak due to his age, so he couldn’t see. But he drew them close, and he hugged and kissed them both.

Then IsraEl said to JoSeph:
‘Look! I haven’t been deprived of seeing your face, and now {Look!} God has also shown me your seed.’

So at that, JoSeph brought them out from [between] his [father’s] knees, and they bowed to [IsraEl] with their faces to the ground.

Then JoSeph took his two sons, with Ephraim at his right hand (but on the left of IsraEl), and ManasSeh at his left hand (but on the right of IsraEl), and led them near to him again.
However, IsraEl stuck out his right hand and laid it on Ephraim’s head (he was the younger), and he put his left hand on ManasSeh’s head, with his arms crossed.
Then he blest them, saying:
‘May the God that found my fathers AbraHam and IsaAc pleasing (the God that fed me from my youth until nowand the messenger that protects me from all that is evil) bless these boys… and may they be called by my name and by the name of my fathers, AbraHam and IsaAc.
Let them grow to be a vast number on the ground.’

Well, when JoSeph noticed that his father had put his right hand on Ephraim’s head, that seemed wrong to him. So JoSeph took hold of his father’s hand to move it from Ephraim’s head to ManasSeh’s head.
And JoSeph said:
‘Father! This is the first-born; lay your right hand on his head!’

But Jacob wouldn’t. He said:
‘I know, son, I know. [Your eldest son] will be a [tribe of] people, and he will be important. However, his younger brother will be greater, and his seed will become many nations.’

So he blest them that day. And he said [to JoSeph]:
‘In your name, IsraEl will pronounce this blessing:
May God make you like Ephraim and ManasSeh’…
and he put Ephraim before ManasSeh.

Then IsraEl said to JoSeph:
‘Look, I’m dying! But my God will be with you and He will return you to the land of your fathers.

‘I am giving you SheChem (a better portion than that of your brothers), which I took from the Amorites with my sword and my bow.’

Chapter 49

Then Jacob called the rest of his sons in and said to them:
‘Gather here so I can tell you what will happen to you in later years. Gather and listen to me, sons of Jacob. Listen to IsraEl… listen to your father!

ReuBen;
You’re my firstborn and my strength. You’re the first of my children, but you’re hard to endure, [pig headed],and you’re as unruly as water… bring an end to your violence!
For you even climbed up on your father’s bed and dirtied the couch that you climbed on.

SimeOn and Levi;
You are brothers that are good at the injustices that separated you.May my soul pay no attention to the things that you say, and may my feelings never have any part in your conspiracies. For you’ve killed men in anger, and in your passion you’ve cut off the feet of bulls.
May your anger be cursed, because it is willful and cruel. So I will separate you in [the land of] Jacob and scatter you in IsraEl.

Judah;
Your brothers have spoken well of you, so your hands will stay on the backs of your enemies, and your father’s sons will bow before you…for Judah is the cub of a lion.

‘My son: you’ve grown from the tender plant [you once were], and now you’re a young lion. So by whom can you ever be beaten?

‘There will always be a ruler from Judah,
And princes will come from his loins
Until the one we’re awaiting arrives…
The one who’s the hope of the nations.

‘[He’ll] tie his foal to a vine…
The foal of his burro to a branch,
And he’ll wash his robes in [fine] wine…
In the blood of grapes, he will wash his clothes;
His eyes will be more cheerful than wine,
And his teeth [will be] whiter than milk.

ZebuLun;
You will live on the coast near a shipping port that reaches to Sidon.

IshSachar;
You have desired the best thing… to rest among the [other] inheritances.So [when you find] a good resting place and fertile land, you will put you shoulders to work and become a farmer.

Dan;
You will judge your people as a single tribe in IsraEl.
Dan will be a snake on the road that blocks the path and bites at the hooves of horses to cause their riders to fall,while he awaits the salvation of Jehovah .

Gad;
You will be looted by plunderers… but then you will also follow and plunder them.

Asher;
You will have plenty of bread, and you will provide delicious things to princes.

NaphTali;
You are a spreading vine [that will bear] beautiful fruit.

JoSeph;
My son that has now grown [into a man];
My dearly-loved son that has been increased;
My younger son that has been returned;
You’re the one whom the evil have spoken against;
The one against whom they have plotted
And whom the archers [have tried to shoot down].
But their bows and arrows were quickly destroyed
By the hand of Jacob’s Almighty God,
Who then weakened the might of their arms…
You’re the one who thereafter brought strength
From the God of IsraEl, to his father.

‘My God has helped you and blest you
With the blessings that come from above.
They’re the blessings of the ground that owns all…
They’re the blessings of the breasts and the womb.
They’re the blessings of your father and mother,
Which last longer than the blessings on the mountains,
And [longer than] the hills of the ages.

‘These [blessings] will be upon JoSeph’s head,
And on the heads of the brothers
Over whom he will now take the lead.

BenJamin;
You're a hungry wolf that will eat all morning long and also provide food in the evening.’

All these are the 12 sons of Jacob, and that’s what their father said to them. He blest them… he blest each of them by the blessings that they would receive.
Then he said to them:
‘Now I’m going to my people; so, bury me with my ancestors in the cave that is in the field of EphRon the Kettite.
It’s the double cave across from MamRe in the land of CanaAn that AbraHam bought as a tomb from EphRon the Kettite,and it’s where they buried AbraHam and his woman SarAh, IsaAc and his women RebecKa and LeAh,in that part of the field where the caves of the sons of Ket are located.’

 Then Jacob stopped giving instructions to his sons, and he lifted his feet on the bed and died… then he was buried with his people.

Chapter 50

Well at that, JoSeph fell over his father’s face, cried over him, and kissed him.
Then JoSeph told his servants (the embalmers) to [take charge of] his father’s body, and the embalmers mummified IsraEl.
The process took 40 days, because that’s how long it took to mummify someone. And all of Egypt mourned for him during the next 70 days.

Then when the days of mourning were completed, JoSeph spoke to the PharaOh’s mighty ones and said:
‘If I’ve found favor in your eyes, talk to PharaOh for me and tell him thatmy father made me swear, saying,
I want you to bury me in the tomb that I dug for myself in the land of CanaAn.
So I wish to go there and bury my father… and then I’ll return.’

And PharaOh said to JoSeph:
‘Go up and bury your father, just as he made you swear.’

So JoSeph went up [to the land of CanaAn] to bury his father; and all of PharaOh’s servants and elders of his house, as well as all the elders of the land of Egypt traveled with himand the households of JoSeph and his brothers, as well as the household of his father and his relatives.
However, they left the sheep and oxen behind in the land of Gesem…the entourage also included many chariots and horsemen, and a large crowd of others.

Then, upon arriving at the threshing-floor of Atad (which is across the JorDan), they wailed for [Jacob] with a very deep grief, and they mourned there for [JoSeph’s) father for the next 7 days.

Well, when the people of the land of CanaAn saw the mourning at the floor of Atad, they said:
‘This is a huge mourning to the Egyptians.’

So after that, they named the place The Mourning of Egypt Beyond the JorDan.

Yes, that’s what his sons did for him.
His sons carried him up into the land of CanaAn and buried him in the double cave that AbraHam bought as his own burying place from EphRon the Kettite, which is across from MamRe.

Then JoSeph and his brothers returned to Egypt, along with all those that had come with him to bury his father.

Well, after JoSeph’s brothers saw that their father had died, they said:
‘Let’s not forget that JoSeph can decide to get even with us and pay us back for all the evil things that we did to him at any time.’
So they went to JoSeph and said:
‘Before his death, your father made us swear. He instructed usto tell JoSeph to forgive us for the bad things we’ve done and for our sins, because we’ve really done some evil things to you.
Therefore, please forgive the injustice of the servants of the God of your father.’

Well, JoSeph started to weep while they were talking to him.Then they came up to him and said:
‘We are your servants!’

And JoSeph said:
‘Don’t be afraid, for I [belong to] God.And though you once met and talked about doing evil things to me; God made what you said about me [turn out] for the good.
And that’s why things happened as they have today… so that many people might be fed.’

Then he said to them:
‘Don’t be afraid; I’ll take care of you and your families.’

And he reassured them and spoke kindly to them.

Well, JoSeph continued to live in Egypt along with his brothers and his father’s family for 110 years.
JoSeph [lived to] see Ephraim’s children through the 3rd generation, and the sons of MachIr (ManasSeh’s son) were born at his side.

Then JoSeph told his [family]:
‘I’m dying. But, God will surely come to you and take you from this land into the land that God swore to give to our ancestors, AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob.

Then JoSeph made the Sons of IsraEl swear, saying:
‘When God comes for you, you must carry my bones back with you.’

So JoSeph died at the age of 110 (c. 1879 BCE), and they prepared his body, then they placed it in a [tomb] in Egypt.

Exodus

Introduction

From the Greek Septuagint text as was used by First Century Christians.

Written by Moses about 1549 BCE (according to our calculations) after the construction of the Tent of Proofs in the desert.

Chapter 1

These are the names of the Sons of IsraEl that came to Egypt with their father Jacob and their families:
ReuBen, SimeOn, Levi, Judah,IshSachar, ZebuLun, BenJamin,Dan, NaphTali, Gad, and Asher.
Then [there was] JoSeph [who lived] in Egypt; so altogether, there were 75 of these people that [descended] from Jacob.

[In time], JoSeph, his brothers, and that entire generation died.But the children of IsraEl grew and multiplied into a large and strong [nation], and the land helped them to grow.

Then a new king became the ruler over Egypt that didn’t know JoSeph (possibly SobeKemsaf I).And he said to his nation:
‘{Look!} The children of IsraEl have [grown tremendously] and they’re now more powerful than we are.
So, let’s be smooth in the ways that we deal with them, because if they continue to grow and then we find ourselves at war, they could side with our enemies.
And after they beat us in war, they will leave our land!’

So he appointed [governors] over them, whose [job] was to make them do hard labor; and they built fortified cities for PharaOh, including Pithom, RaMesse, and On (the City of the Sun).
But the more they held [the IsraElites] down, the faster they grew.

Well, they multiplied so much and grew so strong that the Egyptians hated the children of IsraEl.
So the Egyptians became tyrants over IsraEland made their lives unbearable by forcing them to work hard by making bricks from clay and working in the fields… whatever needed to be done.
And they were also dealt with violently.

Then the king of Egypt told the midwives that [served] the Hebrews (one was SepPhora and the other was Poua):
‘When you serve as midwives to the Hebrew women and they’re about to give birth, kill [the baby] if it’s a boy, but leave it alone if it’s a girl.’

However, the midwives feared God and wouldn’t do what the king of Egypt told them… they allowed the male [babies] to live.
So, the king of Egypt called for the midwives and asked them:
‘Why haven’t you [killed] the male [babies]?’

And the midwives answered PharaOh, saying:
‘Hebrew women aren’t like the women of Egypt, because they give birth before the midwives arrive, so they [already] have their children!’

As the result, God dealt kindly with the midwives, while the [IsraElites] continued to multiply and grow very strong.
Also, these midwives that feared God were able to start families.

Then PharaOh told all his people:
‘Whenever a male is born to the Hebrews, you must throw it into the river… but let the females live.’

Chapter 2

Now, there was a certain man of the tribe of Levi that married one of the daughters of [his tribe].Then she got pregnant and gave birth to a male child. And after she saw how beautiful the child was, they hid him for three months.
But when they could no longer hide him, his mother got a box for him and coated it with tar, put the child inside, then she set it in the mud by the river,and she had his sister keep watch in the distance to see what would happen to him.

Well, PharaOh’s daughter thereafter came down to the river to bathe. And as her handmaids were walking along by the river, they saw the box lying in the mud, so she sent a handmaid out to pick it up.
And when she opened it, she found the baby inside the box, crying.
Well, PharaOh’s daughter felt sorry for it and said:
‘This is a Hebrew child.’

Then [the baby’s] sister went up and asked PharaOh’s daughter:
‘Would you like me to call a Hebrew [woman] to nurse the child for you?’

And PharaOh’s daughter replied:
‘Go!’

So the young woman went and called [her] mother.

Then PharaOh’s daughter said to [the mother]:
‘Take care of this child and nurse it for me, and I’ll pay you.’

So the woman took the child and nursed it.And after the boy had grown, she brought him to PharaOh’s daughter and he became her son. [PharaOh’s daughter] named him Moses (Egyptian: Mo-sheh, or, to draw), because she said:
‘I drew him from the water.’

In time, after Moses had grown, he went to see his brothers, the sons of IsraEl.
And as he was observing how bad things were, he noticed an Egyptian beating one of his Hebrew brothers of the children of IsraEl.
Then he looked around and he didn’t see anyone, so he bludgeoned the Egyptian and buried [his body] in the sand.

Well, on the next day, he noticed two Hebrew men fighting, and he asked the bully:
‘Why are you beating your neighbor?’

And he replied:
‘Who appointed you to be our ruler and judge? Are you going to kill me like you killed that Egyptian yesterday?’

This stunned Moses, and he thought:
‘If [he knows], then others will know.’
And when PharaOh found out about it, he tried to have Moses put to death.
So Moses withdrew from the face of PharaOh and went to live in the land of MidiAn.

Then, upon arriving in the land of MidiAn, he sat down next to a well.And nearby, the 7 daughters of the Priest of MidiAn happened to be grazing their father’s sheep.
Then, when they came [to the well] to fill their buckets to water the flock,some shepherds arrived and [tried to] chase them away.
However, Moses stood up and protected them. And thereafter, he drew water for them and watered their sheep.

Well, after they returned to their home, their father (RagouEl) asked them:
‘Why have you returned so quickly today?’

And they replied:
‘An Egyptian protected us from the shepherds; and then he drew water for us and watered our sheep.’

So [RaguEl] asked his daughters:
‘Where is he… why did you leave the man? Invite him over [for a meal].’

Well [after that], Moses developed a good relationship with the man, and [RaguEl] gave his daughter SepPhoran to be Moses’ woman.
Then she got pregnant and gave birth to a son, whom Moses named GerSam (Visitor); for he said,
‘I’m a visitor in a strange land.’

After a while, the king of Egypt died. But the children of IsraEl kept groaning and crying because of their hard work. And the cries over their labor ascended to God.
[He] heard their groaning and God remembered the Sacred Agreement He had made with AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob.
So He [started paying attention] to the children of IsraEl, and He made Himself known to them.

Chapter 3

It was while Moses was out tending the flock of his father-in-law (His Excellence, the Priest of MidiAn) that he’d led the sheep into the desert to the dry mountain.
And there, Jehovah’s messenger appeared to him in a flame that was burning in a bush. He saw the flames in the bush, but [the bush] wasn’t really burning.
And Moses said:
‘I’ll get closer, so I can see this great sight… to find out why the bush isn’t being burned!’

And when [God] saw him drawing closer to look, the Lord called to him from the bush. He said:
‘Moses! Moses!’

And [Moses] asked:
‘What is it?’

And He said:
‘Don’t come any closer. Take your sandals off, because you’re standing on holy ground.’

Then He said:
‘I am the God of your ancestors… the God of AbraHam, the God of IsaAc, and the God of Jacob.’

Well at that, Moses turned his face away, because he was afraid to look at God.

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘I’ve seen the hardships that My people are enduring in Egypt, and I’ve heard their cries about their task-masters, so I know what they’re going through.
Now, I’ve come down here to free them from the Egyptians and to take them away from that land, to a land that is good and has plenty of room… a land that is flowing with milk and honey. It’s the place where the CanaAnites, Chettites, Amorites, Pherezites, Gergeshites, Evites, and Jebusites [live].
For ,{Look!} the shouting of the children of IsraEl has now reached to Me, and I’ve seen the suffering that the Egyptians are bringing upon them.
So now, come; because, I’m going to send you to PharaOh, the king of Egypt, and you’re going to bring My people (the children of IsraEl) out of the land of Egypt.’

But Moses asked God:
‘Just who am I that I should go to PharaOh the king of Egypt and bring the children of IsraEl out that land?’

And God replied:
‘I will be with you! This [place] will serve as the sign that I am sending you.
Then when you bring My people out of Egypt, you must serve God on this mountain.’

But Moses said to God:
‘Look, I’ll go to the children of IsraEl and tell them,
The God of our ancestors has sent me to you.
But they’re going to ask,
What is His Name?
So, what should I tell them?’

And God told Moses:
‘I am The Being! Just tell the children of IsraEl that The Being has sent you.’

Then God said to Moses:
‘Tell the Sons of IsraEl that Jehovah the God of your ancestors – the God of AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob – has sent you to them.
That has been My Name through the ages, and it’s how I shall be remembered from generation to generation.

‘So, go and gather the elders of the children of IsraEl, then tell them that Jehovah, the God of your ancestors, has appeared to you. He’s the God of AbraHam, the God of IsaAc, and the God of Jacob.
[And tell them that] He said:
I have looked [down] and [seen] all the bad things that are happening to you in Egypt.
And tell them that I will take them away from their oppression in Egypt into the land of the CanaAnites, Chettites, Amorites, Pherezites, Gergeshites, Evites, and Jebusites… a land that is flowing with milk and honey.
And then they will listen to what you have to say.

‘After that, you and the elders of IsraEl must go to PharaOh the king of Egypt and tell him this:
The God of the Hebrews has called us, so we’re going on a 3-day journey into the desert to offer a sacrifice to our God.
However, I know that PharaOh (the king of Egypt) won’t let you go [unless he sees] a mighty hand [of power].So I will raise My hand and strike the Egyptians with all the wonders that I [wish to show] to them… and then he will allow you to leave.

‘I will also make [My] people look good in the eyes of the Egyptians, so that when you escape, you won’t leave empty handed.
Women will ask their neighbors and landlords for clothing, and for gold and silver [jewelry], which you will then put on your sons and your daughters… so you will plunder the Egyptians.’

Chapter 4

Then Moses asked:
‘But, what if they don’t listen to me and do what I tell them to do? Or, what if they say,
God hasn’t appeared to you
what should I tell them then?’

So the Lord asked him:
‘What do you have in your hand?’

And he replied:
‘My walking stick.’

Then [the Lord] said:
‘Throw it on the ground.’

Well, when he threw it on the ground it became a snake, and Moses ran from it.

And after that, the Lord told Moses:
‘Now, reach out and grab it by the tail.’

So [Moses] reached out and grabbed it by the tail,and it became a walking stick in his hand once again. [And God continued]:
‘That’s why they will believe you when you say that the God of your ancestors has appeared to you… the God of AbraHam, and of IsaAc, and of Jacob.’

Then the Lord told him:
‘Now, put your hand inside [your robe and touch] your chest.’
So, he reached inside and touched his chest; and when he brought his hand out, it was [as white] as snow.Then [the Lord] said:
‘Now, put your hand back in and touch your chest once more.’
So, he reached in and touched his chest, and when he brought it out, its color had returned to the regular shade of his flesh.

[Then the Lord said]:
‘So, if the first sign doesn’t make them listen to you and believe, the second sign will.But if they still won’t listen to you or believe after these two signs, then draw some water from the river and pour it out on the dry ground… and the river water will turn into blood.’

Then Moses said to the Lord:
‘I beg you Lord; I’ve not been good at this in the past, and I’ve not become any better at it since You’ve started talking to your servant… I’m a poor speaker and I talk slowly!’

And the Lord asked Moses:
‘Who gave man his mouth? Who made both those that can hear and the deaf, as well as those that can see and the blind? Wasn’t it Me… God?
Now, go on, and I will open your mouth and tell you what to say!’

But Moses continued:
‘I beg you Lord, send someone that is more capable!’

Well, this made the Lord very angry with Moses, so He said:
‘Look; isn’t Aaron the Levite your brother? I know that he’ll speak for you… look, he’s coming to meet you, and when he sees you, he’ll be jumping for joy.
Then you must talk to him and put My words into his mouth, and I’ll open both of your mouths and tell you what to say.
Let him speak to the people for you… he’ll serve as your mouth and you will be the things of God to him.
So now, take this walking stick that turned into a snake in your hands and work miracles with it!’

Well thereafter, Moses returned to His Excellence (his father-in-law), and said:
‘I’m going to visit my brother in Egypt to see if he’s still living.’

And His Excellence said to Moses:
‘Go in health.’

Well, after some time, the king of Egypt (possibly Kamose) died.And the Lord said to Moses (while he was still in MidiAn):
‘Now go… leave for Egypt, because those that wanted to kill you are dead.’

So Moses took his wife and children, mounted them on his animals, and returned to Egypt.
Moses also carried along the walking stick [through which he had received power] from God.

And the Lord said to Moses:
‘When you return to Egypt, consider all the miracles that I’ve given to you, then you must perform these things before PharaOh.
However, I will make him hard-hearted and he will still refuse to send the people away.So you must tell PharaOh,
This is what Jehovah has said:
IsraEl is My firstborn,
and I’ve told you to send My people away so they can serve Me; however, if you won’t send them away, {Look!} I will destroy all your firstborn!’

Well, [during their journey], a messenger of Jehovah met them along the way at an inn, and he wanted to kill [Moses’ son].But SepPhoran grabbed a [sharp] stone and cut off her son’s foreskin.
Then she fell at his feet and said:
‘See… the blood of my son’s circumcision is flowing!’
So because she said, ‘The blood of my son’s circumcision is flowing,’ he left.

Then the Lord told Aaron:
‘Now, go into the desert to meet Moses.’
So, he went and met him at the Mountain of God, and they kissed each other.And thereafter, Moses told Aaron everything that the Lord had said, why he was being sent, and of all the things that he’d been instructed to do.

So Moses and Aaron went and gathered the elders of the children of IsraEl,and Aaron told them everything that God had said to Moses; then he performed the miracles before the people…and the people believed and were happy, because God was visiting the children of IsraEl and He had seen how they were being oppressed.
So, the people all bowed to their faces before him.

Chapter 5

Well after that, Moses and Aaron went to PharaOh and said to him:
‘This is what Jehovah the God of IsraEl, said:
Send My people away, so they can hold a feast to Me in the desert.’

And PharaOh asked:
‘Just who is this Jehovah, that I must pay attention to anything He has to say and send the children of IsraEl away? I don’t know Jehovah, and I’m not letting IsraEl go!’

So [Moses and Aaron] said:
‘The God of the Hebrews has called us to Him, and we’re going on a 3-day journey into the desert to [offer] sacrifices to our God Jehovah; otherwise, we’re afraid that He might strike us and we’ll die!’

But the king of Egypt replied:
‘Why are you, Moses and Aaron, trying to keep people from doing their work? Now, go back and just do your jobs!’

Then PharaOh said [to his people]:
‘{Look!} There are huge numbers of them and we can’t allow them to slack off from doing their work!’
And as the result, PharaOh gave orders to those that were in charge to tell their supervisorsnot to give the people any straw for brick-making as they did the day before and three days before that.
He said:
‘Let them gather and carry the straw for themselves!However, they must maintain the quota for the daily brick making… don’t let up on them, because they’re lazy!
Why, they came here demanding that we must allow them to [go out and] offer a sacrifice to their God.Therefore, make the men’s work much harder, so they’ll pay attention to that instead of to idle chatter!’

Well, the taskmasters and the supervisors acted quickly, and they told the people:
‘This is what PharaOh says:
I’m not going to give you straw anymore.
Go get it yourselves! Take it from wherever you can find it… but you must still make the same number of [bricks]!’

So the people were scattered all over the land of Egypt as they gathered stubble for straw.And the taskmasters kept pushing them, saying:
‘You aren’t meeting the quotas you had when [we were providing] the straw.’

But then the supervisors that were assigned over the children of IsraEl by PharaOh’s governors were whipped… and they were asked:
‘Why aren’t you meeting your brick-making quotas as you did yesterday and three days ago?’

Well as the result, the children of IsraEl’s supervisors went to see PharaOh, and asked him:
‘Why are you treating your servants this way?You don’t give us any straw, but you tell us to make bricks anyhow.
And now {Look!} your servants have been whipped! Are you going to allow your people to be injured?’

And he said to them:
‘You’re lazy and you’re slackers! For you said,
Let us go and offer sacrifices to our God.
Now, go to work instead, because you won’t be given any straw… but you must meet the same quota of bricks.’

Well, the children of IsraEl’s supervisors realized that they were in a tight situation, since they’d been told that they still had to deliver the same daily quota of bricks.
So when they saw Moses and Aaron coming to meet them (just after they’d left PharaOh),they said:
‘May God look down on you and judge you, because you’ve made us so hated by PharaOh and his servants that you’ve put the sword into their hands to kill us!’

Then Moses turned to Jehovah, and said:
‘I beg You, O Lord; Why have You caused trouble for these people, and why did You send me?
For from the time that I went to PharaOh to speak in Your Name, he’s made things harder for these people… and You still haven’t taken Your people away.’

Chapter 6

And Jehovah replied to Moses:
‘Now you’re going to see what I will do to PharaOh; for he will indeed send them away… with a strong hand and a hard pitch he’ll THROW them out of his land!’

And God said to Moses:
‘I am Jehovah.I’m the One that appeared to AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob, and I was their God.
However, I didn’t show them My Name Jehovahwhen I established My sacred agreement with them [and promised] to give them the land of the CanaAnites… the land where they were visitors and living as strangers.

‘Now, I’ve heard the groaning of the children of IsraEl over the oppressive ways that the Egyptians are keeping them in slavery, and I’ve remembered the sacred agreement [that I made] with them.
So, go and tell the children of IsraEl that I am Jehovah and that I will lead them out of the tyranny of the Egyptians and free them from slavery.
I will pay their ransom with a hard pitch and a great judgment,then I’ll take them to be My people and I’ll be their God… and they’ll know that I am Jehovah their God who freed them from the tyranny of the Egyptians.
Then I’ll bring them into the land that I reached out to give to AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob… I’ll give it to them as their inheritance, for I am Jehovah!’

So, that’s what Moses then went and told the Sons of IsraEl.
However, they wouldn’t listen to Moses, because of their fear and their hard work.So the Lord told Moses:
‘Go and tell PharaOh the king of Egypt to send the children of IsraEl out of his land!’

And Moses replied to the Lord, saying:
‘Look, the children of IsraEl didn’t listen to me, so how will I get PharaOh to listen to me? Besides, I’m not a good speaker.’

So the Lord spoke to [both] Moses and Aaron and told them to order PharaOh (the king of Egypt) to send the children of IsraEl out of the land of Egypt.

Now, these were the family heads of each of the houses of [IsraEl at the time]:
The sons of ReuBen (IsraEl’s firstborn) were Enoch, PhalLus, AsRon, and Charmi. They were ReuBen’s children.

The sons of SimeOn were:
JemuEl, JaMin, Aod, JaChin, SaAr, and Saul (the son of a Phoenician woman). These were SimeOn’s children.

The sons of Levi (and the family heads) were:
GedSon, CaAth, and MeraRi. And Levi lived to be 137 years old.

The sons of GedSon (and the family heads) were:
LoBeni and Semei.

CaAth’s sons were:
AmBram, IshSaAr, ChebRon, and Ozie. And CaAth lived to be 133 years old.

The sons of MeraRi (and the family heads) were:
MoOli, and Omusi.

Now, AmBram married his cousin JochaBed (the daughter of his father’s brother), and she gave birth to Aaron, Moses, and MiriAm (their sister).
AmBram [died] when he was 132 years old.

The sons of IshSaAr were:
KorAh, Naphec, and ZechRi.And the sons of OziEl were MisaEl, EliShaphan, and Segri.

Then Aaron married EliShaBeth, the daughter of AminAdab and the sister of NaAsson, and she gave birth to NaDab, AbiUd, EliEzer, and IthaMar.

KorAh’s sons were:
Asir, ElKana, and AbiAsar. These were KorAh’s children.

Aaron’s son EliEzer married one of the daughters of PhutiEl, and she gave birth to PhineAs.
These are the heads of the family of the Levites, by their generations.

And this is Aaron and Moses, who were told by God to use His power to bring the children of IsraEl out of the land of Egypt.

So, this is what they went and said to PharaOh the king of Egypt (before Aaron and Moses brought the children of IsraEl out of the land of Egypt)on the very day that the Lord spoke to Moses.
For the Lord told Moses:
‘I am Jehovah! So, speak to PharaOh the king of Egypt and tell him whatever I say to you.’

But Moses replied to the Lord:
‘Look, I’m not a good speaker; so how will I get PharaOh to listen to me?’

Chapter 7

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘Look! I’ve made you a god to PharaOh, and your brother Aaron is your Prophet.
So, tell PharaOh everything that I’ve told you to say through your brother Aaron… tell him that he must send the children of IsraEl out of his land!
However, I will make PharaOh hardhearted, then I will bring many signs and wonders to the land of Egypt;but, PharaOh will still refuse to listen to you.
Then I will lay My hand upon Egypt and bring My people the children of IsraEl out of their land by My power and with a great vengeance.
And all the Egyptians will know that I am Jehovah, and that I stretched out My hand toward Egypt and brought the children of IsraEl out of their midst.’

So Moses and Aaron did just as the Lord had commanded them.

Now, Moses was 80 years old, and his brother Aaron was 83 years old when they spoke to PharaOh.

Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron:
‘If PharaOh says that you must give him a sign or perform a miracle; tell your brother Aaron to throw his walking stick on the ground in front of PharaOh and his servants, and it will become a snake.’

So when Moses and Aaron went in [and stood] before PharaOh and his servants, they did just as the Lord had instructed them. Aaron threw his walking stick before PharaOh and his servants, and it became a snake.
However, PharaOh brought in all the Egyptian wise men, warlocks, and soothsayers, and they used their magic to do the same thing…they each threw down their walking sticks and they became snakes.
But then, Aaron’s walking stick swallowed down their walking sticks.

Nevertheless, PharaOh’s heart became hard and he refused to listen to what Jehovah had instructed them to say.
So, the Lord told Moses:
‘Now, PharaOh’s heart has become hard and he won’t let the people go.So, approach PharaOh when he goes down to the river tomorrow morning and meet with him there on its bank.
Then take [Aaron’s] walking stick that turned into a snake,and tell [PharaOh] that Jehovah the God of the Hebrews has sent you to him, and that He says,
Send My people away so they can serve Me in the desert! Look, you haven’t listened to Me so far,but this is how I’m going to let you know that I am the Lord!

‘[Then tell him]:
Look; I’m going to slap the water with this walking stick in my hand, and the river water will change into blood.
And at that, all the fish in the river will die and it will stink, so the Egyptians won’t be able to drink water from the river.’

And the Lord continued:
‘Then tell your brother Aaron to take his walking stick and hold his arms out over all the water in Egypt (over its rivers, canals, ponds, and any standing water) and they will turn into blood.
This blood will be throughout the entire land of Egypt… even in their pottery and wooden jars!’

So Moses and Aaron did just as the Lord commanded them.
[Aaron] held out the walking stick and slapped the river right there in front of PharaOh and his servants, and all the river water changed into blood.
Then all the fish in the river died and the river had a foul odor, so the Egyptians couldn’t drink water from it.
And there was blood throughout the entire land of Egypt.

However, the Egyptian soothsayers used their magic to do the same thing.
So the heart of PharaOh became hard and he wouldn’t listen to them… which is just what the Lord said [would happen].
Then PharaOh turned around and went back into his palace without looking at anything.

Well, the Egyptians had to dig [wells] around the river to find drinking water, because they couldn’t drink the water from the river.
And Jehovah’s conquest of the river lasted for 7 days.

Chapter 8

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘Now go to PharaOh [again] and tell him that this is what Jehovah has said:
Send My people away, so they can serve Me.
And if you don’t send them away, {Look!} I will fill your land with frogs…the river will teem with frogs, and they’ll get into your houses, into your bedrooms, and onto your beds.
[They will be] in the homes of your citizens, in the homes of your servants, on your dough, and on your ovens.
They will also climb on you, your servants, and your people.

And the Lord said to Moses:
‘Then, tell your brother Aaron to raise his arms with his walking stick in his hand over the rivers, canals, and pools, to bring up the frogs.’

So when Aaron held his arms out over the waters of Egypt, it did bring up the frogs; and the frogs that he brought up covered the whole land of Egypt.

Well, the Egyptian soothsayers used their magic and they too brought frogs upon the land of Egypt.

But then PharaOh called for Moses and Aaron, and said:
‘Pray to Jehovah for me and ask Him to take the frogs away from my people and from me.
Then I will send [the children of IsraEl] away to offer their sacrifices to Jehovah.’

And Moses said to PharaOh:
‘Tell me exactly when I should pray for the frogs to disappear from you, your servants, and your people, [for that’s when they will leave] you, your people, and your houses.
However, they will remain in the river.’

And [PharaOh] replied:
‘Tomorrow morning.’

Then [Moses] said:
‘It will be just as you’ve said… and then you will know that there is no [God] other than Jehovah.For the frogs will be removed from you, your houses, your villages, your servants, and your people. However, they will remain in the river.’
And at that, Moses and Aaron left PharaOh.

Then Moses called to Jehovah and asked Him to remove the frogs, as PharaOh had requested.And Jehovah did just as Moses had asked… the frogs died in the houses, villages, and fields.
Then they gathered them in piles, which caused the whole land to stink.

Well, when PharaOh saw that there was some relief, his heart became hard again, and he didn’t listen to the things that they told him that Jehovah had said.
So the Lord told Moses:
‘Now, tell Aaron to take his walking stick in his hand and to hit the dirt on the ground; then fleas will cover the men and animals throughout the entire land of Egypt.’

So Aaron stuck out his walking stick and hit the dirt on the ground, and fleas covered the men and the animals… there were fleas on the ground everywhere!

Well, the soothsayers tried to use their magic to do the same thing and bring out the fleas, but they were unable to do so. However, the fleas covered both the men and the animals.
So the soothsayers said to PharaOh:
‘This is the finger of God!’

But PharaOh’s heart was again hardened and he wouldn’t listen to them and do as Jehovah had said.So the Lord said to Moses:
‘Get up early in the morning and stand before PharaOh as he’s going down to the water. Then you must tell him that this is what Jehovah has said:
Send My people away so they can serve Me in the desert.For if you won’t let My people go, {Look!} I’m going to send stable flies to you, your servants, your citizens, and into your homes. The houses of the Egyptians will be filled with stable flies wherever they live in the land.
[But this time], I will create a marvelous difference in the land of Gesem, where My people are living… there’ll be no stable flies there. Then you will know that I am Jehovah, the God of the whole earth,when I create a difference between My people and yours!
This is going to happen in your land tomorrow!


Well, the stable flies came in huge numbers and they got into the houses of PharaOh, his servants, and everyone in the land of Egypt… the land was virtually destroyed by stable flies!
So PharaOh called Moses and Aaron [again] and said:
‘Now, go and offer a sacrifice to Jehovah your God… [but do it] here in this land.’

However, Moses said:
‘We can’t do that, because the things we will sacrifice to Jehovah our God are considered disgusting by the Egyptians. So if we sacrifice such things in front of the Egyptians, they will stone us.
Rather, let us travel three days into the desert, and we will offer our sacrifices to Jehovah our God there, just as our Lord told us.’

Then PharaOh said:
‘Well, you can go and sacrifice to your God in the desert; but, don’t go too far… and pray to Jehovah for me!’

And Moses said:
‘Now I will leave you and pray to God, so that the stable flies will leave your servants and your citizens tomorrow.
But PharaOh… don’t deceive me again and then refuse to send the people away to sacrifice to Jehovah.’

So Moses left PharaOh and he prayed to God;and Jehovah did just as Moses said… He removed all the stable flies from PharaOh, his servants, and his citizens.
However, PharaOh’s heart became hard once again and he wouldn’t send the people away.

Chapter 9

So the Lord told Moses:
‘Go to PharaOh and tell him that this is what Jehovah the God of the Hebrews has said:
Send My people away so they can serve Me!If you don’t send My people away and if you prevent them from going,{Look!} the Lord will touch the cattle in your fields – the horses, burros, camels, bulls, and sheep – and many will die!
I will also show a marvelous difference between [the way I will treat] the cattle of the Egyptians and the cattle of the children of IsraEl. None of those that belong to the children of IsraEl will die.’

Then God told him when this would happen. He said:
‘I will bring it on the land tomorrow.’

And the next day, cattle that belonged to all the Egyptians died, but none of the children of IsraEl’s cattle died.
And when PharaOh saw that none of the cattle that belonged to the children of IsraEl died (not one), his heart became even harder; so he refused to let the people go.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
‘Moses should take handfuls of furnace ashes and throw them into the sky before PharaOh and his servants,so it can blow like dust over the entire land of Egypt.
Then the men and animals throughout all of Egypt will break out with blisters.’

So Moses carried furnace ashes before PharaOh and threw them into the sky… and they caused blisters to break out on both the men and their animals.

Well, the soothsayers were no longer able to stand before Moses, because they were also covered with blisters like everyone else in the land of Egypt.
But Jehovah made PharaOh’s heart even harder, so he wouldn’t listen to them and do what the Lord told him to do.

And the Lord said to Moses:
‘Get up early in the morning and stand before PharaOh, then tell him that this is what Jehovah the God of the Hebrews has said:
Send My people away so they can serve Me.For I’ve been sending all My plagues into your heart and into the hearts of your servants and your people, so you will know that there isn’t anyone else like Me in the entire earth.
And now I’m going to raise My hand to strike you and kill your people, wiping them off of the earth.For, the very reason that you’ve been allowed to live is so that I might display My strength through you, and so that My Name might be advertised throughout the whole world!

‘You’ve taken great pains to keep My people and to not let them go… haven’t you?So look! At this same time tomorrow I will bring a hailstorm that will be the worst that Egypt has seen since the time it was founded.
Hurry and gather your cattle, as well as everything else that you have in the fields… all the men and cattle that you can find in the fields.
For if they don’t go inside a building, the hail will hit them and kill them!


So, those servants of PharaOh that were afraid of what the Lord said brought their cattle into their homes.And those that didn’t pay any attention to what the Lord said left their cattle in the fields.

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘Raise your hands to the sky, and there will be a hailstorm throughout the entire land of Egypt… on the men, the cattle, and all the plants that are growing on the ground.’

So Moses raised his hands to the sky, and Jehovah sent hail, thunder, and lightning that rolled around on the ground. And this hail from Jehovah rained throughout the entire land of Egypt.
There was hail and there was lightning mixed with hail… it was the greatest hailstorm to hit Egypt in the [history of] that nation!
The hail landed all over the land of Egypt – on the men, the animals, and the grass in the fields – and it broke all the trees in the fields.
But in the land of Gesem where the children of IsraEl were, there was no hail.

So PharaOh sent for Moses and Aaron, and said:
‘I’ve sinned this time. Jehovah is righteous, and my people and I are wicked.
Pray to Jehovah for me and have Him stop the thunder, lightning, and the hail; then, I will send you away and you won’t have to [live here] anymore.’

And Moses said to him:
‘After I leave the city, I will raise my hands to Jehovah, and the thunder, lightning, hail, and rain will stop… then you will know that the earth belongs to Jehovah.
However, I know that you and your servants still don’t fear Jehovah.’

Well, [Egypt’s] flax and barley was all destroyed, because the barley was fully-grown and the flax had seeds.However, the wheat and rye hadn’t been damaged, because they came up later.

Then Moses left PharaOh and [walked] out of the city. And when he raised his hands to Jehovah, the thundering ended, and the rain and hail stopped falling.

But when PharaOh saw that the rain, hail, and thundering had stopped, he continued to sin. He hardened his heart and the hearts of his servants.
And it was because of this hardened heart that PharaOh refused to send the children of IsraEl away, as Jehovah had instructed him through Moses.

Chapter 10

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Go to PharaOh [again], because I’ve hardened the hearts of him and his servants so I could bring these signs upon them.
[I did this] so you could tell your children and your children’s children of the many ways that I’ve mocked the Egyptians through the wonders I’ve brought upon them, and so that they will know that I am the Lord.’

Then Moses and Aaron went before PharaOh and said to him:
‘This is what Jehovah, the God of the Hebrews, says:
How much longer will you refuse to respect Me? Send My people away, so they can serve Me!
But if you won’t send My people away; {Look!} at this same time tomorrow, I will bring huge amounts of locusts to all your borders.They will cover the entire land, so that you won’t be able to see the ground. They will eat everything that the hail has left for you, and chew up every tree that you still have growing in the land.
Your houses, the houses of your servants, and all the houses throughout the land of Egypt will be filled with them. It will be something that neither your fathers nor their ancestors have seen from their time until this day.’

Then Moses turned and left PharaOh.And PharaOh’s servants said to him:
‘How much longer are you going to allow them to be a snare to us?
Send those people away so they can serve their God!
Don’t you realize that Egypt is [being] destroyed?’

So they went and brought Moses and Aaron back to PharaOh, and he said to them:
‘You may go and serve Jehovah your God… but, who will be going with you?’

And Moses replied:
‘We will be taking the young and the old, along with our sons, daughters, sheep, and bulls, because this is a feast of Jehovah.’

Then [PharaOh] said to them:
‘May Jehovah be with you. But if I send you away, must I also [send away] all that you own?
You have an evil [plan],so [I’m] not going to [allow that]! I’ll just allow the men to go and serve your God, because that’s all you really wanted.
Now, throw them out from before the presence of PharaOh!’

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘Raise your hands over the land of Egypt and let the locusts come to the land. They will eat every plant on the ground and all the fruit that wasn’t damaged by the hail on the trees!’

So Moses raised his walking stick to the sky, and Jehovah sent a south wind [that blew] all day and all night long.
Then the next morning, the south wind brought the locusts,sending them throughout the land of Egypt. And there they sat in huge numbers throughout all the borders of Egypt.
Never had such locusts been seen before or since!They covered the entire ground and they devastated the land.
They ate all the plants off the ground and any fruit in the trees that hadn’t been damaged by the hail… nothing green was left on the trees or in the fields anywhere in the land of Egypt.

Then PharaOh hastily called Moses and Aaron, and said:
‘I have sinned before Jehovah your God and against you.
[Please] pardon my sin one more time and pray to Jehovah your God… ask Him to take away this death!’

So Moses left PharaOh and prayed to God;then Jehovah sent a strong wind from the sea that blew in the opposite direction, picking up the locusts and throwing them into the Red Sea… and there wasn’t a single locust left anywhere in the land of Egypt.
But Jehovah continued to harden PharaOh’s heart, so he didn’t send the children of IsraEl away.

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘Now lift your hands toward the sky and bring darkness to the land of Egypt… a darkness that can be felt.’

So Moses raised his hands to the sky, and it stormed throughout the land of Egypt for three days… and the sky became totally black.
Well, for the next three days, nobody could see anyone else, so no one even got out of bed. However, all the children of IsraEl had light where they were.

Then PharaOh called Moses and Aaron, and said:
‘Now, go and serve your God Jehovah… but you must leave your sheep, your cattle, and your belongings here!’

However, Moses said:
‘No! You must allow us the burnt offerings and sacrifices that we’re going to offer to our God Jehovah…our cattle will be going with us!
We won’t leave a hoof behind, because we’re going to take them to serve Jehovah our God, and we won’t know how we’re supposed to serve Him until we get there.’

But Jehovah kept hardening PharaOh’s heart and he wouldn’t let them go.
So PharaOh said:
‘Get away from me, and be careful not to see my face again, because the next time you appear before me, you’re going to die!’

And Moses replied:
‘That’s what you’ve said, so I won’t appear in your presence again!’

Chapter 11

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘I’m going to bring one more plague upon PharaOh and Egypt… and he will send you away with everything. In fact, he’ll drive you out!
Now, go to the people secretly and tell them to ask their neighbors for clothing, silver, and gold jewelry.’

Well, Jehovah caused his people to be looked upon favorably by the Egyptians and they were willing to lend things to them, because the Egyptians considered Moses a great man… even greater than PharaOh and his servants.

Then Moses told [the children of IsraEl]:
‘This is what the Lord said:
About midnight I will be going throughout Egypt,and all the firstborn in the land will die, from the firstborn of PharaOh that sits on the throne, to the firstborn of the female slave that sits by the mill, as well as the firstborn of all the cattle.
Then a cry will [be heard] throughout the land of Egypt such as has never been heard before and will never be heard again.
However, among the children of IsraEl, not even a dog will snarl at a man or an animal. That’s when you’ll see the great difference that Jehovah will make between the Egyptians and IsraEl.
For they will then be your servants… they’ll come to [you] and bow, saying,
Leave, both you and all the people that you’re in charge of.
And that’s when [you will] leave.’


Meanwhile, Moses had left PharaOh [feeling very] angry. And the Lord told Moses:
‘PharaOh isn’t going to listen to you anymore, so now I’m going to bring great signs and wonders to the land of Egypt.’

Yes, though Moses and Aaron had been bringing all these signs and wonders to the land of Egypt and to PharaOh; Jehovah kept hardening PharaOh’s heart, so he wouldn’t listen and send the children of IsraEl out of the land of Egypt.

Chapter 12

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron there in the land of Egypt, and said:
‘This will be your 1st month. It is to be the first one [in your] year.
So, tell the whole gathering of the children of IsraEl that on the 10th day of this month, each man should select a lamb for his household (depending on the size of his family).And if there are just a few in his house (too few [to eat a whole] lamb), they may go to [the home of] a nearby neighbor.
They are to figure out how many people there will be, and then calculate how much lamb they will eat.

‘So, choose a perfect male yearling lamb from [your herd] of lambs and kids,and keep it nearby until the 14th day of this month.
Then the whole gathering of the children of IsraEl must slaughter [their lambs] toward the evening,and they must gather the blood and splash it on the top and both sides of the doorframes of the houses where they will be eating [the lamb].
Then that night, they must roast the flesh over a fire and eat it with fermentation-free bread and bitter herbs.

‘Now, you must not eat it raw or boiled in water, just roasted over a fire with the head, feet, and extremities.
Nothing should be left over until morning, and you shouldn’t break any of its bones.
Then, any leftovers must be burned in the fire.

‘And this is how you must eat it:
With your thighs covered for work, your sandals on your feet, and your walking sticks in your hands.
You must eat it quickly, because it will be Jehovah’s Passover.For I will go throughout the land of Egypt that night and strike all the firstborn in that land (both the men and their animals), and I will bring My vengeance upon all the gods of Egypt… I am Jehovah!

‘Now, this blood will be the sign that you are inside of each house; for when I see the blood, I will protect you, and you won’t be a part of the plague of destruction when I strike the land of Egypt.

‘You must always remember this day and keep it as a feast to Jehovah through all your generations… [observance of] this feast will be the law through the ages.

‘You must eat fermentation-free bread for 7 days.
And starting on the 1st day, you must remove all the fermentation from your homes. For if anyone eats fermentation between the 1st and 7th days, that person must be destroyed in IsraEl.

‘The 1st day will be called holy, and the 7th day will be your holy day when you aren’t to do any hired work.
The only work that you may do will be for the things that you require.

‘You must observe this commandment, because this is the day that I will use My great power to bring you out of the land of Egypt… you must make this day a law through the ages for every generation!
You must eat fermentation-free bread from the evening of the 14th day of the 1st month until the evening of the 21st day.
Fermentation must not be found in your homes during those 7 days, and whoever eats anything with fermentation must have his life cut off from the gathering of IsraEl and he will be self-condemned in the land.
This applies to the native residents of your land and your neighbors (converts).
Nobody should eat anything that has fermentation… only fermentation-free bread may be eaten in any of your homes.’

Then Moses called all the elders of the children of IsraEl and told them:
‘Go find yourselves a lamb (according to your family needs) and slaughter the Passover.
Then [cut] bunches of hyssop branches and dip them into some of the blood next to the door, and touch it to the upper part and both sides of the door frame… with this blood that is by the door.
Thereafter, no one should go outside the door of his house until morning,for the Lord will pass over you [as He] strikes the Egyptians… He will see the blood on the doorframes and the Lord will pass over that door, then He won’t allow the destroyer to enter your homes to strike you.

‘Now, keep this as a Law for yourselves and for your descendants through the ages.
And when you enter the land that Jehovah has promised to give you, you must keep on doing this.
Then if your sons should ever ask,
Why are we doing this?
You should tell them:
The Passover is a sacrifice to Jehovah for when He protected the homes of the children of IsraEl in Egypt and He struck the Egyptians, but [passed over] our homes.’

Well thereafter, the people bowed to their faces, then the children of IsraEl went and did exactly as Jehovah had instructed Moses and Aaron.

It was midnight when Jehovah struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt… from the firstborn of PharaOh that was sitting on the throne, to the firstborn of the female slave that was sitting in a dungeon, and to the firstborn of all the cattle.
So, PharaOh woke up that night (as did his servants and all the Egyptians) and there was a lot of screaming throughout the entire land of Egypt; for someone had died in every home.

As the result, PharaOh called Moses and Aaron that night and told them this:
‘Get up and leave us, both you and the children of IsraEl! Go and serve your God Jehovah as you’ve asked,and take your sheep and bulls with you.
But please bless me… I beg you!’

All the Egyptian people also urged them to leave their land quickly, because they were saying:
‘We’re all going to die!’

So the children of IsraEl took all their bread dough that hadn’t fermented yet and wrapped it in cloths, and carried it on their shoulders.
Then, following Moses’ instructions, they asked the Egyptians for clothing, as well as for items of silver and gold.
And because Jehovah had caused the Egyptians to view them favorably, they [gave them these things]… so they plundered the Egyptians.

Then the children of IsraEl got up and left RaMesse, traveling toward to SocChoth (some 600,000 men on foot) with everything they owned,along with a huge number of others that left with them, as well as with their sheep, bulls, and many cattle.
[And when they got there], they baked the dough that they had brought from Egypt into fermentation-free loaves (there was still no fermentation in the dough), because the Egyptians hadn’t allowed them to stay any longer.
For, since they had been literally thrown out, they hadn’t been allowed enough time to properly prepare for their journey.

Now, though it had been 430 years that the children of IsraEl lived in the land of CanaAn and in the land of Egypt;the whole army of Jehovah left the land of Egypt that night.
And since this was [the night] that they kept watching for Jehovah to bring them out of the land of Egypt; all the children of IsraEl were to observe it as a night of watch to Jehovah throughout all their generations.

Then the Lord told Moses and Aaron:
‘This is the Law regarding the Passover:
No stranger may eat it,and any slave or servant that you buy must be circumcised before he can eat it.
However, visitors and people you hire can’t eat it.It must be eaten in one house, because you can’t carry the flesh outside of the house… and no bones should be broken.
The entire gathering of the children of IsraEl must continue to do this.

‘And if any converts come and want to observe the Passover to Jehovah, you must circumcise all their males before they can [partake of] the sacrifice; for thereafter, they will be treated as residents in the land.
However, no one that is uncircumcised may eat it.
So, there will be just one Law, and it will apply to both the native residents and to those that come to be converts among you.’

Then the children of IsraEl did exactly as Jehovah had instructed Moses and Aaron.
And that was the day Jehovah brought the children of IsraEl out of the land of Egypt with all their armies.

Chapter 13

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘All the first-fathered and firstborn that open any womb among the children of IsraEl, whether of men or animals, are to be set aside as holy to Me, for they are now Mine!’

And Moses said to the people:
‘Remember this day! [It’s the one] when you were brought out of the land of Egypt and out of the house of slavery; for, Jehovah brought you out of there with His strong hand.
So, fermentation must not be eatenon this day of new grain that you left.And when Jehovah your God brings you into the land of the CanaAnites, Chettites, Amorites, Evites, Jebusites, Gergeshites, and Pherezites, which He swore to your ancestors that He would give you (a land that is flowing with milk and honey), you must perform the same service during this month.
You will all eat fermentation-free bread for 6 days, and the 7th day will be a feast day to Jehovah… so, you will eat fermentation-free bread for 7 days.
Nothing with fermentation may be seen among you, nor may you have fermentation inside all of your borders.
And you must say to your sons on this day:
This is how Jehovah dealt with me as I was leaving Egypt.

‘Let this always serve as a sign on your hand and as something in front of your eyes to remember, so that Jehovah’s Law will always stay on your [lips]! Because, Jehovah God brought you out of Egypt with His mighty hand.
Therefore, each year at this same time and season, you must observe this Law.

‘And when Jehovah your God brings you into the land of the CanaAnites, which He swore to your ancestors that he would give to you;you must set aside every male that opens a womb to Jehovah.
This includes those among your flocks and herds of cattle… as many as you have. [All the] males must be [set aside as] holy to Jehovah!
However, when it comes to your burros; you must offer a sheep instead… you can’t exchange it, you must buy it back [from Jehovah], and you must buy back every firstborn son.

‘And if your son should ever ask you,
Why are we doing this?
You must tell him:
Jehovah brought us out of Egypt and out of the house of slavery with His mighty hand.
And when PharaOh’s heart became hard and [he refused] to send us away, [God] slaughtered all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the men and the animals.
So that’s why we offer every male that opens a womb to Jehovah, and that’s why we buy back all of our firstborn sons.


‘Therefore, may this be a sign on your hand and something that is always fixed in front of your eyes… because, Jehovah brought you out of Egypt with His mighty hand.’

Well, after PharaOh had sent the people away, God didn’t lead them toward the land of the Philistines (though it wasn’t far away), because God said:
‘[I’m doing this is to keep] the people from having a change of heart when they see war, and from thereafter returning to Egypt.’
So God led them around the desert toward the Red Sea.

It was the 5th generation of the children of IsraEl that left the land of Egypt.And Moses took JoSeph’s bones along, because [JoSeph] had made the children of IsraEl swear, saying:
‘God will surely visit you, so you must carry my bones back with you.’

Thereafter, the children of IsraEl left SucCoth and went to camp at Othom, which is near the desert.
God led them there using a tall column of clouds during the day (to show them the way) and a tall column of fire during the night.
The column of clouds was there all day long, every day, and the column of fire was always there in front of the people all night long.

Chapter 14

Then the Lord said to Moses:
‘Tell the children of IsraEl to turn around and set up camp in front of the village of the MagDol (the Watchtower)… between it and the sea, across from BeEl-SepPhon. Camp there in front of them, next to the sea.For PharaOh will say to his people,
The children of IsraEl are just wandering around in the land, and now they’re boxed in!
Then I will harden PharaOh’s heart, and he will chase after you. So, PharaOh and his whole army will bring glory to Me, and all the Egyptians will know that I am Jehovah.’
And that’s exactly what happened.

Well, a report was carried to the king of the Egyptians that the people had run away. And this changed the hearts of PharaOh and his servants against the [children of IsraEl], and they started asking:
‘What have we done by allowing the children of IsraEl to go, rather than having them [stay here and] serve us?’

So PharaOh prepared his chariots and took his [whole army] with him…600 of their best chariots, the entire Egyptian cavalry, and all his generals.
And it was because Jehovah had hardened the hearts of PharaOh (the king of Egypt) and his servants that he chased after the children of IsraEl. For the children of IsraEl allowed them the upper hand,and when the Egyptians caught up with them, they found them camped next to the sea.

Well, there was all of PharaOh’s cavalry, chariots, horsemen, and entire army at a village near BeEl-SepPhon.
And as PharaOh approached, the children of IsraEl could see the Egyptians coming up behind them, which terrified them, so they started calling out to Jehovah.

And at that, they asked Moses:
‘Aren’t there enough graves in the land of Egypt so that you had to bring us out here to be killed in the desert?
What have you done to us by taking us out of Egypt?
Wasn’t it enough that we told you back in Egypt to leave us alone so that we could keep on serving the Egyptians?
For, it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to have us die here in this desert!’

But Moses said to the people:
‘Don’t be afraid; Stand here and watch the salvation that comes from Jehovah through the things that He will do for us on this day.
Do you see all those Egyptians today? You won’t see them again in this age,because Jehovah is going to fight for you and bring peace to you!’

Then the Lord asked Moses:
‘Why are they shouting to Me?
Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them to continue on!
Just lift your walking stick and raise your hands over the sea, and it will split open… then you can [lead] the children of IsraEl across on dry land through the midst of the sea!

‘And after that, {Look!} I will harden the hearts of PharaOh and all the Egyptians, and they will chase after you… for, that’s when PharaOh, his army, his chariots, and all his horses will glorify Me.
Yes, everyone in Egypt will know that I am Jehovah when I’m glorified by PharaOh, his chariots, and his horses.’

So immediately thereafter, the messenger of God who had been traveling in front of the camp of the children of IsraEl went around to its rear… for the column of clouds moved to the rear and stayed behind them,between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of IsraEl.
And as it was standing there between them, it started to get dark… in fact, the night became so black that the [Egyptian army] couldn’t come any closer all-night long.

Then when Moses lifted his arms over the sea, the Lord pushed the water back with a strong south wind [that blew] all night long. This dried the seabed and it kept the water divided.
So the children of IsraEl walked down through the midst of the sea on dry land, as the walls of water stood to their right and to their left.

But then the Egyptians went in and chased after them… all of PharaOh’s horses, chariots, and horsemen also went [down into] the midst of the sea.

Well, it was during the morning watch that Jehovah looked at the Egyptians through the columns of fire and clouds, and [He created] trouble in their camp,for the wheels on their chariots sank to their axels, making them very hard to pull.
And the Egyptians started saying:
‘Let’s run from the face of IsraEl, because Jehovah is fighting for them and against the Egyptians!’

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘Now, stretch your arms out over the sea and let the water fall back into its place… let it cover the Egyptian chariots and their riders.’

So Moses stretched his arms out over the sea, and the water returned to its place around daybreak.
The Egyptians tried to run from the water, but Jehovah just kept shaking them back into the midst of the sea.
It returned and covered the chariots and their riders, along with the whole army of PharaOh that followed them into the sea, leaving no survivors.
Yet, the children of IsraEl had been able to cross through the midst of the sea on dry land with the water standing like walls on their right and on their left.

So Jehovah saved IsraEl from the hands of the Egyptians that day, and IsraEl could see the Egyptians lying dead on the shore.
And after IsraEl had witnessed Jehovah’s mighty hand in the things that He did to the Egyptians, they started fearing Jehovah… trusting in God and in His servant Moses.

Chapter 15

Thereafter, Moses and the children of IsraEl sang this song to God:

‘Let us sing to Jehovah;
For He has been glorified.

‘The horses and riders He’s tossed in the sea…
He’s been our protector and helper,
And He has brought us salvation.

‘This is my God and I’ll praise Him…
He’s the God of my fathers and I’ll hold Him high.
He’s the Lord that crushes with war;
Jehovah is His [Great] Name.

‘Into the sea, He has thrown
The army and chariots of PharaOh.
It swallowed his best mounted generals,
And He covered them up with the water,
Where they sank to the bottom like stones.

‘The strength of Your right hand, O God,
Has now proven its glory.
For, with Your right hand, O God,
You have shattered all of Your enemies.

‘In Your glory, You’ve smashed those that hate us,
As You sent them Your rage,
Which has now consumed them like stubble.

‘By the spirit of Your rage, the waters had split…
The waters stood firm, like a wall…
You banked the waves in the midst of the sea.

‘But our enemies said,
We will chase them down,
Then divide their things and bring ourselves joy.
We will destroy with our swords…
With our mighty hands, we will beat them.


‘But then, [Jehovah] sent out His wind,
And the sea covered them over…
They sank in the waters like lead.

‘So, who among gods is like You, O Lord…
To whom can You be compared?
For Your holy ways bring glory to You,
And we marvel at all of Your glories.

‘You raised Your right hand with wonders,
For the earth has swallowed them down.
But You righteously guided those whom You bought
(Those whom You called by Your might)
To the Holy Place of Your rest.

‘But, when the nations heard about this,
They all became quite enraged…
Birth pangs fell on the Philistines,
And the princes of Edom and MoAb;
Then, all their chiefs ran away.
They each started to tremble,
And all in CanaAn just melted away.

‘May they shake in fear of the strength of Your arm,
And may they become like the stones, O Lord,
Until all Your people have passed them by…
Until those You’ve purchased have passed them.

‘Now, take us and plant us in the mountains we’ll inherit,
And in the homes You’re preparing, O Lord…
In the place of safety, prepared by Your hands.
For, Jehovah reigns through the ages,
And through the ages of ages.

‘PharaOh’s horses sank into the sea,
Along with his chariots and horsemen.
Then, they were covered with water,
Where the children of IsraEl had walked on dry land
Through the midst of the sea.’

Then the Prophetess MiriAm (Aaron’s sister) picked up her tambourine, and all the other women went to get their tambourines, and they started dancing.
MiriAm led them, singing:
Let us sing to Jehovah;
For, He has been glorified.
The horses and riders He’s tossed in the sea…’

Well thereafter, Moses led the children of IsraEl away from the Red Sea and into the desert of Sur. But after [traveling] through the desert for three days, they hadn’t found any water to drink.
And when they got to MerRha (Bitterness), they couldn’t drink the water there, because it was bitter. (That’s why [Moses] named that place Bitterness).

Then the people started complaining about Moses, asking:
‘What are we going to drink?’

So Moses called to Jehovah, and the Lord showed him a tree, which [Moses] threw into the water… and the water became sweet.
This is also the place where [God] gave him His Laws and decisions, and where He showed His approval.
For [the Lord] said:
‘If you will listen to the voice of Jehovah your God… if you’ll do the things that please Him, obey His Commandments, and keep all His Laws; I won’t bring any of the [plagues] upon you that I brought upon the Egyptians.
For I am Jehovah, the God that provides you with healing.’

Then, when they arrived at AiLim, they found 12 springs of water and 70 branching palm trees, so they camped there by the water.

Chapter 16

Thereafter, they left AiLim, and the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl traveled into the Sin Desert, which is between AiLim and SinAi.
And on the 15th day of the 2nd month from their leaving the land of Egypt,the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl [once again] started complaining to Moses and Aaron.
They told them:
‘We would rather have died [with those that were] struck by Jehovah in the land of Egypt, back when we could sit by the stew pots and eat all the bread we wanted! But now you’ve brought us out into this desert just to starve us all to death!’

And the Lord said to Moses:
‘Look! I will rain bread upon you from the skies.
Then the people will go out and gather their allotment for each day, so I can test them to see whether they will follow My Law.
For on the 6th day they must gather all that they can, and it will be double that which they could gather on the previous days.’

So Moses and Aaron spoke to the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl, saying:
‘This evening you will realize that it was Jehovah that brought you out of the land of Egypt;and tomorrow morning you will see the glory of the Lord, since He has heard you complaining against Him… and what are we, that you should keep complaining about us?’

Then Moses continued, saying:
‘This evening, Jehovah will give you meat to eat; and in the morning, He will provide enough bread to satisfy you.
For Jehovah has heard all the complaints that you have made against us… yet, what are we? You aren’t complaining against us, but against God!’

And Moses said to Aaron:
‘Now, tell the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl that they must go over and approach God, since He has heard all their complaining!’

So, after Aaron said this to them, they all turned and faced the desert… and the glory of the Lord appeared in a cloud!
Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘I’ve heard all the children of IsraEl’s complaining, so tell them:
This evening you will eat meat, and in the morning you will have enough bread to satisfy you… and then you will know that I am Jehovah your God.

Well that evening, a [huge flock] of quail flew in and covered the camp.
And the next morning, after the dew around about the camp had dried; {Look!} on the surface of the desert (lying there like frost) was small things that looked like white coriander seeds.
And when the children of IsraEl saw them, they asked each other:
‘What is this (heb. man-nah)?’ Because, they didn’t know what it was.
And Moses told them:
‘This is the bread that the Lord has given you to eat… it’s what Jehovah has approved.
So, every man should gather 1/3 of a bushel for each person in his family.
You and those that are living with you should go out and gather it.’

And that’s what the children of IsraEl did.
Though some gathered more and others gathered less,the ones that gathered the full 1/3 of a bushel didn’t have any leftovers, and those that gathered less never went hungry.
So, they all gathered just what their households required.

Then Moses told them:
‘Now, none of you may save any of this for the next morning.’

However, many of them wouldn’t listen to Moses, and they tried to keep it until the following morning… but by then it had worms and it smelled… and all of this irritated Moses.
So each morning, everyone would collect all that they needed, and everything melted after the sun went down.
Then on the 6th day, they gathered twice as much as they needed… 2/3 of a bushel per person.

Well, all the chiefs of their gathering thereafter came and reported what was happening to Moses.And Moses asked:
‘Didn’t the Lord tell us that tomorrow is the Sabbath… a holy [day of] rest to Jehovah?
Therefore, bake all that you can bake and boil all that you can boil, so that the leftovers can be stored for tomorrow!’

[So on the 6th day], they stored the leftovers until the next morning, just as Moses told them, and it didn’t stink and there weren’t any worms in it.

[And then the next day], Moses said:
‘This is what you must eat today; for since this day is a Sabbath to Jehovah, you won’t find any of it out in the fields.
You must collect it for 6 days, but because the 7th day is a Sabbath, there won’t be any then.’

However, on the 7th day some of the people still went out to collect it, but they couldn’t find any.
So the Lord said to Moses:
‘How long are they going to fail to listen to My commands and [obey] My laws?
Look; I’ve given them this day as the Sabbath, and I gave them enough bread to last for two days on the 6th day.
So from now on, they must all just sit there in their homes… don’t allow anyone to leave his place on the 7th day!’

Well thereafter, the people started keeping the Sabbath on the 7th day.

The children of IsraEl called this [food], manna.
It looked like white coriander seeds and tasted like crackers and honey.

Then Moses said:
‘This is what Jehovah has commanded:
We are to collect 1/3 of a bushel of manna and set it aside so that future generations can see the bread that you ate in the desert after Jehovah led you out of the land of Egypt.’

And he told Aaron:
‘Take a gold pot and fill it with a full 1/3-of-a-bushel of manna, then store it away for God and keep it for future generations.’

So, just as the Lord told Moses, Aaron stored it away as a testimony.

As the result, the children of IsraEl ate manna for 40 years.
They ate manna until they got to the land of Phoenicia.
Now, a homer (1/3 of a bushel) was 1/10th of an ephah (3 bath measures).

Chapter 17

Thereafter, the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl left the Sin Desert, following the order of their camps, and the Lord told them to camp in RaphiDin.
However, there was no water for the people to drink in this place,so they started shouting at Moses and saying:
‘Give us water to drink!’

And Moses asked them:
‘Why are you shouting at me, and why are you asking Jehovah to prove Himself?

Well, the people were very thirsty, and they complained again to Moses, saying:
‘What’s the point? Did you bring us up out of Egypt to kill us along with our children and cattle with thirst?’

Then Moses called to Jehovah, and said:
‘What should I do with these people… before long they will stone me!’

And Jehovah replied to Moses:
‘Go before the people and bring along some of their elders. Then take the walking stick with which you slapped the [Nile] River, into your handsand go to the rock in the dry place (Horeb) where {Look!} I’ll be standing before you;
[Then you must] strike the rock and water will pour out of it, so the people will [have something to] drink.’

Well thereafter, Moses did this in front of the sons of IsraEl.And then he named that place, ‘Proof and Shouting,’ because of all the shouting of the children of IsraEl, [as they demanded that] Jehovah prove Himself.
For they had asked:
‘Is Jehovah among us or not?’

Then the Amalekites came to fight against IsraEl in RaphiDin.And Moses said to JoShua:
‘Choose your best men and form battle lines against the Amalekites tomorrow.
{Look!} I will be standing on top of the hill with the walking stick of God in my hands.’

So JoShua did just as Moses told him. He went out and formed his army into battle lines against the Amalekites; then Moses, Aaron, and Or went up to the top of the hill.

Well, whenever Moses raised his arms, IsraEl would be superior; but when he let them down, the Amalekites were more successful.
But soon Moses’ arms got tired, so they found a rock and had him sit on top of it; then Aaron and Or supported his arms on either side, holding them there until the sun set.
So, JoShua was able to drive the Amalekites and all their people away by slaughtering them with swords.

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘Write this in a scroll, so it will be remembered.
Tell JoShua that I’m going to totally blot out all memory of the Amalekites from under the skies!’

Well after that, Moses built an altar to Jehovah there, and he named it ‘Jehovah is My Refuge,’because Jehovah was secretly waging war against all generations of the Amalekites.

Chapter 18

Meanwhile, His Excellence (the priest of MidiAn, Moses’ father-in-law) heard of all that Jehovah had done for his people IsraEl by bringing them out of Egypt.
So His Excellence [went to see Moses], bringing along Moses’ woman SepPhora (since [Moses] had sent herand her two sons away).

[One of his sons] was named GerSam (Visitor), because, as [Moses] said:
‘I was a visitor in a strange land,’
and [the other was named] EliEzer (My God is my Helper), because as [Moses] said:
‘The God of my fathers is my helper and He rescued me from the hands of PharaOh.’

His Excellence then took [Moses’ family] to him in the desert… to his camp on the Mountain of God.
And when Moses was told,
‘Look! His Excellence (your father-in-law) is coming and he’s bringing your wife and two sons with him,’
Moses went out to meet them.
Then [Moses] bowed low before his father-in-law and kissed him, then they hugged each other, and he led them into his tent,where Moses told his father-in-law about everything that Jehovah had done to PharaOh and to the Egyptians for IsraEl’s sake, as well as about all the things that had happened to them along the way, and of the way Jehovah had rescued them from the hands of PharaOh and the Egyptians.

Well, His Excellence was amazed by all the good things that Jehovah had done for them by rescuing them,and he said:
Praise Jehovah, because He rescued them from the hands of PharaOh and the Egyptians!
Now I know that Jehovah is higher than all [other] gods; for He did this to those that were treating [the children of IsraEl so poorly].’

Then His Excellence presented whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for God, and Aaron and all the elders of IsraEl came to eat bread before God, along with Moses’ father-in-law.

Well, the next morning, Moses sat down to [serve as] judge for the people, and they [kept coming to] him all day long.
Then when His Excellence noticed all that [Moses was doing], he asked:
‘Why are you sitting there all by yourself as the people come to you from morning until night?’

And Moses replied:
‘The people are coming to me to receive God’s decisions.So whenever they have any disagreement, they come to me and I judge each [case].
I teach them the Laws of God and [I judge by] His Laws.’

However, Moses’ father-in-law told him:
‘You aren’t handling this thing right,for this will just wear you down… and your people will get tired of it too. You won’t be able to keep on doing this all by yourself.
So, listen to me; I’m going to tell you what to do, and God will be with you.

‘You can be [the one] that [leads] the people in matters that pertain to God, and you can take their problems before God.You should also [teach] them God’s [ways] and His Laws, and show them how to act and the things that they should be doing.
But, keep an eye out among the people for capable, righteous men that fear God… righteous men who hate pride. Then appoint them as chiefs over thousands, chiefs over hundreds, chiefs over fifties, and chiefs over tens…let them spend all their time judging.
And whenever a problem is too great, then they should bring it to you. Let them help you to free up your [time] by judging the smaller cases.
And if you do that, God will strengthen you, you will [have time to take care of more important matters], and these people will [return to their tents] more peacefully.’

Well, Moses paid attention to his father-in-law’s suggestion and did everything that he said.He chose capable men throughout all of IsraEl and made them chiefs of thousands, chiefs of hundreds, chiefs of fifties, and chiefs of tens.
Then they judged the people, and whenever a matter was too weighty, they brought it to Moses, while they judged the lighter matters.

Then after that, Moses [said goodbye] to his father-in-law, and [His Excellence] returned to his own land.

Chapter 19

Well, it was on that same day (in the 3rd month after the children of IsraEl had fled the land of Egypt) that they arrived in the SinAi desert.
They left RaphiDin and traveled through the desert to SinAi, and IsraEl set up camp there in front of the mountain.

Then Moses climbed the Mountain of God, and God called to him on the mountain, saying:
‘You must say this to the house of Jacob and report [My words] to the children of IsraEl:
You have seen all that I’ve done to the Egyptians, and how I lifted you as on the wings of eagles and drawn you close to Me.
Now, if you will listen to what I say and keep My Sacred Agreement, you will be a special people to Me that will be higher than all other nations.
And because the whole earth is Mine,
you will become My holy nation and a Kingdom of Priests.

‘Now, [go] and tell this to the children of IsraEl!’

So Moses went back and called the people’s elders, then he laid out what God had said exactly as He said it.
And all the people replied unanimously, saying:
‘We will listen to and obey everything that God has said!’
And Moses reported their words back to God.

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘{Look!} I’m going to come to you in a column of clouds so the people can hear Me speaking to you. And after that, through the age, they will believe you.’
And so, Moses reported back to the people about what the Lord had said.

Thereafter, the Lord said this to Moses:
‘Go down and give these solemn instructions to the people:
They must cleanse themselves both today and tomorrow, and they must wash their clothes.
Make sure they are ready by the 3rd day, because on the 3rd day, the Lord will descend upon Mount SinAi before all the people.

‘Also, be sure that they keep themselves some distance from the mountain. Tell them:
Be careful not to step on any part of the mountain or to touch any part of it. For anyone who touches the mountain will surely die.
No hand should touch it, and anyone that does so must be pelted with rocks or shot through with arrows… whether it’s a man or an animal, [he or she] must not be allowed to live!
People may only climb the mountain after the voices, trumpeting, and clouds are gone.’

So Moses went down the mountain to the people. He then cleansed them and [had them] wash their clothes.
He told them:
‘Get ready… and for the next three days, no [man] should even get close to a woman!’

Then, as the morning of the 3rd day dawned, there were voices, there was lightning, there was a dark cloud on SinAi, and they heard a trumpeting sound that was so loud that the people in the camp were trembling.
And that’s when Moses led the people out of the camp to meet God.

Well, they were all standing there, close to the camp,and then the whole mountain started to smoke, because The God had descended upon it in fire… and the smoke kept rising as though it [was coming from] a furnace, which left the people in awe.

Then the trumpeting got even louder as Moses spoke, and God started answering him with a voice…yes, the Lord descended to the top of Mount SinAi and called to Moses, [telling him to come to Him] on top of the mountain!
So Moses went up,and God then said this to Moses:
‘Go down and warn the people [again] not to approach to see God, for this will cause many of them to [die].
And make sure that any Priests that come close to Jehovah God have cleansed themselves, so He doesn’t [have to] destroy some of them!’

Then Moses said to God:
‘The people won’t be able to approach Mount SinAi, because You warned us, saying,
Set boundaries around the mountain and make it holy.’

And at that, the Lord told him:
‘Now, go down [the mountain] and bring Aaron back up here with you.
But don’t allow the Priests or the people to force their way up to God, for fear that Jehovah will destroy them.’

So Moses went [back] down to the people and reminded them [once again].

Chapter 20

Then the Lord said all of this:

‘I am Jehovah… I’m your God that brought you out of the land of Egypt and out of the house of slavery.
So, you must have no gods other than Me.

‘You must not make images for yourselves of anything in the skies above, on the earth below, or of things that live in the water or under the ground.
You must not bow before them or serve them; for I, Jehovah your God, am a zealous God, and I bring the sins of the ancestors upon the children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren of those that hate Me.
Yet, I am merciful to the thousands that love Me and keep My Commandments.

‘You must not misuse the Name of your God Jehovah; for Jehovah your God will not forgive those that misuse His Name.

‘Keep the Sabbath day and make it holy.
You may work and get everything done in 6 days.However, the 7th day is the Sabbath of your God Jehovah, and you must do no work… not you, your sons, your daughters, your male servants, your female servants, your oxen, your burros, any of your cattle, or any strangers that are visiting among you.
For after Jehovah made the skies, the lands, the seas, and everything in them, He rested on the 7th day. Then Jehovah blest the 7th day and made it holy.

‘Honor your father and mother, as Jehovah your God commanded you, so that things may go well for you and that you may live a long time in the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you.

‘You must not commit murder.

‘You must not commit adultery.

‘You must not steal.

‘You must not testify falsely against your neighbor.

‘You must not desire your neighbor’s woman, his house, his field, his male servant, his female servant, his ox, his burro, any other animal, or anything else that belongs to your neighbor.’

Well, all the while, the people were being distracted by all the thunder and lightning, the sounds of the trumpets, and the smoke on the mountain; and everyone was afraid and backing far away.
So they told Moses:
‘You talk to us… don’t let God talk to us, because we’re afraid that we might die!’

And Moses said to them:
‘Be courageous! For The God came here to test you and to put the fear of Him into you, so you won’t sin.’
However, the people just kept backing away.

Then Moses went into the darkness where God was.
And Jehovah said to Moses:
‘This is what you must say to the house of Jacob and what you must report to the children of IsraEl:
Now you have seen Me speaking to you from the sky;so, don’t make gods of silver or gold for yourselves.
You may make an Altar to Me from the dirt in whichever place that I record My name, and that’s where you must sacrifice your whole burnt offerings, as well as the peace offerings of your sheep and calves, and that’s where I will come to you and bless you.

However, if you should choose to build a stone Altar to Me, don’t use cut stones; because, if you use tools on them, they will become unclean.
And don’t build any steps up to My Altar, so that the naked [parts of your bodies] can be seen from [below].’

Chapter 21

‘Now, these are the Laws that you are to show to them:

‘If you buy a Hebrew slave, he may only serve you for 6 years; for in the 7th year, he must be set free without cost.
If he comes alone, he must leave alone; but if his woman comes with him, his woman must also leave with him.
However, if his master gives him a woman and she gives birth to sons or daughters; she and her children belong to the master, so [the slave] will leave alone.
But if the slave should say,
I love my master, my woman, and my children, so I don’t want to leave free;
his master should bring him to the judgment-seat of God and take him up to the door, where he will use an awl to punch [a hole through] his ear against the doorframe, [to signify] that he will serve [his master] through the age.

‘And if anyone sells his daughter as a house slave; she may not be sent away as other female slaves are released.
For if she has been involved with him and if she thereafter hasn’t been found pleasing by him, he may only set her free… he may not sell her to some foreigner after that.

‘And if he has obtained the woman for his son, he must treat her as his own daughter.
But if he has taken her for himself, he must never deprive her of her clothing, her needs, or her companionship with him.
If he refuses to do any of these three things for her, she must be set free at no cost.

‘If any man strikes another man and kills him, he must absolutely be put to death.
But if such a thing should happen by accident, or if God [allows the situation that causes the death]; I will provide a place to which the killer can run.
However, if someone that lies in wait and plans to murder his neighbor runs to that refuge, you must take him [far] from My Altar and put him to death.

‘Whoever beats his father or mother must be put to death,and whoever curses his father or mother must die.

‘If someone overpowers and kidnaps one of the children of IsraEl and sells him, or if he’s caught with him; [the kidnapper] must die.

‘If two men are shouting at each other and one hits the other with a rock or with his fist, and he doesn’t die but is laid up in bed;the man that hit him will be cleared if the other person can get up and walk (even with the aid of a cane), as long as he pays for the lost time and the cost of his healing.

‘If a man hits his male or female slave with a cane and the person dies as the result, he must be punished.
However, if the slave continues to live a few days after that, the master shouldn’t be punished, because it is his own loss.

‘If two men are fighting and [one] hits a pregnant woman and her child is born deformed as the result; he must be forced to pay whatever amount her man demands of him.
But if the child is born perfectly formed [though injured], he must pay life for life,eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,burning for burning, wound for wound, whipping for whipping.

‘If anyone should hit their male or female slave in the eye and put it out, that slave should be set free because of the eye injury.
And if he [breaks or knocks out] a male or female slave’s tooth, that slave must be set free because of the tooth.

‘If a bull gores a man or a woman and he or she dies, the bull must be stoned to death and its flesh may not be eaten… however, the bull’s owner will be [free of guilt].
But if the bull has been known to gore before and the owner was told and hasn’t done anything about it, and then it kills a man or woman; the bull must be stoned and its owner must also die.
However, if a ransom is demanded instead, he must pay whatever is asked for his life.

‘If a bull gores someone’s son or daughter; it must be handled according to the law that was given.
But if the bull gores a male or female slave; their master must be paid 30 double-silver coins, and the bull must be stoned.

‘If anyone digs an open pit or a hole in rock and fails to cover it, and an ox or a burro falls into it;the owner of the pit must pay a compensation to [the animal’s] owner, but the dead [animal] will thereafter be his.

‘And if a man’s bull should gore his neighbor’s bull and kill it; they must sell the living bull and divide the money, then divide up the dead bull.
However, if the bull has been known to gore in the past and his owner knew about this and failed to do anything about it; he must pay for the bull, and the dead one won’t be his.’

Chapter 22

‘If someone should steal an ox or a sheep and kills it or sells it; he must pay back 5 calves for a calf, and 4 sheep for a sheep.
And if a thief should be caught inside a fence and is beaten and dies as the result; no one will be found guilty [of killing him].
However, if someone [kills a thief] the next day, he is guilty and should be [put to death].

‘If a thief has nothing left [of what he stole]; he can be sold [as a slave] to repay what he has stolen.
But if the thing he stole is still around and can be found alive in his possession (as with an ox or a sheep); he must pay back twice as much.

‘And if anyone [has allowed his cattle] to strip his own field or vineyard, and then he sends his animals to graze in someone else’s field; he must [pay his neighbor back] out of the produce from his own field.
But if the animals strip [his neighbor’s] entire field; he must pay with the best of his field and the best of his vineyard.

‘Now, if [someone sets a] fire (even if he thinks it has gone out) and it burns a threshing floor or a field of grain; the one that sets the fire must pay a compensation.

‘If anyone gives his neighbor money or other [valuables] to keep and they are stolen from the man’s house; the thief must repay double if he’s caught.
But if the thief isn’t caught, the owner of the house must stand before God and swear that he hasn’t done anything wrong to whatever his neighbor left with him.
Then every accusation, whether it involves a calf, a burro, a sheep, some clothing (or whatever)… every claim of loss must be taken before God.
And anyone that is found guilty by God must repay his neighbor with twice as much.

‘And if anyone leaves a calf, a sheep, or any other animal with his neighbor and it is wounded or it dies – and no one knows for sure how it happened –each must swear an oath to God that he isn’t guilty in any way.
Then his master should find him innocent and he won’t have to pay a compensation.
However, if it was stolen from him; he must repay the owner.
And if someone stole any other type of animal; [he must] return the animal to its owner, and he won’t have to pay a compensation.

‘If anyone borrows [an animal] from his neighbor and it is wounded, or dies, or is stolen while its owner is away; he must be compensated for it.
But if the owner is there; he doesn’t have to pay compensation.
And if it is something that he rented; [the owner] must be paid back in lieu of his rent.

‘If anyone deceives a virgin to whom he isn’t engaged, and [has sex] with her; he must take her as his woman.
But if her father refuses and won’t consent to giving her to be his woman; he must pay her father the amount of dowry that is required for a virgin.

‘You must not [seek the aid of] sorcerers.

‘Anyone that [has sex] with an animal must be put to death.

‘Anyone that offers sacrifices to a god other than Jehovah must be put to death.

‘You must not harm strangers or oppress them, because you were once strangers in the land of Egypt.

‘You must not do anything to harm widows or orphans.For if you treat them badly, they should call out to Me and I will hear them…and that will make Me very angry.
Then you will be killed with a sword, so that your woman will become a widow and your children will become orphans.

If you lend money to one of your poor brothers that lives nearby; you shouldn’t be hard on him and you shouldn’t charge him interest.
And if you take your neighbor’s robe as security, you must make sure that he gets it back before sunset.Since it is all that covers his nakedness, how could he then go to bed?
And if he then should call out to Me, I will listen, because I am merciful.

‘You should never speak badly of your mighty ones (gr. Theousgods plural) or say bad things about the rulers of your people.

‘You must never hold back the first fruitage of your threshing floor [or of your olive or wine] press.

‘You must give your first-born sons to Me,as well as those of your calves, sheep, and burros.
They may stay under their mothers for 7 days, but on the 8th day, you must offer them to Me.

‘You must be a holy [people] to Me;
Therefore, you may not eat the flesh of wild animals… you should throw it to the dogs.’

Chapter 23

‘You should not accept false testimony, nor should you allow anyone that is crooked to provide false testimony.

‘You must not join a mob to do bad things, nor should you go along with with the majority when they are wrong.

‘If a man is found guilty, you must not [free him from his responsibilities] just because he’s poor,nor should you [find any man guilty] because he’s poor.

‘If you find your enemy’s ox or burro wandering loose, you must catch it and return it to him.
And if you see your enemy’s burro collapsed under its load, you shouldn’t just pass it by. You must help him to get it back on its feet.

‘Never do anything that’s unfair.
You shouldn’t kill the innocent along with the guilty, or accept a bribe to find a guilty person innocent.
Nor should you accept gifts [when judging], because gifts blind the eyes of those that can see and twist the words of justice.

‘You should never mistreat a stranger, because you know how they feel, since you were once strangers in the land of Egypt.

‘You can plant your field and harvest it for 6 years.
However, every 7 years you must leave it alone and allow it to rest, so the poor of your nation can [find] food there, and the wild animals can eat whatever is left.
That’s also what you must do to your vineyards and your olive groves.

‘You should work for 6 days, but the 7th day is a day of rest, so that your burro, your ox, the sons of your female slaves, and strangers may be refreshed.

‘Guard all the things that I have commanded you, and don’t mention the names of other gods or speak of them in any way.

‘You must hold a feast to Me three times each year.
Be sure to observe the Feast of Fermentation-Free Bread. You must eat fermentation-free bread for 7 days (as I told you before) during the time of the month of new grain, because that’s when you came out of Egypt… and don’t approach Me empty-handed!

‘You must observe a feast when you harvest the first-fruits of your work, no matter what you have planted in your field.
And [you must observe] a feast at the end of the year when you harvest the crops in your field.
So, all your males must appear before Jehovah your God three times each year.

‘And when I drive the other nations out of your midst and widen your borders, you must never offer fermented bread along with the blood sacrifices, nor should the fat of My feast be allowed to stay [on the altar] until the next morning.

‘You must bring all the first fruitage of your fields to the House of your God, Jehovah.

‘You must never boil a lamb in its mother’s milk.

‘{Look!} I’m going to send My messenger to you in order to keep you headed in the right direction; for he will lead you into the land that I have prepared for you.
Be sure to listen to him… obey him! He won’t give in to you, because he carries My Name.

‘Tell the children of IsraEl that if they will listen to what I say and do everything that I tell them, I will be an enemy to their enemies, and I will oppose anyone that is against them.
Then I will send My messenger to serve as their leader, and [he will] bring them to [the land of] the Amorites, Chettites, Pherezites, CanaAnites, Gergeshites, Evites, and Jebusites, whom I will destroy.
However, [IsraEl] must not worship or serve the gods [of those people], nor should they do any of the things that they are doing. Rather, [those people] must all be destroyed and their [sacred] columns must be pulled down.

‘If you serve Jehovah your God, I will bless your bread, your wine, and your water, and I will keep you from getting sick.
There won’t be anyone in your land that is impotent or infertile, and you will live full lives.
I will send terror ahead of you, all the nations in the land you’re entering will be amazed by you, and I will make all your enemies run from you.
I will send hornets ahead of you to drive the Amorites, Evites, CanaAnites, and the Chettites away from you.
I won’t throw them out in the 1st year, so the fields don’t grow wild and allow wild animals to multiply there.But before long, I will start throwing them out ahead of you, until you grow and inherit the land.
Then I will set your borders from the Red Sea to the [MediTerranean], and from the desert to the great EuPhrates River.

‘Since I will be handing over those that are living in the land and driving them away from you,you must make no treaties with them or with their gods.For they won’t be allowed to live in your land, lest they cause you to sin against Me.
Because, if you serve their gods, that will lead to your downfall.’

Chapter 24

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘I want you, Aaron, NaDab, AbiUd, and 70 of IsraEl’s elders to come to Me and bow before [Me] from a distance.
And thereafter, I want you to come close to Me by yourself… none of the others should come any closer!’

So Moses went and told the people about everything God had said and about His Laws.
And the people unanimously answered all together:
‘We will do and obey everything that Jehovah has said!’

Then Moses wrote down everything that the Lord said.
And early the next morning, he built an Altar at the base of the mountain using 12 stones [to represent] the 12 tribes of IsraEl.
Thereafter, he sent young men from the children of IsraEl to offer up whole burnt offerings and to sacrifice young calves as peace offerings to God.
Then Moses took half of the blood and poured it into bowls, and he poured the other half on the Altar.

Next, [Moses] took the scroll of the Sacred Agreement [that he wrote] and read it to the people.
And they [again] said:
‘We will do and pay attention to everything that Jehovah has said.’

Then Moses took the blood [from the bowls] and sprinkled it on the people, and he said:
‘{Look!} This is the blood of the Sacred Agreement that Jehovah has made with you over the things to which you have agreed.’

And thereafter, Moses, Aaron, NaDab, AbiUd, and 70 of the elders of IsraEl went up [the mountain],where they saw the place that the God of IsraEl was standing; and under His feet [they saw] what looked like slabs of cut sapphires that were as pure as the skies.
So, all the chosen ones of IsraEl stood there in the presence of God – none were missing (not one) – and they ate and drank.

Then Jehovah told Moses:
‘[I want you to] come [back] up the mountain to Me and stay here; for I will now give you the tablets of stone containing the Laws and Commandments that I have written.’

So [the next day], Moses got up and took his assistant JoShua to climb the mountain of God along with him.
And they told the elders:
‘Rest here until we return. Look! Aaron and Or will be here with you; so if there are any [cases] that have to be tried, let them handle it.’

Then Moses and JoShua climbed the mountain, which was shrouded in a cloud.And the glory of The God came down on Mount SinAi, and the cloud covered it for 6 days.
Then Jehovah called to Moses from the midst of the cloud on the 7th day.

Well, to the Children of IsraEl, the glory of Jehovah looked like a fire that was burning on top of the mountain.

Then Moses entered the cloud and climbed the mountain, where he stayed for 40 days and 40 nights.

Chapter 25

It was there that the Lord told Moses:
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and [ask for] the first fruits of everything that their hearts are willing to give… then you must [collect] it [and set it aside].
These are the offerings that you are to ask for: gold, silver, bronze,blue [thread], purple [yarn], scarlet [cloth], fine-spun linen, goats’ hair,ram’s skins that are dyed red and blue, and durable wood.
[You should also ask for] lamp oil, fragrances for anointing oil, ingredients for incense,and for rubies and other [precious] stones that will fit into a breastplate, as well as a full-length robe.

‘You must now make a Sacred Place for Me, where I can appear among you.
Everything you make for Me must follow the patterns that I will show you on the Mountain.
There will be a pattern for the Sacred Place and patterns for all of its furnishings. And that’s how you are to make them.

‘You must also build a Chest for the Proofs.
[Build it] from durable wood.
It must be 50 inches (130cm) wide, 30 inches (75cm) deep, and 30 inches (7cm) tall.
Cover it with pure gold both inside and out, and put spun gold wreaths around it.
You must create 4 gold rings for it, and mount 2 rings on each side.
Then make [two] staves of durable wood, cover them with gold,and put the staves into the rings on the sides of the Chest, to carry it.These staves should always be left in the rings on the Chest.
Then you must put the Proofs that I will give to you inside of the Chest.

‘You must also make the Propitiatory.
It is to be a lid of pure gold, 50 inches (125cm) long and 30 inches (75cm) wide.And you will carve two cherubs from gold and mount them on the Propitiatory.
A cherub will be mounted on this side of the Propitiatory, and a cherub will be mounted on its other side, so there will be a cherub on each side.
The cherubs will face each other with their heads bowed toward the Propitiatory. And they must have wings that are outstretched over them that [extend forward] over the Propitiatory.
Then the Propitiatory must be put on top of the Chest, which will contain the Proofs that I will give to you.

‘This is where I will make My presence known to you. I will speak to you from above the Propitiatory, between the two cherubs on the Chest of Proofs.
It is there that I will talk to you and instruct you concerning everything that has to do with the children of IsraEl.

‘You are also to make a table of pure gold that is 40 inches (100cm) long, 20 inches (50cm) wide, and 30 inches (75cm) tall.It must have gold wreaths going around it and a 6-inch (15cm) rimthat has a spun wreath circling it.
You must also make 4 gold rings and fasten them to the 4 feet (1.2m) under the rim.These rings will be supports for the staves that will be used to carry the table.
The staves should be made of durable wood and covered with pure gold, for carrying the table.

‘You should also make dishes, incense burners, bowls, and cups (for drink offerings) out of pure gold.
These must always be set before Me on the table of Show Bread.

‘You must also shape a lampstand from pure gold.
The whole thing – it’s stem, branches, sockets, knobs, and lilies – must be a single piece.
It is to have 6 branches that come from its sides… three branches for lamps on one side and three branches for lamps on the other side.
[Each branch] that comes from the lampstand should be topped with an almond-shaped socket [to hold the lamps], which is to be mounted above a knob and a lily.
Each will have 4 sockets that are shaped like almonds, and the knobs and flowers on each branch should be the same.
There will be a knob under two branches and a knob under 4 branches that come from it, so that 6 branches come from the lampstand, and each will have 4 bowls shaped like almonds.
The knobs and the branches must be a single piece that is carved from a block of pure gold.
So, there must be 7 lamps that all shine from the same side.

‘You must also make funnels and serving plates of pure gold.
They should each be made with a measurement of pure gold,using the pattern that I will show you on the mountain.’

Chapter 26

‘Then you must make the Tent with 10 curtains of fine-spun linen, blue [thread], purple [yarn], and scarlet [cloth], with a pattern of cherubs woven into them.
The curtains must be 47 feet (14.3m) long and 6-3/4 feet (2m) tall. All the curtains must be the same size.
5 of the curtains will be joined to each other, and the other 5 will be closely connected to each other.

‘You must put blue loops on one side of each curtain and [loops] on the other side to [join them].
There should be 50 loops [on one side] and 50 loops at the same locations on the other side to connect them.
Then you must make 50 gold rings that will hold the curtains together so as to make it a single Tent.

‘You must make a roof for the Tent using 11 sections of [goat hair cloth].
Each section should be 50 feet (15m) long, 6-3/4 feet (2m) wide, and all 11 should be the same size.
Then connect [the cloths in strips of] fives, and attach the 6th [cloth] and fold it over the front of the Tent.
Thereafter, make 50 loops on the side of the [cloth] and 50 loops on the edge of the 2nd one, where they will be joined.
And make 50 bronze rings and use them to connect the loops, then tie the [cloths] together to form a single piece.

‘Next, connect the [11th cloth] to the roof of the Tent at its centerfold, and allow half of it to hang down.
Also, any extra [cloth] should hang over the sides of the Tent…20 inches (50cm) of [cloth] should hang over each side of the Tent to cover it.
Then make another covering from ram’s skins that have been dyed red and blue, and put it over the [Tent] roof.

‘You must also make tent posts from durable wood.
Each post should be 7-3/4 feet (2.3m) long and 2-1/2 feet (75cm) thick.
All the posts should have two joints for connections.
You should make 20 posts for the north side,and 40 silver sockets should be made to connect them, with a [base] socket for each of the posts.
Then make 20 posts for the south side of the Tent,and 40 silver sockets to connect each end of the posts.
And for the side of the Tent that faces west,you must make 6 posts plus 2 corner posts for its backside.
They must all be the same and join at the same spots on each end, so that all the corners are equal.
There are 8 posts, which need 16 silver sockets, one for each end of each post.

‘And you must make rafters of durable wood.
Make 5 for the posts on one side of the Tent,5 for the posts on the other side of the Tent, 5 for the posts in the rear, and one for the side of the Tent that faces the sea.
This center rafter should run between the posts lengthwise from end to end.
The posts should be covered with gold and fitted with gold rings to hold the rafters, and all the rafters must be covered with gold.
Then you must assemble the Tent according to the pattern that I will show you on the mountain.

‘Thereafter, you must make a veil of spun blue [thread], purple [yarn], scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen that will have cherubs woven into it.
You must mount it on 4 posts of durable wood that are overlaid with gold and with gold covering each of their caps, as well as silver sockets for the base of each one.
Then mount the veil on the posts and carry it inside to serve as a veil for the Chest of Proofs. This veil will form the separation between the Holy Place and the Holiest of Holies.
Use the veil as a screen for the Chest of Proofs in the Holiest of Holies.

‘Next, put a table outside of the veiled area, on the north side of the Tent, and put the lampstand opposite the table on the south side of the Tent.

‘Then make a veil as a door for the Tent out of blue [thread], purple [yarn], scarlet [cloth], and embroidered fine-spun linen.
You must make 5 posts for the veil that are capped at the top and covered with gold, and bronze sockets for the base of each one.

Chapter 27

‘Then you must make an Altar of durable wood that will be square, 8-1/4 feet (2.5m) long, 8-1/4 feet (2.5m) wide, and 5 feet (1.5m) high.
You must also create horns for each of the 4 corners. They will be made of a single piece and overlaid with bronze.
You must make a rim for the Altar and a covering, plus cups, meat hooks, a fire pan and all its utensils, from bronze.
You must also make a bronze meshed grating with 4 bronze rings, one for each of its 4 sides.
Mount the rings under the grating and center it in the middle of the Altar.

‘You must also make Altar staves from durable wood that are to be overlaid with bronze.Then put the staves into the rings on each side of the Altar, to carry it.
[The Altar] will be hollow and made from wood in a way that will be shown [to you] on the mountain.

‘You must also make a courtyard for the Tent. On the south side, its curtains should be made of fine-spun linen and they will run 167 feet (50m) long.
They will require 20 posts and 20 bronze sockets, as well as silver rings and clasps.
The curtains on the north side will also run 167 feet (50m) long, with 20 posts, 20 bronze sockets, as well as the rings and the clasps for the posts. However, their sockets must be overlaid with silver.
The curtains on the west side of the [courtyard] must run 84 feet (25.6m) with 10 posts and 10 sockets.And along the width of the [courtyard], on the south side, there should also be curtains that run 84 feet (25.6m) long, with 10 posts and 10 sockets.

‘There must be a 25 foot [awning] on one side of the [courtyard entrance], which is to be [supported by] 3 posts and 3 sockets.
And on the other side, there must be an [awning] that runs 25 feet (7.6m), with 3 posts and 3 sockets.

‘The courtyard entrance must be a 33-foot-high veil of blue [thread], purple [yarn], scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun embroidered linen. It should have 4 posts and 4 sockets.
All the courtyard posts are to be overlaid with silver, with silver caps and bronze sockets.

‘So the length of the courtyard will be 163 feet (49.7m), its width should be 82 feet (25m), and its height must be 8 feet (2.4m)… all of fine spun linen mounted on sockets of bronze.
And all the furnishings, instruments, and pins for the courtyard are [to be made of] bronze.

‘Now, give instructions to the children of IsraEl and have them bring you pure, refined olive oil that has been beaten for burning in a lamp, so the lamps can be kept burning continuallyinside the Tent of Proofs, but outside of the veil that hides the Chest of the Sacred Agreement.
Aaron and his sons must keep them burning all night long before Jehovah.
This is the rule that must be followed through all generations of the children of IsraEl.’

Chapter 28

‘Now, I want you to choose your brother Aaron and his sons NaDab, AbiUd, EliEzer, and IthaMar, who are all children of IsraEl, to be My servants.
You must make holy clothing for your brother Aaron, to honor and glorify [him].
So, talk to all the wise and understanding [people] that I have filled with the spirit of wisdom and comprehension, and have them make holy clothing for Aaron to wear in the Holy Place, where he will serve as a Priest to Me.
These are the clothes that they must make:
· A breastplate
· A shoulder piece
· A full-length robe
· A fringed tunic
· A turban
· A sash.
These are to be holy garments for Aaron and his sons to serve Me as Priests.

‘They must take gold and fine-spun linen with blue [thread], purple [yarn], and scarlet [cloth],and embroider them [to serve as] the shoulder pieces.
Both shoulder pieces must be joined together and fastened on each side.
They should be woven as a single piece of pure gold with blue [thread], purple [yarn], scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen.

‘Then you must take two large emeralds and engrave the names of IsraEl’s sons on them,with 6 names on the first stone and the other 6 names on the 2nd stone, in the order of their births.
It must be done artistically by a stone engraver in raised letters like a seal, for each of the names of the children of IsraEl.
Then mount these stones on each of the shoulder pieces. They are to be memorial stones of the children of IsraEl.
Therefore, Aaron will wear the names of the children of IsraEl before Jehovah on his shoulders, in memory of them.

‘Then you must make [two] small rings of pure gold,and two fringes mixed with flowers and wreaths of pure gold.
Mount the wreathed fringes on the small rings and fasten them to the front of the shoulder pieces.

‘Then you must make The Word of Judgment.
It is to be embroidered; and to keep the theme of the rest of the sacred clothing, you should make it of gold, blue [thread], purple [yarn], scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen.
Make it square, 9 inches (23cm) long and 9 inches (23cm) wide, and doubled.
Then, 4 columns of stones should be woven into it.
The 1st column will have a ruby, a topaz, and an emerald.
The 2nd column will have a carbuncle, a sapphire, and a jasper.
The 3rd column will have a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst.
And the 4th column will have a peridot, a beryl, and an onyx.
All of these should be mounted in gold settings with gold clasps.
Make sure they’re assembled in that order.
Then each stone must be engraved like a seal with the name of [one of] the 12 children of IsraEl in his order.

‘The Word of Judgment must also have woven fringed chains of pure gold.
Make two gold rings for it and place them on either side of the Word.And along the border, connect the chains to the rings on each side of the Word.
Then on each side of the two borders, you must place the wreaths. Place them on the sides of the shoulder piece, opposite each other and toward the front.
Thereafter, make two more gold rings and place them on the tips of the Word on the back side and within the shoulder pieces.
Also, make two more gold rings, place them on the shoulder pieces on their bottom edges toward the front, to serve as couplings above the woven portions of the shoulder pieces.
Then secure the Word by its gold rings that are sewed to the blue work, to the gold rings on the shoulder pieces, so that it is held tightly to the woven work on the shoulder pieces above it.

‘Thereafter, Aaron must wear the names of the sons of IsraEl on the Word of Judgment whenever he enters the Holy Place, as a reminder before God.
And you must place the Revelation and the Truth over The Word of Judgment, which Aaron will wear into the Holy Place whenever he goes before Jehovah.
So, Aaron will always bear the judgments of the sons of IsraEl on his chest whenever he goes before Jehovah.

And you are also to make an undergarment [for him] that is entirely blue and reaches to his feet.
The middle portion is to be a woven work that is coupled to the rest so it can’t be torn;then along the bottom hem, there are to be blossoming pomegranates all around that are woven from blue [thread], purple [yarn], scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen, surrounded by pomegranates and bells of gold in between.
And between the gold pomegranates, there are to be bells and a flowered work along the hem.[These bells] will ring whenever Aaron enters and leaves to officiate before Jehovah, so he doesn’t die.

‘You must also make a plate of pure gold, into which you must carve the impression, Holy to Jehovah.
It is to be fastened to the front of the turban with blue yarnand worn upon Aaron’s forehead, so he can lift away the sins of the holy things that the sons of IsraEl offer as holy gifts.
It must always be there on Aaron’s head whenever he accepts their gifts.

‘The fringes on the undergarments must be made of linen, and you must make a turban of fine linen, as well as a sash of embroidered work.
You must put them upon your brother Aaron and his sons, then anoint them and empower their hands.
Purify them, so that they can officiate as Priests before Me.

‘You must also make linen pants for them (to cover the indecency of their flesh) that run from their loins to their thighs.
Aaron and his sons must wear them whenever they enter the Tent of Proofs and whenever they serve at the Altar of the Holy Place, so they don’t bring sin upon themselves and die.
This is the rule for him and his seed through the ages.’

Chapter 29

‘These are the things that you must do to them to make [Aaron and his sons] holy, so they can serve Me as Priests:
Take one young calf from the herd and two perfect rams.Then make some fermentation-free bread with the finest wheat flour that has been kneaded with oil, and some fermentation-free round cakes with oil poured over them.
Thereafter, put them into a basket to be offered along with the young calf and the two rams.

‘Then bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance of the Tent of Proofs and wash them with water.
And after that, get the [sacred] garments and dress your brother Aaron with the full-length robe, the chest covering, and the Word (of Judgment), and tie the Word to the chest covering.
Then put the turban on his head and mount the plate of Holiness on the turban,and take the anointing oil and anoint him by pouring it over his head.
Then bring his sons in and dress them…wrap them with sashes and put on their turbans to create a Priesthood for Me through the ages.

‘After that, you must empower Aaron and his sons.
Bring the calf to the entrance of the Tent of Proofs and have Aaron and his sons lay their hands upon the calf’s head before Jehovah.
Then you must slaughter the calf before Jehovah there at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs.Take the calf’s blood and wipe it on the horns of the Altar with your finger, and pour the rest of the blood out at the base of the Altar.
Then take all its belly fat, its liver and kidneys, along with any fat that’s on them, and [burn] them on the Altar.
However, the calf’s flesh, skin, and manure must be burned outside of the camp as an [offering] for sins.

‘Next, take one of the rams, and have Aaron and his sons lay their hands on its head,and slaughter it. Collect the blood and pour it on and around the Altar,then cut the ram into several pieces and wash the insides and the feet with water, and set the pieces and the head aside.
Then you must put the whole ram on the Altar as a burnt offering and a sweet-smelling delight to Jehovah. It will be like incense to Jehovah.

‘Then take the 2nd ram, and have Aaron and his sons lay their hands on its head;you must slaughter it and collect the blood, and touch a little of the blood to the tip of Aaron’s right ear, to the thumb of his right hand, and to the big toe of his right foot.
[Then touch some of it to] the tips of his sons’ right ears, the thumbs of their right hands, and the big toes of their right feet.
Thereafter, take some of the blood from the Altar and [mix it with] anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron and on his clothes, as well as on his sons and on his sons’ clothes. This will purify him and his clothing, and his sons and their clothing.
Then pour the rest of the blood out around the Altar.

‘After that, [set aside] all of the ram’s fat, including the belly fat, the liver and kidneys and any fat on them, and the right shoulder, to complete [the ceremony].
And take one of the round cakes [that have been covered] with oil and one loaf from the basket of fermentation-free bread, and set them before Jehovah.Then give the rest to Aaron and his sons. But the [loaf and the round cake] must be offered separately to Jehovah.
Take them from the hands of the Priests and put them on the Altar, then burn them as offerings of sweet-smelling delights to Jehovah.

‘Then you must remove the ram’s breast at the end of the ceremony for Aaron. It is to be offered before Jehovah… and [the rest] must be shared with you.
You must cut up the breast and the shoulder that was removed from the last lamb and give it to Aaron and his sons.
This will be a requirement for the children of IsraEl and for Aaron and his sons through the ages.
This is to be a separate and special offering to Jehovah from the children of IsraEl, as one of their peace offerings.

‘The clothing that Aaron wears inside the Holy Place must thereafter be passed on to his [future generations, after he dies], so his [descendants] can be anointed in them and empowered when they wear them.
The Priests among his descendants that succeed him and that enter the Tent of Proofs to serve in the Most Holy, must wear them for 7 days.

‘You must then boil the flesh of the last lamb in the Holy Place,and Aaron and his sons will eat the ram’s flesh with the loaves [of bread] in the basket, next to the Tent of Proofs.
They must eat the offerings that were used to make them holy and to empower them. They can’t be eaten by anyone else, because these things are holy.
And if the sacrificed flesh of the final sacrificial lamb and the bread should be left until the next morning, it must all be burned, not eaten, because it is something that is holy.

‘You must always do this for Aaron and his sons, just as I’ve told you.
The empowerment will take 7 days.You must sacrifice the calf for the sin offering on the cleaning day, and then you will clean the Altar where you will sacrifice the last lamb, and anoint it to make it holy.
The Altar must be cleaned and made holy for each of the 7 days, because the Altar is very holy, and anyone that touches it must also be holy.

‘These are the sacrifices that you must offer on the Altar:
Two perfect yearling lambs must be offered each day,one in the morning and the other in the evening.And each lamb should be offered along with 3 quarts (2.8l) of fine flour that has been mixed with a quart of [olive] oil and with a quart of wine as a drink offering.
You must offer the same things with the 2nd lamb [that is sacrificed] in the evening (which includes the drink offering) as a sweet-smelling delight to Jehovah.
This sacrifice is to be offered before Jehovah by all your generations through the ages at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs. For that’s where I will be made known to you and where I will speak to you from now on.
This is where I will instruct the children of IsraEl, and where I will be treated as holy in My glory.

‘I will make the Tent of Proofs and its Altar holy, and I will make Aaron and his sons holy, so they can serve Me as Priests.
Here the children of IsraEl will call to Me, and I will be their God.
Then they will know that I am Jehovah, the God that brought them out of the land of Egypt, so they can call on Me and I can be their God.’

Chapter 30

‘You must also make an incense Altar from durable wood.
It should be 20 inches (50cm) long, 20 inches (50cm) wide, and 40 inches (100cm) tall; and it should have horns that are made from a single piece [of wood].
Its grating, all its sides, and its horns must be covered with pure gold. It should have wreathed edges of gold all around,and under the wreathes you must put 2 rings of pure gold on each side, to serve as supports for the staves that you will use to carry it.
The staves must be made from durable wood and covered with gold.

‘Then place [the incense Altar] in front of the veil that [hides] the Chest of Proofs where I will make My presence known to you.
Aaron must burn a fine compound of incense on [this Altar] each morning, after he snuffs the lamps.
And when Aaron lights the lamps in the evening, he must burn incense on it again. So, incense will be offered continuously before Jehovah throughout your generations.
You must not offer a different type of incense on it, set any fires on it, offer any sacrifices on it, or pour drink offerings on it.
And at the same time each year, Aaron must offer the reconciliation for their generations on its horns with the blood of purification, because it is very holy to Jehovah.’

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘I want you to take a census of the children of IsraEl, and each [person] must pay Jehovah a ransom for his life, so no one will be destroyed when they are visited.
This is what everyone that is surveyed must give: half a double-silver coin (or 20 copper coins), which is to be used for the Holy Place as an offering to Jehovah.
Everyone from 20 years old and up that answers to the census must pay this offering to Jehovah.The rich won’t pay any more, and the poor won’t pay any less than the half double-silver coin that they must offer to reconcile their lives with Jehovah.
Then you must take the money that the children of IsraEl pay and use it for the services at the Tent of Proofs.
The children of IsraEl must always remember to do this, so as to reconcile their lives [with Jehovah].’

And the Lord spoke to Moses, and said:
‘You must make a bronze bowl with a bronze base for washing.
It must be put between the Tent of Proofs and the Altar, and you must fill it with water.Then Aaron and his sons must use the water to wash their hands and feet.
For whenever they enter the Tent of Proofs, they must wash themselves with the water, so they won’t die.
And they must do [the same] whenever they go to the Altar for services or to burn sacrifices to Jehovah.
In addition, they must wash their hands and feet in the water whenever they enter the Tent of Proofs, so they don’t die.
This is the rule for him and his descendants through the ages.’

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘You must also gather these sweet-smelling items for the Holy Place:
16 pounds (7.25kg) of choice myrrh flowers, 8 pounds (3.6kg) of sweet-smelling cinnamon, 8 pounds (3.6kg) of sweet-smelling calamus,16 pounds (7.25kg) of cassia, and 1 gallon (3.8l) of olive oil.
This must then be professionally formulated to make a perfumed holy anointing oil that is to be used for sacred purposes.
Then you must use it to anoint the Tent of Proofs, the Chest inside the Tent of Proofsand all of its furnishings, as well as the lampstand and its furnishings, the incense Altar,the Altar of whole burnt-offerings and all its furnishings, the table and all its furnishings, and the wash basin.
You must cleanse them and make them extremely holy… and then everyone who touches them will become holy.
Thereafter, you must anoint Aaron and his sons and cleanse them, so they can serve Me as Priests.

‘Then say to the children of IsraEl:
This will be your holy anointing oil throughout all your generations.
It should never be poured on a man’s skin, and no one should make any of this for himself using the same formula, because it is holy, and it should be [treated as] holy by you.
So if anyone makes anything like it and gives it to a stranger, he must be destroyed from among his people.

‘Also, gather these sweet-smelling substances: sweet myrrh oil, snail shells, sweet galbanum, and transparent frankincense.
They are to be combined in equal measuresin a professional way, to make perfumed incense that will be pure and holy.
It must all be beaten into a fine powder and put in front of the Proofs inside the Tent of Proofs, where I will make My presence known to you.
It must be treated as a most-holy incense by you,so you shouldn’t make any for yourselves by this formula, because it is something holy to Jehovah.
Whoever makes anything like it so they can smell it must be destroyed from among his people.

Chapter 31

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘{Look!} I have called on BeSeleEl (the son of Urias and the grandson of Or of the tribe of Judah)and I have filled him with the Breath of God and with the wisdom, understanding, and knowledge to be creative in all fields.
[He understands] carpentry and how to work with gold, silver, and bronze; [how to work with] blue thread, purple yarn and spun scarlet material, as well ashow to do stone working and wood crafting… how to do everything!
So, I have chosen him, as well as EliAb (the son of AchiSamach of the tribe of Dan) and anyone else into whose heart I have put talent, to make everything that I’ve talked to you about.
[This includes] the Tent of Proofs, the Chest of the Sacred Agreement and the Propitiatory that sits on top of it, all the furnishings of the Tent,the Altars, the table and its furnishings,the pure lampstand and its furnishings, the wash bowl and its base,Aaron’s official garments and the garments for his sons to serve Me as Priests,the anointing oil, and the incense for the Holy Place.
They will make these things just the way I’ve told you.’

And the Lord said to Moses:
‘Also, tell the children of IsraEl that they must pay attention and keep My Sabbaths, because these are the sign between us through the generations that they know that I am the Lord that makes them holy.
They must guard the Sabbaths as something that is holy to them. So, anyone who dishonors them must be put to death, and anyone that works on [those days] must have their lives destroyed from the midst of their people.
They may work for 6 days, but the 7th day is the Sabbath… a holy [day of] rest to Jehovah, and anyone that works on the 7th day must be put to death.
The children of IsraEl must keep the Sabbaths and obey them throughout their generations,for this is to be an Agreement through the ages between the children of IsraEl and Me.
It is their sign to Me through the ages, because Jehovah made the skies and the lands in 6 days, and He stopped and rested on the 7th day.’

Well at that, He finished speaking to Moses on Mount SinAi and He gave Moses the two Tablets of Proofs that were made of stone and had been inscribed by the finger of God.

Chapter 32

[Well, after considerable time had passed] and the people saw that Moses hadn’t returned from the Mountain, they went to Aaron and said:
‘[We want you to] make gods for us to lead us, because we don’t know what has become of this Moses who brought us out of the land of Egypt.’

So Aaron told them:
‘I want you to take all the gold earrings that your wives and daughters wear in their ears, and bring them to me.’

Then everyone took off their gold earrings and brought them to Aaron,and he took them from their hands, [had] them melted, and then the gold was carved into [the shape of] a calf.
And he said:
‘O IsraEl; this is your God who carried you out of the land of Egypt.’

And after he saw it, Aaron had an altar built next to it.
Then Aaron proclaimed:
‘Tomorrow [we will hold] a feast to the Lord.’

So he got up early the next morning and he offered whole burnt sacrifices and a peace offering [upon the altar].
Then the people sat down to eat and drink, and thereafter they got up to play.

Well at that, the Lord told Moses:
‘Hurry and go down [the mountain], because the people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt are acting lawlessly!
Notice how quickly they have left the ways that you’ve shown them… for now they’ve made themselves a calf to worship, and they’ve even offered sacrifices to it, saying,
O IsraEl, this is your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt.
So, leave Me now, for I’m so angry with them that I will reject them and make a great nation of you!’

But Moses started begging the Lord. He said:
‘O Jehovah; why are you so angry with the people that You brought out of the land of Egypt with Your mighty arm and with so much power?
Don’t allow the Egyptians to say,
He wickedly took them away to kill them in the Mountains and to wipe them off of the land.
Hold back Your rage and show mercy on the sins of Your people.
Remember Your servants AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob, and the [oath] that You made to them when You swore by Your Name, saying,
I will cause your seed to increase so much that [they will become] like the stars in the skies.
And [remember the promise that You made] to give them all of this land as theirs through the ages.’

Well, that’s how Jehovah was moved to [keep them] as His people.

Then Moses turned and went down the Mountain carrying the two Tablets of Proofs in his hands.
They were tablets of stone that were inscribed on both sides,and they were the works and writings of God.

Well, when JoShua heard the voices of people shouting, he said to Moses:
‘That’s the sound of a war in the camp!’

But [Moses] replied:
‘It isn’t the sound of people going to battle or the sound of defeat.
What I hear is the sound of a lot of [partying].’

And when he got close to the camp, he saw the calf and the dancing, and Moses became so angry that he threw the two tablets from his hands and broke them to pieces at the base of the Mountain.
Then he took the calf that they’d made and had it melted and ground into dust, and he put it into some water and made the children of IsraEl drink it.

And after that, Moses asked Aaron:
‘What have these people done to you?
Why have you made them [guilty of] such a great sin?’

And Aaron replied:
‘Don’t be angry, lord; for you know how troublesome these people are.They told me,
[We want you to] make gods for us to lead us, because we don’t know what has become of this Moses who brought us out of the land of Egypt.
So I said,
If anyone has gold ornaments, take them off.
Then they gave them to me and I threw them into the fire, and out came this calf!’

Well, Moses realized that the people were divided, and Aaron was responsible… which was something that would make their enemies very happy.
So Moses went to the entrance of the camp and shouted:
‘Who is on Jehovah’s side? [May those that are], come here to me!’

Well, all the sons of Levi came to him,and he told them:
‘This is what Jehovah, the God of IsraEl, has declared:
Everyone must [tie on] his sword and go through the camp from gate to gate, and each of you must kill [your rebellious] brothers and neighbors, starting with those that are the nearest to you!’

So the sons of Levi did just as Moses had told them, and 3,000 people fell that day.
Then Moses said:
‘You are to be praised, because you’ve all raised your hands before Jehovah [and struck down] your own sons and your own brothers!’

Then the next morning, Moses spoke to the people and said:
‘You have committed a great sin! So, now I must go up to God and pay for your sins!’

Therefore, Moses returned to Jehovah and said:
‘I’ve [come to] beg You, O Lord; because these people are guilty of a great sin by making a god of gold.
So now, [please] forgive their sins. But if You choose not to; then, also erase my name from the scroll that You’ve written.’

But the Lord told Moses:
‘I’m going to erase [the names] from My scroll of all those that have sinned against Me!

‘Now, go and lead these people to the place that I told you about when I said,
{Look!} My messenger will travel before you.
However, I’m also going to visit them and [punish] them for their sins.’

So thereafter, Jehovah struck the people for having Aaron make the calf.

Chapter 33

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘Go on! You and the people that you brought out of the land of Egypt must leave now and go to the land that I promised to AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob, when I said,
I will give this [land] to your seed.For I will send My messenger ahead of you, and he will throw out the Amorites, Chettites, Pherezites, Gergeshites, Evites, Jebusites, and CanaAnites,then I will bring you into a land that flows with milk and honey.
However, I won’t be going with you, for fear that I will destroy you along the way, because you’re such a stubborn people!’

Well, when the people heard this bad news, they went into mourning and dressed themselves in mourning clothes.
But the Lord told the children of IsraEl:
‘You are a stubborn people!
Now, pay attention, so I don’t send another plague to destroy you.
Take off your [mourning] clothes and their trappings, and let Me show you what I will do for you.’

So the Sons of IsraEl took off all their [mourning] gear there at the dry mountain (Horeb).
Then Moses carried the [materials for] the Tent (which they called the Tent of Proofs) outside of the camp and [had it] assembled some distance away, so that everyone that [wanted an answer from Jehovah] would have to go outside the camp to the Tent.
Then, whenever Moses would enter or leave the Tent, everyone would stand and watch at its entrance, to see what would happen.For when Moses entered the Tent, a column of clouds descended and stayed at the Tent’s entrance while [God] was speaking to Moses.
And as they all watched the column of clouds at the entrance to the Tent, everyone stood there and prayedas Jehovah spoke to Moses face to face as though they were two friends.
Then after that, [Moses] would return to the camp, but his servant JoShua (the son of NaWeh), who was a young man, didn’t leave the Tent.

Thereafter, Moses said to Jehovah:
‘{Look!} You told me to lead these people on, but You haven’t shown me where You want me to go yet.

‘You’ve also told me that You know me better than all the rest, and that You care for me.
So now, if I’ve found favor in Your eyes, show Yourself to me so I can see You. Then I will know that I’ve found favor in Your eyes, and I can be sure that this great nation is truly Your people.’

And [God] replied:
‘I will pass before you, to satisfy you.’

Then [Moses] said:
‘But if You aren’t going to [travel] with us, don’t make me go either!
For, how would anyone know for sure that these people and I have found favor with You, unless You go with us? [And if You should choose to go], both Your people and I will be glorified above all the nations of the earth.’

Well at this, the Lord told Moses:
‘I will do this thing that you’ve asked, because you’ve found My favor and I’ve put you above all the rest.’

Then [Moses] said:
‘Then, show Yourself to me!’

And [God] said:
‘I will pass before you with My glory, and I will call out My Name (Jehovah) in front of you as I say,
I will be merciful to those for whom I feel mercy, and I will have pity on those for whom I feel pity.’

Then [God] told [Moses]:
‘You won’t be able to see My face, because no man can see My face and live.’
And the Lord said:
‘{Look!} Stand by Me on that rock [over there];and as My glory is passing by, I will put you into a hole in that rock and cover you with My hand as I pass.Then I will remove My hand, so you can see My backside… but you won’t be able to see My face.’

Chapter 34

And the Lord said to Moses:
‘Now, you must cut two tablets of stone like the first ones, and climb the mountain to Me; then I will write the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke.
So, be ready to climb Mount SinAi in the morning, and then stand there [and wait] for Me at the top of the Mountain.
Don’t allow anyone to go up with you or to even be seen on the Mountain. And don’t allow any sheep or bulls to graze near the Mountain.’

So [Moses] cut two stone tablets just like the first, and he got up early and climbed Mount SinAi, just as the Lord had told him, carrying the two stone tablets.
Then the Lord descended in a cloud and stood close to him, as He called out the Name, Jehovah.And the Lord passed before his face while He was saying:
‘Jehovah, the God of mercy, pity, patience, concern, and truth,who brings justice and mercy to thousands, and removes wrong-doing, unrighteousness, and sins, but who won’t acquit the guilty.
He’s the One that [punishes] the sins of ancestors on their children and on their children’s children to the 3rd and 4th generations.’

Then Moses quickly bowed to the earth and prayed:
‘If You care for me; may my Lord go with us, because these people are stubborn. Then You will remove our sins and our failings, and we will be Your people.’

And thereafter, the Lord said to Moses:
‘{Look!} I am establishing a Sacred Agreement with you in the presence of all your people.
I will do wonderful things that have never been done before anywhere on the earth or in any nation.
Everyone among you will see the deeds that I will do for you… for they are wonderful.
However, make sure that you do everything that I’ve told you to do.
Then {Look!} I will throw the Amorites, CanaAnites, Pherezites, Chettites, Evites, Gergeshites, and Jebusites out from before you.

‘Be careful not to make any agreements with the people that live in the land that you are entering, for fear that they will become stones to stumble you.
You must destroy their altars and smash their [sacred] columns, cut off their water, and burn the images of their gods.
You must not worship other gods, because Jehovah, which is a zealous Name, is a zealous God.

‘Never make pacts with people that live in this land and then commit adultery with their gods, or sacrifice to their gods, or have them call you to eat at their feasts.
You shouldn’t take their daughters as women for your sons, nor should you give your daughters to their sons, so your sons and daughters don’t become adulterers with their gods.

‘You aren’t to mold [any images of] gods for yourselves.

‘You must keep the Feast of Fermentation-Free Bread and eat fermentation-free bread for 7 days, just as I’ve told you, in the month and season of new grain… because, that’s when you came out of Egypt.

‘All the first-born males are Mine… yes, everything that opens the womb first, including all your first-born oxen and sheep.
But when it comes to the first-born of burros; you must pay a ransom for them using a sheep or with money.
You must also pay a ransom for your first-born sons… don’t come to Me empty-handed!

‘You can work for 6 days, but you must rest on the 7th day, whether it’s during the seed-time or the harvest.

‘You must also observe the Feast of Weeks for Me at the beginning of the wheat harvest and at the harvest in the middle of the year.
So, every male must appear before Jehovah the God of IsraEl three times each year.
For after I’ve driven the nations away from before you and enlarged your borders, no one will really desire your land… that is, as long as you go up to appear before Jehovah your God three times each year.

‘You must not offer the blood of My sacrifices with any fermentation, nor should the Passover sacrifices remain until the next morning.

‘The first fruits of your land must be taken to the House of your God Jehovah.

‘You must not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.’

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘Write all of these words down, because they are the words of My Sacred Agreement with you and with IsraEl.’

Well, Moses was there [on the mountain] with Jehovah for 40 days and 40 nights; and during that entire time, he didn’t eat any bread or drink any water.
Then He wrote the words of the Sacred Agreement (the Ten Commandments) on the tablets.
So when Moses came down the Mountain, he had the two tablets in his hands.
But, as he was coming down, he didn’t realize that his face was glowing because of his conversation with God.And when Aaron and all the elders of IsraEl saw Moses’ face radiating, they were afraid to come any closer.
However, when Moses called to them, Aaron and all the heads of the gathering turned toward him, as he started speaking to them.

And after that, all the children of IsraEl also came to him, and he told them all the Commandments that Jehovah had given to him on Mount SinAi (Horeb).
Then, after he had finished speaking to them, he put a veil over his face.
Yet, whenever Moses went in to speak to Jehovah, he would remove the veil until he [came back outside] to tell the children of IsraEl what the Lord had said to him.
[Of course], it was because the children of IsraEl could see Moses’ face radiating that he wore the veil over it after going in to speak to the Lord.

Chapter 35

After that, Moses assembled the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl and said:
‘These are the commandments that Jehovah has told you to obey:
You can work for 6 days, but the 7th day is for resting. It is a holy Sabbath and a rest for Jehovah. So, anyone that does work on [that day] must die.
You may not so much as light a fire in any of your homes on the Sabbath day; for I am Jehovah.’

Then Moses told the gathering of the children of IsraEl:
‘This is what Jehovah has instructed you to do:
Take up [a collection] as an offering to Jehovah, and everyone whose heart moves him to do so must bring these as first-fruits to Jehovah:
gold, silver, bronze,blue [thread], purple [yarn], double-spun scarlet [cloth], fine-spun linen, goats’ hair,ram’s skins that have been dyed red or blue, durable wood,rubies and gemstones that can be engraved for the [Priest’s] shoulder-piece, and full-length robes.

‘Then, any man among you that is wise at heart may come and create the things that Jehovah has commanded, such asthe Tent, the cords, the coverings, the rings, the rafters, the posts,the Chest of Proofs and its staves, the Propitiatory, the veil,the curtains for the courtyard and their posts,the [engraved gemstones],the incense, the anointing oil,the table and all its furnishings,the lampstand (for lighting) and all of its furnishings,the Altar and all of its furnishings,and the holy garments for the Priesthood of Aaron (the clothing that he must use in his services),as well as the Priestly garments for Aaron’s sons.’

And after the gathering of the children of IsraEl [had finished listening to] Moses, all that felt moved to do so brought whatever they thought would be appropriate as offerings.
So, they donated (as offerings to Jehovah) everything that was needed for the Tent of Proofs and all of its services, as well as all the clothing for the Holy Place.
Then, any man that felt moved to do so brought items from their wives, such as [gold] clasps, earrings, finger rings, necklaces, bracelets, and all sorts of gold items…yes, many of them brought their gold jewelry to Jehovah, as well as their fine linen and ram’s skins that were dyed blue or red.

All those that brought offerings also brought items of silver and bronze to Jehovah, and everyone that had durable wood or the tools to work it, brought these things too.

Then the women that were skilled at spinning brought blue [thread], purple [yarn], scarlet [cloth], and fine linen.
And thereafter, all the women that were moved to do so and were wise, spun the goats’ hair.
In addition, the [tribal] rulers brought emeralds and gemstones for the settings in the shoulder pieces and the Words [of Judgment].
They also brought the materials for the anointing oil and the things that would be used to make the incense.

So, every man and woman that was moved to do so came to do all the work that Jehovah had assigned to them through Moses [using the things that] the children of IsraEl had donated as offerings to the Lord.

And Moses told them:
‘{Look!} God has specifically called BeSeleEl (of Urias and Or) from the tribe of Judah,and filled him with a godly spirit of wisdom, understanding, and knowledge, in order to be creative in all fields of expertise.
For he is skilled in all sorts of crafts, such as working gold, silver, and bronze,in setting gemstones, and in doing woodcarving… he does everything [well].
Both he and EliAb (of AchiSamach of the tribe of Dan) have been granted such understanding.
They have been filled with wisdom, understanding, and the know-how to do all the work that must be done for the Tent, as well as how to weave and embroider using scarlet [cloth] and fine linen, and how to fashion all the unique embroidered items.’

Chapter 36

So BeSeleEl, EliAb, and all those that were wise and knowledgeable, were given the wisdom, knowledge, and necessary [skills] to do everything that had to be done for the holy offices in the way that Jehovah had instructed.

Then Moses called BeSeleEl, EliAb, and all the wise men that had received the needed skills from God, as well as everyone that was willing to come and donate their work, to get the job done.
Moses gave them everything that the children of IsraEl had brought to build the Holy Place. In fact, they continued to receive the gifts each morning,and wise people with many different skills kept showing up to work at the Holy Place.

Then one of them said to Moses:
‘The people are bringing in too many of the things that Jehovah told them to bring!’
So Moses sent a proclamation throughout the camp, saying:
‘No men or women should come to work or bring any more offerings to the Holy.’

So they actually had to stop the people from bringing things,since they had enough material to make all the furnishings, with a lot left over.

The wise and thoughtful among those that were working on the Tent also produced 10 tent curtains from blue [thread], purple [yarn], spun-scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen, with cherubs carefully woven into them.
Each curtain was 42 feet (12.8m) wide and 6 feet (1.8m) tall… and all the curtains were the same.
Then, two groups of 5 curtains each were connected end-to-end.

They also made blue loops along the edges of each curtain to join them to each other. And they made 50 [loops] along the outer edges of the following curtains to connect them all together…they put 50 loops on the first curtain and 50 corresponding loops on the next, so [the curtains] could be joined together at the loops.
Then [BeSeleEl] made 50 gold hooks to join each of the curtains to each other, in order to assemble the Sacred Tent.

Thereafter, he also put together 11 goat-hair coverings to serve as a roof for the Sacred Tent.Each of these was 45 feet (13.7m) long and 6 feet (1.5m) wide.
He joined 5 of the goat-hair coverings to make one portion, and 6 to make the other.
He also made 50 loops along the edge of the 1st group of goat-hair cloths and 50 loops along the edge of the 2nd group (in the middle),then he formed 50 bronze hooks and joined both sections with the hooks, making it a single sheet.

He also made a top covering for the Sacred Tent out of ram’s skins, some of which were dyed red, and some of which were dyed blue.

Then he made posts for the Sacred Tent out of durable wood.
The first post was 15 feet (4.5m) tall, and 1-3/4 feet (53cm) wide.It had two joints that butted against each other… and that’s how he made all the posts for the Sacred Tent.
There were 20 posts on the side facing the south,along with 40 silver sockets to connect them (2 sockets per post), and 2 sockets for each of the posts that followed.
There were also 20 posts along the north side [of the Tent],and 40 silver sockets for them, 2 sockets per post.
And for the rear of the Sacred Tent (the west side), he made 6 posts,plus two posts for the rear corners.Their sections were of equal lengths, both the tops and the bottoms, for the corner posts.
So altogether, there were 8 posts and 16 silver sockets, 2 per post.

He also made cross bars out of durable wood.
Five [were set] between the posts along one side of the Sacred Tent, 5 were set between the posts to the other side of the Sacred Tent,5 were set between the posts at the rear of the Sacred Tent (toward the west),and there was a single bar through the middle, which ran right through the posts from one side to the other.
He then covered the posts in gold and added gold rings to hold the poles; and he gilded the cross bars with gold.

He also made a veil from blue [thread], purple [yarn], spun-scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen, with cherubs carefully woven into them,and placed it over 4 posts of durable wood that were covered in gold.
The tips of the poles were covered in gold, but their 4 bases were made of silver.
Then he made a draw curtain for the entrance to the Tent from blue [thread], purple [yarn], spun-scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen that was embroidered,along with its 5 posts, the tips of which he gilded with gold, and he cast 5 bronze bases for them.

Chapter 37

Then BeSeleEl made the Chest from durable wood.
It was 3-3/4 feet (114cm) long, 27 inches (70cm) wide, and 27 inches (70cm) tall.He gilded it with pure gold both inside and out, and he made a waved border of spun gold all around it.Then he cast 4 gold rings for its 4 sides, 2 rings on one side and 2 rings on the other.
And he made bearing poles of durable wood, covering them with gold.Then he inserted the bearing poles into the rings on the sides of the Chest, to carry it.

Thereafter, he made the Propitiatory lid of pure gold. It was 3-3/4 (114cm) feet long, and 27 inches (70cm) wide.
Then he made two cherubs of beaten gold, and put them on each side of the Propitiatory(one on the right and the other on the left), so there was a cherub on either side.
Both of the cherubs had out-stretched wings that overshadowed the Propitiatory as they faced each other, for both cherubs faced [inward].

Next he made the table from durable wood.
It was 3 feet (91cm) wide, 1-1/2 feet (45cm) deep, and 2-1/4 feet (68cm) tall.He covered it all in pure gold,and he made a spun, waved border of gold all around it.
Then he made a rim for it that was 9 inches (23cm) around, and he put a spun, waved border around the rim.
He also cast 4 gold rings for it, and he placed the 4 rings on each of its feet.
Then, next to the waved border rim, he placed rings to hold the bearing poles that were used to carry the table.
The bearing poles were also made from durable wood, which he then covered with gold.
He also made the utensils for the table – its saucers, incense pans, cups, and the bowls in which the Priest would offer the drink offerings – of pure gold.

After that, he made the lampstand of pure gold.
Its stems, branches, basins, knobs, and lilies were all formed on a lathe.It had 6 branches in a row, three on the right and three on the left.
Each of the oil basins were almond shaped, with a knob and lily on the 6 branches that were on either side of the one in the center of the lampstand.[This center] part had 4 almond-shaped basins on its single branch, along with knobs and lilies.
There was a knob under each pair of [the lamp’s] 6 branches that extended outward from the lampstand.
These branches and their knobs were all turned from single pieces of pure gold.
Then he made its 7 lamps, its snuffers, and their oil funnels of pure gold,which weighed some 60 pounds (27.2kg).

Next he made an Incense Altar out of durable wood.
It was 1-1/2 feet (45cm) long, 1-1/2 feet (45cm) wide, and 3 feet (91cm) high; and on each of its 4 corners there were horns.He covered it with pure gold (its grate, its sides, and its horns), and he made a spun rim of gold all around it.
He also made rings of pure gold that he placed under its rim of spun gold for each of its 4 corners, to serve as holders for the bearing poles that they would use to carry [this Altar].
He made the poles out of durable wood, and he covered them with gold.

Following that, he prepared the holy anointing oil and he mixed the incense in the pure ways of a perfumer.

Chapter 38

Then he made an Altar for the whole burnt offerings out of durable wood.
It was 7-1/2 feet (2.3m) long and 7-1/2 feet (2.3m) wide. It had 4 corners, and it stood 4-1/2 feet (1.2m) tall.
He made horns for each of the 4 corners, which he then covered in bronze.

He also made a rim for the Altar, a lid for it, bowls for it, meat hooks for it, and a fire pit… he made everything out of bronze.
Then he made a grate of latticed bronze,and he made 4 rings to support the grate at each of its 4 sides out of bronze, which he placed under the grate.
[The grate] was about half [the size of] the Altar.
He also made the bearing poles for the Altar out of durable wood, plating them with bronze.
Then he inserted the bearing poles through the sides of the Altar, to carry it (it was hollow and made of boards).

He also made the bathing tub out of bronze.
The bronze for its base came from the bronze mirrors of the women that had been fasting at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs.

Next, he made curtains for the courtyard.
The curtain toward the south was made of fine spun linen, 150 feet (45.7m) long.It had 20 posts and 20 bronze bases, and its hooks and their clips were made of silver.
The side toward the north was also 150 feet (45.7m) long, with 20 posts and 20 bronze bases; and their hooks and clips were of silver.
The curtains toward the west side were 75 feet (22.8m) long, with 10 posts and 10 bronze bases; and their hooks and clips were of silver.And the curtains toward the east were 75 feet (22.8m) long.
[The entrance to the courtyard] ran 22-1/2 feet (6.8m) toward the rear, with three posts and three bases.Then there was a 2nd section leading to the entrance of the courtyard, with curtains that were 22-1/2 feet (6.8m) long, having three posts and three bases.
All the curtains for the Tent were made out of fine-spun linen,their bases were made of bronze, their hooks and clips were of silver, and all the posts in the courtyard were silver plated.

The veils for the entrance to the courtyard were embroidered of blue [thread], purple [yarn], spun-scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen.
They were each 30 feet (9.1m) long and 7-1/2 feet (2.3m) high, and they were connected to the courtyard curtains.They had 4 posts and 4 bronze bases.
Their hooks were of silver, and their tips were silver plated,and all the courtyard tent pegs were made of bronze.

This was how things were arranged at the Tent of Proofs, just as the orders were given to Moses.
IthaMar (the son of Aaron the High Priest) was in charge of everything,and BeSeleEl, the son of Uri of the tribe of Judah was in charge of making all the things (just as the Lord had instructed Moses).
Also, EliAb (the son of AhiSamach of the tribe of Dan) supervised the weaving, stitching, and embroidering with the blue [thread], purple [yarn], spun-scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen.

1,790 pounds (810kg) of gold was used in the Holy Places (which all came in as part of the first-fruit offerings), plus 730 holy gold coins.
All the silver that came from the census of those chosen from among the gathering amounted to 60,000 pounds (27,200kg), plus 1,775 shekels (a silver bar per head, which is half of a holy shekel)that was paid for each of the males in the census that were more than 20 years old among the 63,550.

60,000 pounds (27,200kg) of silver was cast for the tips of the Sacred Tent and for the tips of the veil.
There were 100 tips weighing 60 pounds (27.2kg) each.Also, 1,775 shekels were used to make the hooks for the posts, the tips of which were gilded and engraved.
4,200 pounds (1,900kg) of bronze was used for sacred purposes, plus 2,400 shekels.
From it they made the bases for the entrance to the Tent of Proofs, the bronze Altar and its grate, all the utensils for the Altar,the bases all around the courtyard, the bases for the entrance to the courtyard, the pegs for the Tent, and the pegs for the courtyard around it.

Chapter 39

And from what was left over of the blue, purple, and scarlet, they made into garments for the services of Aaron, so that he could officiate in them in the Holy Place, as the Lord had instructed Moses.

They made the shoulder pieces out of gold, blue [thread], purple [yarn], spun-scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen.
They cut up two sheets of hammered gold to create the gold threads and wove them into the blue [thread], purple [yarn], spun-scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen,[which they attached on either side of the sacred vest].
The vest was also made of gold, blue [thread], purple [yarn], spun-scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen, as the Lord had instructed Moses.

Then they attached the two emerald stones with clasps.
They were carved and engraved like a seal with the names of the sons of IsraEl, and then inlaid with goldand placed on the tops of each of the shoulder pieces, in memory of the sons of IsraEl, just as the Lord had instructed Moses.

Next, they made the Word [of Judgment].
It was woven and embroidered (the same as the shoulder pieces) of gold, blue [thread], purple [yarn], spun-scarlet [cloth], and fine-spun linen.It was 4-cornered, 9 inches (23cm) long, 9 inches (23cm) wide, and folded.
And into it they wove and inlaid precious stones that were arranged in 4 rows.
The first row had a sardius, a topaz, and an emerald.
The 2nd row had a red garnet, a sapphire, and a jasper.
The 3rd row had an amber, an agate, and an amethyst.
The 4th row had a chrysolite, a beryl, and an onyx.
The stones were all set in gold and connected by gold.
They were engraved like seals with one of the names of the 12 sons of IsraEl on each, representing the 12 tribes.
The Word [of Judgment] had a border with a tightly-joined wreath of pure gold.

Then they made two gold rings and two gold clasps.
They placed the two gold rings on each of the corners of the Word [of Judgment], and they put wreaths of gold with fasteners over the 2 rings (on each side of the Word [of Judgment]),which connected to the sides of shoulder pieces, across from each other, in the front.
They connected the Word [of Judgment] to the back, inside of the shoulder piece.For they made two gold rings and placed them along the tips of the shoulder pieces, on the bottom sides and in the front, below the connector that was over the woven parts of the shoulder pieces.
The Word [of Judgment] was then fastened by its rings to the rings on the shoulder pieces. They were sewed in using blue thread, and they were closely joined into the woven work of the shoulder pieces, so the Word [of Judgment] would not come loose from the shoulder pieces, just as the Lord had instructed Moses.

Then they made the robe that went under the shoulder piece, which was woven entirely of blue thread.
It had an opening in the middle with a closely-woven, reinforced edge around the collar.
Then along the bottom hem of the robe, there were woven blossoming pomegranates of blue thread, purple yarn, scarlet cloth, and fine-spun linen.
They also made gold bells and placed them around the bottom hem of the robe, between the figures of pomegranates.So there were gold bells and the figures of pomegranates all around the official robe, just as the Lord had instructed Moses.

They made all the garments for Aaron and his sons of fine woven linen.
The turbans were of linen,the outer robes were of linen, the pants were made from spun linen,and the sashes were made of linen that was embroidered with blue thread, purple yarn, and scarlet cloth, exactly as the Lord had instructed Moses.

They also made a curtain of pure gold to [hide] the Most Holy Place, upon which they wrote words in raised letters,
‘Holy to Jehovah.’
It had a blue upper hem that connected it to the upper [cross bar], just as the Lord had instructed Moses.
So, all the work on the Tent of Proofs was finally completed by the sons of IsraEl, just as the Lord had given the instructions to Moses.

The blue [thread], the purple [yarn], and the scarlet [material] that was left over, was used to make [more] garments for Aaron to wear in his services at the Holy Place.

They also brought garments to Moses for use in the Tent, as well as [things] for its furnishings, bases, rafters, and postsfor the Chest of the Sacred Agreement and its carriers, and for the Altar and its furnishings.

They made the anointing oil, the incense, the holy lampstandand its lamps (that held oil for the light),the showbread table and all its furnishings,Aaron’s garments for use in the Holy Place, the garments for his sons in their Priestly duties,the curtains for the courtyard, all the posts, the veils for the entrance to the Tent and the courtyard,all the furnishings and tools for the Tent, the ram skins that were dyed red and blue, coverings for other things, the pins, and everything that was needed for work in the Tent of Proofs.
Whatever the Lord told Moses, the children of IsraEl made to complete the furnishings.
And when Moses looked at all the work and saw that they had done everything and made everything the way that Jehovah had told him to do, he praised them.

Chapter 40

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘On the 1st day of the 1st month (the New Moon), you must assemble the Tent of Proofsand put the Chest of Proofs inside it, behind the veil.
Then carry in the table and lay [the bread] upon it.
Also, bring in the lampstand and mount the lamps on it.
Then carry in the gold incense Altar and burn incense in front of the Chest, and hang the veil in the entryway to the Tent of Proofs.
Then put the Altar of burnt offerings next to the entry to the Tent of Proofs, and set up the rest of the Tent. Make everything in and around it, holy,------then take the anointing oil and anoint the Tent and everything in it, to cleanse it, so that it and all its furnishings will be holy.
Also, anoint the Altar of burnt offerings and all of its furnishings. Make it clean, so that the Altar will be most holy.---

‘Thereafter, bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance of the Tent of Proofs and wash them with water.
Then dress Aaron in the holy garments and anoint him, to make him holy, so he can serve as a Priest to Me.
And after that, bring in his sons, dress them in their garbs,and anoint them as you did their father, so they can serve Me as Priests.
This anointing of the Priesthood [must be continued] through the ages.’

And Moses did everything that the Lord told him.

So it was that the Tent was erected during the 1st month (a year after they had left Egypt… during the New Moon).
Moses set up the Tent, put on the caps, and set the rafters and posts in their places.Then he stretched the curtains over the Tent and installed the veil from the top of the Tent, as Jehovah had commanded.
He also took the Proofs and placed them inside the Chest; then he mounted the Chest on the stavesand carried it into the Tent.
And thereafter, he installed the veil to conceal the Chest of Proofs, just as the Lord had commanded.

After that, he carried the table into the Tent of Proofs and placed it on the north side, just outside the veil.And he brought in the showbread [and set it] before Jehovah, just as the Lord had instructed him.
Next, he brought the lampstand into the Tent of Proofs and placed it on the south side of the Tent,and he mounted its lamps in front of Jehovah, just as the Lord had commanded.
Then he brought the gold incense Altar into the Tent of Proofs and put it in front of the veil,and he lit the [sacred] incense upon it, just as the Lord had commanded.
---He also put the Altar for the burnt offerings next to the Tent entrance,---------and he set up the courtyard all around the Tent and the Altar. Yes, Moses did all these things.

Thereafter, a cloud covered the Tent of Proofs and it was filled with the glory of Jehovah.
So then, even Moses wasn’t able to enter the Tent of Proofs because of the cloud that covered it and the glory of Jehovah that was inside of the Tent.

And after that, whenever the cloud would rise above the Tent, the children of IsraEl packed their bags and [got ready to leave].
But if the cloud stayed in place, they didn’t get ready to leave until the day that the cloud arose again.
For the cloud covered the Tent during the day, and fire covered it during the night; and all IsraEl could [see this] as they traveled.

Leviticus

Introduction

From the Greek Septuagint text as was used by First Century Christians.

Written by Moses around 1549 BCE (according to our calculations) while the IsraElites were at Mt. SinAi.

Chapter 1

Then the Lord called Moses again and spoke to him in the Tent of Proofs.
He said,
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them that anyone who brings an ox as a gift to Jehovah must bring one that the Lord will find acceptable.
He must put his hands on the head of the offering [to show that] it’s something he wishes to do so as to be forgiven by [God],and they must slaughter the calf before Jehovah.
Then Aaron’s sons (the Priests) must collect its blood and pour it around the Altar at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs.

‘The meat of the offering should thereafter be butchered and divided into quarters.
Then the sons of Aaron (the Priests) must light a fire on the Altar and pile wood on the fire,and the Priests must put the head and the fat over the fire in the Altar,then wash the [animal’s] entrails and feet in water, and then put the rest of it on the Altar as a burnt-offering sacrifice and as a sweet odor to Jehovah.

‘However, if [the person] is offering a sheep as a gift to Jehovah (or a lamb, or a kid goat) as a whole-burnt offering, it must be a perfect male.
He must put his hand on its head and they must slaughter it next to the Altar toward the north, before Jehovah. Then the sons of Aaron (the Priests) must pour its blood on and around the Altar.
They must quarter it and put its head and its fat over the burning wood on the Altar.Then they must wash its entrails and feet with water, and the Priest must put the rest on the Altar as a burnt-offering sacrifice and a sweet odor to Jehovah.

‘But if [the person] is offering a bird as a gift to Jehovah, it must be a dove or a pigeon.
The Priest must bring it to the Altar, wring off its head and sprinkle its blood at the base of the Altar.And before placing it on the Altar, he must remove the crop and the feathers, and throw them by the ashes, to the east of the Altar.
He should then break off its wings, but not cut it up, and put the burnt-offering sacrifice on the Altar over the burning wood as a sweet-smelling odor to Jehovah.

Chapter 2

‘If a person brings fine flour as a gift to sacrifice to Jehovah, he must pour oil over it and put frankincense on it, before offering it as a sacrifice.
He must carry it to the Priests (the sons of Aaron) and take a handful of the fine flour with the oil and the frankincense, and then a Priest must put it on the Altar as a sacrifice and as a sweet odor to Jehovah.
The rest of the sacrifice must then be [given to] Aaron and his sons as their holy portion from the sacrifices to Jehovah.

‘And if he brings [bread] that has been baked in an oven as a gift sacrifice to Jehovah, it must be fermentation free and kneaded with oil into fermentation-free cakes.
But if the gift of fermentation-free fine flour is brought in a pan,it must be broken into pieces and then oil must be poured over it as a sacrifice to Jehovah.

‘However, if the gift of fine flour with oil that is to be offered as a sacrifice to Jehovah [consists of whole loaves] that were baked in an oven,they must be brought to the Priest,and the Priest must take it to the Altar and offer a portion of it as a burnt offering and as a sweet odor to Jehovah.
The rest of the sacrifice must then be [given to] Aaron and his sons as their holy portion from the burnt offerings of Jehovah.

‘You must not have fermentation in any of the sacrifices that are brought to Jehovah, and no honey will be brought as a gift to Jehovah.
Such things may be brought to Jehovah as though they were fruit, but they must not be offered on the Altar as a sweet-smelling odor to Jehovah.

‘All gifts of sacrifices must be seasoned with salt.
Don’t leave the salt of Jehovah’s Sacred Agreement out of your sacrifices! No matter what type of gift it is, it must be offered to Jehovah your God with salt.

‘And when you offer the first fruits of your new grain as a sacrifice to Jehovah, it should be ground and roasted before bringing it as a sacrifice.
You must also pour oil and frankincense over it, because it is a sacrifice.
Then the Priest must offer a portion of the grain with all the oil and frankincense as a burnt offering to Jehovah.

Chapter 3

‘If the gift to Jehovah is to be a peace offering and it is selected from among your cattle, it can be a male or a female, but it must be perfect to bring it before Him.
The [person] must put his hands on the head of the gift and they must slaughter it before Jehovah next to the entrance to the Tent of Proofs.
Then the Priests (the sons of Aaron) must pour the blood on and around the Altar of burnt offerings.

For peace offerings; [these portions] should be offered as burnt-sacrifices to Jehovah:
The belly and all the fat in and around it,the kidneys and the fat on them, as well as [the fat] on the thighs and the membrane around the liver and kidneys.
The Priests (the sons of Aaron) must offer them on the Altar of burnt offerings over the burning wood on the Altar as a sweet-smelling odor to Jehovah.

‘And if the peace-offering gift to Jehovah is a sheep, it may be either a male or a female, but it must be perfect.
If the gift is a lamb; he must bring it before Jehovah,put his hands on the head of his offering, and they must slaughter it by the entrance to the Tent of Proofs. Then the Priests (the sons of Aaron) must pour its blood on and around the Altar.
The peace offering is thereafter to be burned to Jehovah.
Though the person may keep the healthy, fat hind parts and loins, all the fat that is in and around the belly,as well as the kidneys and the fat around them, the fat around the thighs, and the membrane around the liver and kidneysmust be offered on the Altar by the Priest as a sweet-smelling odor and burnt offering to Jehovah.

‘And if he is offering a goat, he must bring it before Jehovah,put his hands on its head, and they must slaughter it before Jehovah next to the entrance to the Tent of Proofs.
Then the Priests (the sons of Aaron) must pour the blood on and around the Altar.
The parts of the burnt offering [that will be offered] to Jehovah must be the fat in and around the belly,both kidneys and all the fat on them, [the fat] on the thighs, and the membrane around the liver and kidneys.
Then the Priest must offer it on the Altar as a burnt offering and as a sweet odor to Jehovah.

‘All of the fat is Jehovah’s!
And this is the rule through the ages of your generations wherever you may live:
You must not eat the fat or the blood!’

Chapter 4

Then the Lord said to Moses,
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them this:
If a person sins against Jehovah in a way that He says you must not do in any of the Commandments, but he does it unintentionally,or if the Anointed Priest sins and that causes the people to sin; the person must bring [an offering] for his sin… [he must bring] a perfect calf from his herd to Jehovah, [to cover] his sin.
He must bring the calf before Jehovah at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs, put his hand on its head, and they must slaughter it in Jehovah’s presence.

‘And when the Anointed Priest who has been made perfect receives the calf’s blood, he must carry it into the Tent of Proofs.
The Priest must then dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle it at the base of the Holy Veil before Jehovah, 7 times.
And he must put some of the calf’s blood on the horns of the incense Altar that is before Jehovah (inside the Tent of Proofs) and pour the rest of the blood at the base of the Altar, by the entrance to the Tent of Proofs.

‘[Thereafter, he must take] all the fat from the calf of the sin offering – the inner fat, the outer fat,the kidneys and the fat on them, [the fat on] the thighs, and the membrane around the liver and kidneys – and remove it.
Then the Priest must offer it on the Altar of burnt offerings.
As for the calf’s skin, flesh, head, extremities, belly, and dung;
It must all be carried outside the camp into the clean place where they pour the ashes, and it must be totally burned among the wood ashes that will be poured out there.

‘Also, if the whole gathering of IsraEl should unknowingly commit a sin and it goes unnoticed by them (if they should do something that is forbidden, shouldn’t be done, and is a sin against any of the Commandments of Jehovah),but they later realize what they have done; the gathering should bring a perfect calf from the herd as a sin offering to the entrance of the Tent of Proofs.
Then [all] the elders of the gathering must lay their hands on the calf’s head and slaughter it before Jehovah.
Thereafter, the Anointed Priest must bring the calf’s blood into the Tent of Proofs,then dip his finger in some of the blood and sprinkle it 7 times before the veil of the Most Holy, there before Jehovah.

‘The Priest must also put some of the blood on the horns of the incense Altar that stands before Jehovah inside the Tent of Proofs.
Then he must pour the rest of the blood at the base of the Altar of whole-burnt offerings, which is by the entrance to the Tent of Proofs.
He must cut off all its fat and offer it on the Altar,dealing with it in the same way as he does with the calf of the sin offering.
That’s how the Priests must pay for their sins, and then their mistakes will be forgiven.
After that, they must take the rest of the calf outside of the camp and burn it in the same way as the other calf.
This is the sin offering for the [entire] gathering.

‘And if one of the leaders should unknowingly break one of the Commandments of his God Jehovah (something he shouldn’t have done in sin and error),and then he realizes that he has sinned;
The gift he must offer is a perfect male kid goat.He must put his hand on the head of the kid and slaughter it where they slaughter the whole-burnt offerings before Jehovah, as a sin offering.
Then the Priest must put some of the blood of the sin offering on the horns of the Altar of whole-burnt offerings with his finger, and pour the rest of the blood at the base of the Altar.
Thereafter, he must offer all of its fat on the Altar as the sacrifice of the peace offering.
[This is how] the Priest must pay for [the leader’s] sin, so that it may be forgiven.

‘And if a person among the people of the land should sin unknowingly against any of the Commandments of Jehovah by doing something that shouldn’t be done,and then he realizes that he has sinned; he must bring a perfect female kid goat for the sin that he has committed.
He must put his hand on the head of his sin offering and slaughter the kid of the sin offering where they slaughter the whole-burnt offerings.And the Priest must then take some of its blood on his finger and wipe it on the horns of the Altar of whole-burnt offerings.
After that, he must pour the rest of the blood out at the base of the Altar.Then he must remove all the fat and offer it as a sacrifice of a peace offering.
The Priest must offer it on the Altar as a sweet odor to Jehovah.
[This is how] the Priest must pay for [the person’s] sin, so that it may be forgiven.

‘But if he offers a lamb for his sin offering, it should be a perfect female.
He must put his hand on the head of the sin offering and slaughter it where they kill the whole-burnt offerings.Then the Priest must take some of the blood of the sin offering on his finger and wipe it on the horns of the Altar of whole-burnt offerings, and he must pour the rest of the blood around the base of the Altar.
He must also cut off all its fat, the same as he would for the lamb of the peace-offering sacrifice, and the Priest must put it on the Altar as a whole-burnt offering to Jehovah.
[This is how] the Priest must atone for the person’s sin, so that it can be forgiven.

Chapter 5

‘And if a person sins by witnessing, seeing, or knowing of someone that has sworn an oath [of vengeance] against another and fails to report it, he is guilty of a sin.
And whoever touches anything that is dirty, such as the filth of animals, or dead things [such as] a dead unclean animal or [the rotting] body of cattle,or whoever touches any kind of filth from a man that would make him unclean – even if he doesn’t realize it, but comes to know about it later – he has sinned.
Or if some unrighteous person has decided to use his lips to swear an oath to do evil or good – even if a person doesn’t realize it, but comes to know of it [later] – he has sinned by doing this.
He must admit that he has sinnedand [pay for] his sin against [Jehovah by bringing] a female lamb from his flock or a goat kid as a sin offering, which the Priest must [offer] in payment for his sin.
Then he will be forgiven.

‘And if he can’t afford a sheep; he must bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons to Jehovah. One [must serve] as a sin offering, and the other as a burnt offering.
He must carry them to the Priest, and the Priest must [sacrifice] the sin offering first. He must pinch off the head at the neck, but not cut up the body.
Then he must sprinkle the blood of the sin offering on the side of the Altar, and pour the rest of the blood at the base of the Altar… because this is a sin offering.
Then the 2nd [bird] must serve as a whole burnt offering for the Priest, to atone for the sins that the person has committed.

‘And if he can’t afford a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons; the gift that he should bring for his sin offering must be a quart of fine flour.
He shouldn’t put frankincense or oil on it, because it is a sin offering.
He must carry it to the Priest, who must take a handful of it and lay a portion of it on the Altar as a whole-burnt offering to Jehovah and as a sin offering.
So the Priest must offer payment for the way that the person has sinned in these matters, and [the person] will be forgiven.
Then, whatever remains of the flour offering will belong to the Priest.’

And the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘The person that is truly unaware and unknowingly sins against any of the holy things of Jehovah must carry something to Jehovah for his error.
[It must be] a perfect ram from his flock (or its value in the type of silver coins that are accepted in the Holy Place) [to pay] for his mistake.
He must pay for his sin against any of the holy things, and add 1/5th more to it.
He must give it to the Priest, and the Priest must cover his sin with the ram of his error, and then [the person] will be forgiven.

‘And if any person sins and does something that isn’t right and is against any of Jehovah’s Commandments – even if he doesn’t realize it – he is guilty of a sin.
So, he must bring a perfect ram from his flock (or its value in silver) to the Priest for his mistake, and the Priest will [use it] to pay for the sin that he committed in ignorance; then he will be forgiven.
However, he has truly been found guilty of sinning before Jehovah.’

Chapter 6

And the Lord told Moses:‘Whoever sins by ignoring the commandments of Jehovah, and lies about something entrusted to them by a neighbor, or something shared, or stolen, or in any way wrongs his neighbor...
or finds something lost but lies about it, or lies about any sins like these...then when he sins by making such errors, he should return whatever he wrongly acquired by theft, misplaced trust, chance, or lying. Then he must repay the total sum, plus 1/5th. Yes, when he’s disciplined, he’ll pay back whatever he owes.And for his sin offering to the Lord, he will bring a perfect ram from the flocks, of [the same] value of his error. Then, before Jehovah, the priest will see that his sin is paid for; and he’ll be forgiven for whatever sin he committed.’And the Lord told Moses:‘Give Aaron and his sons these instructions… this is the law concerning whole-burnt offerings:
Because whole-burnt offerings are to be left burning on the Altar all night long, the fire on the Altar must be kept burning and not be put out.
Then the Priest must put on the linen tunic and the linen underwear, and carry everything that has been thoroughly burned and consumed by the fire (the whole-burnt offerings) from the Altar and throw [the ashes] nearby.
And after that, he must take off that robe, put on another robe, and carry the burned [ashes] to a clean place outside of the camp.

‘The fire on the Altar must be kept burning all the time and never be allowed to go out.
The Priests must stoke it with wood each morning, so whole-burnt offerings and the fat of the peace offerings can be piled on it.
The fire must always be kept burning on the Altar and it must never be extinguished.

‘This is the law concerning the sacrifices that the sons of Aaron must bring to the Altar before Jehovah:
[The Priest] must scoop a handful of the fine flour of the sacrifice that was offered along with its oil and all the frankincense, and put it on the Altar as a burnt offering and a sweet-smelling odor for Jehovah to remember.
Then Aaron and his sons may eat all that is left. However, it must be eaten without fermentation inside the courtyard of the Tent of Proofs…and it must not be baked with any fermentation.
I am giving a portion of Jehovah’s burnt offering to them, for it is very holy, as are the offerings for sin and the offerings for errors.
All the male Priests must eat it. This is to be the rule for burnt offerings to Jehovah throughout your generations and through the ages.
for whoever touches them will be made holy.’

And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
‘This is the gift that Aaron and his sons must offer to Jehovah on the day that you anoint him:
A quart of fine flour must be sacrificed, half of it in the morning and the other half in the evening.It must be kneaded with oil into rolls [and cooked] in a pan, then offered [on the Altar] in pieces, as a sweet odor to Jehovah.
The Anointed Priest (one of [Aaron’s] sons that is serving in his place) will offer it, and it must all be burned.
This is to be a rule through the ages:
All the sacrifices for the Priests must be totally burned and never be eaten.’

Then the Lord told Moses,
‘Speak to Aaron and his sons and tell them that this is the law of the sin offerings:
The sin offerings must be slaughtered before Jehovah in the same place as the whole burnt offerings, for they are very holy.
The Priest that offers it must also eat it in a holy place in the courtyard of the Tent of Proofs.
Anyone that touches its flesh must be holy, and all those whose clothes have been sprinkled with its blood must be washed in the Holy Place.
Thereafter, the clay pots that held [the sacrifice] must be broken.
However, if it was put in a brass pot, [the pot] must be scoured and washed in water.
Then all the male Priests must eat it as something that is very holy to Jehovah.
But, none of the blood of the sin offering that is carried into the Tent of Proofs to pay for sins in the Holy Place may be eaten. It must be burned with fire.

Chapter 7

‘This is the law of the Ram Offering for Errors, because it is the most sacred of the offerings:
They must butcher the Ram-Offering for Errors before Jehovah in the same place that they butcher the whole-burnt offerings, and the blood must then be poured around the base of the Altar.
Thereafter, they must remove all of the fat that is on the loins and around the entrails,as well as on the two kidneys and the fat on them that is close to the thighs and on the lobe of the liver, which should be removed along with the kidneys.
Then the Priest must offer them on the Altar as an offering of submission to Jehovah, because this is an offering for errors.
This [sacrifice] should thereafter be eaten by all of the males among the Priests in the Holy Place, because this is the holiest of the holies.
The offering for errors is performed just like the offering for sins, since these are considered to be the same thing. And [the sacrifice] will thereafter belong to whichever Priest does the offering.
Also, the hide of any animal that is brought as a whole-burnt-offering will belong to the Priest.

‘In addition; any sacrifice that is baked, or grilled, or fried will belong to the Priest that offers it.
And every sacrifice that is prepared with or without olive oil will be divided among the sons of Aaron equally.

‘This is the Law of the Sacrifice of Salvation that they must bring before Jehovah:
If it is to be an offering of praise, he must bring a sacrifice of unfermented bread made of fine flour mixed with olive oil and pan-fried flat bead that is made of fine flour mixed with olive oil and smeared with olive oil.
Then along with the unfermented bread, he must offer a gift as part of the sacrifice of praise for his salvation.
And along with his gift offerings, he must bring a portion that is to be set aside for Jehovah, which will then belong to the Priest that pours out the blood of the offering.
Also, the meats of the Sacrifice of Praise for Salvation will belong to the Priest. This must be eaten on the day it is presented, and none may be left over until the next morning.

‘If an offering is being made voluntarily as part of a vow, the person should bring his gift offering on whichever day he has chosen for his sacrifice, and it can be eaten on the following morning.
But any meats that are brought must be incinerated on the 3rd day.
And if he eats any of the meat on the 3rd day, the sacrifices will have been rejected and are no longer accepted on his behalf, because they are viewed as defiled.
So, the person that eats it will continue to bear his sins.

‘Also, all meats that have touched anything unclean may not be eaten. Rather, they must be incinerated in a fire, since all that are clean must eat meat that is clean.
And no person may eat any of the meat of the Sacrifice for Salvation that has been offered to Jehovah, for this will make him unclean and he must be destroyed from among his people.
In addition, any person that touches something unclean, such as the uncleanness of a person, or of a four-footed animal, or something disgusting from anything that is unclean, and then the person eats some of the meats of the Peace Offering that is presented to Jehovah;
That person must be destroyed from among his people.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Speak to the sons of IsraEl and tell them that they must not eat the fat of sheep, oxen, or goats.
And while the fat of decaying flesh or of that which has been killed by wild animals may be used for work, it may not be eaten.
Also, anyone that eats the fat of cattle that he has brought to Jehovah as an offering of submission must be destroyed from among his people.Nor may you eat the blood of any cattle or birds in your home.
for any person that eats blood must be destroyed from among his people.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Speak to the sons of IsraEl and tell them that anyone that brings a Peace Offering to Jehovah must also bring the gift of a Salvation Offering.
In his own hands, he must carry these offerings to Jehovah:
The fat on the breast and on the lobe of the liver… he must bring this and place it as a gift before Jehovah.
Then the Priest will offer it on the Altar, and the breast will be given to Aaron and to his sons.

‘You must also cut off the right shoulder of the Salvation Offering and give it to the Priest.
The right shoulder of the Salvation Offering belongs to the one from among the sons of Aaron who offers up the blood and the fat.
So, I have taken the breast of the Offering of the Blessings and the cut-off portion of the right shoulder from the sacrifices of the sons of IsraEl and given it all to Aaron the Priest and to his sons.
This is to be a law through the ages for IsraEl,since this is [part of] the anointing of Aaron and his sons… it is their portion of the Offering of the Blessings that Jehovah gave to them on the day that He appointed them to officiate as Priests to Him,and when He appointed them and anointed them from among the sons of IsraEl as an age-long law through the generations.’

These are the laws of the whole burnt offerings, of the sacrifices for sins and for errors, of the consecration, and of the sacrifices of the Salvation Offerings,in the way that the Lord gave these instructions to Moses on Mount SinAi on the day that He ordered the sons of IsraEl to bring their gift offerings before Jehovah, there in the SinAi Desert.

Chapter 8

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Go get Aaron and his sons, along with their robes, the anointing oil, a calf for a sin offering, two rams, and a basket of fermentation-free bread;then assemble the whole gathering at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs.

So Moses did just as the Lord told him. He assembled the gathering at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs,and Moses told them:
‘This is what Jehovah has commanded us to do.’
So, he brought Aaron and his sons forward and washed them with water.Then he wrapped him in the robe, tied on the sash, and he put the tunic and the Word of Judgment on him.
He wrapped [the tunic] so the Word of Judgment would fit, and clasped it tightly before putting on the Word of Judgment, and he laid the Revelation and the Truth on top of that.

Next, he put the turban on [Aaron’s] head and mounted the gold plate (this most holy thing) on the front of the turban, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.

Then Moses took the anointing oiland sprinkled it on the Altar 7 times to anoint the Altar and make it holy (along with everything on it, including its base and the basin).
He made them holy, and he anointed the Tent and all its furniture, making them holy.

Then Moses poured anointing oil on Aaron’s head to anoint him and make him holy.
And Moses brought up Aaron’s sons, put on their robes and wrapped on their sashes; then he put on their turbans, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Next, Moses brought over the calf for the sin offering.
So, Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the sin-offering calf,and Moses slaughtered it. Then he took some of the blood and rubbed it on the horns of the Altar with his finger, to purify it; and he poured the rest of the blood at the base of the Altar, to make it holy, so that it could be used to pay for sins.
Thereafter, Moses took all the inner fat plus the liver and kidneys and the fat around them, and he offered it on the Altar.
Then he burned the rest of the calf (its skin, flesh, and dung) in a fire outside of the camp, just as The Lord had commanded Moses.

Moses then brought over the ram for the whole-burnt offering.
Aaron and his sons also laid their hands on its head and Moses slaughtered the ram, pouring the blood around the Altar.Then he divided the ram by each of its limbs, and Moses offered up the head, the limbs, and the fat, after washing the feet and belly with water.
So Moses offered the whole ram on the Altar as a burnt offering, and it was burned as a sweet-smelling odor to Jehovah, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

After that, Moses brought over the 2nd ram (the last ram), and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on its head, and he slaughtered it.
So Moses took its blood and put some on the tip of Aaron’s right ear, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot.
Then Moses brought in Aaron’s sons and put the blood on the tips of their right ears, on the thumbs of their right hands, and on the big toes of their right feet; and Moses poured the rest of the blood around the Altar.

Then he took the fat, the rump, the belly fat, the liver and kidneys and the fat that’s on them, as well as its right shoulder.
And from the basket of consecration that was before Jehovah, he took one fermentation-free loaf, one loaf made with oil, and one cake (along with the fat and the right shoulder),and put them all in the hands of Aaron and his sons, who waved them before Jehovah.
Then Moses took it from their hands and put it all on the Altar as the whole-burnt offering of the last lamb; and it was burned as an offering to Jehovah, providing a sweet-smelling odor to Him.
Finally, Moses took the last lamb’s breast and set it aside before Jehovah, and this was given to Moses as his portion, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Thereafter, Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood that was on the Altar, and sprinkled it on Aaron and his garments, and on his sons and their garments.
[By doing this], he made Aaron and his garments, as well as his sons and their garments, holy.

Then Moses said to Aaron and his sons:
‘Now, boil the flesh in the Holy Place inside the Tent of Proofs, and eat it there along with the loaves in the last basket, just as the Lord told me when He said,
Aaron and his sons must eat this.
After that, you must burn whatever is left of the flesh and loaves in a fire.And then you must stay inside the entrance to the Tent of Proofs until the end of 7 days. For in 7 days, He will make you perfectin the same way as He did on the day that the Lord commanded me to do this to pay for your sins.
You must remain inside the entrance to the Tent of Proofs for 7 days and nights… you must obey this rule of Jehovah so that you won’t die, for that is what Jehovah God has commanded.’

Well, Aaron and his sons then followed the instructions that the Lord gave as commandments to Moses.

Chapter 9

It was on the 8th day that Moses called Aaron and his sons out before IsraEl’s elders.
And Moses said to Aaron:
‘Now, select a perfect young calf from the herd as a sin offering and a ram as a whole-burnt offering, then offer them before Jehovah.And tell the elders of IsraEl:
Take one goat kid to be a sin offering, and take a young calf and a perfect yearling lamb as whole-burnt offerings,as well as a calf and a ram as peace offerings to Jehovah, along with fine flour that is mixed with oil, because the Lord is going to appear among you today!

So, just as Moses commanded, they brought [the animals] to the Tent of Proofs, and the entire gathering came and stood before Jehovah.
Then Moses said:
‘This is what Jehovah told us to do… for after that, the glory of the Lord will appear among you.’

And Moses told Aaron:
‘Now, approach the Altar and offer your sin offering and your whole-burnt offering so as to pay for the sins of you and your family… and then you must offer gifts for the people to pay for their sins, just as the Lord commanded.’

So Aaron went to the Altar and slaughtered the calf as his sin offering.
Then Aaron’s sons brought the blood to him, and he dipped his finger in it and put some on the horns of the Altar; and thereafter, he poured the rest of the blood at the base of the Altar.
Next, he offered the fat, the kidneys, and the liver on the Altar as a sin offering, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.
Then the flesh and hide were burned in a fire outside of the camp.

After that, he slaughtered the whole-burnt offering; and Aaron’s sons brought the blood to him, which he poured all around the Altar.
Then they brought the whole-burnt offering (which they had cut in pieces), and he laid the head on the Altar.
Then he washed the belly and feet with water, and put them on the Altar.

Thereafter, he brought up the gifts for the people. He took the goat, which was the people’s sin offering, and slaughtered it and washed it, as before.
Next, he brought the whole-burnt offering, and he offered it in the proper way,carrying the sacrifice in his hands and laying it on the Altar beside the whole-burnt offering that had been offered up in the morning.

Then he slaughtered the calf and the ram as peace-offering sacrifices for the people.
So, Aaron’s sons brought the blood to him, which he poured all around the Altar,and he put the calf’s fat, as well as the hindquarters of the ram, the fat on its belly, its kidneys and the fat on them, the membrane around the liver,as well as the fat on the breasts, and offered it on the Altar.
Then Aaron set aside the breast and right shoulder as a choicest offering before Jehovah, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Then, after he had offered up the sin offering, the whole-burnt offerings, and the peace offerings, Aaron raised his arms over the people and blest them before coming back down,and both Moses and Aaron went into the Tent of Proofs.
Then when they came out, they blest all the people, and at that, the Lord’s glory appeared to all the people.
Also, fire came from Jehovah that consumed the offerings on the Altar (both the whole-burnt offerings and their fat); and when all the people saw this, they were stunned and fell to their faces.

Chapter 10

Then two of Aaron’s sons (NaDab and AbiUd) took their censers, put incense and fire in them, and offered it before Jehovah in a way that is quite different from what they had been commanded.
And after they did that, fire came from the Lord and consumed them, causing them to die there before Jehovah.

So Moses said to Aaron:
‘Jehovah told us that He must be treated as holy by those who approach Him, and He must be glorified before the whole congregation!’

Well, Aaron was devastated by this.

Then Moses called MisaDae and EliShaphan ([two of] the sons of Aaron’s uncle OziEl) and said to them:
‘Come here and remove your brothers from in front of the Holy Place, then [carry their bodies] outside of the camp!’

So they came and took them (while they were still wearing their [Priestly] outfits) outside of the camp, just as Moses had said.
Then Moses said to Aaron, EliEzer, IthaMar, and his remaining sons:
‘Now, don’t uncover your heads or tear your clothes, unless you also want to die and bring [God’s] rage down upon the entire congregation, for then your brothers and the entire house of IsraEl would start mourning this burning that came from Jehovah!
And don’t leave the entrance to the Tent of Proofs or you will die, because Jehovah’s anointing oil is upon you!’

Well, they did just as Moses told them.

Then the Lord spoke to Aaron and said:
‘Hereafter, you and your sons must not drink any wine or liquor before you enter the Tent of Proofs or before you approach the Altar, lest you should die!
This is [to be] a law through the ages [for all your] generations!
For [you must be able to] recognize the difference between what is sacred and what is profane, and between what is clean and what is unclean!
And [you must] teach the children of IsraEl all the laws that [Jehovah gave] them through Moses.’

Then Moses told Aaron, EliEzer, IthaMar, and Aaron’s surviving sons:
‘Now, take the remaining sacrifices among the burnt offerings for Jehovah and eat [them with] fermentation-free bread close to the Altar; because, that is a very holy [place].
Eating the burnt offerings to Jehovah in the Holy Place will be the law for you and your sons; for He has commandedthat you, your sons, and your families must eat the breast that has been set aside [for you], as well as the choicest shoulder, in the Holy Place.
This is the rule for you and your sons concerning the peace-offering sacrifices [that are brought by] the children of IsraEl.
They must bring the choicest shoulder and [they must] separate the breast from the burnt offerings of fat as a separate division before Jehovah.
This is to be the rule for you, as well as for your sons and daughters through the ages, just as the Lord commanded Moses.’

Well, when Moses started looking for the goat of the sin offering, [he found that] it had already been burned in the fire.
So Moses became very angry with EliEzer, IthaMar, and Aaron’s remaining sons, and he said:
‘Why didn’t you eat the sin offering here in the Holy Place? It is a very holy [thing that Jehovah] has given you to eat before Him, so you can remove and pay for the sins of the entire gathering.
Not even its blood was brought into the Holy Place… and Jehovah commanded you to eat [the sacrifice] here before Him!’

So Aaron asked Moses:
‘Well, if they bring their sin offerings and whole-burnt offerings to Jehovah today, and we eat the sin offerings that are brought today (despite what we have done), would that be pleasing to the Lord?’

And when Moses heard this, he was pleased.

Chapter 11

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and told them,
‘Speak to the sons of IsraEl and tell them that these are the animals that you may eat among all the animals on the ground:
You may eat any animal with a split hoof or that has a split between its two claws and chews the cud.However, you may not eat those that just chew the cud or those that just have split hoofs or a split between the claws, [such as] the camel, because it chews the cud, but it doesn’t have a split hoof; so, this is something that’s unclean to you.
[This includes] the rabbit, because it chews the cud but it doesn’t have a split foot; so, it is unclean to you.
This [is also true] of the hare, because it doesn’t chew the cud and it doesn’t have a split foot; so, it is unclean to you,as are pigs, because they have split hoofs and claws on each hoof, but they don’t chew the cud; so, they are also unclean to you.
You must not eat their flesh or touch their dead bodies, because they are unclean to you.

‘These are the things that you may eat, [which live] in the water:
You may eat anything that has fins and scales [that lives in] the water, whether in the seas or in the rivers.
However, anything that lives in the water but doesn’t have fins or scales (whether in the seas or in the rivers)… all else that lives in the water or comes out of the water is disgusting, and you are to consider it disgusting.
You must not eat their flesh and you must dislike their dead bodies.
You must view anything that lives in the water and doesn’t have fins or scales as disgusting!

‘These are the things that you must dislike among the flying creatures… things that must not be eaten but are to be considered disgusting:
Eagles, ospreys, sea eagles,vultures, kites, and the like;ostriches, owls, seagulls, and the like;ravens and the like; hawks and the like;night ravens, cormorants, storks,ibis, pelicans, swans,herons, sandpipers, and the like, as well as hoopoes and bats.

‘Also, all winged creatures that crawl on all fours are [to be considered] disgusting by you.
You can eat crawling winged creatures that move on all fours but have legs above their feet and jump around on the ground.
These include migratory locusts and the like, tree locusts and the like, crickets and the like, and grasshoppers and the like.
But, any [other thing] that crawls and flies is to be considered disgusting by you;and if you touch their dead bodies you will be unclean and will remain unclean until the evening.
All that touch their dead bodies must wash their clothes and then be [considered] unclean until the evening.

‘Any dead bodies of animals that have split hooves and claws but don’t chew the cud will be unclean to you, and everyone that touches them will be unclean until the evening.
Also, any wild animals that walk on four paws are unclean to you, and anyone that touches their dead bodies will be unclean until the evening.
If you touch their dead bodies, you must wash your clothes and be [considered] unclean until the evening. For all of such things are unclean to you.

‘These crawling [animals are also] unclean for you among the slithering creatures:
weasels, mice, crocodiles,ferrets, chameleons, geckos, newts, and sand lizards.
Among all the crawling animals on the earth, these are unclean for you, and anyone that touches their dead bodies will be unclean until the evening.

‘And if one of the dead bodies of these unclean [things] should fall on a wooden container, or on clothing, or on leather, or on a sack, or on anything that is used for work; [the item] should be washed in water and be unclean until the evening… then it will be clean.
Also, if one of these [animals] should fall into a clay pot or bowl; whatever is inside it will be unclean and it must be broken.
Any edible food that the water was poured on, or any beverage that was in such a vessel, will be unclean.
Everything that their dead bodies fall on will be unclean. Ovens and tables must be broken down, because they are unclean, and they are unclean for you.
Springs, pools, and moving water will be clean, but anyone that touches dead bodies will be unclean.

‘If one of these dead bodies should fall on seeds that have been planted, the [seeds] are clean.
However, if water has been poured on the seeds and then one of their dead bodies fall on it, it is unclean to you.

‘If one of the cattle that the Law allows you to eat should die [naturally]; whoever touches the body will be unclean until the evening.
Whoever eats such a body must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening. And anyone that carries their bodies must wash their clothes, take a bath, and be unclean until the evening.

‘All slithering animals that crawl on the ground must be [considered] disgusting by you and never be eaten.And any slithering creatures that crawl along the ground on their bellies must not be eaten… you should consider them disgusting.
You shouldn’t dirty your lives with any slithering creatures that crawl on the ground. If you don’t allow them to pollute you, they won’t make you unclean.
for I am Jehovah your God who makes you holy, and you must remain holy, since I (Jehovah your God) am holy.
Therefore, you must not dirty your lives with any of the slithering things that crawl on the ground.
For I am Jehovah who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God. So, you must be holy, because I (Jehovah) am holy.’

These are the laws concerning [four-footed] animals, flying creatures, everything that lives and moves in the water, and all creatures that crawl on the ground,[so that you might understand] the difference between what is clean and unclean, and between those that give birth alive that can be eaten, and those that shouldn’t be eaten.

Chapter 12

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘You must speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them this:
Whenever a woman gets pregnant and gives birth to a male child, she must be [considered] unclean for 7 days, just as she is [considered] unclean during her monthly [menstrual] periods.
Then on the 8th day, she must circumcise [her son’s] foreskin flesh.
And for [the next] 33 days, she must continue as in [a state] of an unclean blood [flow]; so, she should not touch anything holy and [she] must not enter the Holy Place until the full period of her purification is fulfilled.
But if she gives birth to a female child, she must be considered unclean for 14 days, and for the next 66 days she will remain [as in a state] of an unclean blood flow.

‘When her period of purification for [giving birth to] a son or daughter is completed, she must bring a perfect yearling lamb to the Priest at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs as a whole-burnt offering, and bring a young pigeon or a turtledove as a sin offering.
Then [the Priest] must present it before Jehovah and offer it to pay for her sins and her flow of blood.
This law applies to her, whether she gives birth to a male or a female.
However, if she can’t afford a lamb, she must bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons… one [to be sacrificed] as a whole-burnt offering, and the other as a sin offering.
The Priest will use these to pay for her sins and to purify her.’

Chapter 13

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, and said:
‘If anyone should [develop] a bright clear spot on his skin that looks like the plague of leprosy, he must be brought to Aaron (the Priest) or to one of his sons (the Priests),and the Priest should examine the spot.
If the hair in the spot has turned white and the spot is under the skin, it is leprosy; so, the Priest that looked at it must pronounce him unclean.
But if the spot on the skin is clear and white and doesn’t appear to be deep under the skin and the hair hasn’t turned white (but is dark), the Priest must quarantine him for 7 days.
Then on the 7th day, the Priest must look to see if the spot is still there. [If it is] and if the spot hasn’t spread; the Priest should quarantine him for 7 more days.
Then on the 7th day, the Priest should examine him a second time to see if the spot has started to darken. If it hasn’t, and if it isn’t spreading in his skin, the Priest will pronounce him clean, for it is just a scar.
Then the person must wash his clothes and [he will] be [considered] clean.

‘However, if the bright spot changes and spreads in the skin after the Priest has looked at him and called him clean; he must return to the Priest again,and the Priest must reexamine him.
Then if he finds that the mark has spread inside the skin, the Priest must pronounce him unclean… for it is leprosy.

‘If a man [thinks he] has the plague of leprosy, he must go to the Priestand the Priest should examine him.
Then if [he finds] a white spot under the skin where all the hair has turned white and there are signs of good flesh in the sore;this is leprosy that has matured in the skin. So the Priest must pronounce him unclean and quarantine him, because he is unclean.

‘But if the leprosy becomes very visible and it covers all the person’s skin wherever the Priest looks, from his head to his feet,and this is what the Priest finds; {Look!} the Priest must pronounce him clean of the plague, because once everything has turned white, he is clean.
But if new flesh starts to appear again, he must be pronounced unclean.
For if the Priest finds sound flesh; this sound flesh proves that he is unclean and that he has [active] leprosy.
Then if the sound flesh changes back to white once again, he must return to the Priest,and the Priest must examine him.
If he then sees that the plague has all turned white, the Priest must pronounce him clean, for he is clean.

‘And if [anyone] should develop a sore in his skin that heals,then it turns white, or lighter, or very red; it should be examined by the Priest.
And if, when the Priest looks at it, he finds that it is growing under the skin and that the hair has turned white; the Priest must pronounce him unclean, because leprosy has broken out in the sore.
But if the Priest finds that there is no white hair and that it isn’t growing under the skin, but that it has a dark color; then the Priest must quarantine him for 7 days.
And if he finds that it is spreading over the skin, the Priest must pronounce him unclean; for a plague of leprosy has broken out in the sore.
However, if the bright spot stays the same and doesn’t spread, it is just a scar, and the Priest must pronounce him clean.

‘But if the skin becomes inflamed and bright red, then appears to heal, but develops splotches that are bright, clear, and white, mixed with red or very white;the Priest should examine him.
If he finds the hair turning white and that the bright color is under the skin, leprosy has broken out.But if he sees that there isn’t any white hair in the inflammation and it isn’t growing under the skin, but is dark; the Priest must quarantine him for 7 days.
Then on the 7th day, the Priest should examine him to see if the spot has spread in the skin. [If it has], the Priest will pronounce him unclean, because of the plague of leprosy that has broken out in the sore.
But if the bright spot doesn’t move and doesn’t spread in the skin, but gets darker; it’s [just] the inflammation of a scar and the Priest will pronounce him clean.

‘And if a man or woman [thinks that they have] developed the plague of leprosy on the head or in the beard,the Priest must examine it.
And if he finds that it is growing under the skin and that the hair has turned thin and yellow, then the Priest will pronounce the person unclean; for the skin is dead and it is leprosy of the head or of the beard.
However, if the Priest finds dead skin, but he sees nothing growing under the skin and there is no yellowish hair; the Priest must quarantine the person for 7 days.
Then on the 7th day, the Priest must examine the person again. And if the dead skin hasn’t spread and there is no yellowish hair on it, and there doesn’t appear to be a hollow spot under the skin,the skin must be shaved everywhere except where the dead skin is, and the person should be quarantined a second time… for 7 more days.
Then on the 7th day, the Priest must look to see if the dead skin has spread to the area that was shaved.
[If it hasn’t], and if there doesn’t appear to be a hollow spot under the skin, the Priest will pronounce him clean, and he must wash his clothes and be clean.

‘However, if the dead skin does spread after he has been purified;the Priest must examine it and affirm that the dead skin has spread… and even if he finds no yellow hair, the person is unclean.
But if the dead skin doesn’t spread and dark hair grows from it, the dead skin has healed and he is clean; so, the Priest must pronounce him clean.

‘Now, if a man or woman develops bright white spots on his or her skin,the Priest must look at it.
And if he just finds bright white spots on the skin, it is psoriasis and he or she is clean.
[The same is true] when someone starts losing his hair; he is just balding and he is clean.
If he loses his hair in the front, he has forehead baldness and is clean.But if white or red blotches should develop in the baldness on [the top of] his head or on his forehead, it is leprosy.
The Priest must examine him, and if he finds white spots or an inflammation in the bald places on top or in the front that look like leprosy,he is [to be considered] a leper.
The Priest must absolutely pronounce him unclean because of the plague on his head.

‘Those that are lepers must wear unbelted clothing and they must cover their heads and their mouths, and they are to call out, Unclean!
They are always to be unclean as long as they have the plague on them.
They are to separate themselves and travel outside of the camp.

‘And if leprosy is found in any wool or linen clothing,or in anything that has been woven with wool or linen thread, or in any leather or things that have been made with skin;or if you find a greenish or reddish coloring in the skin or in the clothing, or in the weaving, or in anything made of skin; it is a plague of leprosy, and you must show it to the Priest.
Then the Priest must examine it and quarantine it for 7 days.

‘Then on the 7th day, the Priest must examine it again; and if he finds that the plague has spread in the clothing, weaving, leather, or in whatever may be made from skin, it is confirmed as leprosy and it is unclean.
Then the clothing, or the wool or linen weaving, or the thing made of skin in which there is the confirmed plague of leprosy, must be burned in a fire.

‘However, if the Priest sees that the plague hasn’t spread in the clothing, weaving, or things made of skin;he must instruct someone to wash the thing that held the plague, and the Priest will quarantine it a second time for 7 days.
Then if the Priest sees that the plague hasn’t changed its appearance in the clothing or woven things after it has been washed (even if it hasn’t spread), it is unclean and it must be burned in a fire.
But if the Priest sees that the spot has turned dark after it was washed, he must cut it out of the clothing, weaving, or skin.
However, if it still looks the same in the clothing, weaving, or skin; it is an active plague of leprosy and it must be burned in a fire.
But if the clothing, weaving, or thing made from skin washes clean, the plague has been removed. It must then be rewashed and be clean.’

These are the laws concerning the plague of leprosy on wool or linen clothing, weaving, and leather goods, to [show whether to] pronounce them as clean or unclean.

Chapter 14

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘This is the law about lepers:
On the day that [a leper] has been cured, a Priest must be brought to himoutside of the camp to look and see if the plague of leprosy has been removed.
Then the Priest must tell the cleansed person to obtain two live, clean birds, some cedar wood, some spun scarlet and some hyssop;and following the Priest’s directions, he must slaughter one of the birds in a clay pot over some running water.
Then [the Priest] must take the living bird, the cedar wood, the spun scarlet and the hyssop, and he must dip them and the living bird into the blood of the bird that was killed, under the running water,and he must [use them to] sprinkle [some of the blood on] the person that was cured of leprosy, 7 times… then he will be clean.
And thereafter, he must set the living bird [free] to fly into the fields.

‘After that, the person that was cured must wash his clothes, shave off all his hair, and wash himself in water; and then he will be clean and he can return to the camp… but he can’t enter his house for 7 days.

‘On the 7th day, he must shave all the hair off his head, beard, eyebrows, and everything else, then wash his clothes and his body in water, in order to be clean.

‘Then on the 8th day, he must take two perfect yearling lambs and one perfect yearling ewe, plus a quart of fine flour that has been kneaded with oil as a sacrifice, and one small cup of oil.
And the Priest that did the cleansing must present the man that is being purified, along with these [offerings], before Jehovah, at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs.
Then the Priest must take the lamb and present it as a compensation offering, along with the cup of oil, and set them aside as special offerings before Jehovah.
Thereafter, they must slaughter the lamb at the Holy Place where they slaughter the whole-burnt offerings and sin offerings, because a compensation offering (like a sin offering) is very holy, and it belongs to the Priest.

‘Then the Priest must take the blood of the compensation offering and put some of it on the tip of the right ear, the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe on the right foot of the person being cleansed.

‘After that, the Priest must take the cup of oil and pour it over his own left hand,then dip the finger of his right hand in some of the oil in his left hand, and sprinkle it before Jehovah with his finger, 7 times.
And the Priest must put the remaining oil (which is on his hand) on the tip of the right ear, on the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of the right foot of the person that is being cleansed, where the [blood of the] compensation offering [was put].
Any oil that is left over on the hand of the Priest should then be put on the head of the cleansed person, and the Priest must [use it to] pay for his sins before Jehovah.

‘Following that, the Priest must sacrifice the sin offering as a payment to Jehovah for the sins of the person that is being purified, and then the Priest must slaughter the whole-burnt offering.
The Priest must offer the whole-burnt offering sacrifice on the Altar before Jehovah to pay for [the person’s] sins, so he can be cleansed.

‘However, if [the person] is poor and can’t afford much, he must bring a lamb as a separate offering to pay for his sins and to soothe his [relationship with God], plus a quart of fine flour mixed with oil for a sacrifice, a cup of oil,and two turtledoves or two young pigeons (whichever he can afford).
One will serve as the sin offering and the other as the whole-burnt offering.
These must be brought to the Priest (before Jehovah) at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs on the 8th day, so he can be purified.
Then the Priest must take the lamb of the compensation offering and the cup of oil, and set them before Jehovah.
After that, he must slaughter the lamb, and the Priest must take its blood and put some of it on the tip of the right ear, on the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of the right foot of the person that is being purified.

‘Following that, the Priest must pour the oil over his own left hand,and sprinkle some of the oil that is on his left hand with the finger of his right hand (before Jehovah), 7 times.
Then the Priest must put some of the oil that is on his hand on the tip of the right ear, on the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of the right foot of the person that is being cleansed, and over the blood of the compensation offering.
Any oil that is left on the hand of the Priest must then be put on the head of the one that is being purified, and the Priest must pay for his sins before Jehovah.

‘Thereafter, he must offer the turtledoves or young pigeons (whichever the person can afford);one for a sin offering, and the other for a whole-burnt offering.
The Priest must use these to soothe the relationship of the person being purified with Jehovah.’

This is the law for the person that has the plague of leprosy and that can’t afford the offerings for his purification.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, and said:
‘When you enter the land of the CanaAnites, which I am giving you to own, I will [allow] the plague of leprosy to [exist] in the houses of the land that you will own.
[So when it is found], the owner of the house must report it to the Priest and say,
I have seen what looks like a plague in [my] house
.
Then the Priest must have the furniture removed from the house before he enters it to look at [what is described as] the plague, so none of the furniture in the house will become unclean.
Thereafter, the Priest can go in and examine the house.

‘When he looks at [what is called] the plague on the walls of the house, and if he sees green or red pits that run beneath the surface of the walls;the Priest must walk outside of the house, [close] its door, and quarantine it for 7 days.
And if the Priest returns to look at the house on the 7th day and finds that the plague has spread in its walls;then the Priest must order the [infected] stones to be removed and thrown into an unclean place.
Thereafter, the entire house must be scraped down and the dust must be poured into an unclean place outside of the city,and scraped stones must be used [to replace the removed] stones.
Then the [whole house] must be re-plastered.

‘However, if the plague returns and breaks out in the house after they have taken away the stones and scraped and re-plastered the walls;the Priest must go in and see if the plague has [truly re-grown] in the house.
[If so], it is a confirmed leprosy in the house, [and the house] is unclean.
So, they must tear down the house – all its timbers and all its stones – and carry everything outside of the city to an unclean place.And anyone that enters that house at any time during its demolition must be [considered] unclean until the evening.
Also, anyone that sleeps in the house or eats there must wash his clothes and be [considered] unclean until the evening.

‘But if the Priest goes in and sees that the plague hasn’t spread in the house at all after it has been re-plastered; the Priest must declare the house clean, because the plague has been cured.
Then to purify the house, he must take two clean, living birds, some cedar wood, some spun scarlet and some hyssop,and he must slaughter one of the birds in a clay pot over running water.
Then he must take the cedar wood, the spun scarlet, the hyssop, and the living bird, and dip them into the blood of the bird that was slaughtered under running water, and use them to sprinkle the house [with the blood] 7 times.
The house will then be purified with the blood of the bird, the running water, the living bird, the cedar wood, the hyssop, and the spun scarlet.
And after that, he must let the living bird go to leave the city for the fields in order to create a good relationship with [God] for the house, and to make it clean.’

This is the law about all plagues of leprosy and dead skin,as well as about the leprosy of clothing, houses,sores, clear spots, and shiny ones,to show what is unclean and what to do when it is cured. This is the law on leprosy.

Chapter 15

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, and said,
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them this:
Whenever a man has gonorrhea in the male [member] of his body, his discharge is unclean.
This is the law concerning the uncleanness caused by gonorrhea in a body, and it describes the uncleanness that is caused by the discharge that is affecting his body for as long as it keeps coming from his body, and of how his body is unclean due to the discharge.

‘Any bed or seat that the person (with the discharge) sits on, is unclean.So, anyone that touches the bed must wash his clothes, take a bath, and be unclean until the evening.
Also, anyone that sits on the seat where the person with the discharge sat, must wash his clothes, take a bath, and be unclean until the evening.

‘Anyone that touches the skin of the man with the discharge must wash his clothes, take a bath, and be unclean until the evening.
And if the man that has the discharge should spit on someone that is clean; [the clean person] must wash his clothes, take a bath, and be unclean until the evening.

‘Any saddle that the man with the discharge has mounted must be unclean until the evening,and anyone that touches things that have been under him will be unclean until the evening.
Also, anyone that picks him up with his hands must wash his clothes, take a bath, and be unclean until the evening.
In addition; anyone whom the man with the discharge touches (if he hasn’t washed his hands in water) must wash his clothes, take a bath, and be unclean until the evening.

‘Any clay pot that the person with the discharge happens to touch must be broken; but, any wooden bowl can be washed in water, and it will be clean.

‘However, if [the man] should be cured of the discharge; he must wait for 7 days before he can be called clean.
Then he must wash his clothes, take a bath, and he will be clean.
And on the 8th day, he must obtain two turtledoves or two young pigeons and bring them before Jehovah at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs, and give them to the Priest.
Then the Priest must offer one as a sin offering and the other as a whole-burnt offering.
Thereby, the Priest will pay for [the man’s] sins before Jehovah, for the discharge.

‘Any man that ejaculates semen must wash his whole body and be unclean until the evening.
And every piece of clothing, or any skin on which there is semen, must be washed with water and be unclean until the evening.
Also, when any woman goes to bed with a man and receives his semen, they must both bathe in water and be unclean until the evening.

‘And during the week that a woman is experiencing menstruation; she must separate herself, and anyone that touches her will be unclean until the evening.
Also, everything that she lies on or sits on during [her period of] separation will be unclean.And whoever touches her bed must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and he will be unclean until the evening.
Also, anyone that touches any pot that she sits on, must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening.
And when someone touches her while she’s lying in bed or sitting on a chair; he will be unclean until the evening.
But if anyone lies with her and gets her uncleanness on him; he will be unclean for 7 days, and any bed that he lies on will be unclean.

‘And if a woman has a blood flow for a long time (not just during her period of separation, but if her blood continues to flow after that); as long as it continues the unclean flow, she must separate herself and be unclean.
Then, any bed that she lies on during the outpour must be treated like the bed of her separation, and any chair that she sits on will be unclean, the same as it is during her period of separation.
Anyone that touches it will be unclean, and he must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening.

‘However, after the [unusual] blood flow stops, she must wait 7 days; and thereafter, she will be considered clean.
Then on the 8th day, she must take two turtledoves or two young pigeons and bring them to the Priest at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs,and the Priest must offer one as a sin offering and the other as a whole-burnt offering.
This is how the Priest must pay for her sins before Jehovah for her unclean flow.

‘You must make the children of IsraEl aware of what makes them unclean, so they don’t die for polluting My Tent while they are unclean.
These are the laws concerning men that have gonorrhea, concerning their ejaculation (so, no one is polluted by it),for women to be separated during their menstruation, how males and females are to deal with ejaculated sperm, and what to do with a man that lies with a woman during [her period of] separation.’

Chapter 16

It was after Aaron’s two sons had died for bringing unauthorized fire before Jehovah that the Lord spoke to Mosesand said:
‘Tell your brother Aaron not to come before the Propitiatory that lies upon the Chest of Proofs behind the veil in the Holy Place at just any time, so he doesn’t die! For I will appear in a mist over the Propitiatory.

‘This is how Aaron may enter the Holy Place:
[He must do so] with a calf of the herd as a sin offering, and with a ram as a whole-burnt offering.He must wear the perfect linen tunic and the linen underwear to cover his flesh… he must wrap himself with the linen sash, put on the linen turban (for these are holy garments), and he must wash his entire body in water before he puts them on.

‘Then he must take two kids goats for a sin offering and one lamb for a whole-burnt offering on behalf of the gathering of the children of IsraEl.
Aaron must also bring a calf as a sin offering to cover his own sins and of those of his house.
Then he must take the two goats and stand them before Jehovah at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs,and Aaron must cast lots over the two goats… one [will be] for Jehovah, and the other [will be] the scapegoat.

‘Then Aaron must bring up the goat that the lot [showed was Jehovah’s], and sacrifice it as a sin offering.
And the goat that was chosen by lot as the scapegoat must be presented alive before Jehovah as a cleansing for [the people], then it must be sent away as the scapegoat and released into the desert.

‘Thereafter, Aaron must bring a calf to cover his own sins and slaughter it as a sin offering, to cleanse himself and his house.

‘Then he must take his censer and fill it with coals from the fire on the Altar before Jehovah and fill his hands with fine mixed incense, then bring it inside the veiland put the incense on the [coals] there before Jehovah.
This incense smoke must cover the Propitiatory (under which the tablets that are inside the [Chest of] Proofs have been put), so he doesn’t die.
And after that, he must take the calf’s blood and sprinkle it eastward toward the Propitiatory with his finger… he must sprinkle the blood toward the Propitiatory with his finger, 7 times.

‘Then he must slaughter the goat before Jehovah as the people’s sin offering, and he must bring its blood inside the veil and do the same thing that he did with the blood of the calf… sprinkle its blood on and in front of the Propitiatory.
[By doing this], he will [cleanse] the Holy Place on behalf of the uncleanness of the children of IsraEl… for their errors and all their sins.
He must do these things in the Tent of Proofs that was established there among them amidst all their uncleanness.

‘No one else may be inside the Tent of Proofs when he enters the Holy Place to cover sins – from the time that he enters until the time he leaves – as he pays for his own sins, for those of his house, and for those of the whole gathering of the children of IsraEl.

‘Afterward, he must go outside to the Altar that is before Jehovah and put the blood of the calf and the goat all around the horns of the Altar, to pay for these sins.
Then he must sprinkle some of the blood on the Altar with his finger 7 times, to cleanse it and to make it holy from the uncleanness of the children of IsraEl.

‘After Aaron finishes cleansing the Holy Place, the Tent of Proofs, and the Altar, he must hold a cleansing for the Priests.
He must bring up the living goat,lay his hands on its head, and he must speak of all the errors of the children of IsraEl, all of their unrighteousness, and all of their sins.
He must lay them on the head of the living goat, and then a man must lead it away into the desert.
[By doing this], Aaron will be sending all of their unrighteousness away into the desert on the head of that goat.

‘Thereafter, Aaron must go back inside the Tent of Proofs and remove the linen garments that he put on as he entered the Most Holy, and he must leave them there.
Then he must wash with water inside the Holy Place, put on his [regular] clothes, then go outside and offer one whole-burnt offering for himself and one for the people.
By doing this, he will pay for his own sins as well as for those of his house, those of the Priests, and those of the people.
Then he must offer the fat on the Altar as a sin offering.

‘Also, after the goat is led out of the camp and released [into the desert], the person [that leads it out] must wash his clothes and bathe in water before he reenters the camp.

‘As for the calf and goat for the sin offering whose blood was carried in to pay for sins in the Holy Place; they must be carried outside of the camp and burned in a fire… everything must be burned, including their skin, flesh, and dung.
Then the person that burns them must wash his clothes and bathe in water… and thereafter, he may return to the camp.

‘This is a rule for you through the ages:
On the 10th day of the 7th month, you must humble yourselves; and you, as well as the aliens and strangers that live among you must not do any work.For on that day, [the High Priest] must [offer the sacrifices to] pay for your sins and to cleanse you from all your errors before Jehovah… and this will purge them from you.
This must be a most holy Sabbath for you – a time of rest – and you must humble yourselves… this is to be a rule through the ages.

‘Whichever Priest that they [choose to] anoint must [offer the sacrifices] to pay for the sins.
And whomever they choose to make perfect so as to serve in the Priestly office after his father, must put on the linen robe and the holy garments.
He’s the [only] one that may [enter] the Most Holy inside the Tent of Proofs to pay for sins.
He must then cleanse the Altar and the Priests, and pay for the sins of the entire gathering.
This must be your rule through the ages… that [he must offer sacrifices] for the children of IsraEl to pay for all their sins. And it must be done once each year, just as Jehovah commanded Moses.’

Chapter 17

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to Aaron, his sons, and to all the children of IsraEl, and tell them that this is the command of Jehovahto all of the children of IsraEl, including the aliens that live among you:
If you slaughter a calf, sheep, or goat [as a sacrifice] – whether inside or outside of the camp –[you must] bring it to the entrance of the Tent of Proofs as a sweet smelling whole-burnt offering or as a peace-offering sacrifice to Jehovah for it to be accepted [by Him].
If you slaughter it outside and don’t bring it to the entrance at the front of the Tent of Proofs as a gift to Jehovah, you will be held guilty of shedding the blood, and you must be cut off from your people.

‘Any [clean animals] that the children of IsraEl might carry in from fields as an offering to Jehovah must be brought to the entrance of the Tent of Proofs and to the Priest, who must then sacrifice it as a peace offering to Jehovah.
Then the Priest must pour its blood on and around the Altar before Jehovah and offer the fat as a sweet-smelling odor to Him.

‘Do not waste [your time] by offering sacrifices in [spiritual] adultery.
This is the rule for you through the ages and for all your generations.


‘And you must tell them:
Should any man of the children of IsraEl or of the sons of the converts that are living among you offer a whole-burnt offering as a sacrificeand fail to bring it to the entrance of the Tent of Proofs and offer it there to Jehovah… he must be destroyed from among his people.

‘Also, if any man of the children of IsraEl or any alien that is living among you eats any blood; I will set My face against that person that eats the blood and make him an enemy among his people.
For [the animal’s] blood is the life of its flesh, and I have given it to you [for use] on the Altar to pay for your sins… its blood will pay for the sins in your lives!
That is why I’ve told the children of IsraEl that none of you should eat blood, nor should any aliens that live among you eat blood.

‘And if any man of the children of IsraEl or any alien that is living among you should catch an edible animal while hunting (whether a wild animal or a bird), you must pour out its blood and cover it with dirt;because, the blood of all flesh is its life.
Therefore, I have told the children of IsraEl not to eat the blood of any flesh, because the blood is the life of all flesh, and any person that eats it must be destroyed.
Also, anyone who eats anything that has died on its own or has been [killed] by animals – whether [that person] is a native or an alien – must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening… then he will be clean.
But if he doesn’t wash his clothes or bathe his body in water, he will continue to carry his sin.’

Chapter 18

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them [this]:
I am Jehovah your God!So, you must not do the things that were done in Egypt where you [used to] live, or follow the ways of the [people in] the land of CanaAn where I am taking you… don’t do these [things] and don’t follow their rules!
You must obey and follow My decisions and keep My rules… for I am Jehovah your God!
You must follow all of My rules and all of My decisions… yes, follow them in such a way [that you learn to] live by them; for I am Jehovah your God!

‘No man may approach a close relative and uncover his/her nakedness; for, I am Jehovah.
Don’t uncover your father’s naked [body], or your mother’s naked [body]… she’s your mother, so don’t [undress] her!
Nor should you uncover the naked [body] of your stepmother, because [that is the same as uncovering] your father’s naked [body].

You must not uncover the naked [body] of your sister, whether by your father or by your mother, or whether she’s born at home or somewhere else.
Nor should you uncover the naked [body] of your grandchildren, because that is your own nakedness.
You must not uncover the naked [body] of the daughter of your father’s woman, for she’s your stepsister by your father. So, don’t uncover her nakedness.

‘You must not uncover the naked body of your father’s sister, because she’s your father’s closest relative.
Nor may you uncover the naked [body] of your mother’s sister, for she is your mother’s closest relative.
You must not uncover the naked [body] of your father’s brother, nor may you [have sex] with his woman, because she’s also related to you.

‘You must not uncover the naked [body] of your daughter-in-law, because she’s your son’s woman… so, don’t undress her!
Nor should you uncover the naked [body] of your brother’s woman, because that is also your brother’s nakedness.

‘You must not [uncover] the naked body of a woman and her daughter, and you may not uncover the naked [bodies] of [the woman’s] grandchildren… for that would be disrespectful, since they are also related to you.
Nor should you take your woman’s sister while [your woman is] still alive, because uncovering her sister’s nakedness would be offensive to her.

‘You must not [have sex] with a woman and uncover her naked body while she’s [sleeping apart] during her [menstrual period].
And you must not [have sex] with your neighbor’s woman and dirty yourself with her.

‘You must not give your sperm in service to a ruler, and you must not profane My Holy Name… for I am Jehovah.

You must not go to bed with a male as [you would] with a female, because that is disgusting.
Nor may you lie down and have sex with any animal, for that would pollute you.
And it is disgusting for any woman to offer herself before any animal to have sex with it.

‘Don’t dirty yourselves with any of these things, because these are the things that have dirtied the nations that I’m driving out from before you…they’re the things that are polluting their land, and they’re the reasons why I’m paying them back for their sins!
For even the land is being offended by the people that live there!

‘You must keep all My Laws and all My rules.
And the native peoples and the aliens that come to live among you may not do any of these disgusting things.Because, these are the disgusting things that the people who lived in the land before you did… and it polluted the land!
So, don’t offend the land by polluting it, as did the people that I am driving away.
Any person that does any of these disgusting things must be destroyed from among your people.

‘So, you must keep My rules!
You may not do any of the disgusting things that have been done [in the land] before you get there, and you must not pollute yourselves… for I am Jehovah your God!’

Chapter 19

And the Lord spoke to Moses, and said,
‘Speak to the gathering of the children of IsraEl and tell them this:
You must be holy… for I, Jehovah your God, am holy!

‘Everyone must fear his father and his mother, and you must keep My Sabbaths… for I am Jehovah your God!

‘You must not bow before idols, nor may you mold [statues] as gods for yourselves… for I am Jehovah your God!

‘If you bring a peace-offering sacrifice to Jehovah, it must be offered willingly.
It may be eaten on the day after you sacrifice it; but if any of it should be left over until the 3rd day, it must be totally burned in a fire.For if any of it is eaten on the 3rd day, the entire sacrifice will be considered unfit and it will not be accepted.
Also, the person that eats it will be [guilty] of sin, because he has misused the holy things of Jehovah; so he must be destroyed from among his people.

‘When you harvest your land, you must not completely harvest everything, nor may you pick up anything that falls on [the ground].
And when you pick the grapes in your vineyard, you must not gather them all… you must leave some for the poor and for strangers… for I am Jehovah your God!

‘You must not steal, you must not lie, and you must not provide false testimony as a witness against your neighbor.

‘You must not swear false oaths in My Name, nor may you misuse the Holy Name of your God… for I am Jehovah your God!

‘You must not do anything to harm your neighbor… you must not rob him, nor may the wages of a hired hand be withheld until the [next] morning.

‘You must not make fun of the deaf, nor set traps for the blind; for you must fear Jehovah your God… I am Jehovah your God!

‘You must never judge unrighteously.
You must not mistreat poor people, nor may you show more respect to those that are powerful… you must be just when you judge your neighbors!

‘You must not march in treachery against your nation, and you must not spill the blood of your neighbors… for I am Jehovah your God!

‘You must not dislike your brothers in your hearts, and you must correct your neighbors [whenever they are wrong], so you aren’t found guilty of sin because of something that they are doing.
You must not raise your hands in vengeance or be angry with the sons of your people… you must love your neighbors as you [love] yourselves… for I am Jehovah,and you must obey My Laws!

‘You must not allow your cattle to breed with other types [of cattle]; you must not plant a vineyard with different types of seeds; and you must not wear woven pieces of clothing that are made from different [materials].

‘If anyone goes to bed and has sex with a woman that is the household servant of another man, and she hasn’t been sold or set free by the man’s overseer; they must [both] be punished, but not killed… because, she wasn’t free.
Then for his sin, he must bring a ram as an offering for his error to Jehovah at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs.
There, the Priest must use the ram that is being offered to pay Jehovah for the sin that he committed, and then his sin will be forgiven.

‘And when you enter the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you and plant any fruit trees; you must first purge away the filth [of the land. So, its fruit must be unclean to you, and it may not be eaten for three years.
But in the 4th year, all the fruit will be holy and worthy of praise to Jehovah.
And in the 5th year, you must eat the fruit… for that’s when it will produce a great abundance… I am Jehovah your God!

‘Don’t hold feasts in the mountains, and you must not allow anyone to search for omens in the flights of birds.

‘You must not shave the hair on your head cut short, nor may you shave your beards.
And you must not make cuts on your bodies over [the death of a loved one], nor may you tattoo your bodies… for I am Jehovah your God!

‘You must not allow your daughters to become dirty by making them whores, so the land doesn’t become filled with prostitution and sin.

‘You must keep My Sabbaths and fear My Holy Place… for I am Jehovah!

‘You must not associate with or pollute yourselves with those that speak to [the demons], nor may you have anything to do with witches… for I am Jehovah your God!

‘You must rise before a grey-headed person… [you must] value the faces of elderly men, and you must fear your God… for I am Jehovah your God!

‘And if a stranger should come to [live among] you in your land, you must not make his life difficult.
You must treat strangers as natives, and you must love them as yourselves; for you were once strangers in the land of Egypt. I am Jehovah your God!

‘You must not be unrighteous in your judgments, in your measurements, or in your weights and scales.
You must all have honest weights, scales, and liquid measures… for I am Jehovah your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt!
You must obey and follow all My Laws and rules… for I am Jehovah your God!’

Chapter 20

And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
‘You must also tell the children of IsraEl this:
If any of the children of IsraEl or any of IsraEl’s converts offer their [children] to Moloch, they must be put to death… the [people] in the land must stone him with rocks.
I will set My face against that man and cut him off from his people, because he has given his [child] to Moloch and defiled My Holy Place, dirtying the name of My holy people.

‘And if anyone in the land should in any way choose to overlook what that person did by giving his [child] to Moloch, and fail to put him to death;
I will turn My face against that man and his family, and destroy him and everyone that agrees with him, so he doesn’t go to the rulers and lead the people into [spiritual] adultery.

‘I will also turn My face against any person that commits [spiritual] adultery by becoming a follower of someone that predicts the future by means of [demons] or through witchcraft…
I will destroy [such a person] from among his people.
for you must be holy as I Jehovah your God am holy.
You must obey My rules and follow them; for I am Jehovah who makes you holy.

‘Any person that is found guilty of saying bad things about his father or mother must absolutely be put to death for the bad things that he says about them.

‘When any man commits adultery with another man’s woman, or when anyone commits adultery with his neighbor’s woman; both the adulterer and the adulteress must absolutely be put to death!

‘And if anyone is found guilty of lying down with his father’s woman; he has uncovered his father’s nakedness, so both must absolutely die!

‘And if anyone is found guilty of lying down with his daughter-in-law; both must absolutely be put to death for their lack of respect.

‘And when anyone is found guilty of lying with a male as though he were a female; they have both done something disgusting, so they must absolutely die.

‘It is also a sin when someone takes both a woman and her mother.
They must all be burned in a fire for their badness, so there won’t be any sins among you.

‘Any male that [has sex with] an animal must absolutely be put to death along with the animal.
And if any woman is found guilty of [having sex with] an animal; you must absolutely kill both the woman and the animal.

‘If anyone undresses his sister (by his father or his mother) so they can look at each other’s nakedness; it is disgusting.
They must both be destroyed in front of the other children in their family; for they have sinned by [looking at] each other’s naked bodies.

‘And whenever a man lies down with a woman that is sleeping apart during [her menstrual period] and uncovers her naked body;
He is uncovering the source of her blood flow and seen her blood, so they must both be destroyed from among their generation.

‘You must not undress your father’s sister or your mother’s sister and look at the naked body of the close relative; for both will be guilty of sin.
Whoever [has sex] with a close relative has also uncovered the naked body of his [other] close relative, and they must [both] die childless.
And whoever [has sex] with his brother’s woman has done something that is unclean; for he has uncovered his brother’s naked body, so they must [both] die childless.

‘If you obey and follow all My rules and decisions, you won’t offend the land where I am taking you to live.
You must not [adopt] the customs of the nations that I am driving out before you, because I have disliked them for the things that they are doing.
I have told you that you will inherit their land, and I am giving you this land that flows with milk and honey as your own.
For I am Jehovah your God who is setting you apart from all those nations.

‘You must pay attention to the differences between the clean and unclean cattle, and the clean and unclean birds.
You must not dirty yourselves with [unclean] cattle or birds, or with any of the things that slither on the ground… for I have separated you from such uncleanness.
You must be holy to Me, because I (Jehovah, your God) am holy, and I have set you apart from all other nations as Mine.

‘And if a man or woman is found guilty of telling the future by means of a [demon], or is a witch; he or she must absolutely be put to death.
You must stone the person with rocks.’

Chapter 21

And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
‘Speak to the Priests among the sons of Aaron and tell them that they must not [show themselves to be mourning] the dead in front of the nation.
They may [mourn] for a close relative such as a father, mother, son, daughter, brother,or for a loved virgin sister that isn’t married… they may [show that they mourn] these.
However, they may not show their mourning in front of the people by appearing unclean.
They must not shave their heads bald on top, nor may they shave their beards or cut gashes in their flesh over the dead.
They must be holy to their God, and they may not profane the Name of their God.
They must [remain] holy, because they offer the sacrifices to Jehovah as gifts to their God.

‘They must not take a woman that is a whore, one that has been violated, or one that has been divorced, because these [men] are holy to their God Jehovah.
They must remain holy, because they offer the gifts to their God Jehovah. They must be holy… for I Jehovah (who makes them holy) am holy.

‘Also, if the daughter of a man that is a Priest dirties herself by having immoral sex, she is dirtying the name of her father, and she must be burned in a fire.

‘The Priest that is the chief one among his brothers – the one that has been anointed by having oil poured over his head and who has been made perfect to wear the [Priestly] garments – must not remove the turban from his head, or tear his clothes,or even get close to a dead body… no, he may not profane himself even for his own father or mother.
He may not leave the Holy Place and he must not make the Holy Place of his God unclean, because he wears God’s holy anointing oil… I am Jehovah.

‘[A Priest] may only take a woman that is a virgin and from his own tribe…not a widow, a divorcee, someone that has been violated, or a whore.
He may only take a virgin from his own people as his woman.
He must not profane his seed among his people… for I am Jehovah who makes him holy.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Tell Aaron this:
Through the generations, no man of your tribe that is physically imperfect may be used to offer the gifts to his God.
No one may be used that is blind, lame, has a disfigured nose, deformed ears,a crippled hand or foot,is a hunchback, has cataracts, has lost his eyelashes, has open sores, has a birthmark, or has lost a testicle.

‘None of Aaron the Priest’s seed that is physically imperfect may be used to offer sacrifices to your God because of an imperfection.
Such ones must not go in to offer the gifts to God,for these gifts are very holy.
He may eat the holy things,but he must not approach the veil or get close to the Altar because of his handicap.
He must not dishonor the Holy Place of his God… for I am Jehovah who makes him holy.’

This is what Moses told Aaron, his sons, and all the children of IsraEl.

Chapter 22

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to Aaron and his sons, and warn them to be careful with the holy things of the children of IsraEl, so they don’t profane My Holy Name in anything that they offer to Me in a holy way… for I am Jehovah!
Tell them that throughout their generations, any of their seed that comes before Me to offer the holy things (whatever the children of IsraEl may bring to Jehovah) and do so while they are unclean must be cut off from Me… for I am Jehovah your God!

‘And if any man that is the seed of Aaron the Priest should have leprosy or a running sexual discharge, he may not eat the holy things until he becomes clean.
So, any of them that touch something unclean from a dead body, or that have ejaculated sperm,or that have touched an unclean slithering thing that has defiled him, or that touches an unclean person…that soul will be unclean until the evening.
So, he must not eat any of the holy things until he bathes his body in waterafter sundown… then he will be clean and he can eat all the holy things; for they are his as food.

‘He must not eat anything that dies on its own or has been killed by wild animals, so he isn’t polluted by them… for I am Jehovah!
He must keep My rules so he doesn’t fall into sin over these matters and die because of making himself dirty… for I am Jehovah their God who makes them holy.

‘And no stranger may eat the holy things, including those that travel with the Priests or those that are hired by them.
But if a Priest purchases a [slave] with money, or if [such a one] is born in his house, he or she may eat the [holy] bread.
But if the daughter of a Priest should marry a stranger, she may not eat the offerings from the Holy Place.
However, if the Priest’s daughter is widowed or divorced and has no children, and she returns to her father’s house as when she was young; she may eat her father’s bread… but no stranger may do so.

‘If a man [that isn’t worthy] should eat holy things in ignorance, he must return as much with 1/5th more added, and give the holy things to the Priest.

‘They must not profane the holy things of the children of IsraEl that are offered to Jehovahand thereby bring the sin of error upon themselves when they eat their holy things… for I am Jehovah who makes them holy.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to Aaron, his sons, and to the entire gathering of IsraEl, and tell them this:
Any man among the children of IsraEl or any alien that lives among them in IsraEl that wishes to offer a gift as a confession (as they may choose) – whatever they may bring to Jehovah as a whole-burnt offering –must offer it willingly, and it must be a perfect male from his herd, or of his sheep or goats.
They must not bring anything to Jehovah that isn’t perfect, for I won’t accept it.

‘And whenever a man brings something to Jehovah from his herd or his sheep as a peace offering, or to fulfill a promise, or as a free-will offering; it must be perfect to be accepted… it shouldn’t have any flaws.
They may not offer anything to Jehovah that is blind, lame, has its tongue cut out, has warts, a running sore, or a scar… they must not offer any of these as burnt offerings on the Altar.

‘If a calf or a sheep is missing an ear or has lost its tail, you can slaughter it for yourself; but it is unacceptable [as an offering] for your vows.
This is [also true] of one that has been castrated or has had its testicles crushed… you must not offer it to Jehovah as a sacrifice in your land.

‘And you may not offer any of these gifts to your God at the hand of a stranger, because that would corrupt [the gift] and make it imperfect.
So, [such practices] are unacceptable for you.’


Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Calves, sheep, and goats must suckle their mothers for 7 days from the time they are born; and only after the 8th day may they be accepted as burnt-offering sacrifices to Jehovah…and you must not sacrifice a cow or an ewe and its young on the same day.

‘If you vow to offer a sacrifice to Jehovah out of sheer joy, you must offer it willingly!
It must then be eaten on that same day and not left over until the next morning… for I am Jehovah!

‘You must keep My Commandments and obey them,and you must not profane the Name of your Holy One, for I must be made holy in the midst of the children of IsraEl.
I am Jehovah who makes you holy andwho brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God… I am Jehovah!’

Chapter 23

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them that the feasts of Jehovah that you’re going to call Holy Assemblies, are My feasts.
Therefore, you may work for 6 days, but the 7th day is the Sabbath, a [day of] rest and a Holy Assembly to Jehovah.
You must not work on that day, for it is a Sabbath to [Jehovah… and this covers] everything that you may do!

‘Here are the feasts to Jehovah… the Holy Assemblies that you are to [observe] in each of their seasons:
The 14th day of the 1st month, from evening to evening, is Jehovah’s Passover.
Then the 15th day of that month is the Feast of Fermentation-free bread, so you must eat fermentation-free bread for 7 days.
The 1st [of these] days must be a Holy Assembly for you, and you must not work for anyone on that day.
Then you must offer whole-burnt offerings to [Jehovah during those] 7 days.
And the 7th day will be [another] Holy Assembly for you, [during which] you must not work for anyone.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them:
When you enter the land that I will give to you and you start reaping its harvests, you must bring a bundle of [cut stalks] from the first fruitage of your harvest to the Priest,and he must hold them up and wave the bundle before [Jehovah, in order for Him to] accept it from you.
This must be done on the morning of the 1st day.

‘And on that same day, you must offer a perfect yearling lamb as a whole-burnt offering to Jehovah.
Then, along with this offering of meat, you [must offer] 2 quarts (1.9l) of fine flour mixed with oil as a sweet-smelling sacrifice and a quart of wine as a drink offering to Jehovah.
You may not eat any new bread or roasted grain until this day that you offer the sacrifices to your God.
This is a Law through the ages and throughout your generations for as long as you live.

‘Thereafter, you must count the days, starting from the day after the Sabbath when you offered the bundle of grain that was waved before Jehovah; and after 7 full weeks,on the morning following the last week (or after 50 days), you must bring a food offering to Jehovah.
You must also bring two loaves [of bread] from your homes that are made from 2 quarts (1.9l) of fine flour baked with fermentation as an offering of your first fruitage to Jehovah.

‘And with the bread, you must bring 7 healthy yearling lambs, a calf from your herd, and two perfect male kid goats as whole-burnt offerings to Jehovah.
These food and drink offerings are to be sacrificed as a sweet-smelling odor to Jehovah.
One of the kid goats must be sacrificed as a sin offering, and the 2 yearling lambs are to be offered with the first-fruit bread as a peace offering.
The Priest must set them aside with the first-fruitage loaves as an offering before Jehovah. They will be holy to Jehovah, and they will belong to the Priest that [offers] them.

‘You must designate this as an Assembly Day, and it must be holy to you; so, you may not work for anyone on that day.
This is a rule throughout all your generations, wherever you may live.

‘And when you harvest your land, you must not reap everything in your field, nor may you gather anything that falls during the harvest. You must leave it for the poor and for strangers… for I am Jehovah your God!’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Also, the 10th day of the 7th month is to be the Day of Atonement [when you must pay for your sins]. It [is also] to be a [day of] Holy Assembly for you. You must be very humble [on that day] and present a whole-burnt offering to Jehovah.
You must not do any work on that day, for it is a day when you must pay for your sins before Jehovah, your God.
---------Any person that doesn’t show humility on that day must be cut off from among his people.And any person that works on that day should have his life destroyed from among his people.
Also, you must not do any sort of work!
This is a law through the ages and throughout all your generations, wherever you may live.

‘the 9th day of that month, from evening to evening, is [also] to be a holy Sabbath for you, and you must humble yourselves and keep your Sabbaths.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them this:
The 15th day of the 7th month and the next 7 days are to be the Feast of Temporary Dwellings to Jehovah.
The 1st day must be a Holy Assembly [during which] you may not work for anyone.
You must offer whole-burnt offerings to Jehovah for the next 7 days, and then the 8th day will be a Holy Assembly to you [during which] you must offer whole-burnt offerings to Jehovah.
This is [to be] a free day, so you must not work for anyone.

‘These are the feasts to Jehovah that you are to call Holy Assemblies, [and during which] you are to offer burnt offerings to Jehovah… whole-burnt offerings, food offerings, and drink offerings, each on its day.
This is in addition to the Sabbaths to Jehovah, to your gifts, to all your vows, and to all the free-will offerings that you will bring to Jehovah.

‘On the 15th day of the 7th month, after you have completely harvested all the fruitage of the ground, you must hold a feast to Jehovah for 7 days… and both the 1st and 8th days will be for resting.
On the 1st day, you must bring a large amount of fruit from your trees, some palm-tree branches, some thick tree branches, willow branches, and branches from water willows, as a rejoicing to Jehovah your God… [do this] for 7 days each year.

‘This is to be the law through the ages for all your generations… you must observe this in the 7th month.
You must live in temporary structures for 7 days… yes, all the native people of IsraEl must live in temporary structures,so your descendants can see that I made the children of IsraEl live in such structures when I brought them out of the land of Egypt… for I am Jehovah your God!’

So, this is how Moses explained Jehovah’s feast days to the children of IsraEl.

Chapter 24

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Talk to the children of IsraEl and tell them to bring pure, beaten olive oil [for use in] the lamp so that it may always be kept burningoutside the veil of the Tent of Proofs.
Aaron and his sons must keep it burning before Jehovah continuously from evening until morning.
This is a law through the ages for all your generations.
The lamps on the pure lampstand must be kept burning before Jehovah until morning.

‘Then you must take fine flour and make 12 loaves [of bread] from it.
Each loaf should be made from 2 quarts (1.9l) [of flour].
Place them in two rows, 6 loaves per row, on the pure table before Jehovah,then pour frankincense and salt over each row.
Remember to set these things and the loaves before Jehovah on each Sabbath.
They must continue to be set before Jehovah by the children of IsraEl as a sacred agreement through the ages.
These will all be put there for Aaron and his sons, who must eat it inside the Holy Place… for this is their own very holy portion of the offerings that are made to Jehovah, as [part of] the Law of the ages.’

Well, it so happened that there was this son of an IsraElite woman (whose father was an Egyptian) [that lived] among the children of IsraEl, and he got into a fight in the camp [with a man] whose mother and father were both IsraElites.
Then, [during the fight], the son of the IsraElite woman used God’s Name while cursing… so, they brought him to Moses (his mother’s name was ShalomIth, and she was the daughter of DaBri of the tribe of Dan),and they tied him up and held him for judgment by Jehovah.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Take the man that did the cursing outside the camp, and then everyone who heard [him cursing] must lay their hands on his head, as the whole gathering stones him to death.
Thereafter, speak to the sons of IsraEl and tell them that whoever curses God is sinning,and whoever [curses] using the Name of the Lord must absolutely be put to death, whether he is a native or an alien.
The entire gathering of IsraEl must stone him with rocks and he must die for [swearing vengeance in] Jehovah’s Name.

‘Also, whenever a man strikes another man and kills him, he must absolutely be put to death.
And whenever a man strikes [someone’s] animal and it dies; he must give a life for the life.
And whoever harms his neighbor must have the same thing done to him…bruise for bruise, eye for eye, tooth for tooth. Whatever damage he does to a man must be done to him.
And if a man strikes a man and kills him, he must be put to death.
This one judgment must be the same for both the natives and the aliens… for I am Jehovah your God!’

Well, after Moses said all these things to the children of IsraEl, they took the man that had done the cursing outside the camp and stoned him with rocks… the children of IsraEl did just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.

Chapter 25

Then the Lord spoke to Moses [while he was] on Mount SinAi and told him,
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them this:
When you enter the land that I am giving to you, the ground must [be allowed] to rest during its Sabbaths to Jehovah.
You may plant your fields, prune your vines, and gather their fruitage for 6 years.However, the 7th year will be a Sabbath, during which the land must rest.
During this Sabbath to Jehovah, you may not plant your fields, prune your vines,or gather anything that starts to grow of its own in your fields, nor may you completely gather all the sacred grapes; for that is to be a year of rest for the ground.
However, during the Sabbaths on the land, [there will be enough] food for you and for your male and female servants, those that work for you, as well as for any aliens that live among you.
But, as for your cattle and the wild animals that live on your land; they may eat whatever they wish.

‘Thereafter, you must keep track and [count off] 7 Sabbaths of years (7 times 7 years) to make 7 weeks of years, or 49 years.
Then in the 7th month, on the 10th day of the month (on the Day of Atonement), you must sound a trumpet and send a proclamation throughout the entire land with trumpeting.
For, that year (the 50th year) is to be holy, and you must proclaim a release on the land and on all that live on it… it is to be a year of setting free.
It’s a Signal to you that each person may then return to his home and his family.

‘The 15th year must be a Signal of Release among you.
So, you may not plant or harvest any of the produce that grows from the ground on its own, or gather any of its sacred fruit.for it is to be the Signal of Release, and it must be holy to you, during which you must eat the [stored] crops that you have harvested from the fields.

‘In the year of the Release Signal, everyone must [be allowed] to return home.
So, if you sell [your land] to a neighbor, or if you should buy your neighbor’s [land], it must not be [held permanently].
You must count the number of years after each Release Year from the time that you purchase [land] from your neighbor, then [figure out] how many years [you may own it] and how much you will likely harvest from it…the more years, the higher the [land’s] value.
So, when there are few years, there is less value, since there will be fewer crops, and [the price] should be [set lower].
No man should oppress his neighbor, for you must fear your God Jehovah… I am Jehovah your God!

‘You must keep all My Laws and decisions and obey them. For if you follow and obey them, you will live in the land in safety,the ground will provide abundantly, you will have plenty to eat, and you will live there in security.

‘Now, if you should ask what you will eat during the 7th year if you don’t plant anything or pick your fruit;I will send My blessings in the 6th year, and the land will produce abundant crops during [the previous] three years.
Then you will start planting again in the 8th year and eat from your stored crops until the 9th year… yes, until its crop comes in, you will eat from the stored crops.

‘Therefore, no land may be sold permanently, since all the land is Mine and you are just aliens and travelers before Me.
So, any land that you [buy] must also be repurchased.
If your brother that lives near you is poor and has to sell [you] some of his land, and his relative should thereafter come to assist him; he must be allowed to buy back the land that his brother sold.
Or if he has no such relative and he starts to prosper and finds enough money to buy it back himself;he must calculate how many years the land has been sold, and pay the person to whom he sold it a fair amount… and then it should be returned.
But if he hasn’t prospered enough to buy back the property; the one that bought it will own the land through the 6th year before the year of Release… then it should be returned and its owner can go back to his land.
---------------–--

‘Also, if your brother that lives among you becomes poor and needs to [borrow some money] from you; you must help him as you would an alien or a traveler, so that your brother may continue to live among you.
You must not charge him interest or [tell him] to pay you more; for you must fear your God… I am Jehovah!
And you must [help] your brother to keep living among you.
You must not lend your money to him for interest, and you must not lend him any food and expect him to pay you back with more,for I am Jehovah your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt to give you the land of CanaAn and to be your God.

‘And if your brother should become so bad off that he sells himself to you; he must not serve and work as your slave…you must treat him like a hired person or as a traveler, and he will only work for you until the Year of Release.
Then, during the Release, he and his children will leave as a family, and they will hurry back to their family possessions,because they are My servants whom I brought out of the land of Egypt.
So, they can’t be sold as slaves,nor may you force them into hard labor; for you must fear Jehovah your God.

‘If you wish to purchase male and female slaves; buy them from the nations that live around you.
You may also buy the sons of the travelers that live among you. You may buy them and their relatives… all that live in your land may become your possessionand may be left as an inheritance to your children after you, and be your [family] possession through the ages.
However, you must never oppress your brothers of the children of IsraEl by forcing them to do hard labor.

‘And if an alien or a traveler that lives among you should become rich, and your brother that is in need is sold to the alien or traveler that lives among you, or to an [IsraElite] convert;
After he has been sold, one of his brothers must buy him back.An uncle, a cousin, or another close relative from his tribe must be allowed to buy him… or if he gets wealthy, he may buy himself back.

‘The person that buys him must calculate how many years there were from the time that he sold himself until the Year of Release, and then pay the amount that would be paid to a hired person during that number of years.
And if anyone has [enough money] to pay [the wages] for all those years, he must pay the ransom.
If there is just a short time until the Year of Release; he will pay the ransom [for that short period].
[Also, the person that buys him] must treat him as hired help through the years… he must not be forced into hard labor!
And if he can’t pay his own fair ransom, he and his children must be set free in the Year of Release.for the children of IsraEl are My servants… they are My attendants whom I brought out of the land of Egypt.

Chapter 26

‘You must not mold [gods] for yourselves or carve them with your hands, nor may you set up stone pillars in your land to worship… for I am Jehovah your God!
You must keep My Sabbaths and be in fear of My Holy Place… for I am Jehovah!

‘If you follow My rules and keep My Commandments and obey them,I will give you rain in its season, the ground will produce its fruitage, and the trees in your fields will bear fruit.
Then, your threshing time will run through your fruit-picking time, and your fruit-picking time will run into your [planting] time. You will eat all the bread you want and you will live on your land in safety; for there will be no wars in your land.
Yes, I will bring peace to your land, so you can go to sleep and not fear anyone! I will also destroy all the bad animals in your land,and you will chase your enemies and they will be slaughtered before you.
5 of you will chase 100, and 100 of you will chase tens of thousands. Then your enemies will be cut down before you with swords.
I will also watch over you, make you grow and multiply, and keep My Sacred Agreement with you.
Then you may eat that which is old and very old, or throw out the old to make way for the new.

‘So, I will pitch My Tent among you, and in My heart, there will be no hatred of you.
I will walk among you and be your God, and you will be My people.
I am Jehovah your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt where you were slaves. I’m the One who broke the shackles of your [slavery] and paraded you away in front of [everyone]!

‘However, if you choose not to listen to Me and obey My rules…if you disobey them and your lives come to dislike My decisions… if you don’t keep all My Commandments and if you break My Sacred Agreement,these are the things that I must do to you:

‘I will bring uprisings among you and make you uncomfortable.
You will develop rashes, jaundice, fever, loss of eyesight, and your lives will be shortened.
When you plant seeds, it won’t do any good, because your enemies will eat the [crops].
For if I set My face against you, you will fall before your enemies.
Those that dislike you will chase you, and you will run even when there’s no one behind you!

‘And if you still refuse to listen to Me, I will have to discipline you 7 times as much for your sins,because I must break down your haughtiness and pride.
I will turn your sky into iron and your ground into brass,and all your hard work will be wasted; for the seeds in your ground won’t produce, and the trees in your fields won’t bear fruit.

‘And after that, if you continue to walk a crooked path and you aren’t willing to obey Me; I will bring 7 plagues upon you for your sins.
I will send wild animals into the land to eat you and kill your cattle, so you will decrease in numbers and your [land] will become empty.

‘And if that doesn’t straighten you out and you continue to walk a crooked path with Me;
My Spirit will become crooked and I will walk a crooked path among you, causing Me to strike you 7 times for your sins.
I will bring swords against you to avenge My Sacred Agreement.
Then when you run to your cities for safety, I will send death to you and you’ll be handed over to your enemies.
I will also bring a famine of bread among you; so then, it will take 10 women to bake your loaves in just one oven. And when they weigh out portions of bread for you to eat, you will still be hungry.

‘And if you still don’t obey Me but continue to walk a crooked path with Me;
I will walk among you with an angry mind, and I must discipline you 7 times as much for your sins…so you will have to eat the flesh of your own sons and daughters!
I will also wipe away your stone columns and totally destroy the wooden [images] that you’ll make with your hands, then lay your dead bodies on the remains of your idols… for My soul will dislike you.

‘I will destroy your cities, empty your holy places, and [never again] smell the odor of your sacrifices.
I will empty your land, and your enemies that live there will be amazed.
For I will scatter you among the nations… you will be attacked with swords and destroyed, and your land and your cities will be emptied!

‘Meanwhile, the ground will enjoy its Sabbaths during all the time that it’s empty…as you’re living in the land of your enemies!
Yes, that’s when the land will enjoy its Sabbaths… during all the time that it’s empty! For it will keep the Sabbaths that weren’t kept when you lived there.

‘I will put all that remain into bondage [as slaves] there in the land of your enemies, so that in your hearts, even the sounds of shaking leaves will chase you.
You will run as though you’re running from a war and fall when no one is chasing you.
Brothers won’t have any regard for their brothers, as in a war. And though no one will be chasing you, you won’t be able [to be saved from] your enemies.
You will die there among the ethnics, and the lands of your enemies will swallow you down.
Then those who are left will perish because of their sins and the sins of their fathers… they will just waste away in the lands of their enemies.

‘However, if they should then confess their sins and the sins of their fathers, and [admit] that they have sinned and neglected Me, and that they have walked a crooked path before Me,and [admit that] this is the reason why I walked among them with a crooked mind and destroyed them, [sending them off] into the lands of their enemies… yes, when their uncircumcised hearts become ashamed and they repent of their sins,I will once again remember the Sacred Agreement that I made with AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob.
I will also remember their land, and that land will still be waiting for them. For by then, the land will have enjoyed her Sabbaths during the time that they were gone.

‘Yet, they must acknowledge their sins… that they neglected My decisions and they disliked My Laws in their [hearts].
But despite this, I still won’t fail to [keep an eye] on them while they are in the land of their enemies, nor will I dislike them and void the Sacred Agreement that I made with them… for I am Jehovah, their God.

‘Then I will remember the Sacred Agreement [that I made with them] when I brought them out of the land of Egypt and out of the house of slavery before that nation, to be their God… for I am Jehovah!

‘These are My decisions, My rules, and the Law that Jehovah Himself gave to the children of IsraEl from Mount SinAi through the hand of Moses.’

Chapter 27

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them this:
Whenever anyone wishes to make a vow to offer the value of a life to Jehovah;the value of a male between 20 and 60 years old must be 50 double-silver coins by the standards of the Holy Place.
The value of a female must be 30 double-silver coins,and the value for a male child between 5 and 20 years old must be 20 double-silver coins, and 10 double-silver coins for a female.

‘As for a child between 1 month and 5 years old;
The value for a male must be 5 double-silver coins, and for a female, 3 double-silver coins.
And for those that are over 60, the value must be 15 double-silver coins for a male and 10 double-silver coins for a female.
But if a person is too poor to pay these values, he must go before the Priest, and the Priest will value him at whatever the man says he can afford in his vow; and this is [the price] that the Priest must set for him.

‘When cattle are offered as gifts to Jehovah by anyone, they become holy.
So, the [person] may not trade a good one for a bad one, or a bad one for a good one.
If someone does decide to make a trade, it must be with an equal… and both animals will be holy.

‘If [someone should bring] an unclean animal (which must never be offered as a gift to Jehovah);
He must lead the animal to the Priest,and the Priest must determine whether it has any value. Then, whatever value the Priest sets is what must be paid for it.
And if he wishes to buy it back; he must pay 1/5th more than that amount.

‘If a man chooses to set aside his house as holy to Jehovah; the Priest must determine whether or not it has any value, and whatever value the Priest sets is what must be paid.
Then if he wishes to buy it back, he must pay 1/5th more for it than the valuation.

‘If a man should choose to designate a portion of a field that he owns as holy to Jehovah, it must be valued by whatever is planted there.
It will be worth 50 double-silver coins for every 250 quarts (230l) of barley…that is, that’s how much it should be valued if he should [set aside] his field as holy on the Year of Release.
But if he donates his field sometime after the Release, the Priest must figure its value to the next Year of Release and deduct the appropriate amount from the full valuation.
However, if the one that made the field holy wishes to buy it back [before the Year of Release]; he must add 1/5th more to its value and it will be his once again.
But if he doesn’t buy back the field, it may be sold to someone else… and then he can’t buy it back later.
For after the Release, the field will be holy to Jehovah and thereafter be subdivided… because the Priests will then own it.

‘And if a man should set aside a field to Jehovah that he has bought and it isn’t a family possession;
The Priest must calculate its value to the Year of Release, and that’s how much he must pay that day, as something holy to Jehovah.
Then in the Year of Release, the land must be restored to the man that sold it and [really] owns the land.

‘All the values must be determined by using the holy weights.
A double-silver coin is worth 20 copper coins.

‘All the firstborn cattle are already Jehovah’s, so no man can [set them aside] as holy… whether it’s a calf or a sheep, it belongs to Jehovah.

‘If [a man] should choose to buy back an unclean animal, he must add 1/5th more to its valuation.
But if he doesn’t buy it back, it may be sold at its stated value.

‘Anything a man has that he chooses to curse before Jehovah, whether it’s a man, an animal, or a field that he owns; it may never be sold or taken back.
Everything that is cursed for destruction becomes very holy to Jehovah.And anyone from among mankind that is cursed may never be ransomed, but must surely be put to death.

‘Anything in the land that is to be offered, whether it’s seeds or the fruit of trees, is Jehovah’s… it is holy to Jehovah.
And if any man should ever wish to buy back his offering, he must add 1/5th more to its [value], and it will be his.

‘A 1/10th of everything, including bulls, sheep, and anything else that is taxable, is also holy to Jehovah.
So, you may never exchange anything good for anything bad, or anything bad for anything good.
If you should make an exchange, it must be with an equivalent; and since it is holy, it cannot be repurchased.’

These are the commandments that the Lord gave to Moses for the sons of IsraEl on Mount SinAi.

Numbers

Introduction

From the Greek Septuagint text as used by First Century Christians.

Written by Moses, covering the period from the 2nd year after the IsraElite Exodus until just before they entered the Promised land.
We believe that of this all happened during the reigns of the Egyptian Kings Amenhotep I and Thutmose I, whom historians say ruled between 1554 BCE and 1515 BCE.

Chapter 1

On the 1st day of the 2nd month ([while they were still] in the desert at SinAi), 2 years after their departure from the land of Egypt, the Lord spoke to Moses inside the Tent of Proofs and said,
‘Take a census of the entire gathering of IsraEl by families and lines of descent. [Record] the names of all the malesthat are 20 years old and older… all that serve as the army of IsraEl.
You and Aaron must count them and calculate their strength.
Also, the rulers of each of the tribes (the paternal heads of the families) should accompany you as you do this.

‘These are the names of the men that should help you:
From the Tribe of ReuBen; EliSur the son of SediUr.
From the [Tribe of] SymeOn; SalamiEl the son of SuriSadai.
[From the tribe] of Judah; NaAsson the son of AmiNadab.
[From the tribe] of IshSachar; NathaniEl the son of Sogar.
[From the tribe] of ZebuLon; EliAb the son of ChaElon.
[From the tribes] of JoSeph; EliSama the son of EmiUd for Ephraim, and GamaliEl the son of PhadaSur for ManasSeh.
[From the tribe] of BenJamin; AbiDan the son of GadeOni.
[From the tribe] of Dan; AchiEzer the son of AmiSadai.
[From the tribe] of Asher; PhagaiEl the son of Echran.
[From the tribe] of Gad; EliSaph the son of RaguEl.
[From the tribe] of NaphTali; AchiRe the son of AiNan.’

These were the most famous men among the gathering. They were the heads of the tribes by their families, and each one was a leader of thousands in IsraEl.
So Moses and Aaron gathered these men that had been called by name.
Then they assembled the entire gathering that day and registered the [men] by tribes and family lines, recording the names and numbers of all those that were 20 [years old] and older,as the Lord had commanded Moses there in the desert of SinAi.

Among the families, divisions, and households of the sons of ReuBen (the first-born of IsraEl), the number of males 20 years old and up that were counted as the strength of IsraElwas 46,400.

Among the families, divisions, and households of the sons of SymeOn, the number of males 20 years old and up that were counted as the strength of IsraElwas 59,300.

Among the families, divisions, and households of the sons of Judah, the number of males 20 years old and up that were counted as the strength of IsraElwas 74,600.

Among the families, divisions, and households of the sons of IshSachar, the number of males 20 years old and up that were counted as the strength of IsraElwas 54,400.

Among the families, divisions, and households of the sons of ZebuLon, the number of males 20 years old and up that were counted as the strength of IsraElwas 57,400.

Among the families, divisions, and households of the sons of JoSeph, the number of males 20 years old and up that were counted as the strength of IsraElwas 40,500 from the Tribe of Ephraim,Among the families, divisions, and households of the sons of BenJamin, the number of males 20 years old and up that were counted as the strength of IsraElwas 35,400.

Among the families, divisions, and households of the sons of Gad, the number of males 20 years old and up that were counted as the strength of IsraElwas 45,650.

Among the families, divisions, and households of the sons of Dan, the number of males 20 years old and up that were counted as the strength of IsraElwas 62,700.

Among the families, divisions, and households of the sons of Asher, the number of males 20 years old and up that were counted as the strength of IsraElwas 41,500.

Among the families, divisions, and households of the sons of NaphTali, the number of males 20 years old and up that were counted as the strength of IsraEl,was 53,400.

This was the census that Moses, Aaron, and the 12 rulers of IsraEl conducted… a man from each tribe.
They counted all the males 20 years old and up among the children of IsraEl that could [serve in their army],[and there was a total of] 618,550.
However, those of the Tribe of Levi weren’t counted,for the Lord had told Moses:
‘You must not gather the Tribe of Levi and count them among the children of IsraEl.Rather, put the Levites in charge of the Tent, its furnishings, and everything in it.
They must serve there and camp around the Tent.
And whenever the Tent is moved, the Levites must take it down and [be in charge of] setting it up again. Anyone else that goes near it must die.

‘The [rest of] the children of IsraEl must camp in the order and grouping of their own armies.
But the Levites must camp around and in front of the Tent of Proofs, so there may be no sins among the children of IsraEl.
For the Levites must protect the Tent of Proofs.’

And the children of IsraEl did everything that Jehovah commanded Moses and Aaron.

Chapter 2

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and said,
‘Each man of the sons of IsraEl must pitch his tent according to the signals, in his own order, and according to the house of his father, in a circle around the Tent of Proofs.

‘The first in the camp, starting on the east side, shall be the [Tribe] of Judah with their armies.
Their leader is NaShon, the son of AmmiNadab.
There are 74,600 in his army.

‘The Tribe of IshSachar, whose leader is NathanEl the son of Zuar, should camp next to them.
There are 54,400 in his army.

‘The Tribe of ZebuLon, whose leader is EliAb the son of Helon, should camp next to them.
There are 57,400 in his army.

‘Altogether, there are 186,400 under the army of Judah.
They and their armies must be the first to move.

‘This is the order for the camp of ReuBen, whose army [will camp] toward the south:
The leader of the children of ReuBen is EliZur the son of ShedeUr.
There are 46,500 in his army.

‘The Tribe of SimeOn, whose leader is ShelumiEl the son of ZuriShadDai, should camp next to them.
There are 59,300 in his army.

‘The Tribe of Gad, whose leader is EliAsaph the son of DeuEl, will camp next to them.There are 45,650 in his army.

‘Altogether, there are 151,450 under the army of ReuBen.
They and their armies will follow 2nd.

‘Then the Tent of Proofs should follow them, surrounded by the Levites who will travel between the armies.
In whatever order they camp, that’s the order that they should follow in their march, each group traveling in the order of their divisions.

‘The Tribe of Ephraim and their armies must camp on the west side.
Their leader is EliShama, the son of AmmiHud.
There are 40,500 in his army.

‘The Tribe of ManasSeh should camp next to them.
Their leader is GamaliEl the son of PedahZur.
There are 32,200 in his army.

‘The Tribe of BenJamin should camp next to them.
Their leader is AbiDan the son of Gideoni.
There are 35,400 in his army.

‘Altogether, there are 108,100 in the army of Ephraim.
They and their armies must follow 3rd.

‘The Tribe of Dan and their armies should camp on the north side.
Their leader is AhiEzer the son of AmmiShadDai.
There are 62,700 in his army.

‘The Tribe of Asher should camp next to them.
Their leader is PagiEl the son of OcRan.
There are 41,500 in his army.

‘The Tribe of NaphTali should camp next to them.
Their leader is AhiRa the son of Enan.
There are 53,400 in his army.

‘Altogether, there are 157,600 in the armies of Dan, and they must be last in the marching order.’

This is how the children of IsraEl were counted (by family lines), and there were 603,550 in their army.
However, the Levites weren’t counted among them, just as the Lord had instructed Moses.

And the children of IsraEl did everything that Jehovah told Moses.
They each camped in their [specified] locations, and they marched in order by family lines.

Chapter 3

These are the generations of Aaron and Moses in the day in that the Lord spoke to Moses on Mount SinAi.

These are the names of the sons of Aaron:
NaDab was the firstborn, and then there was AbiUd, EliEzer, and IthaMar.
They were the Anointed Priests that were made perfect for the Priesthood.
However, NaDab and AbiUd died before Jehovah when they offered [incense] to Him in an unauthorized way, while they were in the SinAi Desert.
And because they had no children, just EliEzer and IthaMar served as Priests with their father Aaron.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and told him:
‘Bring the Tribe of Levi up in front of Aaron the Priest, for they’re all going to serve himand they must follow his instructions.
You must explain this to the children of IsraEl in front of the Tent of Proofs, and show how [the Levites] will thereafter perform their duties at the Tent.

‘[The Levites] are to take care of all the furnishings of the Tent of Proofs and they must teach the children of IsraEl about everything that has to do with the Tent.

‘You are to give the Levites to Aaron and his sons (the Priests);
For they’ve been given to Me as a gift from the children of IsraEl.

‘Appoint Aaron and his sons to be in charge of the Tent of Proofs, and they must give [the Levites] instructions about the Priesthood, everything that belongs to the Altar, and everything inside the veil…
Anyone else that touches these things must die.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Look, I have chosen the Levites from among the children of IsraEl [to take the place] of [the rest of] the [firstborn] males that are among the children of IsraEl.
[The Levites] are their ransom, and they are Mine.For all their firstborn have been Mine since the day that I struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt.
I chose all the firstborn in IsraEl as holy to Myself – both the men and the animals – and they are Mine!
For I am Jehovah!’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses in the SinAi Desert and said:
‘Take a census of the sons of Levi by family lines and divisions…
Count every male from a month old and up.’

So thereafter, Moses and Aaron counted them all following Jehovah’s instructions.

The sons of Levi were GedSon, CaAth, and MeraRi.
GedSon’s sons (and family lines) were LoBeni and Semei.
CaAth’s sons (and family lines) were AmBram, IsSaAr, HebRon, and OziEl.
MeraRi’s sons (and family lines) were MoOli and Musi.
These were the families of the Levites by family lines.

GedSon’s [sons] were LoBeni and Semei,and the number of males descending from them that were a month old and older was 7,500…
The sons of GedSon were to camp behind the Tent on its west side.
The ruler of the family of GedSon was EliSaph the son of DaEl.
The instructions that were given to the sons of GedSon concerning the Tent of Proofs included taking care of the tent itself, the veil that covers the entrance to the Tent of Proofs,the curtains for the courtyard, the veil to the courtyard that was around the Tent, and such things.

The divisions that were counted [in the family line] of CaAth were those of AmBram, IsSaAr, HebRon, and OziEl,and they included 8,600 males a month old and older, who were given these instructions regarding the holy things:
The families of the sons of CaAth were to camp next to the Tent, along its south side.
The ruler of the family line and divisions of CaAth was EliShaphan the son of OziEl.
They were told that they were to be in charge of the Chest, the Table, the Sacred Lamp, the Altars, and all the furnishings in the Holy Place that were used in holy service inside the veil, and all their parts.

The head over the chiefs of the Levites was EliEzer the son of Aaron the Priest.
He was appointed to give all the instructions regarding the holy things.

The family lines of MeraRi were those of MoOli and Musi.
All the males a month old and older among his line were counted at 6,050.
The head of the family line and divisions of MeraRi was SuriEl the son of AbiChail.
They were to camp next to the Tent, along its north side.
The sons of MeraRi were told that they were to be in charge of the Tent’s caps, rafters, posts, sockets, all their fittings and pieces,the posts for the courtyard, and their bases, pins, and ropes.

Moses, Aaron, and their sons were to camp in front of the Tent of Proofs on its east side.
They were to take care of the Holy Place and give instructions about it to the children of IsraEl. Anyone else that touched it was to die.

All the Levites whom Moses and Aaron counted that were a month old and older (by family lines) following Jehovah’s instructions, were 22,000.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Now, count all the firstborn males among the children of IsraEl that are a month old and older, and record their names.
Thereafter, take the Levites for Me in place of all the firstborn of the sons of IsraEl.
Also, take all the Levites’ cattle in place of the first-born of the cattle of the children of IsraEl…
For I am Jehovah!’

So Moses counted all the firstborn of the children of IsraEl, just as the Lord had commanded him to do.
And all the male firstborn a month old and older that were counted by name were 22,273.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Now, take the Levites in place of all the first-born of the sons of IsraEl, and take the Levite’s cattle in place of their cattle, for they must be Mine… I am Jehovah!
And the ransom [that must be paid] for all the firstborn of the sons of IsraEl that exceed the number of Levites (the 273),[must be paid for] with 5 silver-coins per person.
They must be paid for using the holy double-silver coins at 20 copper coins per silver coin.
Then, give the money to Aaron and his sons as the ransom for those that exceed their number.’

So Moses took the silver as the ransom for those that exceeded the number that were bought by the Levites.
The amount of holy silver coins that he took from the firstborn of the sons of IsraEl was 1,365.
Then Moses gave the ransom for these extra ones to Aaron and his sons, according to the instructions that the Lord had given to Moses.

Chapter 4

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and said:
‘Take a census of the children of CaAth separate from the sons of Levi, by family lines.
Count those from 25 to 50 years old that work at and serve inside the Tent of Proofs.
For, these are the very holy things that the sons of CaAth must do at the Tent of Proofs:
Whenever the camp is about to move, Aaron and his sons must enter and take down the [inner] veil, then use it to cover the Chest of Proofs.
It must be covered with a blue skin and a blue [cloth] over that, and then they must put the staves through [the rings on the Chest].

‘They must also put a purple cloth over the table that holds the showbread, along with its dishes, incense holders, cups, pitchers for drink offerings, and the loaves (which must always be left on the table).
Then they must cover it with a scarlet cloth and cover that with a blue skin, and mount [the table] on its staves.

‘They must cover the Sacred Lamp that provides the light, along with its lanterns, snuffers, funnels, and all the oil jars, with a blue cloth,and put it and all its utensils inside a blue skin bag, and mount it on its staves.
Also, the gold [incense] altar must be wrapped in blue cloth, then covered with blue skins and mounted on its staves.

‘Thereafter, they must take all the rest of the things that are used in the services at the Holy Place and put them in a blue cloth [bag], then cover them with blue skins and mount them on staves.

‘They must cover the Altar with purple cloth,along with all the utensils that are used with it (the fire pans, flesh-hooks, cups, covers, and all the utensils), wrap it all in a blue covering of skins and mount it all on the staves.

‘They must also cover the basin and its base with blue cloth, then wrap it in blue skins and mount it on staves.

‘Aaron and his sons must finish covering the holy things and all the holy utensils before the camp can move.
Thereafter, the sons of CaAth must bear all [the Tent’s] furnishings… but they must not [actually] touch the holy things, or they will die.
These [are the things] that just the sons of CaAth are to carry from the Tent of Proofs.

‘EliEzer, the son of Aaron (the Priest), is to be their overseer.
He is to give instructions concerning the oil for the lamp, the incense, the daily food offerings, and the anointing oil.
He is to be in charge of the whole Tent, everything that’s in it, and everything that’s done there.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and said:
‘You must protect the family of CaAth (this tribe among the Levites) from being destroyed,and this is what you must do for them so they can live and not die:
Whenever they approach the Holy of Holies, Aaron and his sons must take the lead.
They are the ones who must mount the [sacred items] to be carried on the staves.
That way, [the family of CaAth] won’t [be tempted to] rush in to look at the holy things and die.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Now, take a census of the children of GedSon by family lines.
Count all those between the ages of 25 and 50 years old that go in to serve and work in the Tent of Proofs,because the public service of the family of GedSon is that of serving and carrying.
They must carry and attend to the skins for the Tent, the Tent of Proofs itself, its veil, the blue covering that goes over its top, the cover for the entrance to the Tent of Proofs,all the curtains for the courtyard, the mountings, and all the other utensils of service.

The sons of GedSon must take their direction from Aaron and his sons in everything that they do in their assignments and jobs.
You must count them by names and [show them] all the things that they must carry…
This is the job of the sons of GedSon in the Tent of Proofs, and IthaMar, the son of Aaron the Priest, is to give them their instructions.

‘Also, take a census of the sons of MeraRi by family lines.
Count all those between the ages of 25 and 50 years old that enter to serve and work inside the Tent of Proofs.
These are the things you are to tell them about and what they must carry as their job at the Tent of Proofs:
They must carry the Tent’s caps, rafters, poles, and sockets, as well as the sockets and poles for the veil and the curtain at the entrance to the Tent.
They must also carry the poles for the surrounding courtyard and for the veil at the entrance to the courtyard, along with their sockets, pins, ropes, furnishings, and things for service.

‘Count them by name, and show what each man is to carry.
This is the assignment for the family of the sons of MeraRi… it is their job at the Tent of Proofs, under the direction of IthaMar, the son of Aaron the Priest.’

So Moses, Aaron, and the rulers of IsraEl took a census of the sons of CaAth by family lines,[counting] all those between the ages of 25 and 50 years old that went in to serve and work inside the Tent of Proofs.
And their numbers, by family lines, came to 2,750.
This is how many there were of the family of CaAth that served inside the Tent of Proofs, as Moses and Aaron counted them, following Jehovah’s instructions to Moses.

Then they counted the sons of GedSon by family lines that werebetween 25 and 50 years old that enter to serve at the Tent of Proofs.
And their number by family lines came to 2,630.
This is how many there were of the family of GedSon that served in the Tent of Proofs, as Moses and Aaron counted them, following Jehovah’s instructions to Moses.

Then they counted the sons of MeraRi by family lines that werebetween 25 and 50 years old that enter to serve inside the Tent of Proofs.
And their numbers by family lines came to 3,200.
This is how many there were of the family of MeraRi, as Moses and Aaron counted them, following Jehovah’s instructions to Moses.

So Moses, Aaron, and the rulers of IsraEl counted all these Levites by family linesthat were between 25 and 50 years old, and that serve, work at, and carry the things for the Tent of Proofs.
Altogether, there were 8,580 that were counted.
Then, after they were counted (following the words of Jehovah through Moses), they appointed each man to his job, reviewing his duties and discussing what each man was to carry.

Chapter 5

Thereafter, the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Give these instructions to the children of IsraEl:
Tell them to drive everyone out of the camp that has leprosy or gonorrhea, and anyone who has made himself unclean [by touching a dead] person,whether they are males or females.
Drive them out of the camp so they don’t dirty the place where I dwell among them.’

And that’s what the children of IsraEl did;
They drove them out of the camp, just as the Lord told Moses.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them that any man or woman that has committed any of the sins that are common to mankind, or has in any way overstepped [My] Commandments and erred,must confess the sin he committed and make restitution for his sin.
He [must pay] the price to restore [everything] to whomever he has sinned against… and add 1/5th more to it.

‘Now, if a man isn’t in debt to anyone for his sins against them;
A sin-offering must still be paid to Jehovah, and he must offer a ram to the Priest as the payment for his sins.

‘When it comes to the first fruitage of all the holy things among the children of IsraEl;
Everything that they offer to Jehovah must be [given to] the Priest for himself…all the holy things that men [offer] or choose to donate must be given to the Priest, and it will be his as a gift.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them:
Whenever a wife rebels against [her husband] and tries to dominate and rule over him,and then someone goes to bed with her and has sex with her behind her husband’s back;
If she hides her filth and there is no proof of it (and [the other man] doesn’t take her),and [her husband] thereafter develops a jealous spirit and suspects that she has dirtied herself – or even if he has developed a jealous spirit when she hasn’t dirtied herself –he must bring his woman to the Priest, along with the gift of a quart of barley meal.
He must not pour any oil or frankincense on the barley meal, for it is a sacrifice of jealousy… it is a sacrifice of memory and of recalling sins to mind.

‘Then the Priest must take [the woman] to stand before Jehovah,and the Priest must pour clean running water into a clay pot, then take some of the dirt that is on the floor of the Tent of Proofs and throw it into the water.
Thereafter, the Priest must stand the woman before Jehovah, uncover her head, and place the sacrifice of memory (the sacrifice of jealousy) into her hands.

‘Next, the Priest must take the water that brings a curse into his hands,and the Priest must make the woman swear [in reply to the words],
If you aren’t guilty and no one has reclined with you, and if you haven’t sinned and dirtied yourself, and if you haven’t [been disrespectful] to your husband; [then, swear that you are innocent] before this water that brings the curse.
But if you have sinned and dirtied your marriage, and [if you have allowed] someone to lie with you other than your husband
Then the Priest must make the woman swear [to accept] the oaths of this curse.

‘The Priest must say to her:
May Jehovah bring a curse upon you by the oath [you have sworn] in the midst of your people.
May Jehovah cause your [sexual parts] to rot away and your belly to swell.
May this water that brings the curse enter your womb and cause your belly to swell and your [sexual parts] to rot away.

‘And the woman must say,
May it be so; may it be so.

‘Thereafter, the Priest must write these curses on a scroll, then rinse them away with the water that brings the curse;
And he must make the woman drink the water that brings the curse.

‘Next, the Priest must take the sacrifice of jealousy from the woman’s hands and carry it to the Altar to present it before Jehovah.
Then the Priest must take a handful of the sacrificial [grain] and offer it on the Altar as a reminder, and he must make the woman drink the water.
For, this is what will happen:
If she has dirtied herself and her husband hasn’t been able to [prove] it; the water that brings the curse will enter her and cause her belly to swell and her [sexual parts] to rot away;
And thereafter, the woman must be cursed among her people.
But if the woman hasn’t dirtied herself and has remained chaste; she must be declared free of guilt and thereafter give birth to a [child].

‘This is the law of jealousy [that covers the cases of where] a married woman sins and dirties herself,or where a man develops a jealous spirit and becomes jealous of his woman.
He should take his woman before Jehovah, and the Priest must make her follow this law.
And whereas the man will be cleared from his sin, the woman must be responsible for hers.

Chapter 6

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them that whenever a man or woman wishes to make a great vow to set him or herself aside as holy to Jehovah,he/she may not eat or drink anything made from grapes, such as wine, brandy, fresh grapes, raisins, or vinegar that is made from wine or other alcoholic productsduring the period of his/her vow.
Nor may he or she eat anything that comes from the vine, not even the seeds or skinsduring the whole period that he or she is set aside.
Nor may a razor be used to cut the person’s hair until the period of the vow to Jehovah has been completed.
Such ones must be holy and cherish the long hair of their headsfor as long as this vow to Jehovah lasts, and they must not go near any dead bodies…
Not even [the corpse] of their own father, mother, brother, or sister.
They must not dirty themselves with dead bodies, because the vow of God is on them and on their heads;
So, they must remain holy to Jehovah during the entire period of their vow.

‘And if anyone should suddenly die near this person, his or her head will immediately be considered unclean and it must be cleansed.
The person must shave his or her head on the 7th day,then bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons to the Priest at the entrance to the Tent of meeting on the 8th day.
The Priest must offer one as a sin offering and the other as a whole-burnt offering to pay for the sin [of being close to] a dead body.
Then the person’s head will [once again] become holy on that day,and he or she will [again] be made perfect to Jehovah during the rest of [the period of] the vow.
And thereafter, the person must bring a yearling lamb as an offering for the error;
And because the vow on his/her head was polluted, the full period of [the vow] must be [restarted].

‘It is also the law for the person that has made such a vow, that on the day the vow is completed, he or she must bring gifts to the entrance of the Tent of Proofs.
The gifts that they must bring to Jehovah include one perfect yearling male lamb as a whole-burnt offering, one perfect yearling female lamb as a sin offering, one perfect male sheep as a peace offering,a basket of fermentation-free bread made with fine flour kneaded with oil, fermentation-free cakes that have been anointed with oil, plus a food offering and a drink offering.

‘The Priest must then lead the person before Jehovah and [sacrifice] the sin offering and the whole-burnt offering.
Then he must sacrifice the male sheep as a peace offering to Jehovah, along with the basket of fermentation-free bread, followed by the food offering and the drink offering.
Then the one that made the vow must shave his/her head that was made holy, there at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs, and put the hair on the fire while it is burning the peace-offering sacrifice.

‘Then after the person has shaved off his/her holy hair, the Priest must take the larger of the ram’s two shoulders, along with one fermentation-free loaf and one fermentation-free cake from the basket and lay them in the person’s hands.
The Priest must then present them as an offering before Jehovah, and this holy portion will belong to the Priest, along with the breast and the shoulder of the wave offering.
And after that, the person that made the oath must drink some wine.

‘This is the law for any person that makes a vow to Jehovah:
[He must give all] his gifts that were promised to Jehovah, along with anything else that he may be able to afford, [in addition to] the things that are [required by] the strong vow of setting himself aside as holy.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to Aaron and to his sons and tell them to bless the sons of IsraEl who bear My Name with these words:
May Jehovah bless you and watch over you.
May Jehovah’s face shine upon you, and may He have mercy on you.
May [Jehovah always keep His eyes] on you and bring you peace.

Chapter 7

Well, the day came when Moses had finished setting up the Tent.
Then he anointed it and made it and all its furnishings, as well as the Altar and all of its furnishings, holy…
He made them perfect by anointing them.

Then the leaders of IsraEl (the 12 heads of their family lines and the leaders of their tribes… those that took the lead in the census)brought their gifts before Jehovah.
There were 6 covered wagons pulled by 12 bulls (two per [wagon]) that were contributed by the leaders, which they brought to the Tent.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Take [these things] and use them for the services of the two cherubs that are on top of the Propitiatory that covers the Chest of Proofs, and give the [wagons] to the Levites…
[Distribute] them among the groups by their assigned jobs.’

So Moses took the wagons and bulls, and gave them to the Levites.
He gave two wagons and 4 bulls to the sons of GedSon for their jobs,and 4 wagons and 8 bulls to the sons of MeraRi for their assignments under IthaMar, the son of Aaron the Priest.
However, he didn’t give any to the sons of CaAth, because the sacred things that they had to carry were to be borne on their shoulders.
[IsraEl’s] leaders brought these things to the Altar for the dedication of the Altar on the day that it was anointed.

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘One leader must also bring a gift on each day for the dedication of the Altar.’

So on the 1st day, NaAsson (the son of AmiNadab), the leader of the Tribe of Judahbrought his gift.
[It included] 1 silver platter that weighed the same as 130 holy silver coins, and a silver bowl that weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
Both were filled with fine flour that was kneaded with oil for a food offering.
[There was also] a gold incense holder filled with 10 silver coins worth of incense,as well as 1 calf from the herd, 1 ram, and 1 yearling male lamb (for a whole-burnt offering),1 kid goat (for a sin offering),and 2 heifers, 5 rams, 5 billy goats, and 5 yearling female lambs for a peace-offering sacrifice.
These were the gifts of NaAsson, the son of AmiNadab.

On the 2nd day, NathaniEl (the son of Sogar), the leader of the Tribe of IshSachar broughthis gift.
[It included] one silver platter that weighed the same as 130 holy silver coins, and a silver bowl that weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
Both were filled with fine flour that was kneaded with oil for a food offering.
[There was also] a gold incense holder filled with 10 silver coins worth of incense,as well as 1 calf from the herd, 1 ram, and 1 yearling male lamb (for a whole-burnt offering),1 kid goat (for a sin offering),and 2 heifers, 5 rams, 5 billy goats, and 5 yearling female lambs for a peace-offering sacrifice.
These were the gifts of NathaniEl, the son of Sogar.

On the 3rd day, EliAb (the son of ChaElon), the leader of the Tribe of ZebuLon broughthis gift.
[It included] one silver platter that weighed the same as 130 holy silver coins, and a silver bowl that weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
Both were filled with fine flour that was kneaded with oil for a food offering.
[There was also] a gold incense holder filled with 10 silver coins worth of incense,as well as 1 calf from the herd, 1 ram, and 1 yearling male lamb (for a whole-burnt offering),1 kid goat (for a sin offering),and 2 heifers, 5 rams, 5 billy goats, and 5 yearling female lambs for a peace-offering sacrifice.
These were the gifts of EliAb, the son of ChaElon.

On the 4th day, EliSur (the son of SediUr), the leader of the Tribe of ReuBen broughthis gift.
[It included] one silver platter that weighed the same as 130 holy silver coins, and a silver bowl that weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
Both were filled with fine flour that was kneaded with oil for a food offering.
[There was also] a gold incense holder filled with 10 silver coins worth of incense,as well as 1 calf from the herd, 1 ram, and 1 yearling male lamb (for a whole-burnt offering),1 kid goat (for a sin offering),and 2 heifers, 5 rams, 5 billy goats, and 5 yearling female lambs for a peace-offering sacrifice.
These were the gifts of EliSur, the son of SediUr.

On the 5th day, SalamiEl (the son of SuriSadai) the leader of the Tribe of SymeOn broughthis gift.
[It included] one silver platter that weighed the same as 130 holy silver coins, and a silver bowl that weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
Both were filled with fine flour that was kneaded with oil for a food offering.
[There was also] a gold incense holder filled with 10 silver coins worth of incense,as well as 1 calf from the herd, 1 ram, and 1 yearling male lamb (for a whole-burnt offering),1 kid goat (for a sin offering),and 2 heifers, 5 rams, 5 billy goats, and 5 yearling female lambs for a peace-offering sacrifice.
These were the gifts of SalamiEl, the son of SuriSadai.

On the 6th day, EliSaph (the son of RaguEl), the leader of the Tribe of Gad broughthis gift.
[It included] one silver platter that weighed the same as 130 holy silver coins, and a silver bowl that weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
Both were filled with fine flour that was kneaded with oil for a food offering.
[There was also] a gold incense holder filled with 10 silver coins worth of incense,as well as 1 calf from the herd, 1 ram, and 1 yearling male lamb (for a whole-burnt offering),1 kid goat (for a sin offering),and 2 heifers, 5 rams, 5 billy goats, and 5 yearling female lambs for a peace-offering sacrifice.
These were the gifts of EliSaph, the son of RaguEl.

On the 7th day, EliSama (the son of EmiUd), the leader of the Tribe of Ephraimbrought his gift.
[It included] one silver platter that weighed the same as 130 holy silver coins, and a silver bowl that weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
Both were filled with fine flour that was kneaded with oil for a food offering.
[There was also] a gold incense holder filled with 10 silver coins worth of incense,as well as 1 calf from the herd, 1 ram, and 1 yearling male lamb (for a whole-burnt offering),1 kid goat (for a sin offering),and 2 heifers, 5 rams, 5 billy goats, and 5 yearling female lambs for a peace-offering sacrifice.
These were the gifts of EliSama, the son of EmiUd.

On the 8th day, GamaliEl (the son of PhadasShur), the leader of the Tribe of ManasSehbrought his gift.
[It included] one silver platter that weighed the same as 130 holy silver coins, and a silver bowl that weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
Both were filled with fine flour that was kneaded with oil for a food offering.
[There was also] a gold incense holder filled with 10 silver coins worth of incense,as well as 1 calf from the herd, 1 ram, and 1 yearling male lamb (for a whole-burnt offering),1 kid goat (for a sin offering),and 2 heifers, 5 rams, 5 billy goats, and 5 yearling female lambs for a peace-offering sacrifice.
These were the gifts of GamaliEl, the son of PhadasShur.

On the 9th day, AbiDan (the son of GadeOni), the leader of the Tribe of BenJaminbrought his gift.
[It included] one silver platter that weighed the same as 130 holy silver coins, and a silver bowl that weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
Both were filled with fine flour that was kneaded with oil for a food offering.
[There was also] a gold incense holder filled with 10 silver coins worth of incense,as well as 1 calf from the herd, 1 ram, and 1 yearling male lamb (for a whole-burnt offering),1 kid goat (for a sin offering),and 2 heifers, 5 rams, 5 billy goats, and 5 yearling female lambs for a peace-offering sacrifice.
These were the gifts of AbiDan, the son of GadeOni.

On the 10th day, AchiEzer (the son of AmiSadai), the leader of the Tribe of Danbrought his gift.
[It included] one silver platter that weighed the same as 130 holy silver coins, and a silver bowl that weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
Both were filled with fine flour that was kneaded with oil for a food offering.
[There was also] a gold incense holder filled with 10 silver coins worth of incense,as well as 1 calf from the herd, 1 ram, and 1 yearling male lamb (for a whole-burnt offering),1 kid goat (for a sin offering),and 2 heifers, 5 rams, 5 billy goats, and 5 yearling female lambs for a peace-offering sacrifice.
These were the gifts of AchiEzer, the son of AmiSadai.

On the 11th day, PhageEl (the son of Echran), the leader of the Tribe of Asherbrought his gift.
[It included] one silver platter that weighed the same as 130 holy silver coins, and a silver bowl that weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
Both were filled with fine flour that was kneaded with oil for a food offering.
[There was also] a gold incense holder filled with 10 silver coins worth of incense,as well as 1 calf from the herd, 1 ram, and 1 yearling male lamb (for a whole-burnt offering),1 kid goat (for a sin offering),and 2 heifers, 5 rams, 5 billy goats, and 5 yearling female lambs for a peace-offering sacrifice.
These were the gifts of PhageEl, the son of Echran.

On the 12th day, AchiRe (the son of AiNan), the leader of the Tribe of NaphTalibrought his gift.
[It included] one silver platter that weighed the same as 130 holy silver coins, and a silver bowl that weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
Both were filled with fine flour that was kneaded with oil for a food offering.
[There was also] a gold incense holder filled with 10 silver coins worth of incense,as well as 1 calf from the herd, 1 ram, and 1 yearling male lamb (for a whole-burnt offering),1 kid goat (for a sin offering),and 2 heifers, 5 rams, 5 billy goats, and 5 yearling female lambs for a peace-offering sacrifice.
These were the gifts of AchiRe, the son of AiNan.

These [were the gifts] that the leaders of the tribes of IsraEl brought during the time when the Altar was being anointed.
There were 12 silver platters, 12 silver bowls, and 12 gold incense holders.
Each platter weighed the same as 130 silver coins, and each bowl weighed the same as 70 holy silver coins.
So altogether, their combined weight was 2,400 holy silver coins.
The 12 gold incense holders were each filled with incense, and the gold weighed the same as 120 silver coins.

The number of cattle for the whole burnt offerings amounted to 12 calves, 12 rams, and 12 yearling male lambs, plus food offerings and drink offerings, and 12 kid goats for the sin offerings.
So, the number of cattle that were sacrificed for the peace offering included 24 heifers, 60 rams, 60 yearling billy goats, and 60 perfect yearling female lambs, which were all offered for the dedication of the Altar.

Then after that, [Moses] made [Aaron] perfect by anointing him.
And from that point on, whenever Moses went into the Tent of Proofs to speak to God, he would hear the voice of the Lord speaking to him from between the two cherubs that were above the Propitiatory, which covers the Chest of Proofs.

Chapter 8

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Speak to Aaron and tell him that when he assembles the [sacred] lamp, the 7 lanterns must be arranged to illuminate the area across from the lamp.’
And that’s what Aaron did. He [assembled and] lit the lamps to illuminate the area directly across from the lamp, just as the Lord had instructed Moses.

The Sacred Lamp’s base and stem were made of solid gold, as were its lilies.
They were made following the pattern that Jehovah had shown to Moses.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Remove the Levites from among the children of IsraEl and purify them…and this is how you should perform their purification:
Have them rinse themselves in clean water and shave all the hair from their bodies, then have them wash their clothes… make sure that they are clean!
Then they must bring 2 yearling calves from the herd along with a food offering and some fine flour mixed with oil.
And thereafter, assemble the entire gathering of the sons of IsraEl and bring the Levites up before them at the Tent of Proofs.
Stand them there in front of Jehovah, and have the sons of IsraEl lay their hands on the Levites.

‘Aaron must set the Levites aside as a gift to Jehovah from the children of IsraEl, and they must be made ready to perform Jehovah’s work.
Then have the Levites lay their hands on the heads of the calves, and you should sacrifice one as a sin offering and the other as a whole-burnt offering to Jehovah, to pay for their sins.

‘Thereafter, stand the Levites in front of Jehovah and in front of Aaron and his sons, and offer them to Jehovah as a gift…
Separate the Levites from among the sons of IsraEl as Mine!

‘Then the Levites must go to the Tent where they are to work, and you must purify them and present them there before Jehovah,for they will have been given to Me as a gift from the children of IsraEl.
I have taken them as Mine in place of all the firstborn sons of IsraEl that open a womb.
For, all the firstborn among the children of IsraEl (both the men and the animals) became Mine on the day that I struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt… yes, that’s when I made them holy to Myself.
But now, I am taking the Levites instead of the first-born of the children of IsraEl,and I am presenting them as a gift to Aaron and his sons to serve the children of IsraEl at the Tent.
There they must make the payments for the sins of the children of IsraEl, so none of the sons of IsraEl will have to approach the holy things.’

Well, Moses, Aaron, and the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl did everything that the Lord had commanded Moses concerning the Levites.
The Levites purified themselves and washed their clothes.
Then Aaron presented them as a gift before Jehovah, and [he sacrificed] the payments for their sins in order to purify them.
Thereafter, the Levites entered the Tent to serve before Aaron and his sons, just as the Lord had instructed Moses.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘This is the rule for the Levites:
Those that are 25 years old and older must enter to serve at the Tent of Proofs.But when they reach 50 years old, they may no longer serve or work there.
They may supervise their brothers that serve at the Tent of Proofs, but they may not work there anymore.
Give the Levites these instructions.’

Chapter 9

It was in the 1st month of the 2nd year after they had left the land of Egypt that the Lord spoke to Moses there in the SinAi Desert, and He said:
‘Tell the children of IsraEl to keep the Passover at the proper time.
You must keep it and obey all the laws and instructions concerning it, starting on the evening of the 14th day of the 1st month.’

So Moses ordered the children of IsraEl to sacrifice the Passoveron the 14th day of the 1st month, there in the SinAi Desert.
And the children of IsraEl did just as the Lord told Moses.

However, there were some men that were unclean due to [touching] a dead body, and they were unable to keep the Passover on that day.
So they went before Moses and Aaronand said,
‘We are unclean, because we touched the dead body of a man.
Will we not to be allowed to offer our gifts to Jehovah at this time along with the rest of the children of IsraEl?’

Then Moses told them:
‘Stay here, and I will listen to whatever instructions Jehovah gives to me about this.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Tell the sons of IsraEl that whenever a man among you or your descendants has become unclean because of touching a dead body, or is far away on a journey, he must still keep the Passover to Jehovah…
But he must do it on the evening of the 14th day of the 2nd month.
[The Passover sacrifice] must be offered then and eaten with fermentation-free bread and bitter herbs.
They must not leave any of it over until the next day, nor may they break any of its bones.
They must offer the sacrifice just as they would on the Passover.
But if anyone is clean and is not away on a trip, he must be sure to [do this on] the Passover day.
Any person that doesn’t offer the gift to Jehovah at the proper time is guilty and must be cut off from his people!

‘And if an alien should come into your land and wish to observe the Passover to Jehovah, he must do so according to the laws and instructions concerning the Passover.
For there is just one law, and it applies to both the natives and the aliens.’

Well, from the time that the Tent was [first] assembled, a cloud covered the Tent of Proofs all day long, and what looked like fire covered the Tent from evening until morning.
And that’s how it always was… a cloud cover by day and the appearance of fire by night.
Also, whenever the cloud left the Tent, the children of IsraEl were to leave that place; and whenever the cloud just stayed there, the children of IsraEl were to remain encamped.
So, the children of IsraEl camped by the commands of Jehovah and they moved by the commands of Jehovah… as long as the cloud covered the Tent, the children of IsraEl were to camp.
And even if the cloud stayed over the Tent for a long time, the children of IsraEl were to follow God’s instructions and not move.
For whenever the cloud covered the Tent for a number of days, they were to camp, following the words of Jehovah, and they were to stay camped there by the commands of the Lord.
But whenever the cloud moved up from over the Tent, they were to move, whether it was day or night.
If the cloud covered the Tent for a full month, the children of IsraEl had to camp and were not to leave;for they were only to move by the commands of the Lord…
And this is what they did.
They followed the instructions and commands that the Lord gave them through Moses.

Chapter 10

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Make two silver trumpets for yourselves that are to be used to call assemblies and to move the camp.
Make them of hammered [silver].There is to be one type of call to assemble the whole gathering at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs,and another type to assemble just the rulers and leaders there.
You must [also use them to] sound the alarms for the camp to move, starting with the one in the east.
Then when you sound a 2nd alarm, the camp to the south must move.
When you sound the 3rd alarm, the camp in the west must move.
When you sound the 4th alarm, the camp in the north must move…
And they must also sound alarms as they are leaving.

‘Also, blow the horns to signal assemblies… but it shouldn’t be the same signal as the alarms.
The Priests (the sons of Aaron) must blow these trumpets, and this is to be the rule for you through all your generations and through the ages.

‘And if you must go to war against your enemies that will oppose you in your land, you must also blow the trumpets as a reminder to Jehovah…
So that He will save you from your enemies.

‘In addition, you must blow the trumpets on joyful days, such as your feasts, New-Moon festivals, and when you sacrifice your whole burnt offerings and peace offerings.
This must be done as a reminder to you before your God…
For I am Jehovah your God!’

Well thereafter, the children of IsraEl packed their things in the SinAi Desert, for the cloud came to rest in the Pharan Desert.
So, following the instructions of Jehovah through Moses, the first group started their march.

The first to leave were the children of Judah with their army, headed by NaAsson, the son of AmiNadab.
They [were followed by] the sons of IshSachar under NathaniEl, the son of Sogar.
Then came the army of the Tribe of the sons of ZebuLon under EliAb, the son of ChaElon.

Thereafter, the Tent was taken down and the sons of GedSon started out, followed by the sons of MeraRi, who carried the Tent.

Then came the camp of ReuBen and their army that was led by EliSur, the son of SediUr.
They were followed by the army of the Tribe of the sons of SymeOn under SalamiEl, the son of SuriSadai.
Next came the army of the children from the Tribe of Gad under EliShaph, the son of RaguEl.

Then the sons of CaAth came forward bearing the holy things, because the Tent was to be set up before they arrived.

Next the camp of Ephraim set out with their army under EliSama, the son of SemiUd.
They were followed by the armies of the Tribe of the sons of ManasSeh under GamaliEl, the son of PhadasShur.
Then came the army of the Tribe of the children of BenJamin under AbiDan, the son of GadeOni.

Next in the order of the camp came the sons of Dan and their army under AchiEzer, the son of AmiSadai.
Then came the army of the Tribe of the sons of Asher under PhageEl, the son of Echran.
They were followed by the army of the Tribe of the sons of NaphTali under AchiRe, the son of AiNan.

These are the armies of the children of IsraEl, and it’s the way that they started their march.

Then Moses said to Jobab (the son of RaguEl the MidiAnite):
‘We are traveling to the place about which Jehovah said,
I’m going to give this to you
.
So come with us and we will treat you well, because Jehovah has promised good things for IsraEl.’

But [Jobab] replied:
‘No, I won’t go. I’m going to return to my family and to my land.’

However, [Moses insisted], saying,
‘Don’t leave us, for you’ve been with us all through the desert, and you should be considered an elder among us.
If you go with us; when Jehovah does good things for us, we will do good things for you.’

Then they left the Mountain of Jehovah and traveled for three days. And the Chest of Jehovah’s Sacred Agreement was carried ahead of them for all three days, as a comfort to them all.
Also, the cloud hung over them during the day, starting from when they left the camp.

And when the Chest was brought forward, Moses said,
‘Arise, O Jehovah!
Let Your enemies be scattered and may all that hate You flee in terror!’

Then when they reached its resting place, he said,
‘Turn [Your face] again, O Jehovah, to the thousands and tens of thousands in IsraEl!’

Chapter 11

Well after that, the people started murmuring sinful things against Jehovah, and He heard them.
This made Him very angry, and Jehovah sent a fire that started to burn among them, which consumed part of the camp.
So the people called for Moses; and after he prayed to Jehovah, the fire died out.
And thereafter, they called that place ‘The Burning,’ because that was where a fire from Jehovah had burned among them.

Then the [ethnics] that were mixed among them started [complaining].
They and some of the children of IsraEl sat down and started crying and saying,
Who is going to give us meat to eat?
We remember all the fish that we used to eat in Egypt, as well as the cucumbers, melons, leeks, garlic, and onions.
But now our lives have become [empty], because all we can see is this manna!’

Well, the manna looked like coriander seeds and it appeared [on the ground] like frost.
The people would go out to collect it, and then they would grind it in a mill or pound it in a mortar and bake it in a pan to make loaves from it.
It tasted like sweet crackers that had been mixed with oil.
And during the night, when the dew was settling on the camp, the manna would just come down upon it.

Well, Moses heard them as they were sitting in front of their [tents] in family groups, crying.
This made Jehovah very angry, and Moses also viewed these actions as evil.
So Moses asked Jehovah:
‘Why have You done this to your servant, and why haven’t I found favor in Your eyes, so that You should lay the burden of these people upon me?
Am I the one that carried and gave birth to all these people so that You should tell me to take them into my arms as a nursing mother would take her new-born baby, then carry them into the land that You promised to give to their fathers?
Where can I find enough meat to feed all these people? For, here they are crying before me and saying,
Give us meat to eat.
I can’t carry all these people by myself… they’re just too heavy for me.
If You’re going to do this to me and if I’ve found Your favor, just kill me so I don’t have to [endure] this pain!’

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘Gather 70 men from among the elders of IsraEl to Me… [make sure that] they are the elders and scribes among the people.
Then bring them to the Tent of Proofs and have them stand there with you.For I’m going to come down and speak with you there.
Then I will take [some] of [My] Breath that is on you and put it on them, so they will have to share the burden of the people with you, and you won’t have to handle it all by yourself.

‘After that, go to the people and tell them this:
‘Now, purify yourselves, because tomorrow you’re going to eat meat.
Yes, you who have bawled before Jehovah and asked,
Who will give us meat and the other things that [we used to enjoy back in Egypt]?
For Jehovah will provide meat, and then you will have to eat it!
You aren’t going to eat it for 1 day, or for 7, 10, or 20 days,you’re going to eat it for a full month… until it comes out of your noses!
You’re going to be sick of it, because you disobeyed Jehovah who is here among you.
You bawled before Him and asked,
Why did we ever leave Egypt?’

Then Moses replied:
‘There are some 600,000 of just the soldiers among us, and are You telling me to give everyone enough meat to eat for a whole month?
Must we slaughter all of our sheep and cattle to feed them all… and would even that be enough?
Or must we catch all the fish in the sea for them, and would that be enough?’

And the Lord said to Moses:
‘Isn’t the hand of Jehovah large enough?
By now you should know whether My words will come true!’

So Moses went out and told the people what the Lord had said.
Then he gathered 70 men from among the people’s elders and stood them around the Tent…and the Lord came down in a cloud to speak to [Moses].
Thereafter, He took some of the Breath that was in Moses and put it into the 70 elders.
And when [God’s] Breath came to rest upon them, they all started prophesying… but then they stopped.

However, two of the men were still back in the camp at the time; one was ElDad and the other was MoDad.
They were part of the group that [Moses] had chosen, but they hadn’t made it to the Tent yet.
Nevertheless, [God’s] Breath came to rest upon them also, and they started prophesying there in the camp.
So, a young man ran and told Moses… he said,
‘ElDad and MoDad are prophesying in the camp!’

Well, JoShua (the son of NaWeh) who was Moses’ assistant and chosen successor, said,
‘Lord Moses;
Make them stop!’

But Moses replied:
‘Are you jealous for me?
I wish that Jehovah would put His Breath in all of His people and make them all Prophets!’

And with that, Moses and the elders of IsraEl returned to the camp.

Then Jehovah blew His Breath, and [flocks of] quail were blown over the sea and into their camp… they covered the ground several feet deep for a day’s journey all around the camp.
So the people went out all that day, all that night, and all the next day to gather quail.
Even those that gathered the least gathered hundreds.
Then all around the camp, everyone [sat down to feast].

Well, they were still picking the meat that was stuck between their teeth when Jehovah showed them how angry He was with them, for He then struck them with a great plague.
And thereafter, that place was called The Graveyard of the Greedy, because it’s where they buried all the greedy people.

Then the people moved away from the Graveyard of the Greedy [and went to] AsherOth, where they [set up camp].

Chapter 12

It was then that MiriAm and Aaron started condemning Moses because of the Ethiopian whom he had taken as his woman.
They asked,
‘Is Moses the only one to whom the Lord has spoken? Hasn’t He also spoken to us?’
And Jehovah heard them say this.

Now, Moses was the humblest man on the earth;so the Lord immediately spoke to Moses, Aaron, and MiriAm, and said:
‘All three of you, come to the Tent of Proofs!’

So, the three of them went to the Tent of Proofs, and the Lord descended in a column of clouds.
He stood there at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs and called Aaron and MiriAm, and they stepped forward.
Then He said to them:
‘Listen to Me; If either of you are Prophets of Jehovah, I will make things known to you in visions and speak to you as you sleep.
However, this isn’t the way [that I speak] to My servant Moses who has so faithfully [served] in My House.
I’m not hidden to him, I appear and speak to him mouth to mouth… and he has even seen the glory of Jehovah!
So, why aren’t you afraid to speak against My servant Moses?’

Well, Jehovah was very angry with them.
Then, as He left,the cloud disappeared from the Tent… and {Look!} MiriAm had leprosy that was [as white] as snow!

Well when Aaron saw that MiriAm had leprosy,he said to Moses:
‘I beg you my lord; don’t hold this sin against us, because we did this in ignorance!
Don’t allow her to be one of the [walking] dead like a miscarriage from her mother’s womb… and for half of her flesh to be eaten away.’

So Moses called to Jehovah and said:
‘Oh God, I beg You;
Please heal her!’

And the Lord replied to Moses:
‘If her father had just spit in her face, wouldn’t she have been shamed for 7 days?
Therefore, she may not enter the camp for 7 days… only then may she return.’

So MiriAm was driven away from the camp for 7 days, and the people didn’t break camp until after MiriAm had been cleansed.

Chapter 13

Well after that, the people left AsherOth and camped in the Pharan Desert.
There the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Send some men as spies into the land of the CanaAnites that I will be giving to the sons of IsraEl.
Choose men that are leaders from each of the tribes and family lines.’

So, following Jehovah’s instructions, Moses chose leaders from among the sons of IsraEl and sent them away from the Pharan Desert.
From the Tribe of ReuBen [he sent] SamuEl, the son of ZachUr.
From the Tribe of SymeOn [he sent] Saphat, the son of Suri.
From the Tribe of Judah [he sent] Caleb, the son of JePhonNe.
From the Tribe of IshSachar [he sent] IlaAl, the son of JoSeph.
From the Tribe of Ephraim [he sent] Ause, the son of NaWeh.
From the Tribe of BenJamin [he sent] Phalti, the son of Raphu.
From the Tribe of ZebuLon [he sent] GadDiEl, the son of Sudi.
From the Tribe of JoSeph’s son ManasSeh [he sent] GadDi, the son of Susi.
From the Tribe of Dan [he sent] AmiEl, the son of Gamali.
From the Tribe of Asher [he sent] Sathur, the son of MichaEl.
From the Tribe of NaphTali [he sent] Nabi, the son of Sabi.
And from the Tribe of Gad [he sent] GaudiEl, the son of MacKi.
These are the men whom Moses sent as spies into the land. However, Moses started calling Ause (the son of NaWeh), JoShua.

As Moses sent them to spy in the land of CanaAn, he told them this:
‘Travel through this desert, then climb the mountain andpeer into the land to see what it looks like.
Watch the people that live there to [determine] whether they are strong or weak, many or few.
Then, notice whether the land that they live on is good or bad, what cities are there, and whether or not they have walls.
Also, pay attention to the ground… see whether it is rich or poor, and if there are any trees.
Then venture in and take some of the fruitage of the land.’

Well, it was springtime, and the grapes were ready to be harvested,as they went and surveyed all the land from the Sin Desert to RhoOb (on the road to AiMath).
They traveled through the desert and got as far as HebRon, where they found AchiMan, SesSi, and ThelAmi, the descendants of Enach. (HebRon had been built 7 years before Tanis in Egypt).

Well, when they got to the valley where the grapes were growing; after surveying it, they cut down a cluster of grapes and carried it on staves.
They also picked some pomegranates and figs.
Then they called that place, The Valley of the Cluster, because of the cluster of [grapes] that the children of IsraEl had cut down there.

Well after 40 days, they returned from their survey of the landand they went before Moses, Aaron, and the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl ([who were] in the desert at Pharan KaDesh at the time).
Then they spoke to the whole gathering and showed them the fruit from the land,giving this report:
‘We went into the land where you sent us and found a land that is indeed flowing with milk and honey.
Here is some of the fruit from that place.
However, the nation that lives there is aggressive, and they have large, strong, walled cities.

‘We also saw the children of Enach there.
The AmaLechites live in the land toward the south, while the Hittites, Evites, Jebusites, and Amorites live in the hill country, and the CanaAnites live between the Sea and the JorDan River.’

Then Caleb stopped them from speaking before Moses, and said:
‘We must surely go there and inherit [that land], because we can conquer them!’

But [the other] men disagreed and said,
‘We must not go there!
There’s no way we can beat nations like that, for they’re much stronger than we are!’

Well, they really terrified the children of IsraEl when they said,
‘The land that we walked through and surveyed swallows up the people that live there.
And all the people that we saw there were huge!
We saw giants who [were so large] that we looked like grasshoppers in comparison!’

Chapter 14

Well at that, the whole gathering started wailing and crying, and this went on throughout the night.
Then all the children of IsraEl started grumbling against Moses and Aaron, for they came to them and said:
‘We would rather have died in the land of Egypt than in this desert!
Why is Jehovah bringing us to this land… just to be killed in war and to have our women and children serve as their prey?
It would be better for us to return to Egypt!’

Then they started saying to each other:
‘Let’s appoint [someone else] as our ruler who will take us back to Egypt!’

So Moses and Aaron just fell to their faces before the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl.
But then, JoShua (the son of NaWeh) and Caleb (the son of JePhonNe), who were among those that had spied in the land, started ripping their clothes,and they said to the gathering of the children of IsraEl:
‘The land that we surveyed is really very good!
And if Jehovah has chosen us, won’t He take us into this land and give it to us… into this land that flows with milk and honey?
Don’t leave Jehovah, and don’t be afraid of the people in that land, because they’re just meat for us!
Since Jehovah is with us, their time has ended! So, don’t be afraid!’
But at that, all the people started throwing rocks at them.

[Then suddenly], the glory of Jehovah appeared in the cloud over the Tent of Proofs before all the children of IsraEl.
And the Lord said to Moses:
‘How much longer will these people continue to anger Me, and how much longer will they refuse to believe Me after all the signs that I’ve sent to them?
So now, I’m going to strike them and kill them all!
Yes, I’ll destroy them and then I’ll make a great nation of you and of your father’s house… one that will be much greater than this!’

However, Moses replied:
‘But then the Egyptians would hear about this!
Because You used Your power to bring these people out from among them,and the people who live in that land have heard that You are our Lord, that You are with these people, that You, O Jehovah have been seen face to face, that Your cloud rests upon them, and You lead them each day in a column of clouds and by a column of fire all night long…
If You destroy this whole nation, then all the nations that have heard of Your Name will say,
Because Jehovah couldn’t bring His people into the land that He swore to give them, He [killed] them all in the desert!

‘So, O Lord, show Your power to them instead… and may this thing that You’ve said prove to be true:
Jehovah is patient, merciful, and true. He removes mistakes, errors, and sins.
He will never acquit the guilty, but He will bring the sins of the fathers upon their children for three or four generations.

Therefore, in Your great mercy, forgive these people for their sins and show them the same favor [that You’ve shown] them [since You led them out of] Egypt!’

Then the Lord replied to Moses:
‘I will be [patient] with them as you’ve requested.
For, as I live and as My Name is living; the glory of Jehovah must fill the whole earth,since everyone has seen My glory through all the signs that I gave in Egypt and in the desert.
But, this is the 10th time that [IsraEl] has tested Me and refused to listen to My voice.
Therefore, they will not see the land that I promised to their fathers.
Rather, I will give it to their children who are with Me here… those that are inexperienced and don’t yet know good from bad.
I’m going to give the land to them… but, those that angered Me will never see it!
My servant Caleb [will see it], because he had a different spirit and he followed Me.
I will bring him into the land that he traveled through, and his seed will inherit it.But until then, the AmaLechites and CanaAnites will [continue to] live in this valley.
So tomorrow [you must] turn around and return to the desert by way of the Red Sea.’

And thereafter, the Lord spoke to both Moses and Aaron and said:
‘How much longer will this gathering remain wicked?
I’ve heard the grumbling against Me coming from the children of IsraEl as well as all their complaints about you.
So, tell them that Jehovah said this:
As I live; Whatever I’ve heard you say is exactly what I’m going to do to you.
Your bodies will fall in this desert, and all those that were reviewed and counted from 20 years old and up – all that grumbled against Me –will never enter the land that I stretched out My hand to give to you, except for Caleb (the son of JePhonNe), and JoShua (the son of NaWeh).

‘Then I will bring your little ones (whom you’ve said would serve as prey) into the land, and they will inherit that which you’ve rejected,while your bodies will fall in this desert.
So your sons must be fed in this desert for 40 years, and they must carry the weight of your infidelity, as your bodies rot in the desert.
For each day that was spent spying in that land – 40 days – you must bear your sins a day for a year – for 40 years – and you will get to know My rage.
Now, I Jehovah have spoken, and that’s what I will do to this evil gathering that has raised itself against Me… you will be totally destroyed and die here in this desert!’

Then, all the men whom Moses sent to spy in the land and who then returned and grumbled before the group and said evil things about the landwere struck with a plague from Jehovah and they all died.
So, among the men that served as spies in the land, only JoShua (the son of NaWeh) and Caleb (the son of JePhonNe) survived.

Well after that, Moses explained all these things to the children of IsraEl, and the people became very depressed.

Then early the next morning, [the people] climbed to the top of a hill and said:
‘{Look!} We have sinned!
So, those of us that are left must travel to the place where Jehovah told us to go!’

But Moses asked them:
‘Why didn’t you just obey the words of Jehovah and prosper?
However, now you can’t [enter the land], because Jehovah isn’t with you, and you will [be cut down] before your enemies.
The AmaLechites and the CanaAnites that are standing there before you will cut you down with their swords, because you disobeyed Jehovah and turned aside.
So, the Lord will not be there among you!’

Well, they went up to the top of the mountain and tried to force their way [into the land] anyhow… but the Chest of Jehovah’s Sacred Agreement and Moses never left the camp.
As the result, the AmaLechites and the CanaAnites that lived on the mountain attacked them, drove them away, and destroyed them all the way to [Mount] Herman; and they [had to] run back to their camp.

Chapter 15

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them this:
When you enter the land that I will give to you (this place where you will live);whenever you offer whole burnt offerings to Jehovah, or offerings to fulfill a vow, or free-will offerings, or feast sacrifices from the herd or flock as a sweet odor to Jehovah…
The person that offers the gift must also bring a food offering of a quart of flour mixed with oil,and a quart [of wine] as a drink offering with each lamb that you sacrifice as a sweet odor to Jehovah.

‘And when you offer a ram as a whole-burnt offering or sacrifice, you must also prepare a food offering of 2 quarts (1.9l) of fine flour mixed with oil,and 2 quarts (1.9l) of wine as a drink offering, as a sweet odor to Jehovah.

‘And if you offer a sacrifice from the herd as a whole-burnt offering, or a sacrifice to fulfill a vow or as a peace offering to Jehovah;
Along with the calf, you must add a food offering of 3 quarts (2.8l) of fine flour mixed with oil,and provide 3 quarts (2.8l) of wine as a drink offering, as a sweet odor to Jehovah.
You must do this for each calf, ram, lamb, sheep, or kid goat that you offer.
You must do the same thing for each one, no matter how many you may offer.
All the natives in the country must do this whenever they offer sacrifices as a sweet odor to Jehovah…whether the person is an alien in your land or someone that was born among you, they must offer [the same] sacrifices as a sweet odor to Jehovah.
Yes, everyone among the gathering must offer sacrifices to Jehovah!
There must be just one law for you and for the aliens that live among you.
It is a law through the ages and throughout your generations, that the aliens must act as you do before Jehovah.
Both you and the aliens that live among you must follow the same laws and regulations!’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to the sons of IsraEl and tell them this:
When you enter the land where I am taking youand you start eating bread from the land, you must set aside a special wave-offering to Jehovah from the first fruitage of your dough.
You must set aside and offer your bread as a wave offering in the same way that you offer grainas the first fruitage of your dough…
And you must give it to Jehovah as a wave offering throughout your generations.

‘Now, if you fail to follow all these commandments that Jehovah has been giving to Moses,and which Moses has been telling you about since the day that Jehovah selected you (and on through your generations),and if you commit an error or mistake without the knowledge of the gathering;
The whole gathering must offer a perfect calf from the herd as a whole-burnt offering and as a sweet odor to Jehovah, along with food and drink offerings (according to the rules), and one kid goat as a sin offering.
Then the Priest must make payment for the sins of the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl, and they will be forgiven, because it was a mistake…
And because they brought their gift as a burnt-offering to Jehovah for their error and involuntary sin.
If it is a mistake, everyone must be forgiven, whether they are from the children of IsraEl or from the aliens that are living among you.

‘So, whenever a person sins by mistake, he must bring a yearling nanny goat as a sin offering.
Then the Priest must [sacrifice it] to pay for the sin that was committed in error.
This same law applies to the natives of the children of IsraEl and to the aliens that are living among them…
To anyone that unwittingly commits an error .

‘And whenever any person – a native or an alien – does anything so presumptuous as to anger God, he must be cut off from among his people.
For when he disregards the Word of Jehovah and breaks His Laws, that person must be found guilty of sin and destroyed.’

Well, it was while the children of IsraEl were still in the desert that they found a man gathering sticks on the Sabbath.
And those that found him doing this brought him before Moses, Aaron, and the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl.
Then he was placed in custody, because they didn’t know what to do with him.
But thereafter, the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘The man must absolutely be put to death by the entire gathering… stone him with rocks!’

So the entire gathering dragged him outside of the camp and stoned him with rocks, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.

Thereafter, the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them that they must wear fringes on the bottoms of their clothing throughout all their generations.
These fringes are to be made of blue lace.
Then, whenever they look at these fringes, they must think of all the Commandments of Jehovah and remember to obey them, instead of turning back and following the immoral things of their imaginations.
They must remember to obey all My Commandments, and to be holy before Me;
For I am Jehovah, the God that brought them out of the land of Egypt to be their God…
I am Jehovah, your God!’

Chapter 16

But then KorAh (the son of IsaAr, of CaAth, of Levi), Dathan, and AbiRam (the sons of EliAb), and Aun (the son of Phaleth of ReuBen) started speakingrebelliously against Moses, along with 250 men from the sons of IsraEl that were chiefs of the assembly, chosen advisors, and men of fame.
They went up to Moses and Aaron and said:
‘That’s enough of you!
Since the whole gathering of IsraEl is holy, and Jehovah is among them;
Why have you elevated yourselves over the gathering of Jehovah?’

Well when Moses heard this, he fell to his face.
Then he spoke to KorAh and his group and said:
‘God has visited us, and He knows who are His, who are holy, who are set aside to Him, whom He has chosen, and whom He has purchased for Himself.So, we will allow Jehovah to choose [the ones that He finds] to be holy.
KorAh and his entire group should take their incense holdersand put fire and incense in them, then go and stand before Jehovah tomorrow.
May this settle the matter for you, you sons of Levi!’

Then Moses [turned and] addressed KorAh, saying:
‘Listen to me, you son of Levi.
Is it so unimportant to you that the God of IsraEl has separated you from the rest of the gathering of IsraEl and brought you close to Him to serve His people at His Tentthat you and all your brothers (the sons of Levi) also want to become the Priests?
[Understand that] you and your group have now gathered in opposition to God!
For, who is Aaron that you should be complaining against him?’

Then later, Moses sent for Dathan and AbiRam (the sons of EliAb), and they told him that they wouldn’t be coming.
They asked,
‘Doesn’t it matter to you that after you brought us to a land flowing with milk and honey, you chose to just kill us here in this desert? And now you even want to rule over us!
If you’re really our leader; why don’t you just go ahead and carry us into the land that flows with milk and honey and give us our inheritance of land and our vineyards.
For, couldn’t you just blind the eyes of the men [in that land]?
No, we aren’t coming!’

Well, this upset Moses, and he said to Jehovah:
‘Please don’t accept their sacrifices, because I haven’t taken anything that they desire from them, nor have I harmed any of them.’

Then Moses told KorAh:
‘You must be sure that your whole group is holy, and then you must get them ready to stand before Jehovah along with Aaron tomorrow.
Each man must bring his incense holder and put incense in it, then carry it up before Jehovah… all 250 of you.
And of course, you and Aaron must also bring your incense holders.’

So, each man brought his incense holder and they put fire and incense in them;
Then they stood themselves next to Moses and Aaron at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs,and KorAh and his group just stood there defiantly, as the glory of the Lord appeared before the whole gathering.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and said:
‘Move away from the whole gathering [of IsraEl], for I’m going to consume them all!’

But [Moses and Aaron] fell to their faces, and begged:
‘Oh God… the God of all that breathes and all that is flesh;
If just one man has sinned, must You bring Your rage against the whole gathering?’

And the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Then, tell the gathering that they must move away from KorAh and his group!’

So Moses got up and walked over to Dathan and AbiRam (and all the elders of IsraEl went with him).
Then he spoke to the gathering and said:
‘Now, get away from the tents of these stubborn men and don’t touch anything that belongs to them, or you’ll be consumed along with them for their sins!’

So everyone moved away from their tents, as KorAh, Dathan, and AbiRam went over and stood at the entrances to their tents, along with their women, their children, and all their belongings.
Then Moses said:
‘Now you will know that when Jehovah sent me to do these things, I wasn’t doing it on my own.
For if these men just die a natural death, and if what happens to them is the same as what happens to all men, then Jehovah hasn’t sent me.
But if the Lord brings a miracle and the ground opens its mouth and swallows them, their households, their tents, and everything that belongs to them, and they go down into their graves alive;
You must know that these men have angered Jehovah!’

And just as he finished saying those words, the ground rumbled underneath them.
Then the ground opened and swallowed them, their households, all the men that were with KorAh, and all their cattle…they and all that they had went down into their graves alive, as the ground covered them over.
So, they perished there in the midst of the gathering.

Well at that, all the IsraElites that were standing nearby fled from the noise, shouting:
‘[Run], so the earth doesn’t swallow us also!’

Then fire came from Jehovah, which consumed the 250 men that were offering the incense.

And thereafter, the Lord said to Moses:
‘Now, tell EliEzer (the son of Aaron the Priest) to pick up the bronze incense holders from where those men were burned and then melt them all down, for these things are holy,[and they must now serve as a sign against] those sinners and against their lives.
Beat [the metal] into plates to cover the Altar;
For, since these [censors] were brought before Jehovah as holy, they must be used as a sign to the children of IsraEl!’

So, EliEzer (the son of Aaron, the Priest) took the bronze incense holders that the men who were burned carried, and he had them shaped into a covering for the Altar,as a reminder to the children of IsraEl that no one other than the seed of Aaron might approach to offer the incense before Jehovah, and so that what happened to KorAh and those who conspired with him wouldn’t happen to them.
[He did just] as Jehovah told him through Moses.

But the next day, the people again started grumbling against Moses and Aaron, and they shouted:
‘You’ve killed the people of Jehovah!’
So, a mob gathered against Moses and Aaron, and they foolishly ran into the Tent of Proofs.
And at that, the cloud immediately covered it and the glory of Jehovah appeared!

Then Moses and Aaron entered through the front of the Tent of Proofs,and the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron there and said:
‘Get away from the whole gathering, because I’m going to consume them all!’

Well, [Moses and Aaron] dropped to their faces,and Moses said to Aaron:
‘Take an incense holder, put some incense into it, and light it with some of the fire from the Altar. Then, quickly carry it into the camp to atone for [the people’s] sins;
For, Jehovah’s rage has come upon us and He has already started destroying them!’

So Aaron took it (just as Moses had told him) and he ran around throughout the whole gathering, since a plague had already started among them;
And he used the incense to atone for the sins of the people.
Then he stood himself between the living and the dead, and the plague stopped.

Altogether, some 14,700 died from the plague… in addition to those that died because of KorAh.
And when Aaron returned to Moses (who was at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs), the plague ended.

Chapter 17

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Tell the children of IsraEl to have their [tribe] leaders each bring a walking stick with them, one for each of the family lines – 12 walking sticks – and have them write their [own] names on their sticks.
Also write Aaron’s name on his walking stick [on behalf of the Tribe of] Levi.
Each tribe should provide these sticks for [the heads] of their family lines.
Then you must carry them all inside the Tent of Proofs and lay them before the Chest of Proofs, where I [always meet with] you.
And whoever owns the walking stick that blossoms is the man that I have chosen.
This will bring an end to all the children of IsraEl’s grumbling to Me about you.’

So Moses spoke to the children of IsraEl, and each of their leaders gave him a walking stick, one for each of the heads of their family lines – 12 walking sticks – and Aaron’s walking stick was placed among them.
Then Moses laid the walking sticks before Jehovah inside the Tent of Proofs.

Well, the next morning, when Moses and Aaron entered the Tent of Proofs, they saw that the walking stick of Aaron (from the Tribe of Levi) had blossomed, putting out buds, flowers, and almonds!
Then Moses carried all of those walking sticks that had been set in front of Jehovah out before the sons of IsraEl for them to see;
And each [of the leaders] took his own stick.

So the Lord told Moses:
‘Now, place Aaron’s walking stick among the Proofs… keep it there as a sign for these disobedient children.
And then tell them to stop grumbling to Me, so they don’t die!’

Well, that’s what Moses and Aaron did…
They did just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.

Then [the leaders] of the children of IsraEl spoke to Moses and asked:
‘Are we now going to be cut off, destroyed, and consumed?
Since everyone that touches the Tent of Jehovah is to die; are we now going to be totally destroyed?’

Chapter 18

Then the Lord spoke to Aaron and told him:
‘You, your sons, and your [tribe] will be guilty of any sins against the holy things, and you and your sons [are responsible for] your Priesthood.
So now, take the rest of your brothers from the Tribe of Levi (the family line of your forefather) and accept them as yours.
Have them serve you and your sons there in front of the Tent of Proofs.
They must obey you and follow your instructions regarding everything that has to do with the Tent.
However, they must not go near the holy furnishings or the Altar, so that they – and you – don’t die!

‘They must be joined to you and follow your instructions regarding the Tent of Proofs and serve as guards in watches at the Tent… but no outsiders may even approach you.
You alone are to give instructions when it comes to the holy things and the Altar… and there must be no more anger [about this] among the children of IsraEl.
For ,I have also chosen your brothers the Levites from among the children of IsraEl as a gift to Jehovah, to officiate at the Tent of Proofs.

‘Now, you and your descendants must maintain your assigned positions as Priests, serving at the Altar and inside the veil, doing the things that are required.
You must serve in the position of your Priesthood, and any [unauthorized] person that approaches it must die!’

Then the Lord told Aaron:
‘Look, I have given you all the instructions regarding the first fruitage of everything that is to be made perfect for Me by the children of IsraEl.
This is an honor for you and for your descendants, and it is a law through the agesthat all the perfect holy things from among the burnt offerings, gifts, sacrifices, and all the error and sin offerings – whatever holy things that they bring to Me – will belong to you and to your sons.
These things must be considered holy by you, and all the males (you and your sons) must eat them inside this very holy place.

‘I am also giving all the first fruitage among the gifts – the wave-offerings of the children of IsraEl – to you and to your sons and daughters.
It is a law through the ages that all those in your homes that are clean may eat them.
All the first offerings of oil, wine, grain, and whatever else they may offer to Jehovah, is yours.
All the first fruitage of the land – whatever is offered to Jehovah – must belong to you, and everyone in your home that is clean may eat them.

‘And anything that the children of IsraEl may choose to dedicate is also yours.
Whatever they bring to Jehovah, whether a man or an animal – everything that opens a womb – is yours.
However, the first-born of men and the first-born of unclean animals must be ransomed.
The value of anything a month old and upwards is 5 silver coins (20 copper coins per holy silver coin).
They cannot buy back their first-born calves, sheep, or goats, because these things are holy.
You must pour their blood on the Altar, and offer the fat as a burnt offering and a sweet odor to Jehovah.
Then their flesh – the breast and the right shoulder of the wave-offerings – is to be yours.Also, I have given all the special offerings of holy things – whatever the children of IsraEl offer as special to Jehovah – to you and to your sons and daughters that live with you.
This is to be a rule through the ages. It is a Sacred Agreement of Salt through the ages between Me and you, and with your seed that descends from you.’

Then the Lord told Aaron:
‘You aren’t going to receive an inheritance in that land, nor may you own any part of it, for I am your portion and your inheritance in the midst of the children of IsraEl.
Look! I have also given the sons of Levi 1/10th part of everything in IsraEl as their inheritance for the services that they are to perform at the Tent of Proofs.

‘Now, the children of IsraEl must not approach the Tent of Proofs again, or they will [be found] guilty and die.
Just the Levites may work and serve at the Tent of Proofs, and they are to be responsible for any errors against it.
This is a law through the ages and throughout all your generations.
They are not to receive an inheritance among the children of IsraEl,because I have given the Levites the 1/10th part that the children of IsraEl must bring to Jehovah as theirs…
And that’s why I’m telling them that they are to receive no inheritance among the children of IsraEl.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Speak to the Levites and tell them that when they receive the 1/10th part from the children of IsraEl that I am giving to them as their inheritance, they must then set aside 1/10th of that 1/10th as a wave offering to Jehovah.
These wave offerings must be treated as their own grain offerings from the [threshing] floor and wine press.
They must set this portion aside from all tenth-part offerings to Jehovah – along with everything else that they receive from the children of IsraEl – and give My offerings to Aaron the Priest.
This includes a [1/10th part] of all the gifts that are given as offerings to Jehovah and all the first fruitage.

‘Tell them that whenever they offer the first fruitage, the Levites must think of it as the produce from their own threshing floors or wine presses.
Then, they and their families may eat it wherever they wish, because this is their reward for serving at the Tent of Proofs.
They won’t sin by doing this, as long as they [set aside] a portion of the first-fruitage [for Aaron], and as long as they don’t dirty the holy things of the children of IsraEl.
Otherwise, they must be put to death.’

Chapter 19

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and said,
‘This is a commandment of the Law that Jehovah has given to you:
Speak to the sons of IsraEl and tell them to bring you a red heifer that has no blemishes or defects and which has never worn a yoke,then give her to EliEzer the Priest.
He must thereafter have them take it to a clean place outside of the camp and slaughter it there before him.
Then EliEzer must take some of its blood and sprinkle it in front of the Tent of Proofs 7 times,and they must burn it to ashes before him, making sure that its skin, flesh, blood, and dung are totally consumed.
Afterward, the Priest must take some cedar wood, some hyssop, and some scarlet-colored wool, and throw it into the [fire] that is burning the heifer.
Then the Priest must wash his clothes, bathe in water, and go into the camp. However, he must remain unclean until that evening.
Also, the person that burns [the heifer] must wash his clothes, take a bath, and be unclean until that evening.

‘Then a clean man must gather up the heifer’s ashes and lay them aside in a clean place outside of the camp for the gathering of the children of IsraEl, so as to make a water to sprinkle for purification.
And this man that gathers up the heifer’s ashes must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening.

‘This is a law for the children of IsraEl and for the aliens that join with them through the ages:
Whoever touches a human corpse must be unclean for 7 days.
He must then be purified both on the 3rd day and on the 7th day, and he will be clean.
But if he isn’t purified on the 3rd and 7th days, he won’t be clean.
For, anyone that touches the carcass of a man that has died and doesn’t get purified will defile the Tent of Jehovah.
So, that person must be cut off from IsraEl…
If the cleansing water isn’t sprinkled on him, he will be unclean and will remain unclean!

‘This is also the law:
Whenever a man dies inside a house, anyone that enters that house and everything in that house must be unclean for 7 days.
All jars that are open and don’t have lids that are tightly sealed, must be unclean.
Also, anyone that touches a man that was murdered, or a cadaver, or a human bone, or even a tomb, must be unclean for 7 days.

‘Then they must take the burnt ashes of purification and pour them into a jar with running water to make the [water of] purification.
Thereafter, a clean man must take some hyssop and dip it into the water, and sprinkle the house, the furniture, and all the people that are there that may have touched the human bone, or the murdered man, or the cadaver, or the tomb.
The clean man must sprinkle it upon the unclean people on the 3rd and 7th days.
Then on the 7th day, he must purify himself, wash his clothes, take a bath, and be unclean until the evening.
Any man that has become unclean and chooses not to purify himself must be cut off from among the gathering, because he has dirtied the holy things of Jehovah…
If the cleansing water hasn’t been sprinkled on him, he will remain unclean.

‘And it is the law through the ages that whoever sprinkles the water of purification must wash his clothes, and whoever even touches the water must be unclean until evening.
Also, everything that an unclean man touches must be unclean, and anyone that touches [that thing] must be unclean until the evening.’

Chapter 20

It was during the 1st month that the people (the whole gathering of the children of IsraEl) traveled to the Sin Desert and stayed in KaDesh; and it was there that MiriAm died and was buried.

Well, there was no water in that place, so all the people came to Moses and Aaronand they started shouting at Moses, saying,
‘We would rather have died when our brothers were destroyed before Jehovah!
Why have you brought the gathering of Jehovah into this desert… to kill us along with our cattle?
Just what kind of a place is this?
You brought us out of Egypt and took us into this evil place where we can’t plant grain, or figs, or vines, or pomegranates…
And there’s no water for us to drink here!’

Then Moses and Aaron went to the entrance of the Tent of Proofs and stood before the people, and [they both] fell to their faces.
Thereafter, the glory of Jehovah appeared to them,and [God] spoke to Moses, saying:
‘Call an assembly;
Then take your walking stick, and you and your brother Aaron must call out to the rock that stands before them, and it will give you its water!
You must bring the water out of the rock for them and give it to the gathering and to their cattle to drink.’

So Moses took his walking stick that was there before Jehovah, just as the Lord had commanded him.
Then Moses and Aaron assembled the whole gathering in front of the rock, and he said to them:
‘Listen to me, you rebels; Must we bring water for you out of this rock?’
And at that, Moses raised his hand and hit the rock twice with his rod, and water came gushing out of it for the gathering and their cattle to drink.

But after that, the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and said:
‘Because you didn’t put enough trust in Me to mention Me before the children of IsraEl, you won’t be allowed to lead this gathering into the land that I have given to them.
This is [to be called] The Water of Rebellion, because this is where the children of IsraEl spoke rebelliously before Jehovah, as I remained holy among them.’

Then Moses sent messengers from KaDesh to the king of Edom to tell him,
‘This is what your brother IsraEl is saying:
You know of all the hard times we’ve seen,of how our fathers went down to Egypt and of the many [years] that we spent there, and of how the Egyptians oppressed us and our fathers.
But when we called out to Jehovah, He heard our voices and sent His messenger who brought us out of Egypt.
Well, now we are in the city of KaDesh at the edge of your land,
and we wish to pass through it.
We won’t walk through your fields or through your vineyards, nor will we drink water from your cisterns.
We will just travel along the King’s Highway (Via Nova Traiana), and we won’t turn to the right or left until we have past your borders.’


But the Edomites replied:
‘You may not pass through [our land]!
And if you try to do so, we will go to war against you!’

So the children of IsraEl said:
‘Then we’ll go around the mountain.
And if we and our cattle drink any of your water, we will pay you for it…
It shouldn’t bother you if we travel around the mountain.’

But [the Edomites] replied:
‘You may not pass through [our land]!’

Well thereafter, the Edomites came out to meet them with a huge, well-prepared army,and they refused to allow IsraEl to cross their borders;
So IsraEl turned and went another way…the whole gathering left KaDesh and traveled on to Mount Hor.

It was while they were at Mount Hor (on the border of the land of Edom) that the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, and said:
‘Aaron is now going to be laid [to rest] with his people…
And you may not enter the land that I have given to the children of IsraEl, because you angered Me at The Water of Rebellion!
So, take Aaron and his son EliEzer up Mount Hor before the whole gathering,then remove Aaron’s [official] garments and put them on EliEzer.
And thereafter, Aaron will die and be added to [his people].’

So Moses did just as Jehovah had commanded him.
He took them up Mont Hor before the whole gathering,then he removed Aaron’s clothes and put them on his son EliEzer…
And Aaron died on top of the mountain.

Well, when Moses and EliEzer walked down the mountain,the gathering realized that Aaron had died.
Then the whole house of IsraEl wept for Aaron for 30 days.

Chapter 21

After that, the CanaAnite king of Arad (who lived near the desert) heard that IsraEl had traveled through Atharin, so he went to war against IsraEl and carried some of [their people] off as captives.
So, IsraEl swore a vow to Jehovah, saying,
‘If You will hand them over to us, we will dedicate them and their cities to You.’

Well, Jehovah heard what [the people of] IsraEl said and He gave the CanaAnites into their hands.
They [destroyed] them and their cities, and they started calling that place the Cursed.

Thereafter, they left Mount Hor and traveled toward the Red Sea, circling the land of Edom.
But somewhere along the way, the people lost their courageand started speaking against God and Moses, saying,
‘Why have you brought us out of Egypt just to kill us here in the desert?
[We have] no bread or water, and we’ve come to hate the worthless bread.’

So, Jehovah sent poisonous snakes among them that bit [many] people, and quite a few of the children of IsraEl died.
As the result, the people went to Moses and said,
‘We have sinned, for we’ve spoken against Jehovah and against you.
Please pray to Jehovah and [ask] Him to take these snakes away from us!’

Well, Moses prayed to Jehovah for the people, and the Lord told Moses:
‘Make [the sign of] a snake and [post it high].
Then, whenever someone is bitten by a snake, they can look at [this sign] and they will live.’

So Moses made a brass snake and raised it as a sign;
And whenever a snake bit a person, he [or she] could look at the bronze snake and survive.

Thereafter, children of IsraEl left that place and started camping in ObOth.
And from ObOth, they moved to AchalGai, which is on the eastern edge of the desert across from MoAb.
From there they traveled on and camped in the Zared Valley.
Then they left [Zared] and camped on the other side of the Arnon, in the desert that runs along the border of the Amorites.
The Arnon is the border between the MoAbites and the Amorites,for this is what was written about ZoOb in the book of the Wars of Jehovah:
‘The dry river beds of Arnon were set on fire,and MoAb’s [Capital] Er [was built] along the river beds at their border.’

It was there that they found a well, and Jehovah said:
‘I have given this well to Moses;
So, gather the people and I will give them water to drink.’

Then IsraEl started singing this song at the well:
‘It was there that their leaders dug it;
The kings of their nation and kingdom.
They, in their kingship, sank it in rock;
This well of ManthaNain.

‘From ManthaNain to NaAliEl,
And from NaAliEl to BamOth,
Then, on from BamOth to Janen;
And from the plains of MoAb,
And the quarry that faces the desert.’

Well after that, Moses sent ambassadors to SeOn (the king of the Amorites) with words of peace.
They [said to him]:
‘We [wish to] pass through your land.
We will just travel along the road… we won’t step into your fields or vineyards,and we won’t drink any water from your wells.
We will just travel along the King’s Highway until we pass through your borders.’

But SeOn wouldn’t allow IsraEl to cross his borders. Rather, he gathered all his people and set up battle lines against IsraEl from the desert [all the way] to JasSa.
However, IsraEl beat them and slaughtered [many of their people with] swords.
So thereafter, they owned all the land from the Arnon to the JaBoc as far as the children of AmMon (for, JaZer borders the [land of] the children of AmMon).

IsraEl also captured all of the Amorite cities in the [district of] Hesh-EbonEh, and they started living in them.
Hesh-EbonEh had been the city of SeOn the king of the Amorites, and he had previously fought against the king of MoAb and captured all the land from AroEr to the Arnon.
That’s why there was a saying among those that speak of such dark things:

‘Come to Hesh-EbonEh, in order to build,
And prepare the city for SeOn.

‘Then a fire came out of Hesh-EbonEh…
Flames from the City of SeOn.
And there they burned and consumed
To the banks of the Arnon in MoAb.

‘So, woe to you, O MoAb;
For you’ve lost, O you people of CheMosh.
Your sons that survived have now all been sold,
And your daughters are the captives of SeOn,
Who is the Amorite king.

‘From Hesh-EbonEh to DaEbon
All your seed is now gone,
And their women light the fires that are burning in MoAb.’

It was while IsraEl was living in the cities of the Amoritesthat Moses sent spies to JaZer.
Then he captured it and its [surrounding] villages, and he drove out the Amorites that lived there.
And after their return, they [marched] up the road that leads to BaShan. And BaShan’s king Og sent his army from EdraIn to meet them.

Then the Lord told Moses:
‘Don’t be afraid of him, for I’m putting him, his people, and his land into your hands.
Now, do to him as you did to SeOn the king of the Amorites that lived in Hesh-EbonEh.’

So they attacked and destroyed [Og], his sons, and all his people.
There were no survivors, and [IsraEl] inherited their land.

Chapter 22

Thereafter, the children of IsraEl left that place and camped on the west side of MoAb, by the JorDan River near JeriCho.
And when Balak (SepPhor’s son) saw what the IsraElites had done to the Amorites,[he] and the people of MoAb became very concerned and upset, because there were so many IsraElites.
Then the MoAbites said to the elders of MidiAn:
‘This gathering is going lick up everything around us like a calf swallows down grass in a field!’

Well, Balak (the son of SepPhor) was the king of MoAb at the time.And he sent ambassadors to call BalaAm the son of BeOr, who was at Phathura (which is beside a river in the land of his people).
[And he told them] to say,
‘Look! These people that have come from Egypt are covering the entire land… and now they’re camping close to me!
So, come and curse them for me, because they are stronger than we are.
Then we’ll be able to attack them and drive them out of the land.
Because, I know that whomever you bless will be blest, and whomever you curse will be cursed.’

So the elders of MoAb and MidiAn went out carrying their charms in their hands, and they went to see BalaAm.
Then they told him everything that Balak had said,and he replied to them:
‘Spend the night here, and I’ll tell you whatever the Lord says to me.’

So the leaders of MoAb spent the night there with BalaAm.
And [during the night], God came to BalaAm and asked him:
‘Who are these men that are with you?’
And BalaAm replied,
‘Balak, the son of SepPhor and the king of MoAb sent them to Me. For he said,
Look! These people have come from Egypt… they [literally] cover the land, and now they are camping close to me.
So, come and curse them for me, then I can cut them down and drive them out of the land!


But God told BalaAm:
‘You must not go with them, nor should you curse these people; for they are blest.’

So when BalaAm got up the next morning, he told Balak’s [ambassadors]:
‘Hurry and return to your lord, because God won’t allow me to go with you.’

As the result, the MoAbites got up and returned to Balak and told him that BalaAm had refused to come with them.
So Balak then sent some [of his] rulers that were even more respected than the first ones.
They went to BalaAm and said,
‘This is what Balak the son of SepPhor says:
I beg you; please hurry and come to me,for I will honor you with great [gifts] and do anything you ask.
Come and curse these people for me!’


However, BalaAm answered Balak’s leaders in these words:
‘If Balak were to give me his whole house filled with silver and gold, I wouldn’t be able to violate the words of the God Jehovah and do anything good or bad, for I know [that this is wrong].
However, spend [another] night here, and I will see what the Lord says.’

Then God came to BalaAm during the night and said to him:
‘When these men that came to call you [awaken], get up and go with them.
But just do the things that I tell you to do.’

Well when BalaAm arose the next morning, he saddled his burro and went with the leaders of MoAb.
But then God became very angry and sent His messenger to stop him.
So, as he was riding along on his burro (accompanied by two of his servants);
When the burro saw the messenger of God standing in her way with a sword in his hand, she turned aside and ran into a field.
Well, BalaAm started hitting the [animal] with a stick to make her [behave].

Then Jehovah’s messenger went and stood in the Avenue of Vines, which had walls on both sides.
And when the burro saw God’s messenger, she pushed up against the wall, squeezing BalaAm’s foot, and he started beating her again.

And after that, Jehovah’s messenger went ahead and stood in a narrow place where it was impossible to turn to either the right or to the left.
And when the burro saw the messenger of God, she just sat down under BalaAm.

Well, BalaAm was furious, and he again started beating the burro with his stick.
But God opened the burro’s mouth, and she asked BalaAm:
‘Just what have I done to you that you’ve started beating me a third time?’

And BalaAm told the burro:
‘You’re making a fool of me, so if I had a sword in my hand I would kill you!’

Then the burro said to BalaAm:
‘I’m the burro that you’ve ridden since you were young, and have I ever disobeyed you?’

And [BalaAm] replied,
‘No.’

Then God opened BalaAm’s eyes so he could see the messenger of Jehovah standing in the way with his sword in his hand.
So he fell down and bowed with his face to the ground.

And God’s messenger asked him:
‘Why did you beat your burro this third time?
Look; I came and stood in front of you three times, because the way that you’re heading is wrong!
And when this burro saw me, she turned away from me all three times.
For if she hadn’t turned away, I would have killed you and left her alive!’

Then BalaAm said to Jehovah’s messenger:
‘I have sinned! I didn’t realize that it was you standing in our way.
So, if it’s displeasing to you for me to go on, I’ll turn back.’

But Jehovah’s messenger told BalaAm:
‘Go on with these men.
However, make sure that whatever I say to you is what you’ll tell them!’

So, BalaAm traveled on with Balak’s governors.

Well, when Balak heard that BalaAm had arrived [in his land], he traveled to a city at the border of the Arnon (which is on the edge of MoAb) to meet him.
Then Balak asked BalaAm:
‘I sent for you, so why didn’t you come to me?
May I not be allowed to honor you?’

And BalaAm replied:
‘Look, I’m here now. But let me [warn] you;
Whatever God says to me is what I must say.’

So BalaAm traveled with Balak until they reached the City of Streets.
There, Balak offered sheep and calves [to God], then he called for BalaAm and the governors that came with him.
And since it was morning, Balak took BalaAm to the sacred column of BaAl and introduced him to some of the people there.

Chapter 23

Then BalaAm said to Balak:
‘Build 7 altars for me here, and prepare 7 calves and 7 rams for me.’

So Balak did just as BalaAm told him… he offered up a calf and a ram on each altar.
Then he said to Balak:
‘Stand here by your sacrifices, and I will go to see if God will appear and meet with me.
Then I will tell you whatever He says.’

So, Balak stood by his sacrificeswhile BalaAm went to enquire of God… he went straight ahead, and God appeared to him.
Then BalaAm said:
‘I have prepared 7 altars, and I’ve offered a calf and a ram on each of the altars.’

And God said:
‘Return to Balak and tell him this’ …
Then He put the words into BalaAm’s mouth.

So BalaAm returned to [Balak], who was standing next to his whole-burnt offerings with all the leaders of MoAb.
Then the Breath of God came over BalaAmand he spoke this prophecy:

‘I was summoned by MoAb’s King Balak…
To MesoPotamia and the mountains in the east.
He said, Come and curse Jacob for me…
Call a curse on IsraEl for me.


‘But, how can I curse what the Lord will not curse,
Or dedicate those whom God won’t destroy?
For I see them on the tops of the Mountains…
In the hills, I see and observe them.

{‘Look!} But, these people must live all alone…
They must not be counted as one of the nations.
For, who can count Jacob’s seed…
Who can count all the families of IsraEl?

‘May my soul die among the souls of the righteous,
And may my seed become as their seed.’

Then Balak said to BalaAm:
‘What have you done to me?
I called you to curse my enemies; but look… you have greatly blessed them!’

And BalaAm replied to Balak:
‘Shouldn’t I say whatever the Lord puts into my mouth?’

And Balak said:
‘Then, come with me to another place where you won’t see these people… you’ll only see part of them.
Curse them for me there!’

So he took him to a high place in a field, to the top of some quarried blocks, where he built 7 altars and offered a calf and a ram on each of the altars.

Then BalaAm said to Balak:
‘Now, stand next to your sacrifices, while I will go [and speak to] God.’

Well, God met with BalaAm and He said:
‘Return to Balak and tell him this’ …
Then He put the words into his mouth.

So BalaAm returned to Balak, who was standing next to his whole-burnt offerings along with all the leaders of MoAb.
And Balak asked,
‘What did the Lord say?’

Then [BalaAm] spoke this prophecy:

‘Arise and listen, O Balak,
Listen to the proofs, O son of SepPhor.

‘God doesn’t waver like men,
Nor may He be threatened like their sons.
Will He talk and not make it happen;
Must He speak and not keep His Word?

‘{Look!} I’ve been instructed to bless them,
So I’ll bless and I’ll not turn back.
For, there must be no trouble in Jacob,
Nor may sorrow be seen among IsraEl.

‘For their God Jehovah is with them,
And the glory of kings is among them.
It was God that brought them from Egypt,
And like the rhinoceros is His glory.

‘There are no sooth-sayers in Jacob,
And in IsraEl, there are no enchanters.
So, Jacob and IsraEl will soon be told
All the things God will do.

‘{Look!} These people will become like the cubs of a lion,
And they will then grow into lions.
They won’t lie down ‘til they’ve eaten their prey,
And drunk the blood of those they’ve destroyed.’

Then Balak said to BalaAm:
‘If you can’t curse the people for me, don’t bless them!’

And BalaAm replied:
‘Didn’t I tell you that I must say whatever God tells me?’

And Balak said:
‘Then, come and I’ll take you to another place that is more pleasing to God, and you can curse them for me there.’

So Balak took BalaAm to the top of Mount PhoGor (the part that runs into the desert).
And BalaAm said to Balak:
‘Build 7 altars for me here, and prepare 7 calves and 7 rams for me.’

And Balak did just as BalaAm told him, offering a calf and a ram on each altar.

Chapter 24

It was then that BalaAm finally realized that it pleased God to bless IsraEl, so he didn’t follow his usual custom of looking for omens.
Rather, he just turned his face toward the desert.
Well, as BalaAm gazed, he saw IsraEl camped by their tribes, and God’s Breath came over him,causing him to speak this prophecy:

BalaAm, son of BeOr;
This man that truly does see…
Who hears the prophecies of the [great] Mighty One…
Whose eyes opened and saw a vision of God…
While he slept, his eyes opened wide.

‘Good are the places where you live, O Jacob,
And [good] are your tents, O IsraEl.
Like shady groves and gardens by rivers;
Like tents pitched by God and as cedars by water.

‘For a man will come from your seed
Who will rule many nations.
His kingdom will be raised and he will grow mighty;
For, out of Egypt, God brought him.

‘The glory of the rhinoceros is his,
And he’ll consume the nations that hate him…
Yes, he will drink all their marrow,
And shoot those that hate him with arrows.

9 ‘He’ll lie down and rest like a lion,
And as a young lion, who’ll wake him?
So, those that bless him are blest,
And those that curse him are cursed.’

Well, this made Balak very angry with BalaAm, so he clapped his hands and said to him:
‘I called you to curse my enemy, but look; You’ve blessed him for the third time!
Now, hurry and go back to your home. For though I said that I would honor you, the Lord has now deprived you of your glory!’

And BalaAm replied to Balak:
‘Didn’t I tell the messengers whom you sent to Methat even if Balak were to give me his house full of silver and gold, I wouldn’t oppose the Lord and do either good or bad by myself?
Rather, [I told them that] I would say whatever The God told me to say.

‘So now, {Look!} I’ll go back to my home.
But [first], come here and I’ll tell you what these people will do to your people in the last days.’
Then he spoke this prophecy:

‘BalaAm, the son of BeOr, says this…
The man that truly sees, tells you this:
I heard the prophecies of God,
Knowledge from the Most High, I have received.

‘I saw a vision from God in my sleep
And it opened my eyes.
I’ll point to him, but not now;
I’ll bless him, though he’s not nearby.

‘A star must arise out of Jacob,
And from IsraEl, a man must then spring
Who will crush the leaders of MoAb,
And all sons of Seth, he will plunder.

‘For his courage, he’ll receive Edom,
And inherit his enemy, Esau.
[This man] will come out of Jacob,
And destroy all those that run from your towns.’


Then he noticed the AmaLechites and spoke this prophecy:
‘AmaLech is the first among nations,
But their seed will [also soon] die.’

Then he noticed the Kenites, and he spoke this prophecy:>
‘Though the place where you live is very strong,
You should build your nest on a rock.
Even if BeOr shows you places to hide;
The Assyrians will take you as captives.’

Then he noticed Og, and he spoke this prophecy:
‘Oh, oh; Who will survive when God does such things?
For, ships will come from Cypriot shores
Who’ll defeat Assyria and Eber…
Together, they’ll all be destroyed.’

Then BalaAm got up and left for his [land], and Balak went back home.

Chapter 25

Well, it was while IsraEl was camped at SatTin that [many of] the people made themselves dirty by engaging in immoral sex with the daughters of MoAb.
Then they started worshiping their idols, offering sacrifices to them and eating their sacrifices.
So IsraEl had become totally devoted to BeEl Phegor, which made Jehovah very angry with them.
And as the result, the Lord told Moses:
‘Take all their leaders, then lay them out in the sunlight before Jehovah to make examples of them, and this will turn His anger away from IsraEl!’

Then Moses told the tribes of IsraEl:
‘You must each kill any of your friends that have devoted themselves to BeEl Phegor.’

And just then, an IsraElite man came and led his brothers over to [have sex with] a MidiAnite woman… doing this right in front of Moses and the whole gathering of the children of IsraEl that had been weeping at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs!
And when PhineAs (the son of EliEzer and grandson of Aaron the Priest) saw this, he stood up in the midst of the gathering, took a spear in his hand,and he followed the IsraElite man right into his bedroom.
There he ran the spear through the IsraElite man and through the woman’s womb.

Well at that, the plague [that had come] on the children of IsraEl stopped.
But by then, 24,000 people had died.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘PhineAs (the son of EliEzer and grandson of Aaron the Priest) has brought an end to My rage against the children of IsraEl.
And though I had become very jealous, I didn’t consume them all in My zeal.
So, tell him that I will now make a sacred agreement of peacewith him and with the seed that descends from him.
They will be Priests through the ages because of his zeal for his God, and because he paid for the sins of the children of IsraEl.’

Now, the name of the IsraElite man that was killed with the MidiAnite woman was ZamBri.
He was the son of SalMon and a leader of one of the lines of the Tribe of SymeOn.
The name of the MidiAnite woman that was killed was ChasBi.
She was the daughter of Sur, who was a leader of the nation of OmMoth and a chief among the people of MidiAn.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Tell the children of IsraElthat the MidiAnites are to be considered their enemies!
So from now on, they must be treated as a plague and destroyed!
For the treachery that they used to trap you (as in the case of PhoGor and ChasBi, who was a daughter of a leader of MidiAn and that was killed on the day of the plague) has proven that they are truly your enemies!’

Chapter 26

Well, after the plague had ended, the Lord spoke to Moses and EliEzer (the Priest) and said:
‘Take a census of the gathering of the children of IsraEl.
Count all those that are 20 years old and upwards that serve as soldiers for IsraEl, by family lines.’

So it was there in the Plains of MoAb, near the JorDan and JeriCho, that Moses and EliEzer the Priest [took the census]and counted all [the soldiers] that were 20 years old and older, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

And these are the [family lines] of IsraEl that came out of Egypt:

ReuBen was the firstborn of IsraEl. His descendants were Enoch and his family, PhalLu and his family of PhalLuites,AsRon and his family of Asronites, and CharMi and his family.
So the [army of] the descendants of ReuBen was numbered at 43,730.

The descendants of PhalLu were EliAband his sons NamuEl, Dathan, and AbiRam.
[Dathan and AbiRam] were the famous men among the gathering that joined KorAh in opposing Moses and Aaron and in rebelling against Jehovah.
Then the ground opened its mouth and swallowed them along with KorAh, and thereafter, their followers perished when fire destroyed all 250 as a sign [from God].
However, KorAh’s sons weren’t killed.

The descendants of SymeOn were NamuEl and his family of NamuElites, JaMin and his family of JaMinites, JaChin and his family of JaChinites,ZaRa and his family of Zaraites, and Saul and his family of Saulites.
So the [army of] the descendants of SymeOn was numbered at 22,200.

The descendants of Judah were Er and AuNan (who both died in the land of CanaAn),SeLom and his family of Selomites, Phares and his family of Pharesites, and ZaRa and his family of Zaraites.
Phares’ sons were AsRon and his family of Asronites, and JaMun and his family of JaMunites.
So the [army of] the descendants of Judah was numbered at 76,500.

The descendants of IshSachar and their family lines were Thola and his family of Tholaites, Phua and his family of Phuaites,JaShub and his family of JaShubites, and AmBram and his family of AmBramites.
So the [army of] the descendants of IshSachar was numbered at 64,400.

The descendants of ZebuLon and their family lines were Sared and his family of Saredites, AlLon and his family of AlLonites, and AlLel and his family of AlLelites.
So the [army of] the descendants of ZebuLon was numbered at 60,500.

The descendants of Gad and their family lines were Saphon and his family of Saphonites, Angi and his family of Angites, Suni and his family of Sunites,Azeni and his families of Azenites and Addites,AroAdi and his family of AroAdites, and AriEl and his family of AriElites.
So the [army of] the descendants of Gad was numbered at 44,500.

The descendants of Asher and their family lines were JaMin and his family of JaMinites, JoShua and his family of JoShuites, BarJa and his family of BarJaites,Chober and his family of Choberites, and MelchiEl and his family of MelchiElites.
(Asher’s daughter’s name was Sara).
So the [army of] the descendants of Asher was numbered at 43,400.

JoSeph had two sons, ManasSeh and Ephraim, and each had his own family line.

The descendants of ManasSeh and their family lines were MachIr and his family of MachIrites.
MachIr’s son was GalaAd, and he was the father of the GalaAdites.
The descendants of GalaAd were AchiEzer and his family of AchiEzerites, Cheleg and his family of Chelegites,EsriEl and his family of EsriElites, Sychem and his family of Sychemites,SymaEr and his family of SymaErites, Opher and his family of Opherites.
Opher’s son SalpaAd had no sons, just daughters.
His daughter’s names were SalpaAd, Mala, Nua, Egla, Melcha, and Thersa.
So the [army of] the descendants of ManasSeh was numbered at 52,700.

The descendants of Ephraim were SuthaLan and his family of SuthaLanites and Tanach and his family of Tanachites.
SuthaLan was the father of Eden and his family of Edenites.
So the [army of] the descendants of Ephraim was numbered at 32,500.

These were the families of the children of JoSeph and their family lines.

The descendants of BenJamin and their family lines were Bale and his family of Balites, Asuber and his family of Asuberites, JaChiran and his family of JaChiranites,and Sophan and his family of Sophanites.
Bale’s sons were Adar and NoEman. Adar started his family of Adarites and NoEman started his family of NoEmanites.
So the [army of] the descendants of BenJamin and their family lines was numbered at 35,500.

The descendants of Dan were SaMei and his family of SaMeites.
So the [army of] the descendants of Danthrough SaMei and his family line was numbered at 64,400.

The descendants of NaphTali and their family lines were AsiEl and his family of AsiElites, GaUn and his family of GaUnites,Jeser and his family of Jeserites, and SelLem and his family of SelLemites.
So the [army of] the descendants of NaphTali was numbered at 40,300.

Altogether, there were 606,730 that were counted among [the army] of the children of IsraEl.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘This is how the land must be divided:
The inheritances should be allotted by [family] names,and the larger groups should be given larger inheritances, while the smaller groups should be given smaller inheritances.
So, use this census to divide the inheritances.
The land must be divided by these names and assigned by lottery, and each of the family lines and tribes must be given an assignment [of land].
So, subdivide [the land] into smaller and larger portions.

Now, the descendants of Levi and their family lines were, GedSon and his family of Gedsonites, CaAth and his family of CaAthites, MeraRi and his family of MeraRites,and Lobi and his families of LoBenites, Hebronites, Coreites, and Musites.

CaAth’s son was AmBram.His woman’s name was JoChabed, and she was a descendant of Levi.
She was born to Levi in Egypt, and she gave birth to these through AmBram: Aaron, Moses, and their sister MiriAm.

Aaron’s sons were NaDab, AbiUd, EliEzer, and IthaMar,but NaDab and AbiUd died when they offered unauthorized fire to Jehovah while they were in the SinAi Desert.
There were 23,000 males among [Aaron’s family line] that were a month old and older.
However, they weren’t counted among the children of IsraEl, because they were to receive no inheritance among them.

This was the census that was conducted by Moses and EliEzer (the Priest) in the Plains of MoAb, near the JorDan River and JeriCho.
However, none among them had been counted in the [earlier] census of the children of IsraEl that was taken by Moses and Aaron in the SinAi Desert,for Jehovah told them that they were going to die in the desert.
So [the only ones left of that generation that entered the Promised Land] were Caleb (the son of JePhonNe) and JoShua (the son of NaWeh).

Chapter 27

Well, the daughters of SalpaAd (he was the son of Opher, grandson of GalaAd, and great-grandson of MachIr of the Tribe of ManasSeh, one of the sons of JoSeph), MaAla, Nua, Egla, Melcha, and Thersa,came before Moses, EliEzer the Priest, all of the leaders and the whole gathering at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs, and they said:
‘Our father died in the desert, but he wasn’t among those in the gathering who rebelled against Jehovah by joining with KorAh. Rather, he died for his own sins… and he had no sons.
[So, please] don’t allow the name of our father to be blotted out from among his people just because he had no sons.
Give us an inheritance among our father’s brothers!’

So Moses brought their case before Jehovah.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘The daughters of SalpaAd are right. You should assign them an inheritance among their father’s brothers as their father’s inheritance.
So, speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them this:
If a man dies without any sons, you must give his inheritance to his daughters.
If he has no daughters, you must give his inheritance to his brother.
However, if he has no brothers, you must give his inheritance to his father’s brother.
And if his father has no brothers, you must give the inheritance to the nearest relative in his tribe.’

These were the laws concerning the inheritance of possessions among the children of IsraEl that Jehovah gave to Moses.

Then the Lord said to Moses:
‘Go to the Mountain in the country beyond the JorDan, Mount Nabau, and gaze upon the land CanaAn, which I am giving to the sons of IsraEl.
Then you will be added to your people, just as your brother Aaron was added to them on Mount Hor.
For you failed in My commandments while [you were] in the desert of Sin when the whole gathering opposed Me and refused to consider Me holy, because you failed to [speak of] Me as being holy when you brought the water out [of the rock] before them…
From the Waters of Rebellion at KaDesh in the Sin Desert.’

Then Moses said to the Lord:
‘May Jehovah, the God of all that is spirit and all that is flesh, provide a man who will watch over this gathering…
Don’t leave the gathering of Jehovah as sheep without a shepherd!
[Assign someone] to travel before them as their leader, who will lead them in and lead them back out.’

And the Lord said to Moses:
‘Choose and lay your hands upon JoShua, the son of NaWeh, for he’s a man that will have [God’s] Breath upon him.
Take him before EliEzer the Priest and give him all his instructions before the entire gathering…
Then put all of your glory upon him, so that the children of IsraEl will listen to him.
Thereafter, he must stand beside EliEzer the Priest; and whenever they come before Jehovah to ask for the judgments of the Revelation, they must do whatever [JoShua] says…
They must follow his instructions and the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl must unite behind him!’

So Moses did just as Jehovah commanded him… he took JoShua and stood him before EliEzer the Priest and the entire gathering.
Then he laid his hands on him and promoted him, just as the Lord had instructed Moses.

Chapter 28

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them to be sure to offer their gifts and presents to Me… the burnt offerings that provide a sweet-smelling odor during My feasts.
Tell them that through the coming ages, they are to bring two perfect yearling lambs each day as whole-burnt offerings to Me.
They must offer one lamb in the morning and the second in the evening.
They must also offer 3 quarts (2.8l) of fine flour mixed with a quart of oil as a food offering.
This whole-burnt offering is to be sacrificed down through the ages as a sweet-smelling odor to Jehovah, just as it was offered at Mount SinAi.
[They must also bring] a drink offering – a quart for each lamb – and pour it out in the holy place as an offering to Jehovah.

‘As for the second lamb, the one that is to be [sacrificed] in the evening;
It should also be presented along with a food offering and a drink offering, as a sweet-smelling odor to Jehovah.

‘And on each Sabbath day, they must offer 2 perfect yearling lambs with 2 quarts (1.9l) of fine flour mixed with oil as a food offering, plus a drink offering.
So, a whole-burnt offering [must be sacrificed] on each Sabbath day, in addition to the regular whole-burnt offerings and drink offerings.

‘And on each New Moon, they must bring these whole-burnt offering to Jehovah:
2 calves from the herd, 1 ram, and 7 perfect yearling lambs,plus 3 quarts (2.8l) of fine flour mixed with oil for each calf, 2 quarts (1.9l) of fine flour mixed with oil with each ram,and a quart of fine flour mixed with oil with each lamb, as food offerings and as a sweet-smelling odor to Jehovah.
Their drink offerings must consist of 1/2 a gallon (1.9l) with each calf, 1/3 of a gallon (1.25l) with each ram, and a quart of wine with each lamb.
These whole-burnt offerings must be brought in on every month of the year.
Also, 1 kid goat must be brought to Jehovah as a sin offering, in addition to the regular whole-burnt offerings and drink offerings.

‘Then on the 14th day of the 1st month [they must start celebrating] the Passover to Jehovah.
And on the 15th day of the month, there is to be a feast.
So, they must eat fermentation-free bread for 7 days.
That 1st day is to be a holy day of rest during which they may not do any physical labor.
Thereafter, these whole-burnt offerings must also be sacrificed to Jehovah:
2 calves from the herd, 1 ram, and 7 yearling lambs, which must all be perfect,as well as a food offering of fine flour mixed with oil (3 quarts (2.8l) per calf, 2 quarts (1.9l) per ram,and a pint for each of the 7 lambs),plus a kid goat as a sin offering, to pay for their sins.
This is in addition to the whole-burnt offerings that must be brought each morning as a continuous whole-burnt sacrifice7 days a week as a gift and a sweet-smelling odor to Jehovah, along with a drink offering.
Then the following 7th day must be a holy day of rest, during which they must do no hard labor.

‘Also, the day when the new grain is offered to Jehovah must be a holy day of rest, during which they may do no hard labor.
And these whole-burnt offerings must be brought as a sweet-smelling odor to Jehovah:
2 calves from the herd, 1 ram, and 7 perfect lambs,along with food offerings of fine flour mixed with oil, 3 quarts (2.8l) per calf, 2 quarts (1.9l) per ram,and a pint for each lamb (which is to be offered separately for each of the 7 lambs).
A kid goat must also be broughtas a sin offering to pay for your sins, in addition to the regular whole-burnt offerings andthe food offerings that you bring to Me.
They must all be perfect and each must have its own drink offering.’

Chapter 29

‘And the 1st day of the 7th month must be a holy day of rest for you, during which you may not do any manual labor, for that’s when the trumpets are to be blown.
At that time, you must offer these whole burnt offerings as a sweet odor to Jehovah:
One calf from the herd, one ram, and 7 perfect yearling lambs.
As food offerings, you must bring fine flour mixed with oil, 3 quarts (2.8l) per calf, 2 quarts (1.9l) per ram,and a quart for each of the 7 lambs.
You must also bring a kid goat as a sin offering, to pay for your sins.
This is in addition to the whole-burnt offerings for the New Moon Festival and their food and drink offerings, and the regular whole-burnt offerings with their food and drink offerings (according to their laws), which must be offered as a sweet-smelling odor to Jehovah.

‘And the 10th day of that month must also be a holy day of rest for you…
You may do no work, for you must then closely examine your lives!And you must bring these whole-burnt offerings as a sweet-smelling odor to Jehovah:
One calf from the herd, one ram, and 7 yearling lambs, each of which must be perfect.
Their food offerings must be fine flour mixed with oil, 3 quarts (2.8l) for the calf, 2 quarts (1.9l) per ram,and a quart for each of the 7 lambs.
You must also bring a kid goat as a sin offering, to pay for your sins.
All of this is in addition to the other sin offerings and the regular whole-burnt offerings, along with their food and drink offerings (according to their laws), which must be offered as a sweet odor and as a burnt sacrifice to Jehovah.

‘Then the 15th day of the 7th month must also be a holy day of rest during which you must do no hard labor;
For you are to hold a feast to Jehovah for the next 7 days.
And you must bring these whole-burnt offerings as a sacrifice and as a sweet odor to Jehovah:
On the 1st day, you must bring 13 calves from the herd, 2 rams, and 14 yearling lambs, which must all be perfect.
The food offerings must be fine flour mixed with oil, 3 quarts (2.8l) for each of the 13 calves, 2 quarts (1.9l) for each of the 2 rams,and a quart for each of the 14 lambs.
Also, one kid goat must be offered as a sin offering, in addition to the regular whole-burnt offerings, food offerings, and drink offerings.

On the 2nd day, bring 12 calves, 2 rams, and 14 perfect yearling lambs.
The amount of food and drink offerings for the calves, rams, and lambs must be according to the Law.
And one kid goat must be brought as a sin offering, in addition to the regular whole-burnt offerings, food offerings, and drink offerings.

On the 3rd day, bring 11 calves, 2 rams, and 14 perfect yearling lambs.
The amount of food and drink offerings for the calves, rams, and lambs must be according to the Law.
And one kid goat must be brought as a sin offering, in addition to the regular whole-burnt offerings, food offerings, and drink offerings.

On the 4th day, bring 10 calves, 2 rams, and 14 perfect yearling lambs.
The amount of food and drink offerings for the calves, rams, and lambs must be according to the Law.
And one kid goat must be brought as a sin offering, in addition to the regular whole-burnt offerings, food offerings, and drink offerings.

On the 5th day, bring 9 calves, 2 rams, and 14 perfect yearling lambs.
The amount of food and drink offerings for the calves, rams, and lambs must be according to the Law.
And one kid goat must be brought as a sin offering, in addition to the regular whole-burnt offerings, food offerings, and drink offerings.

On the 6th day, bring 8 calves, 2 rams, and 14 perfect yearling lambs.
The amount of food and drink offerings for the calves, rams, and lambs must be according to the Law.
And one kid goat must be brought as a sin offering, in addition to the regular whole-burnt offerings, food offerings, and drink offerings.

On the 7th day, bring 7 calves, 2 rams, and 14 perfect, yearling lambs.
The amount of food and drink offerings for the calves, rams, and lambs must be according to the Law.
And one kid goat must be brought as a sin offering, in addition to the regular whole-burnt offerings, food offerings, and drink offerings.

the 8th day is when [IsraElite slaves] are to be set free, so no manual labor may be done then.
You must also bring 1 calf, 1 ram, and 7 perfect yearling lambs as whole-burnt-offering sacrifices to Jehovah.
The amount of food and drink offerings for the calves, rams, and lambs must be according to the Law.
And one kid goat must be brought as a sin offering, in addition to the regular whole-burnt offerings, food offerings, and drink offerings.

‘These are the things that you must offer to Jehovah during your feasts, in addition to those things that you offer in your vows as free-will offerings and as your whole burnt offerings, food offerings, drink offerings, and peace offerings.’

Chapter 30

So Moses spoke to the children of IsraEl and told them everything that Jehovah had commanded.

Then Moses spoke to the heads of the tribes of the children of IsraEl and said,
‘This is what Jehovah has commanded:
Whenever a man makes a vow to Jehovah, or swears an oath, or accepts a responsibility, he must not break his word…
He must do whatever he says!
And the same is true of a woman. She must do whatever she vows to Jehovah.
If she says that she will do something while she is young and still living in her father’s house, and her father hears her say it – as long as he doesn’t disagree with her making [such a vow] – all her vows must be fulfilled,and she is bound to any obligations that she has taken upon her life.
However, if her father forbids [her vow] (or any other obligation that she agrees to) on the same day that he hears it, she isn’t bound to it, and Jehovah won’t hold her accountable, because it was forbidden by her father.

‘And if she is married and speaks a vow to accept an obligation upon her life,and her husband hears it – as long as he doesn’t disagree with her making it – all her vows must be fulfilled and she is bound to any obligations that she has taken upon her life.
However, if her husband forbids [her vow] (or any other obligation that she agrees to) on the same day that he hears it, she isn’t bound to it and Jehovah won’t hold her accountable, because it was forbidden by her husband.

‘Also, whatever a widow or divorced woman vows to do with her life must be done.
And if she made the vow when she was still [living] with her man,and he heard it and didn’t object; then, all her vows must be fulfilled and she is bound to any obligations that she has taken upon her life.
However, if her man cancels [her vow] (or any other obligation that she agrees to) on the same day that he hears it, she isn’t bound to it and Jehovah won’t hold her accountable, because her man forbade it.

‘So, any vow [that a woman] makes which will affect her life must be heard by her man, and he must either agree to it or disallow it.
And if he chooses to say nothing;
Then she is bound to it, and he must agree to any obligations that she has accepted, because he didn’t disagree with it on the day that he heard it.
But if her man – for any reason – should choose to cancel a vow after that, he is guilty of a sin.’

These were the laws that Jehovah gave to Moses regarding a man and his woman, and regarding a father and his young daughter that is still living in his home.

Chapter 31

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘I want you to avenge the wrongs that the MidiAnites have committed against the children of IsraEl.
And after that, you will be added to your people.’

So Moses spoke to the people and said,
‘Arm yourselves, then stand before Jehovah in battle lines and [prepare yourselves] to bring the Lord’s vengeance upon MidiAn…
Select 1,000 from each of the tribes of the children of IsraEl to go to war.’

So they counted off the 1,000 from each Tribe of IsraEl – 12,000 men – and armed them for war.
Then Moses sent them off, along with PhineAs (the son of EliEzer the Priest and the grandson of Aaron) carrying the holy instruments and the signal trumpets,and they arranged themselves in battle lines against MidiAn, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses…
And they went and destroyed them.

Thereafter, they killed the 5 kings of MidiAn (Evi, Rocon, Sur, Ur, and Roboc)… and they even killed BalaAm (the son of BeOr) with a sword, along with all the rest.
Then ( after they had destroyed their army) they took all the women of MidiAn as captives, along with their food, cattle, and all their possessions,and they burned all their cities, villages, and homes with fire…
They plundered everything, including the people and their animals.
So they carried all the captives, spoils, and loot (planning to give them to Moses, EliEzer the Priest, and to divide them among the children of IsraEl) back to their camp in the plains of MoAb, which was near the JorDan River [across from] JeriCho.

Then Moses, EliEzer (the Priest), and all the leaders of the gathering went to their camp to meet their army.
But Moses was furious with the captains of the army (the leaders of thousands and of hundreds) that had returned from the battle,for he asked them:
‘Why have you kept these women alive?
They were the ones [who listened to] BalaAm and misled the children of IsraEl by inciting their revolt and by teaching them to despise the word of Jehovah at PhoGor…
And that’s why Jehovah sent a plague on the gathering!

‘So now, kill all the men, destroy all their food, and kill all the women whom you know aren’t virgins…
You may spare any women whom you suspect are virgins.
Then, all that have killed or touched dead bodies must stay outside of our camp for 7 days;
And thereafter, you and those whom you have captured must be purified on the 3rd day and on the 7th day.
You must also purify all your clothes, all your leather utensils, all your goatskin items, and all your wooden bowls.’

Then EliEzer (the Priest) said to the men from the army that had just returned from battle,
‘This is what the Law that Jehovah gave to Moses says:
The items of gold, silver, brass, iron, lead, and tinmust be passed through fire to be cleansed.
And whatever can’t be passed through a fire must be sprinkled with the purifying water to be made clean.
Then on the 7th day, you must be cleansed and you must wash your clothes.
Only after that, may you enter our camp.’


Well, the Lord then spoke to Moses again and said:
‘I want you and EliEzer the Priest to take an inventory of the captured people and animals;
Then you must divide them among the soldiers that went out to battle and with the rest of the gathering.
Also, as a tribute to Jehovah from the warriors that went out to battle; take 1 out of every 500 of the people, oxen, sheep, and burros,and give them to EliEzer the Priest as the first fruits of Jehovah.
Then from among those things that are given to the children of IsraEl, you should take 1 out of 50 of the people, oxen, sheep, and burros, and give them to the Levites that teach at the Tent of Jehovah.’

So Moses and EliEzer (the Priest) did just as the Lord had commanded Moses.
The plunder that was given to the soldiers included 675,000 sheep,72,000 oxen,and 61,000 burros.
There were also 32,000 virgins that were given to them…half of everything was given to the soldiers that went to war.

And of the 337,500 sheep,they offered 675 sheep as a tribute to Jehovah.
Of their 36,000 oxen, they gave 72 as a tribute to Jehovah.
Of their 30,000, 500 burros, they gave 61 as a tribute to Jehovah.
And of the 16,000 people, they gave 32 of them as a tribute to Jehovah.
For Moses presented all the tributes as a wave offering to Jehovah God, [and they were given] to EliEzer the Priest (just as the Lord had commanded Moses)from the half that belonged to the children of IsraEl whom Moses had separated as soldiers.

Thereafter, 337,500 sheep were divided among the gathering as their half,plus 36,000 oxen,30,500 burros,and 16,000 people.
And from their half, Moses took a fiftieth of the people and the cattle, and gave them to the Levites that teach at the Tent of Jehovah, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Well then, all those that had been appointed as officers over the army (the captains of thousands and of hundreds) approached Moses and said,
‘Your servants have counted the men of war among us, and none have been lost.
So, those among us that found things that were made of gold, such as armlets, chains, rings, bracelets, and hair clasps have brought them as our gift to Jehovah, to pay for our sins.’

And when Moses and EliEzer (the Priest) accepted all the items of gold from them,[they found that] the gold that the captains of thousands and of hundreds offered to Jehovah was valued at 16,750 silver coins.
However, the soldiers kept the rest of the loot for themselves.

Then Moses and EliEzer (the Priest) took all the gold items that the captains of thousands and hundreds had contributed and placed it all in the Tent of Proofs to serve as a reminder to the children of IsraEl, there in front of Jehovah.

Chapter 32

Now, the [tribes] of ReuBen and Gad both had huge herds of cattle, and when they saw that the area of JaZer and GalaAd had good grazing land,they went to Moses, EliEzer the Priest, and the leaders of the gathering, and said to them:
‘The area of AtarOth, DaEbon, JaZer, NamRa, Hesh-EbonEh, ElAle, Sebama, Nabau, and BaeAn,which Jehovah has delivered into the hands of the children of IsraEl, is pasture land, and we (your servants) have many cattle.
So, if it pleases you, may your servants be given this land as our inheritance.
Don’t make us cross the JorDan River.’

But Moses asked:
‘Then when your brothers go to war, are you just going to sit here?
Why are you twisting the minds of the children of IsraEl by encouraging them not to cross into the land that Jehovah is giving to them?
Isn’t this the same thing that your fathers did when I sent them from KaDesh Barne to spy in the land?
For, after they went into the Valley of Grape Clusters as spies, they twisted the hearts of the children of IsraEl so that they didn’t want to enter the land that Jehovah gave to them,and this made Jehovah very angry.
So He swore and said,
All these men that were 20 years old and older when they left Egypt and that knew the difference between good and evil will not see the land that I swore to give to AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob, because they have chosen not to follow Me.
The only exceptions are Caleb (the son of JePhonNe) and JoShua (the son of NaWeh)… they were the only ones that followed Me closely.
And because this made Jehovah so angry with IsraEl, He forced them to wander in the desert for 40 years, until the whole generation that did this evil thing before Him was gone.

‘Look! Now you’re following in the same footsteps as your fathers and you’ve allied yourselves as sinful people so as to make Jehovah even angrier with IsraEl;
For you want to turn away from Him and stay in the desert again.
By choosing to do this, you’re sinning against the whole gathering!’

But they came to him and said:
‘If we can build pens for our cattle here and have these cities as our possessions,we will arm ourselves and march ahead of the children of IsraEl to lead them into their land.
We will leave our possessions inside the walled cities (because of the people that live in this land),and we won’t return to our homes until after the children of IsraEl have each been given their own inheritance and are settled there.
Then, we won’t take any of the land on the other side of the JorDan as our inheritance, because we will have taken our full inheritance here on the east side.’

So Moses said to them:
‘If you will do everything that you’re saying… if you will arm yourselves and march in battle before Jehovah,and if you will cross the JorDan and stay there until our enemies are destroyedand our land has been totally settled before you return home, you will be free of guilt before Jehovah and this land can be yours.
But if you don’t do that, you will be sinning against Jehovah and you will see the results of your sin when bad things happen to you.
So now, go on and build the cities in which you can store your things, along with the pens for your cattle; and thereafter, you must do everything that you’ve proposed.’

And the [tribes] of ReuBen and Gad replied:
‘Your servants will do as our lord commands.
We will leave all our possessions, our women, and our cattle in the cities of GalaAd.
And after that, we will march ahead [of IsraEl] all armed and ready for battle before Jehovah, as you said.’

Then Moses gave these instructions to EliEzer the Priest, JoShua (the son of NaWeh), and all the heads of the families and tribes of IsraEl.
He said,
‘If the sons of ReuBen and Gad cross the JorDan armed and ready for war before Jehovah and they help to conquer the land before you, you must give them the land of GalaAd as theirs.
However, if they don’t cross [the JorDan] all armed and ready for war, you must make them bring their possessions, women, and cattle into the land of CanaAn, where they will receive their inheritance among you.’

And the sons of ReuBen and Gad answered:
‘We will do whatever Jehovah tells his servants.
We will arm ourselves and march into the land of CanaAn before Jehovah, and you must give us our inheritance on this side of the JorDan.’

So Moses gave the sons of Gad, the sons of ReuBen, and half of the Tribe of ManasSeh (one of the sons of JoSeph) the land of the Amorite king SeOn, the land of Og the king of BaShan, and all their cities and borders, as well as the cities and lands around them.

Thereafter, the sons of Gad built and fortified DaEbon, AtarOth, AroEr,Sophar, and JaZer;
And they also built and fortified NamBran and BaethAran, where they then made pens for their sheep.

The sons of ReuBen built Hesh-EbonEh, ElAle, KariathAm,and BeElMeon (which they surrounded with walls), and [the town of] Sebama.
Then they named each of the cities after themselves.

Also, the family of MachIr (of the Tribe of ManasSeh) went to GalaAd and captured it, destroying all the Amorites that lived there.
So Moses gave GalaAd to MachIr, and they started living there.

JaIr (of the Tribe of ManasSeh) also captured many villages, which he then called the Villages of JaIr.

And NabOth went and captured the villages of CaAth, which he renamed after himself (NabOth).

Chapter 33

These are the places where the children of IsraEl and their army stayed (under the direction of Moses and Aaron) after they left the land of Egypt.
For, following the instructions of Jehovah, Moses wrote down the places where they moved and where they had stayed.
So, here are the stages of their journey:

They left RamesSe on the 15th day of the 1st month.
Then after the Passover, the children of IsraEl proudly walked away from the Egyptians,since the Egyptians were burying all the dead that Jehovah had struck down – all the firstborn in the land of Egypt – and He also brought vengeance upon their gods.

The children of IsraEl left RamesSe and camped in SocChoth;
Then they left SocChoth and camped in BuThan, near the desert.
After that, they left BuThan and camped at the mouth of the IrOth, which is across from BeEl SepPhon and opposite MagDol.
It was when they left IrOth that they crossed through the middle of the sea and into the desert.
Thereafter, they traveled through the desert for three days and camped in PicriAe.
When they left PicriAe, they went to AiLim (where there were 12 springs of water and 70 palm trees), and they camped next to the water.
When they left AiLim, they camped next to the Red Sea.
And when they left the Red Sea, they camped in the Sin Desert.

After they left the Sin Desert, they camped in RaPhaca.
And when they left RaPhaca, they camped in AiLus.
When they left AiLus, they camped in RaphiDin (where there was no water for the people to drink).
Then they left RaphiDin and camped in the SinAi Desert.

When they left the SinAi Desert, they camped at the Graveyard of the Greedy.
Then they left the Graveyard of the Greedy and camped in AsherOth;
And after AsherOth, they camped in RathAma.

When they left RathAma, they camped in RemMon Phares.
And when they left RemMon Phares, they camped in Lebona.
After leaving Lebona, they camped in ResSan.
Then they left ResSan and camped in MakelLath.
After MakelLath, they camped in Saphar.
When they left Saphar, they camped in CharaDath.
Then they left CharaDath and camped in MakelOth.
When they left MakelOth, they camped in KataAth.
Then they left KataAth and camped in TarAth.
After leaving TarAth, they camped in MathecKa.
Then they left MathecKa and camped in SelMona.
After SelMona, they camped in MasurUth.
After camping in MasurUth, they went to BanaYa.
And after leaving BanaYa, they camped at Mount GadGad.
Then after leaving Mount GadGad, they camped in EteBatha.
When they left EteBatha, they camped in Ebrona.
After Ebrona, they camped in GesiOn Gaber.
Then they left GesiOn Gaber and camped in the Sin Desert.
Then they left the Sin Desert and camped in the Pharan Desert at KaDesh.
And when they left KaDesh, they camped at Mount Hor, near the land of Edom.

It was at Mount Hor that Aaron the Priest climbed the mountain (following Jehovah’s instructions) and died on the 1st day of the 5th month, 40 years after they left the land of Egypt.
Aaron was 123 years old when he died on Mount Hor.

And after the CanaAnite king Arad heard that the children of IsraEl were in his land,they left Mount Hor and camped in SelMona.
Then from SelMona, they went to Phino;
And after leaving Phino, they camped in ObOth.

When they left ObOth, they camped in Gai at the border of MoAb.
Then they left Gai and camped in DaEbon Gad.
When they left DaEbon Gad, they camped in Gelmon DeblaThaim.
After leaving Gelmon DeblaThaim, they camped on the Mountains of Abarim, which border Nabau.
Then when they left the Mountains of Abarim, they camped on the west side [of the land] of MoAb by the JorDan River near JeriCho.
There they stayed camped by the JorDan (from AiSimOth to Belsa, west of MoAb).

It was there (west of MoAb by the JorDan River, close to JeriCho) that the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Now tell the children of IsraEl that they are to cross the JorDan into the land of CanaAn,where they must destroy everyone that lives in that land.
They must tear down their altars, destroy all their molded images, and demolish all their [sacred] columns.
All the inhabitants of the land must be destroyed so they can live there, for I have given them this land as their inheritance.

‘The land that each tribe inherits must thereafter be divided in a lottery.
The more people there are in each tribe, the larger their inheritance must be; and the smaller the tribe, the smaller its inheritance…
The inheritances must be divided by [the sizes of] their tribes and families.

‘Now, if you don’t destroy the people that live in that land; those that are left will eventually become thorns in your eyes and darts in your sides.
They will always be your enemies in this land,and the things that I had planned to do to them, I’ll do to you.’

Chapter 34

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Tell the children of IsraEl that when they enter the land of CanaAn that they are going to inherit,their southern border will run southward from the Sin Desert along the borders of Edom, then east to the [Dead] Sea.
The border will thereafter run from the south to the base of AcraBin and on to EnNac, and on southward to KaDesh Barne.
It will run to the village of Arad and on past AseMona.
From AseMona it will run to the [Nile] River, and end at the sea.

‘The western border will be the [MediTerranean] Sea.

‘They will have to measure their northern border themselves, but it will run from the [MediTerranean] Sea along the edge of the mountains.
They will have to measure from the mountains at the entrance to Emath to where they end along the border of SaraDac.
Then the border must go on to DephRona and end at ArseNain…
This is their northern border.

‘The eastern border will run from ArseNain to SepPhamar,then over to the springs east of Bela and down along the east side of the Sea [of GaliLee].
From there it will run down the JorDan River and end at the [Dead] Sea.
This will be their land and their borders.’

Then Moses gave the children of IsraEl these instructions.
He said,
‘This is the land that you’re going to inherit by lottery, as Jehovah commanded it to be given to the 9 tribes and the half Tribe of ManasSeh,because the tribes of ReuBen, Gad, and the half Tribe of ManasSeh have already received their inheritances.
The inheritance that these 2-1/2 tribes have received is on the other side of the JorDan, southeast of JeriCho.’

And the Lord told Moses,
‘These are the men that will divide the inheritances of land:
EliEzer the Priest, JoShua (the son of NaWeh),and one ruler from each of the tribes.
From the Tribe of Judah, Caleb (the son of JePhonNe).
From the Tribe of SymeOn, SalamiEl (the son of SemiUd).
From the Tribe of BenJamin, ElDad (the son of ChasLon).
From the Tribe of Dan, BacChir (the son of Egli).
From the sons of JoSeph, the leader of the Tribe of ManasSeh should be AniEl (the son of Suphi).
And from the Tribe of Ephraim, the leader must be CamuEl (the son of SabaThan).
From the Tribe of ZebuLon, EliShaphan (the son of Pharnac).
From the Tribe of IshSachar, PhaltiEl (the son of Oza).
From the tribe of Asher, AchiOr (the son of Selemi).
And from the Tribe of NaphTali, PhadaEl (the son of JamiUd).’

These were the ones that Jehovah commanded to do the distributing to the children of IsraEl within the land of CanaAn.

Chapter 35

Then the Lord spoke to Moses by the JorDan River near JeriCho (west of MoAb) and said,
‘Now, give orders to the children of IsraEl and tell them that they must allot cities for the Levites to live in and own.
They must provide them with suburbs around their cities to live in,which have pens for their cattle and all their animals.
These suburbs that they are to give to the Levites must run out and around their city walls for 3,000 feet (914m).
So, they must measure out 3,000 feet (914m) on the east side, 3,000 feet (914m) on the south side, 3,000 feet (914m) on the west side, and 3,000 feet (914m) on the north side, and their cities must be in the center.

‘They must also give the Levites six refuge cities, which will become havens for those who kill someone [accidentally].
In addition, they must provide them 42 more cities.
So altogether, they must give the Levites 48 cities, in addition to their suburbs.
[As to the size and location] of these cities that the children of IsraEl are to give them; those that have much must give much, and those that have less may give less.
But all [the tribes] must give some of the cities that they are going to inherit to the Levites.’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said,
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them that when they cross the JorDan into the land of CanaAn,they must assign refuge cities to which those that kill someone accidentally may run.
These cities must be havens of refuge from those that would avenge the blood [of the one that was killed].
And there, no killer may be executed before he stands trial in a court.

‘There must be six of these cities that you are to set aside as places of refuge;Three on the east side of the JorDan and three in the land of CanaAn.
They must serve as places of refuge for the children of IsraEl, for aliens, and for those that are just visiting in your land.
These cities must be places of refuge where anyone may run that has killed a man unintentionally.

‘However, if [a man] strikes [and kills a person] with something that is made of iron, the man must die, for he is a murderer and all murderers must be put to death.
And if he throws a rock in an attempt to kill him and the person dies, he’s a murderer and all murderers must be put to death.
And if he hits him with a wooden instrument that he’s holding in his hands and kills him, he’s a murderer and all murderers must be put to death.
Those that would avenge the blood [of the one that was killed] must execute the murderer…
When they catch him, they must kill him!

‘If someone is angry and stabs another, or throws something at him from ambush,or if he beats him in anger and the man dies;
The one that struck him must be put to death, for he is a murderer.
The blood avenger must absolutely kill the murderer when he finds him.

‘However, if someone is accidentally stabbed (where no anger is involved), or something hits him (other than from ambush),or he is accidentally hit with a rock and he dies when no enemy was looking to harm him;
Then the court must use these rules to judge between the one that did the striking and the blood avenger.
And [if he is found innocent], the gathering must save the slayer from the blood avenger and allow him to stay in the refuge city that he ran to;
And he must live there until the High Priest (the one that was anointed with the holy oil) dies.

‘But if the person that did the killing should ever leave the city that he ran to for refuge,and the blood avenger should find him outside the refuge-city limits, and the blood-avenger kills him, he has done no wrong.
For the man should have stayed in the refuge city until the High Priest died.
Only after the death of the High Priest may the slayer return to his homeland.

‘These are the rules of judgment that are to be used throughout all your generations and wherever you live.
You must execute someone as a murderer whenever there is enough evidence.
But, one piece of evidence against a person isn’t enough to have him put to death.

‘Also, you may not accept a ransom for the life of a murderer who has been condemned to death… he absolutely must die.
And you may not accept a ransom to keep a man from having to stay in a refuge city and live there until the death of the High Priest.

‘So, you must not pollute the land that you live in with murder, because blood pollutes the land.
And the only way that the land may be purged of shed blood is with the blood of the one that shed it.
You must not dirty the land where you are living and where I am living among you, for I am Jehovah who dwells in the midst of the children of IsraEl.’

Chapter 36

Then the heads of the Tribe of the sons of GalaAd (the son of MachIr and the grandson of ManasSeh of the Tribe of the sons of JoSeph) spoke before Moses, EliEzer the Priest, and the heads of the houses and families of the children of IsraEl.
They said:
‘Jehovah commanded our lord to assign the land that the children of IsraEl will inherit by lottery.
Then Jehovah told our lord to give our brother SalpaAd’s inheritance to his daughters.
But if they marry into one of the other tribes of IsraEl, their inheritance must then be taken away from them. Then, that which belongs to our fathers won’t be inherited by the tribe they marry into, and we won’t lose any part of our inheritance.
For, during [the year of] Releasing of the children of IsraEl, their inheritance would be considered as being among the tribe into which the women marry, and it would not be returned to our family’s tribe.’

So, following Jehovah’s instructions, Moses told the children of IsraEl:
‘In accordance with [the request of] the Tribe of the children of JoSeph,this is what Jehovah has said concerning the daughters of SalpaAd:
They may marry whomever they wish, but they may only marry among their father’s tribeso that the inherited [lands] of the children of IsraEl aren’t moved from one tribe to another tribe.
For the inherited lands of the children of IsraEl must remain in the same family’s tribe.
And whenever a daughter is heir to a property among the tribes of the children of IsraEl, she must marry someone in her father’s tribe so that the sons of IsraEl may each inherit property in their father’s tribe…
For, the inheritance must not be passed from one tribe to another. Rather, the children of IsraEl must each hold onto their own inheritances.’

Well thereafter, the daughters of SalpaAd did just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
Thersa, Egla, Melcha, Nua, and MalaA (SalpaAd’s daughters) married their cousins,that were from the Tribe of ManasSeh (of the sons of JoSeph), and their inheritance remained part of their father’s family tribe.

These are the commandments, laws, and decisions that Jehovah gave to Moses west of MoAb, by the JorDan River, near JeriCho.

Deuteronomy

Introduction

From the Greek Septuagint text as used by First Century Christians.

Written by Moses immediately prior to the IsraElites entering the Promised Land (according to our calculations about 1515 BCE).

Chapter 1

These are the things that Moses said to all the IsraElites while they were in the desert on the east side of the JorDan near the Red Sea (between Pharan-Tophol, Lobon, Aulon, and the gold works),11 day’s journey from the Dry Place (Horeb) on the road between Mount SeIr and KaDesh Barne.

It was the 1st day of the 11th month of the 14th year that Moses spoke to the children of IsraEl, and [he recounted] all the instructions that Jehovah had given to Him concerning them.
This was after he had cut down SeOn, the king of the Amorites (who lived in Hesh-EbonEh), as well as Og, the king of BaShan (who lived in AstarOth and EdraIn)in the land of MoAb.
Moses said this about [God’s] Law:

‘It was while we were in the Dry Place (Horeb) that Jehovah our God spoke to us and said,
You have stayed at this mountain long enough.Now, turn around and go!
Enter the mountains of the Amorites and of those that live next to the desert… from their mountains and valleys in the south to the coast of the land of the CanaAnites, to [the borders] of Lebanon, and on to the great EuPhrates River.
Look! God has given you all the land that is before you!
So, go there and inherit the land that I swore that I would give to your ancestors AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob, and to their seed.


‘As I told you before;
I was unable to lead you all by myself,for Jehovah your God has made you grow.
Just look at how many you’ve become… like the stars in the skies in number!
For Jehovah the God of your ancestors has made you grow a thousand-times more, and He has spoken to you and blest you!
So, how could I handle all the work, burdens, and your complaints by myself?
Therefore, [I told you to] select some wise, understanding, and sensible men from your tribes whom I would appoint as your leaders.
Then you answered me and said,
What you’ve told us to do is good!

‘So, I took your wise, understanding, and sensible men and assigned them to be the rulers of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens, to serve as your officers and judges.
And at the time, I told your judges to hear the cases between your brothers and to judge honestly, whether it is [a dispute] between a man and his brother, or with him and the converts that are living among you…
And they were not to favor one over the other when it came to their judgments. Rather, they were to judge both the rich and the poor in the same way.
Nor were they to fear anyone, because the judgment is God’s.
And whenever a case was too hard for them, they were to bring it to me and I would then hear it.

‘So, just as Jehovah our God had instructed us, we left that Dry Place (Horeb) and traveled through the desert (which you saw was vast and terrible), and on through the mountains of the Amorites to KaDesh Barne.
Then, as we were approaching the mountains of the Amorites, I told you:
{Look!} Jehovah your God has given you all the land that lies before you.
So, go there and inherit it… and just as Jehovah the God of your ancestors said to you:
Don’t be afraid!


‘But then you all came to me and said,
Let’s send some men ahead of us into the land and have them bring back a report about which way we should travel and which of the cities we should enter.

‘Well, that sounded good to me, so I chose 12 men, one from each tribe.
Then they turned and ascended the mountains and traveled as far as the Valley of the [Grape] Clusters to survey it.
There they gathered some of the fruit of the land and brought it back to you, and they said:
The land that Jehovah our God is giving to us is good!

‘However, you refused to enter it and you rebelled against the words of our God Jehovah.
For you went back to your tents and started complaining, saying,
Jehovah hates us, because he has brought us out of the land of Egypt just to put us into the hands of the Amorites who will destroy us!
So, why would we want to go there?

‘Then your brothers grabbed at your heart strings when they said,
It’s a big country and they have many more people that are stronger than us… their cities are huge, with walls that reach into the sky, and we saw the sons of the giants there!


‘But I told you:
Don’t be afraid and don’t fear them,because Jehovah your God is traveling before you and He will fight them for you and win, just as He did for you in the land of Egypt!
You have already seen Him do this [many times] while you were in this desert on the way to the mountains of the Amorites, because Jehovah your God carried you as dearly as any man could nurse his own children throughout all your travels on the way to this place.

‘But you didn’t believe Jehovah your Godwho traveled before you, who chose the places where you would stay, and who guided you with a fire each night and showed you the way to go with a cloud each day.
And when the Lord heard the things you were saying, He became very angry.
So He swore and said,
None of these men will be allowed to see the good land that I swore to give to their ancestors,except Caleb (the son of JephonNe)…
He will see it and I’ll give this land that he traveled to, to him and to his sons, because he did what Jehovah said.


‘Then Jehovah became very angry with me because of you.
For he told me:
You won’t enter the land either.Rather, JoShua (the son of NaWeh) who stands at your side will enter [the land].
So, you must give him [your] strength, because he will help IsraEl to inherit it.
However, only the young children that haven’t yet come to know good from evil will enter [the land with him]…
I’m going to give it to them and they will inherit it!


‘Thereafter, you turned around and marched back into the desert, along the banks of the Red Sea.
But later, you said:
We have sinned against Jehovah our God, so now we’re going to go back and fight, just as our God Jehovah had commanded!
So, everyone picked up his weapons of war and they gathered to return to the mountain.

‘However, Jehovah said to me:
Tell them not to go and fight, because I’m not with them, so their enemies will destroy them!

‘And that’s what I told you… but you wouldn’t listen to me!
You disobeyed Jehovah’s commandments and you forced your way up the mountain.
Then the Amorites who lived there came out to meet you and chased you like bees all the way from [Mount] SeIr to [Mount] Herman.
And thereafter, you sat down and bawled before our God Jehovah, but He wouldn’t listen to you or pay any attention to you.
Well, following that, you spent a long time living in KaDesh.’

Chapter 2

‘After that, we turned left and [traveled] through the desert, following the Red Sea, just as Jehovah had told me, and we circled Mount SeIr for many days.
And finally, the Lord said to me:
You have circled these Mountains long enough; now turn and head north.
Tell the people that you’re now going to cross the borders of your brothers, the children of Esau who live in SeIr, and that will really make them fear you.
But don’t fight with [the children of Esau], because I won’t give you enough of their land to stand on, since I have given Mount SeIr to the children of Esau as their inheritance.
Rather, you will have to pay for any food that you buy from them to eat, and for any water that you will drink.

‘Yet, Jehovah our God has continued to bless you in everything that you’ve done…
Just think of how you were able to travel through that great and terrible desert!
For {Look!} during those 40 years under Jehovah your God, you haven’t lacked for anything!

‘Then we passed by our brothers, the children of Esau who lived in SeIr, walking through the desert between AiLon and GesiOn Gaber.
And after that, we turned and walked through the deserts of MoAb.
It was then that Jehovah said to me,
Don’t argue with the MoAbites and don’t fight with them, for I won’t give you their land as an inheritance either, since I have given AroEr to the children of Lot as their inheritance.
The OmMin, a nation that was as large and powerful as the Anakim, used to live there(they were once known as the RaphaIn), as did the Anakim (whom the MoAbites called the OmMin).
The ChorRhites also used to live in SeIr before the sons of Esau destroyed them and wiped them out.
For then they took possession of the land, as IsraEl will take possession of this land that Jehovah is giving to them as an inheritance.

‘After that, I was told that we should leave and cross the Zaret Valley.
So, we spent the next 38 years traveling between KaDesh Barne and the Zaret Valley, until the whole generation of the men of war had died (as Jehovah God had sworn to them).
For it was the hand of Jehovah that wiped them out of our camp until they were all gone.

‘Then after all the men of war had died,the Lord spoke to me and said,
Now, cross the borders of MoAb and go on to AroEr today.
But don’t approach the children of AmMon… don’t argue with them or war with them, for I won’t give you the children of AmMon’s land as an inheritance, since I’ve already given it to the children of Lot as their inheritance.
It is also called the land of the RaphaIn, because the RaphaIn (whom the AmMonites call the ZochomMin) also used to live there.
They were once a great nation with many more people and were mightier than you are (as were the Anakim).
But Jehovah destroyed them and [the AmMonites] inherited their land, where they live to this day,[in the same way that] the children of Esau that live in SeIr destroyed the ChorRhites and inherited their land, where they live to this day,and the Evites (who lived between AsedOth and Gaza) were conquered by the Cappadocians
They came from CappaDocia to destroy them, and now they live in their land.

‘So [then the Lord told us]:
Get up and cross the Arnon Valley; for {Look!} I have given SeOn (the Amorite king of Hesh-EbonEh) and his land into your hands.
Fight with him and inherit his land today.
Start putting fear and terror into the faces of all the nations under the sky;
For they will be disturbed whenever they hear your name, and they will become very sad when they hear that you’re heading toward them.


‘Then, from the KedamOth Desert, I sent ambassadors to SeOn the king of Hesh-EbonEh with words of peace, saying,
I wish to pass through your land. I will just travel along the roads and I won’t turn to the right or to the left.
We will pay for any food that we eat with money, and we will pay for any water that we drink.
We will pass through on foot,
as we did with the sons of Esau who live in SeIr, and with the MoAbites that live in AroEr, until we reach the JorDan and the land that Jehovah our God is giving to us.

‘But SeOn (the king of Hesh-EbonEh) wouldn’t allow us to pass through his land, because Jehovah our God hardened his spirit and gave him a stubborn heart so that he would be delivered into our hands on that day.
For the Lord said to me:
Look! I’m putting SeOn (the Amorite king of Hesh-EbonEh) and his land into your hands.
So now, inherit his land!


‘Well, SeOn (the king of Hesh-EbonEh) came out with all his people to fight us at JasSa.
But our God Jehovah handed him over to us and we cut them all down (him, his sons, and all of his people).
Then we took all of his cities, destroying each one in succession, along with their women and children… we left no one alive.
However, we took their cattle and we looted their cities.
And all the way from AroEr (which lies at the edge of the brook of Arnon) to the cities in the valley to Mount GileAd, there wasn’t a town that escaped us.
Jehovah our God gave them all into our hands.
However, following Jehovah’s instructions, we didn’t go near the children of AmMon or even get close to their border along the JaBoc Wadi and their cities in the mountains.’

Chapter 3

‘Then we turned and traveled toward BaShan, and Og the king of BaShan came out to fight us with all of his people at Edraim.
So the Lord said to me:
Don’t be afraid of him, because I’m giving him, all of his people, and all of his land into your hands.
Therefore, do to him as you did to SeOn, the king of the Amorites that lived in Hesh-EbonEh
.

‘So Jehovah our God did give him into our hands, as well as all of his people.
We cut them down until none of their seed was left;and then we captured all of their cities.
For at that time, there were 60 cities all around the country of ArGob that belonged to King Og.
They were all strong cities with high walls, high gates, and strong locks.
[We also captured] many Pherezite citiesand we destroyed everything, as we had done to SeOn the king of Hesh-EbonEh.
We destroyed each city in its order, as well as all the women and children.However, we took all their cattle and we looted the cities.

‘At that time, we also captured land that belonged to two Amorite kings that [lived on] the other side of the JorDan. Their land ran from the brook of Arnon to HerMon.
(The Phoenicians call HerMon SaniOr, but the Amorites called it SanIr.)
We captured all the cities of Misor, all of GileAd, and all of BaShan as far as ElCha and Edraim, which were cities of the kingdom of Og in BaShan.

‘Og, the king of BaShan was the last of the RaphaIn.
{Look!} His bed (which was found in the capital city of the children of AmMon) was made of iron. {Look!} It was 13 feet (4m) long and 6 feet (1.8m) wide!

‘So at that time, we inherited all the land from AroEr (along the border of the Arnon), plus half of Mount GileAd, which cities I gave to ReuBen and Gad.
Then I gave the rest of GileAd and all of Og’s kingdom of BaShan to the half-tribe of ManasSeh, which includes all the country around ArGob (which [used to be] the land of the RaphaIn).

‘Then JaIr (the son of ManasSeh) took all the country around ArGob, as far as the borders of GarGasi and MachAthi, and he named them after himself – BaShan, ThavOth, and JaIr – which is what they are still called today.
Then I gave GileAd to MachIr,and I gave the land below GileAd – from the middle of the Arnon Wadi, which borders the children of AmMon, all the way to JaBoc – to ReuBen and Gad.
So, the Araba and the JorDan are the boundaries of MachanAreth, running east from the Sea of [GaliLee] to the [Dead] Sea below AsedOth Phasga.

‘At that time, I told [the men of the tribes of ReuBen, Gad, and the half-tribe of ManasSeh] that Jehovah their God had given them this land [to be assigned] by lottery, and that all the mighty [men] should then arm themselves and march ahead of their brothers, the children of IsraEl.
However, they were to leave their women, children, and cattle (I know that they have many cattle) in the cities that I had given to them,until Jehovah our God provides their brothers a haven (the same as He has given to them) and they inherit the land that Jehovah is giving to them on the other side of JorDan…
Yes, that’s when each one will have his own inheritance.

‘That’s also when I told JoShua:
You have seen everything that Jehovah our God did to these two kings, and that’s what He’s going to do to all the kingdoms that you are crossing over to there.
So, you must not be afraid of them, because Jehovah our God will fight for you!

‘Then I went before Jehovah and asked:
Lord God; You have just begun to show Your strength, Your power, Your mighty hand and mighty arm to Your servants. For, what God is there in heaven or on earth that can do as You have done by Your might?
So, [please] allow me to cross into this good land and see what’s beyond the JorDan… its wonderful mountains and the borders of Lebanon.

‘But Jehovah replied:
Because you didn’t show respect or listen to Me, don’t ask Me about this anymore.
Now, climb to the top of the rocks and look west, north, south, and east… look with your eyes. However, you may not cross the JorDan!
Then speak to JoShua… give him strength and encourage him, because he’s going to lead these people, and he’s the one that will give them their inheritance in the land that you’ve seen.

‘Well thereafter, we camped in the valley near the house of PhoGor.’

Chapter 4

‘And now, O IsraEl; Listen to the rules and decisions – everything that I’m going to teach you today – so that you can live, grow, and inherit the land that Jehovah the God of your ancestors is giving to you.
Don’t add anything to or take anything away from these Commandments that I’m giving you today. Just obey the Commandments of Jehovah our God and do everything that I’m commanding you.
For, you’ve seen everything that Jehovah our God did to the men [that started worshiping] BeEl PhoGor… Jehovah destroyed them all from among you!
And it’s only because you stayed close to your God that you’re all still alive today!

‘{Look} I’ve shown you all the rules and decisions, just as Jehovah gave them to me; so you must follow them in the land that you’re traveling to and which you will inherit.
Obey them and do them, because this is what will brand you as a wise and understanding people to the nations.
For when they hear all these rules they will say,
Look; They’re a great nation of wise and understanding people!
What other nation is there that is so great that they have a God as close to them as our God Jehovah is [to us], and to whom we may call about anything?
And what other nation has rules and decisions that are as righteous as all these laws that I’m setting before you today?

‘So, keep an eye on yourselves and carefully guard your hearts.
Don’t forget any of the things that you’ve seen… keep them in your hearts throughout the rest of your lives!
You must teach your sons and your grandsonsthe things that happened when you gathered before Jehovah our God at Horeb… when the Lord said to me,
Gather the people to Me and have them listen to My words, so they can learn to fear Me for as long as they live in the land, and then teach this to their sons.

‘You yourselves went and stood at the base of the mountain as it burned with fire all the way into the heavens… and there was darkness, blackness, and wind.
Then the Lord spoke to you from the midst of the fire with a voice and with words that you heard… yes, although you saw no shape, you heard the voice!
Then He proclaimed His Sacred Agreement with you, and He ordered you to keep the Ten Commandments that He wrote on the two tablets of stone.

‘And then Jehovah commanded me to teach you His rules and decisions, which you should obey in the land that you’re going to inherit.
Yes, keep them in your hearts; for you’ve never seen another day like the one when Jehovah spoke to you on Mount Horeb from the midst of the fire!

‘So, don’t sin by carving images of any kind… no, not in the shape of males or females,of any animals on the ground, of any winged creatures that fly in the sky,of any slithering animals that crawl on the ground, or of any creatures that live in the waters below the ground.
Nor should you look up into the sky and see the sun, moon, stars, or any of the other heavenly bodies that Jehovah your God provided to all the nations under the heavens, and then go off and worship and serve them.
For God took you and led you out of the land of Egypt – out of that iron furnace – to be His people and His inheritance today.

‘Then Jehovah God became very angry with me over things that you said, and He swore that I wouldn’t cross the JorDan and enter the land that He’s giving to you as your inheritance.
So, I will now die in this land and I won’t [be allowed to] cross the JorDan… but you will cross it and inherit that good land.

‘Therefore, pay attention to yourselves and don’t forget the Sacred Agreement that Jehovah our God made with you.
Don’t sin by carving images of any of the things that Jehovah your God told you not to [worship].For Jehovah your God is zealous, and He can be a consuming fire!

‘Then, after you’ve fathered sons and they’ve grown old and had grandchildren… if they sin and carve images of things and start acting wickedly toward Jehovah your God and anger Him;
I swear before heaven and earth that they will be destroyed from the land that you’re going to inherit across the JorDan… they won’t live to get any older and they will be cut off!
Then Jehovah will scatter them among all the nations and they’ll become the minority among all the [people] wherever Jehovah sends them.
There they will serve other gods… things that men make with their hands from wood and stone… gods that can’t see, hear, eat, or smell.

‘But if they will search for Jehovah their God in that place, they will find Him.
For, whenever you are oppressed and you search for Him with your whole hearts and souls, [you will find Him]…and that’s what will happen to [your people] in the last days.
They must turn to Jehovah their God and listen to His voice;
Because, Jehovah your God is also a God of pity, so He won’t forget the Sacred Agreement that He made with your ancestors, and He won’t leave you or destroy you.

‘Ask from one end of the sky to the other… since the time that God created man on the earth, has anyone ever heard of such a great thing happening?
Has any other nation ever heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the midst of fire, as you’ve heard it and experienced it?
What [other] nation has God elevated and taken as His own with trials, signs, wonders, and war (with His mighty hand and mighty arm)… yes, with all these great things that we saw Jehovah our God do in Egypt?
So, you should know that Jehovah your God is The God, and that there is no other than just Him!
For it was His voice that you heard coming from the sky and teaching you when He showed you His great fire and when you heard His words from the midst of that fire!

‘It was only because He loved your ancestors that He chose you (because you’re their seed) and drew you to Him; and then with His great strength, He brought you out of Egypt.
Thereafter, He destroyed nations that were much greater and stronger than you are – right in front of you – to bring you here today and to give you their land as your inheritance.

‘So, recognize all of this and consider it in your hearts. For Jehovah your God is the God of the skies above and of the lands below them… and there is no other!
So if you keep His Commandments and rules – all that I’m giving you today – it will go well for you and your descendants, and you may live on the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you for a long time…
Through the ages!’

Then Moses set aside these three towns on the east side of the JorDanas refuge cities where men that have unintentionally killed a neighbor (someone whom they’ve never hated) can run to and live:
Bosor in the plains of ReuBen, RamOth in GileAd (Gad’s land), and GauLon in BaShan (ManasSeh’s land).

These were the laws that Moses laid out before the children of IsraEl…
They are the testimonies, rules, and decisions that Moses told the sons of IsraEl after they left Egyptand while they were on the other side of the JorDan in the valley near the house of PhoGor in the land of SeOn (the king of the Amorites that lived in Hesh-EbonEh) and whom Moses and the sons of IsraEl destroyed.

So they inherited this land…
The land of Og (the king of BaShan) and that of the two Amorite kings, which is east of the JorDanand runs from from AroEr (which borders the Arnon Wadi) to Mount SeOn (or HerMon)…
All the plains from the JorDan east and down to [Mount Pisgah].

Chapter 5

Then Moses gathered all of IsraEl and said to them:
‘Listen to the rules and decisions… all that I’m going to tell you today!
Learn them and obey them, O IsraEl;for your God Jehovah made a Sacred Agreement with you at the Dry Place (Horeb)…
He didn’t make it with your ancestors, He made it with you… yes you that are all here and living today!
He spoke to you face to face at the mountain from the midst of the fireas I stood between you and the Lord, and then I reported His words to you, because you were afraid of the fire and you didn’t want to get any closer to the mountain.

‘He said:
I am Jehovah your God that brought you out of the land of Egypt and out of the house of slavery.
So, you must have no gods other than Me,and you must not make images for yourselves of anything in the skies above, on the ground below, or of things that live in the water under the ground.
You must not bow before them or serve them, for I (Jehovah your God) am a zealous God, and I bring the sins of the ancestors upon the children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren of those that hate Me,while I am merciful to the thousands that love Me and keep My Commandments.

‘Therefore, you must not misuse the Name of your God, Jehovah;
For your God Jehovah will not forgive those that misuse His Name.

‘Keep the Sabbaths and make them holy, just as Jehovah your God has commanded you.
You may work and get everything done in 6 days,but the 7th day is the Sabbath of your God Jehovah, when you must do no work…
Not you, your sons or daughters, your male or female servants, your oxen, your burros, any of your cattle, or any converts that are visiting among you.
Both you and your servants must rest.
Remember that you were once slaves in the land of Egypt before Jehovah your God brought you out of there with His strong hand and mighty arm.
So, Jehovah has instructed you to keep the Sabbaths and to make them holy!

‘Honor your father and mother, as Jehovah your God commanded you, so that things may go well for you and that you may live a long time in the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you.

‘You must not commit murder.

‘You must not commit adultery.

‘You must not steal.

‘You must not testify falsely against your neighbor.

‘You must not desire your neighbor’s woman, his house, his field, his male servant, his female servant, his ox, his burro, any of his other animals, or anything else that belongs to your neighbor.

‘Yes, these are the words that Jehovah spoke to the gathering with a loud voice at the mountain from the midst of the fire, darkness, blackness, and storms… and He didn’t add anything more.
He then wrote them on two tablets of stone and He gave them to me.

‘Then after you heard his voice from the midst of the fire (for the mountain was burning with fire when all of you went there with the heads of your tribes and your elders),you said,
{Look!} Jehovah our God has now shown us His glory and we have heard His voice coming from the midst of the fire.
We have also seen that when God speaks to men, we can still live!
However, we were all [afraid] that we would die… that this great fire would burn us up and kill us if we listened to the voice of Jehovah our God any longer.
For, what flesh has ever heard the voice of the living God speaking from a fire as we have, and still lived?

‘[So you told me]:
We want you to go up to Him and listen to whatever Jehovah our God has to say, then come back and tell us whatever Jehovah our God has said…
For we will do [whatever He tells you that we must do]!


‘Well, when the Lord heard what you said to me, He told me this:
I have heard everything that these people have said to you… and everything that they’ve said is good.
However, I just wish that they had the types of hearts in them that would cause them to fear Me and to keep My commandments, so that things would continue to go well for them and their descendants through the ages!

‘So now, go back and tell them to return to their homes.
Then you can stand here with Me and I will give you all the Commandments, rules, and decisions that you must then teach to them, and they must obey all of them when they enter the land that I’m giving to them as their inheritance.
They must pay close attention and do everything that Jehovah their God commands them to do… they must not stray to the right or to the left.
Rather, they must follow the path that Jehovah their God will tell them to walk so that He may provide them with rest, so that things may go well for them, and so that they may live even longer in the land that they’re going to inherit.

Chapter 6

‘These are all the Commandments, rules, and decisions that Jehovah your God gave to you and taught you to obey in the land that you will inherit.
So, fear Jehovah your God and follow all the rules and Commandments that I’m giving to you, to your sons, and to your grandsons for as long as you all may live!

‘Now, listen to them, O IsraEl, and obey them so that things may go well for you and so that your [families] will grow, just as Jehovah the God of your ancestors promised that He would do for you when He gives you a land flowing with milk and honey.
Yes, these are the rules and decisions that the Lord gave as Commandments to the children of IsraEl while they were in the desert, after they left the land of Egypt.
[He said]:
Listen, O IsraEl; Jehovah your God is the only Lord,and you must love Him with your whole mind, with your whole life, and with your whole strength.
And these words that I am commanding you today must stay in your hearts and in your lives…then you must teach them to your children.
Speak of them while you’re sitting at home, while you’re out walking, before you go to bed and when you get up.
You must tie them to your hands as a sign and keep them before your eyes…
Write them on the doorposts of your homes and on your gates!

‘And when Jehovah your God brings you into the land that He promised your ancestors AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob that He would give to you, along with great and beautiful cities that you didn’t build,houses that are full of all sorts of good things that you didn’t put there, wells dug in rock that you didn’t dig, vineyards and olive groves that you didn’t plant, and where you will eat and be filled;
You must be careful not to forget Jehovah your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt and out of the house of slavery.
So, you must fear Jehovah your God and serve only Him!
You must stick to Him and swear by His Name!

‘Don’t follow other gods, such as the gods of the nations around you,for Jehovah your God (who is among you) is a zealous God.
Otherwise, Jehovah your God will be very angry with you and [He will] destroy you from the face of the ground.

‘You must not test Jehovah your God as you tested Him in the [desert].
You must absolutely keep all the Commandments, decisions, and rules that He gave to you,and you must do everything that is pleasing and good before Jehovah, so that things will go well for you and you may enter and inherit the good land that Jehovah promised to your ancestors,from which He promised to chase all of your enemies away ahead of you.

‘Then if your son should ever ask you,
What are the words, rules, and decisions that Jehovah our God has given to us?
You must tell him:
We were once slaves to PharaOh in the land of Egypt; then Jehovah brought us out of there with His strong hand and mighty arm.
For Jehovah performed signs and great miracles on our behalf there in Egypt, before PharaOh and His house.
Then He brought us out of there to give us this land, which He promised our ancestors that He would give to us.
Then the Lord taught us to obey all His rules and to fear our God, so that things will go well for us through the ages that we will live here, [starting from] today.
For, Jehovah our God will be merciful to us if we pay attention and obey all these Commandments that He gave to us.

Chapter 7

‘And when Jehovah your God brings you in and gives you the land where you are going; [He] will remove great nations from before you – the Hittites, Gergesites, Amorites, CanaAnites, Pherezites, Evites, and Jebusites – 7 nations that are larger and stronger than you are.
Jehovah your God will give them into your hands and you must cut them down… destroy them!
You must not make any treaties with them or feel pity for them,nor may you marry among them or give your daughters to their sons or take their daughters for your sons.
Otherwise, they will draw your sons away to serve other gods, and Jehovah will be very angry with you and quickly destroy you.

‘This is what you should do to them:
Destroy their altars and break down their [sacred] columns, then cut down their sacred poles and burn the carved images of their gods with fire…
For you are a holy people to Jehovah your God, and He chose you to be His people over all the other nations on the face of the earth!

‘But, Jehovah didn’t prefer and choose you because there are more of you than there are in other nations… for you are smaller than the rest.
Rather, He chose you because He loves you and because He wants to keep the promise that He made to your ancestors.
So He brought you out of the house of slavery – out of the hand of PharaOh, the king of Egypt – with His strong hand.
Therefore, you should know that Jehovah your God is a faithful God that keeps promises, and that He is merciful to those that love Him and keep His Commandments through thousands of generations.
Yet, He pays back those that hate Him to their faces by destroying them… He doesn’t cut any slack for those that hate Him.

‘So you must keep His Commandments, rules, and these decisions that I am giving to you today.
And after you hear them (and if you decide to keep them), Jehovah your God will keep His Sacred Agreement with you and show the mercy to you that He promised to your ancestors.
He will love you, bless you, and make you grow.
He will also bless the children that come from you, as well as the fruitage of your [fields] – your grain, wine, oil, herds of oxen, and flocks of sheep – in the land that Jehovah swore to your ancestors that He would give to you.
You will be blest beyond all other nations, and neither you nor your cattle will be impotent or sterile.
Jehovah your God will also take away all illnesses…
He won’t bring any of the terrible diseases that you saw in Egypt upon you, but He will send them upon all those that hate you.

‘You may eat whatever you take from the nations that Jehovah your God is giving to you.
But you must not spare them, nor may you serve their gods, because that would be a sin!

Now, if you start thinking that some nation is stronger than you are and you wonder if it’s even possible for you to destroy them;
Just remember all that Jehovah your God did to PharaOh and to the Egyptians.
For you’ve seen all the great signs, wonders, and the strong hand and mighty arm that Jehovah your God used to bring you out of there;
And that’s the same thing that He will do to those nations… they will [shake in] fear when they see you!
Jehovah your God will send hornets against them until all that are left and hiding from you are destroyed.
Yet, none of you will even be wounded, because Jehovah your God who is among you is a great and powerful God.

‘However, Jehovah your God will only destroy these nations a little at a time…
You won’t be able to destroy them quickly; otherwise, the land would become desert again and there would be too many wild animals in your fields.
Yet, Jehovah your God will give them all into your hands… so you must [keep on] destroying them until they are all gone.
He will deliver their kings into your hands and you will wipe away their names…
No one will be able to stand before you until you’ve destroyed them all!

‘Then you must burn all the carved images of their gods in fires…
You must not loot their [images] of silver or gold, for that would offend Jehovah your God, since these things are disgusting to Him!
So, don’t bring their disgusting things into your homes…
Hate them and consider them as cursed, because they really are cursed!’

Chapter 8

‘You must be careful to obey all the Commandments that I’m giving you today so you can live and grow, and then enter and inherit the land that Jehovah your God has promised to your ancestors.
Don’t forget how Jehovah your God led you through the desert where He tested and tried you in order to show what’s in your hearts… whether you would keep His Commandments or not.
For He tested you and corrected you with hunger, and then He fed you with manna (something that your ancestors had never heard of) to show you that men don’t just need bread to live, but also all the words that come from the mouth of The God.
Then your clothes didn’t wear out, nor did your shoes… and your feet never grew hard during these past 40 years!

‘In your hearts, you must realize that Jehovah your God has been disciplining you in the same way that any man should be disciplining his sons.
So, you must keep His Commandments, follow His paths, and fear Him.For Jehovah your God will bring you into a large and good land where there are deep springs and rivers that flow down the mountains and into the plains.
It’s a land where there is wheat, barley, vines, figs, and pomegranates… a land of olive oil and honey,where no one will go hungry and nobody will be [poor]…
A land where stones are made of iron and copper is mined in the mountains!

‘Then after you have eaten and are filled, you must praise Jehovah your God in the good land that He’s giving to you.
Pay attention to yourselves and don’t forget Jehovah your God or overlook His Commandments, decisions, and rules, which I’m giving to you today.
So, after you’ve eaten and are full, and have built good houses and are living in them,and your herds of oxen and sheep have increased, and you’ve become wealthy and have many possessions;
Don’t become too proud in your hearts and then forget Jehovah your God that brought you out of the land of Egypt and out of the house of slavery,and who thereafter led you through that great and terrible desert where there were scorpions, biting snakes, and drought.
For when there was no water, He brought you a fountain of water out of flinty rock.
Then He fed you with manna in the desert, which was something of which you and your ancestors have never heard.
He did all of this to [discipline] you, so He could do good things for you in the future.

‘Therefore, you must never say in your hearts,
I’ve gained all this wealth with my own hands and by my own power.
You must remember that it was Jehovah your God that has given you the power to gain your wealth…
And this is because of the Promise that He swore to your ancestors.

‘And if you should ever forget Jehovah your God and choose to follow, bow before, and serve other gods; then I call heaven and earth as witnesses against you today, that you will be destroyed!
For, just as Jehovah is destroying the nations before you; that’s how you will be destroyed if you fail to listen to the voice of your God!’

Chapter 9

‘Listen [to me], O IsraEl;
Today you’re going to cross the JorDan and you will inherit nations that are greater and stronger than you are, as well as large cities with walls that reach into the skies.
The people there are great, numerous, and tall… people like the sons of Enac, with whom you are familiar and of whom you’ve heard it said,
Who can stand before the children of Enac?
But I want you to know today, that your God Jehovah will go ahead of you.
For He is a consuming fire and He will destroy them…
He will move them back before you and destroy them all quickly, just as He promised.

‘Now, after Jehovah your God has destroyed all these nations before you, don’t say in your hearts,
Jehovah brought me here to inherit this good land because I’m so righteous.
For it isn’t because of your righteousness or due to the holiness in your hearts that you’re inheriting their land.
Rather, it’s because these nations are so wicked that Jehovah will destroy them… and [He’s doing it] so that He may fulfill the Promise that He swore to our ancestors AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob.

‘No, it isn’t because of your righteousness that Jehovah your God is giving you this good land as an inheritance; for you are a [rebellious] people!
Don’t forget how much you angered Jehovah your God in the desert, starting from the day that you left Egypt until you arrived here, because you have continued to disobey Him!

‘[Do you remember how] you made Jehovah so angry in the dry place (Horeb) that He wanted to destroy you?
Back when I went up the mountain to receive the stone tablets of the Sacred Agreement that Jehovah made with you (the mountain that I was on for 40 days and 40 nights, and during which I had nothing to eat or drink),and the Lord gave me the two stone tablets that had been written on by the finger of God (yes, all those words that Jehovah said to you on the day that you gathered at the mountain)…
At the end of those 40 days and 40 nights when Jehovah gave me the two stone tablets containing the Sacred Agreement,He said to me:
Now, get up and hurry down the mountain, because the people you brought out of the land of Egypt have sinned!
They’ve already left the Commandments that I gave to them and they’ve made an image for themselves against Me!


‘Then the Lord said to me:
As I told you before, I have seen these people and {Look!} they are rebellious.
So, now I’m going to destroy them – blot their names out from under the sky – and make a great and mighty nation of you… one that will be greater than them!

‘So, as the mountain was burning with fire that reached into the heavens, I turned around and went back down the mountain carrying the two tablets of Proofs, one in each hand.
And when I saw that you had sinned against Jehovah your God and made yourselves an idol – something that Jehovah had commanded you not to do –I took the two tablets and threw them out of my hands and broke them there before you.
Then I prayed and begged before the Lord (during another 40 days and 40 nights when I didn’t eat or drink anything), because of all your sins and the evil things that you did before Jehovah your God to anger Him.
And [this time] I was really frightened, because He was so angry with you that He wanted to destroy all of you!
However, Jehovah listened to me one more time.

‘He was also so angry with Aaron that He wanted to destroy him… so I also prayed for Aaron.
Then, because of your sins, I took that [gold] calf and burned it in a fire…
I beat it down and ground it into dust, then I threw the dust into the brook that runs down the mountain!

‘You also angered Jehovah at the Burning, at the Temptation, and at the Graveyard of the Greedy.
And when Jehovah sent you from KaDesh Barne and said,
Go and inherit the land that I am giving to you;
you disobeyed Jehovah your God again… you didn’t believe Him and you wouldn’t do what He told you to do.
You’ve disobeyed everything that Jehovah has said since the day that you first came to know Him!

‘So I prayed to Jehovah for 40 days and 40 nights… that’s how long I prayed to Jehovah, begging Him not to destroy you!
I prayed this to God:
O Lord, King of gods; Don’t destroy Your people… Your inheritance whom You purchased and whom You brought out of the land of Egypt with Your great power, strong hand, and mighty arm.
Remember Your servants AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob, to whom You swore an oath by Your [Name]. Don’t look at the hard hearts of these people, at their lack of respect, and at their sins;
Otherwise, those that live in that land from which You carried us away will say,
Jehovah was unable to bring them into the land that He promised to them, because He didn’t care for them!
So He carried them away from here just to kill them in the desert.
But, these are Your people… those whom You brought out of the land of Egypt with Your great strength, Your mighty hand, and Your mighty arm, because they are Yours!’

Chapter 10

‘Then the Lord said to me:
Cut two stone tablets for yourself just like the first ones; then come up here to Me on the mountain.
Also make a wooden chest for yourself,
[and I will] write the same words on these tablets that [I wrote] on the first tablets, and then you must put them into the chest.

‘So I made a chest from boards of durable wood, and I cut stone tablets that were like the first ones;
Then I climbed the mountain with the two tablets in my hands,and there He wrote the Ten Commandments (which Jehovah spoke to you about from the midst of the fire on the mountain) on the tablets, the same as He did on the first ones, and then He gave them back to me.
So I turned and came down the mountain, and I put the tablets into the chest that I had made, just as Jehovah commanded.

‘Well from there, the children of IsraEl left BeerOth (of the sons of JaKim) and they traveled to MisadAi, where Aaron died and was buried, then his son EliEzer replaced him as the Priest.
And after that, we left and headed to GadGad.
Then from GadGad [we went] to EteBatha, which is a land where there is a lot of running water.
It was there that Jehovah assigned the tribe of Levi to carry the Chest of Jehovah’s Sacred Agreement and to stand before Jehovah to serve and praise His Name down to this day.
And from that point on, the Levites were to have no part in the inheritance of their brothers; for He told them:
Jehovah is your inheritance.

‘Well, I stayed on the mountain for 40 days and 40 nights, and Jehovah listened to me and decided not to destroy you.
Then He told me:
Now, lead these people… let them enter and inherit the land that I promised their ancestors that I would give to them.

‘So now, O IsraEl;
What does Jehovah your God require of you other than that you fear Him, walk in His paths, love Him, and serve Him with your whole hearts and souls?
Therefore, you should obey the Commandments of your God Jehovah and follow all His rules that I’m telling you today, so that things will go well for you.
Look into the skies and into the heavens of heavens; for they, all the lands, and everything that’s in them belong to your God Jehovah.

‘It is Jehovah that chose your ancestors and their seed (which includes you) over all the other nations, to be loved by Him.
So, circumcise the hardness from your hearts and don’t be [rebellious],for Jehovah your God is the God of gods and the Lord of lords.
He’s the great, strong, and terrifying God that doesn’t [show special] favor to anyone or accept bribes.
He brings justice to converts, orphans, and widows… yes, He loves the converts and He provides them with food and clothing.
Therefore, you must also love the converts, since you were once [aliens] in the land of Egypt.

‘You must fear Jehovah your God… serve Him, stick to Him, and swear your oaths by His Name!
He’s the One about whom you can boast, because He’s your God that did all these great and glorious things that you’ve seen while He’s been among you.
Remember that there were only 75 people among your ancestors that went down to Egypt…
But now Jehovah your God has made you like the stars in the skies in numbers!’

Chapter 11

‘So, you must love your God Jehovah and follow His decrees, laws, commandments, and decisions throughout your lives.

‘Now, recognize that I’m not [addressing] your children here today… those that don’t know and haven’t seen the discipline of your God Jehovah,
Or His wonderful works, strong hand, mighty arm,miracles, and the wonders that He performed before PharaOh (the king of Egypt) and upon his whole land,
Or what He did to the Egyptian army and their chariots and cavalry when He made the waters of the Red Sea cover them and destroy them as they were chasing us,
Or all the things that He did for us in the desert as we were coming here,
Or the things that he did to Dathan and AbiRam (the sons of EliAb and grandsons of ReuBen) when the ground opened her mouth and swallowed them, their families, their tents, and all their belongings there in the midst of all IsraEl.
Rather, [I’m addressing you]! For it was your eyes that saw all these mighty deeds that Jehovah performed among us.

‘As I’ve told you before;
You must keep all His Commandments so you can live, grow, and inherit the land across the JorDanthat’s flowing with milk and honey, and then live a long time on this land that Jehovah promised your ancestors that He would give to them and to their seed.
For the land that you’re going to inherit isn’t like the land of Egypt that you left, where you planted the seeds and then watered them under your feet as in an herb garden.
Rather, the land that you’re going to inherit is a land of mountains and plains; so it will drink its water from the skies!
It’s a land that Jehovah your God will keep an eye on and watch over throughout the whole year.

‘Now, if you will listen to all the Commandments that I’m telling you today and love and serve Jehovah your God with your whole hearts and souls,
He will bring the rains to your land (early rains and late rains in their seasons);
You will have a full harvest of grain, wine, and oil;
And He will put food into the fields for your cattle.

‘But after you’re full and satisfied,be careful not to allow your hearts to become proud and cause you to sin by worshiping and serving other gods.
For if Jehovah becomes angry with you, He will bind up the skies and there won’t be any rain, the earth won’t produce its fruit, and you will soon be destroyed from the good land that Jehovah is giving to you.

‘Keep these words in your hearts and souls…
Tie them on your hands as a sign, and keep them in front of your eyes,then teach them to your children…
Talk to your children about them while you’re sitting at home, while you’re walking along, before you go to sleep, and when you get up.
Write them on the doorposts of your houses and on your gates,so that your days and the days of your children will last a long time in the land that Jehovah swore to your ancestors that He would give to them for as long as the skies cover the ground.

‘Now, if you will listen to all these Commandments that I’m telling you today, and you will love Jehovah your God, walk in all His ways, and stick close to Him;
He will drive out all these nations that are before you and you will inherit nations that are greater and stronger than you are.
Then everywhere that the soles of your feet touch the ground will become yours, from the desert to the borders of Lebanon, and from the great River EuPhrates to the [MediTerranean] Sea… these will all be your borders.
Then no one will be able to oppose you, and your God Jehovah will put the fear and dread of you over all the ground that you walk on, just as He promised.

‘Look, I’m putting a blessing and a curse on you today.
The blessing will come if you listen to all the Commandments of your God Jehovah that I’m giving to you today,
And the curse will come if you don’t listen to the Commandments of your God Jehovah that I’m giving to you today, so that you stray from the path that I’m setting out, and then start serving other gods whom you don’t know.

‘Now, after our God Jehovah has brought you into the land that you’re going to inherit, you must put the blessings on Mount GiriZim and the curses on Mount Ebal.
{Look!} These [mountains] are on the other side of the JorDan, to the west in the land of CanaAn near GolGol and the big oak tree.

‘So, as you cross the JorDan to enter the land that Jehovah our God is giving you to live in and inherit throughout the rest of your lives;
Pay attention and obey all His rules and decisions… all that I’m setting before you today.’

Chapter 12

‘Now, these are the rules and decisions that you must be sure to follow in the land that Jehovah the God of your ancestors is giving to you as your inheritance and during the entire time that you will live in the land:
You must destroy all the places where they serve their gods, whether on high mountains, on hills, or under the trees.
You must destroy their altars, break their [sacred] columns into pieces, then cut down their sacred poles and burn the carved images of their gods with fire…
You must erase their names from the land!

‘However, you must never do that to [the Name of] your God;
For your God Jehovah will choose one of your cities where He will put His Name… and that’s where He’ll call for you and where you must go to search for Him.
That’s where you’ll carry your whole burnt offerings, your sacrifices, your first fruitage, your vow offerings, your freewill offerings, your thanksgiving offerings, and the firstborn of your herds and flocks.
Then you must eat [the sacrifices] there before Jehovah your God, as you rejoice over all the things that Jehovah your God has touched and with which He has blest you and your families.

‘At that time, you won’t be doing the same things as we are doing here today… where every man does as he wishes.
For until now, you haven’t arrived at the resting place and the inheritance that Jehovah our God is giving to you.
But you will soon cross the JorDan to live in the land that Jehovah our God is taking as an inheritance for you.
And soon He will provide you with rest from all your enemies round about you, and you will live in security.

‘So, there is going to be a place where Jehovah your God will choose to be called by His Name.
And it’s there that you must bring all the things that I’m telling you to bring today… your whole burnt offerings, your sacrifices, your tithes, the first fruitage of your hands, and any gifts that you choose to offer as a freewill vow to Jehovah your God.
And it’s there that you, your sons and daughters, your male and female servants, and the Levites that live outside of your [city] gates (since they won’t have their own inheritance among you) must rejoice before Jehovah your God.
So, pay attention to yourselves and make sure that you don’t offer your whole burnt offerings in just any place that you may see fit to choose…just in the place that Jehovah your God will choose from among one of your tribes.
That’s [the only place] where you may offer your whole burnt offerings, and that is where you must do all the things that I’m telling you today.

‘Now, you may kill and eat any flesh, which has the blessings of your God Jehovah, that you may desire (such as male and female antelope) in any city that you may wish.
Both the clean and the unclean may eat it there.
But you may not eat its blood… you must pour it out on the ground like water.
And you may not eat any tithes of grain, wine, oil, or the firstborn of your herd or flock that you’ve offered as a vow, or as offerings of thanks, or as the first fruitage of your hands, in your own cities.
You, your sons and daughters, your male and female servants, and the strangers that are staying inside your [city] gates may only eat such things before Jehovah your God in the place that He will choose for Himself;
And it’s there that you must rejoice before Jehovah your God with whatever you’re bringing to Him.
Also, be sure that you never abandon the Levites for as long as you live on the ground!

‘Now, when Jehovah your God enlarges your borders, as He told you He would do, and you desire to eat flesh; you may eat all the flesh that your soul desires.
And if the place that Jehovah your God chooses for Himself (where His Name will be called) is far away from you; you may slaughter any [animals] from your herd or flock that God has given to you (just as I’ve told you), and you may eat as much of it as you want in your own cities.
Also, everyone among you may eat male and female antelope, whether you are clean or unclean.
Just make sure that you don’t eat any of their blood, because their blood is their life, and the life can’t be eaten with the flesh.
You must not eat it… you must pour it out on the ground like water.
No, you must not eat it if you want things to go well for you and for your descendants. Always do what is good and pleasing before Jehovah your God!

‘But whenever you have holy things, you must take them and your vow offerings to the place where Jehovah your God will choose to put His Name.
It is there that you must sacrifice the flesh of your whole burnt offerings… on the Altar of your God Jehovah.
The blood of your sacrifices must be poured out at the foot of the Altar of your God Jehovah, and then you may eat the flesh.

‘Be careful!
Listen to and obey all the Commandments that I’m telling you, and then things will go well for you and for your descendants through the ages… that is, as long as you do all that is pleasing and good before Jehovah your God.

‘Now, after Jehovah your God destroys the nations where you are going and you inherit their land and start living there;
Be careful not to become like them after you’ve destroyed them and then say,
How did those nations worship their gods? I think I’ll start doing the same thing!
No, don’t do this to your God;
For the things that they sacrifice to their gods are disgusting to Jehovah, and He hates those that offer their sons and daughters to their gods in fires.

‘So, obey every word that I’m commanding you today, and don’t add anything to them or take anything away from them!’

Chapter 13

‘And if a prophet or someone that [has visions] in dreams should arise among you and foretell a sign or a miracle,and the sign or miracle that he foretells comes true…
And then he comes to you and says,
Let’s go and serve other gods
Don’t listen to the words of that prophet or dreamer, because Jehovah your God may be testing you to find out whether you love your God with your whole heart and soul.

‘Rather, you must follow Jehovah your God and fear Him! You must listen to His voice and trust in Him alone!
Then that prophet or dreamer of dreams must be put to death for what he said in trying to make you turn from your God Jehovah who brought you out of the land of Egypt and purchased you from slavery, and for trying to lead you away from the direction that Jehovah your God has commanded you to walk.
So, you must remove any evil that is among you!

‘Even if your own brother (by your father or mother), your son or daughter, your beloved woman, or a friend whom you love as your own life should come to you and say,
Let’s go and serve gods that our ancestors haven’t known…
Or, The gods of the nations that live around us…
Or even, Those at the ends of the earth;
you must not agree with them or listen to them.

‘Then your eyes shouldn’t spare them and you mustn’t feel sorry for them or try to protect them in any way.
Rather, you must report them and you must be among the first to kill them, so that all the rest of the people don’t become involved in it.
They must stone him with rocks until that person dies, because he has tried to draw you away from Jehovah your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt and out of the house of slavery.
And by doing this, all IsraEl will come to hear of it and be afraid to do such evil things among you.

‘Also, if you should hear people in one of the cities (which Jehovah God is giving you to live in)say that evil men have caused all the inhabitants of a land to fall away by saying,
Let’s go and worship other gods;
You must ask about it and see if this is true. And {Look!} if it is true and this disgusting thing has really happened among you;
You must destroy all those who live in that land with swords. Then you must pronounce the land and everything in it as cursed.
You must take all its valuable things into the streets and burn the city and its things with fire before Jehovah your God, and it must remain uninhabited through the ages, never to be rebuilt.
Don’t allow any of their cursed things to stick to your hands, so that Jehovah’s rage may be turned away from you and so that He may show mercy upon you.

‘He will care for you and cause you to grow, just as He swore to your ancestors that He would doif you will listen to the voice of your God Jehovah, keep His Commandments that I’m telling you today, and do everything that’s good and pleasing before Jehovah your God.’

Chapter 14

‘Because you are the sons of your God Jehovah, you must not shave your heads when someone dies,since you are a holy people to Jehovah your God and He has chosen you as His alone from among all the nations on the face of the earth.
Also, you must not eat anything that is disgusting.
These are the animals that you may eat:
· From the herd, calves;
· From the flocks, lambs;
· From the goats, kids;
· Male and female deer;
· Antelope;
· Wild goats;
· Wild sheep.
You may eat all animals that have split hooves and chew the cud.

You may not eat these animals:
Those that chew the cud but don’t have split hoofs, such as camels, hares, and rabbits… they are unclean because they chew the cud but they don’t have split hooves.
And the same is true of pigs. They have split hooves, but they don’t chew the cud, so you must consider them unclean, and you may not eat their flesh or touch their dead bodies.

‘You may eat anything that lives in the water and has fins and scales.
But anything that doesn’t have fins and scales must be considered unclean and may not be eaten.

‘You may eat all clean flying creatures.
However, these are the ones that you may not eat:
· Eagles
· Vultures
· Ospreys
· Falcons
· Kites and the like,
·· Crows and the like,
· Terns
· Owls
· Seagulls
· Herons
· Swans
· Storks
· Cormorants
· Hawks and the like
· Hoopoes
· Ravens
· Pelicans
· Diving birds
· Red bills
· Bats.
Also, you may not eat winged creatures that slither (insects), for they are unclean.

‘You may eat any sort of clean winged creatures,but you may not eat anything that dies on its own.
You may give them to people that are visiting in your cities and they can eat it, or you may sell it to strangers…
But not you, for you are a holy people to Jehovah your God.

‘You must not boil a lamb in its mother’s milk.

‘You must bring 1/10th of all the grain and fruit of your fields as a tithe each year,and you must eat it in that place where Jehovah your God will choose to have His Name called.
That’s where you must bring your tithes of grain, wine, oil, and the firstborn of your herds and flocks.

‘So, learn to always fear Jehovah your God!

‘Now, if the journey to that place where Jehovah your God will choose to have His Name called is too far for you, and you are unable to take [your offerings] there because of the distance;
Jehovah will bless you if you sell them for money and take the money to the place that Jehovah will choose.
And there, you may use the money to buy whatever your soul desires, such as oxen, sheep, wine, liquor… anything that your soul desires.
Then you must eat it there before Jehovah your God, and you and your family must rejoicealong with the Levites that live in your cities.
For since they will not have a share in your inheritance, they will have nothing to bring.

‘You may store the tithes in your cities; but, every three years, you must bring them all.
Then you must invite all the Levites and all the strangers, orphans, and widows in your cities (those who don’t have anything to bring) to come with you, and they may eat until they are full.
Then Jehovah your God will bless you in everything that you do.’

Chapter 15

‘Every 7 years you must cancel all debts…and these are the rules:
You must cancel any debts that your neighbor owes you personally, and you must not ask to have them paid back, because this is a cancellation [of debts] to Jehovah your God.
You may ask strangers to pay whatever they owe you, but not your brothers… you must cancel their debts.
That way, there won’t be any poor people among you and Jehovah your God will surely bless you in the land that He’s giving to you as your inheritance.

‘Now, if you listen to the voice of your God Jehovah and obey all these Commandments that I’m giving you today;
Jehovah your God will bless you (as He told you), and then you will lend to many nations.
However, you must never borrow from them, nor may you rule over them…
But then, they won’t rule over you either.

‘If you find a poor man among your brothers in your city in that land which Jehovah your God is giving to you, you must not be hard-hearted or tight-fisted with your brother who is in need…
You must reach out to him and lend him as much as he needs!

‘Now, be careful not to secretly say in your hearts,
the 7th year (the Year of Release) is getting close,
then allow your eyes to look wickedly at your brother who is in need and not lend him anything.
For then he will call out to Jehovah about you, and you will be guilty of a serious sin.
So, you must be sure to lend Him as much as he needs with no grudge in your hearts.
For, because of your good deeds, Jehovah your God will bless everything that you do and everything that you touch.

‘There will always be poor people in your land, and that’s why I’m telling you to do this.
You must reach out to your poor brothers and to anyone that is having a hard time in your land.

‘And if your brother (a Hebrew man or woman) should be sold to you, he may serve you for 6 years; but in the 7th year, you must set him free.
And when you set him free, don’t send him away empty-handed!
You must give him provisions from your flock, from your grain, and from your wine… as Jehovah your God has blest you, that’s how you must treat him.
Don’t forget that you were once slaves in the land of Egypt before Jehovah your God brought you out of there…
That’s why I’m telling you to do this!

‘However, if [the slave] should tell you that he doesn’t want to leave you because he loves you and your family; if you approve of this,you must take an awl and punch a hole through his ear against the door.
Then he will be your servant through the age
And female servants should be dealt with in the same way.

‘[None of] this will create a hardship on you.
For though such people will only serve you for 6 years as hired hands; Jehovah your God will bless you in everything that you do.

‘Now, when it comes to the firstborn among your oxen and sheep;
You must offer the males as holy to Jehovah your God. You may not work a firstborn calf, and you may not shear a firstborn sheep.
You and your household must eat them before Jehovah each year in the place that Jehovah your God will choose.
However; if it’s lame, or blind, or deformed, you must not sacrifice it to Jehovah your God.
Both the clean and the unclean among you may eat it in your cities, the same as you would a male or female deer.But you must not eat its blood… you must pour it out on the ground like water!’

Chapter 16

‘You must celebrate the month of New Grain and sacrifice the Passover to Jehovah your God, because that’s the month when you left Egypt during the night.
You must sacrifice your Passover sheep and oxen in that place where Jehovah your God will select to have His Name called,and you may not eat bread that is fermenting for 7 days.
You may only eat fermentation-free bread, which is the bread of hard times, because you left Egypt in a hurry.
You must remember the day when you left the land of Egypt for as long as you live.

‘Fermentation must not be seen anywhere inside your borders for 7 days, and none of the flesh that you sacrifice in the evening may be left over until the next morning.Nor are you allowed to sacrifice the Passover in just any of the cities that Jehovah your God is giving to you.
The Passover may not be sacrificed anywhere other than in the place that Jehovah your God will choose to have His Name called, in the evening, after sunset… which is the day that you left Egypt.
You must boil or roast [the meat] and then eat it in the place that Jehovah your God will choose; and then you should go back to your homes the next morning!
You must eat fermentation-free bread for 6 days, and then the 7th day is to be a holiday and a feast to Jehovah your God, during which you may not do any work other than that which is common to everyone.

‘Then, start counting off 7 weeks from the time that you first cut the grain with a sickle,and you must celebrate the Festival of Weeks (Pentecost) to Jehovah your God with as much strength and with as many things as Jehovah your God has given to you.
You must rejoice before Jehovah your God with your sons and daughters, with your male and female servants, and with the Levites, strangers, orphans, and widows that live among you in that place where Jehovah your God will choose to have His Name called.
For you must show that you remember the [time] when you were slaves in the land of Egypt by doing all these things and by obeying these Commandments.

‘You must also celebrate the Festival of Temporary Dwellings for 7 days, after you’ve stored away your grain and made your wine.
Then you, your sons and daughters, your male and female servants, and the Levites, strangers, orphans, and widows in your cities should rejoice.
You must hold a feast to Jehovah your God for 7 days in the place that Jehovah your God will choose for Himself.
And you must rejoice over all the harvest with which Jehovah your God has blest you and for all the things that you’ve accomplished.

‘All your males must appear before Jehovah your God three times each year in the place that Jehovah will choose, for these festivals:
· The Festival of Fermentation-free Bread
· The Festival of Weeks
· The Festival of Temporary Dwellings.
And don’t appear before Jehovah your God empty handed!
Each one must bring whatever he can, as Jehovah your God has blest him.

‘You must appoint judges and officials in the cities that Jehovah your God is giving to each of your tribes, and they must judge the people righteously.
They must not be unfair, show anyone special favor, or accept gifts, because gifts blind the eyes of the wise and twist the words of the righteous.
You must always work at being just, so you may live and inherit the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you.

‘You must never erect poles or plant any trees for yourselves near the Altar of your God,nor may you erect sacred columns for yourselves, because Jehovah your God hates such things!’

Chapter 17

‘You must not sacrifice a calf or a sheep to Jehovah your God that is scarred or deformed in any way, for that would be disgusting to Jehovah your God.

‘And if a man or a woman should ever be found among you (in any of the cities that Jehovah your God is giving to you) who chooses to do what is evil before Jehovah and sins against His Sacred Agreementby going and serving other gods, or by worshiping the sun, moon, or any of the stars in the skies (something that He has commanded you not to do),and someone tells you about it;
You must inquire about it and investigate to see if this disgusting thing has really happened in IsraEl.
[If so], you must bring that man or woman outside [the city] and stone him/her to death with rocks.
The person must be put to death if there are two or three witnesses to testify against him. But, no one should be put to death on the testimony of just one witness.
And then, those who testify against him must be the first to put him/her to death…
They must [throw their rocks] in front of the rest, and you must remove the evil person from among yourselves.

‘Now, whenever a matter is too difficult for you to judge in your cities (as between blood and blood, cause and cause, stroke and stroke, and contradiction and contradiction);
You must take the matter before the Levite priests who will then be at the place which Jehovah your God will choose, and they must judge the case.
They must perform their own investigation and then report their findings to you,and you must do whatever they have decided in the place that Jehovah your God will choose…
You must be sure to do whatever the Law tells you to do.

‘Yes, you must always follow the Law and abide by any judgments that are handed down.
Don’t deviate to the right or to the left from any of the decisions that are reached.
For any man who acts so haughtily that he won’t listen to the Priests who stand and serve in the Name of your God Jehovah or to a presiding judge, must be put to death.
You must remove that evil person from IsraEl,so that everyone who hears about it will thereafter be afraid to show so little respect in the future!

‘And when you enter the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you (after you’ve inherited it and are living there), and you decide that you want a king to rule over you like the other nations around you;
He must be chosen by Jehovah your God.
Kings may only be selected from among your brothers;
So, don’t empower yourselves to select a king who isn’t a brother.

‘[And no king should] accumulate horses for himself, nor may he send [My] people back to Egypt.
He may [decide to] do this if he starts collecting horses for himself… but Jehovah has told you not to go back there again!
Nor may he start accumulating many women for himself, for they will change his heart…
And he shouldn’t collect a lot of silver and gold for himself.

‘And when [such kingships] are established and they start to rule, the [kings] must each write their own copy of these Laws in a scroll with the help of the Levite priests.
Thereafter, they must keep [the scroll] and read from it all the days of their lives, so they will learn to fear Jehovah their God and keep and observe all these Commandments and rules.
By doing this, they won’t consider themselves more important than their brothers in their hearts, nor will they swerve to the right or to the left of the Commandments, so that they and their sons will continue to reign for a long time in their land among the children of IsraEl.’

Chapter 18

‘None of the Priests, including the whole tribe of Levi, will have any inheritance in IsraEl, because the burnt offerings of Jehovah are their inheritance and their food.
They will have no inheritance among their brothers, because Jehovah is their portion, just as He told them.

‘The Priests will get the things that the people offer as sacrifices, such as [a portion of] the calves and sheep (the shoulder, cheeks, and bellies),and the first-fruitage of your grain, your wine, your oil, and the fleece from your sheep.
Because, Jehovah has chosen them from among all your tribes to stand before Jehovah your God to serve and praise His Name on behalf of His sons, the children of IsraEl.

‘Also, if a Levite is living in any of the cities of the children of IsraEl (for he can live wherever he chooses),he must serve the Name of His God Jehovah.
And he and all His brothers (the Levites who stand before Jehovah your God)must still be given their portion… even if they’ve inherited any proceeds from property that was left to them by their fathers, which they’ve chosen to sell.

‘And once you’ve entered the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you, you must not learn [any of] the disgusting things that those nations are doing, such as:
· Offering their sons or daughters in fire
· Using occult powers to tell the future
· Looking for omens
· Serving as witches
· Speaking incantations
· Consulting spirits to tell the future
· Looking for signs
· Asking [questions of] the dead.
For, through the ages, those that have done such things have been disgusting to Jehovah your God.
And if you do such disgusting things, Jehovah will destroy you from before His face…you must be perfect before Jehovah your God!
So, though all those nations whose land you will inherit have paid attention to omens and [followed] occult practices;
Jehovah your God doesn’t allow you to do that!

‘Then Jehovah your God will raise a Prophet like me from among your brothers, and you must listen to him.
Remember that, after you had received all that you desired from Jehovah your God in the dry place (Horeb), the whole gathering said:
We don’t want to listen to the voice of your God Jehovah again or to see His great fire, so we won’t die!
And then the Lord said to me:
What they are saying is good;so, I will raise a Prophet like you from among their brothers, and I will put My words into his mouth and he will tell them whatever I command him to say…
Then I will bring My vengeance upon anyone that doesn’t listen to what that Prophet says in My name.
But, any prophet that uses My Name in an irreverent way by saying things that I didn’t tell him to say, or speaks in the name of other gods, must die!

‘Now, if you ever start wondering in your hearts which words weren’t said by Jehovah;
[Remember that] anything a prophet says in the Name of the Lord that doesn’t come true, is something that wasn’t said by Jehovah…
So that prophet has spoken wickedly; don’t have anything to do with him!

Chapter 19

‘And when Jehovah your God has destroyed the nations that He’s giving to you, along with their lands, cities, and houses that you will inherit and live in;
You must set aside three cities in the midst of the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you.
Perform a survey and divide the borders of your land into three parts, [then assign central cities as] places of refuge for those that have [unintentionally] killed someone.

‘And this is the rule:
Those that are guilty of manslaughter (anyone that has accidentally struck his neighbor… someone whom he has never disliked) may run to [one of these cities] and stay there.
For example:
If someone should go into the forest with his neighbor to cut wood, and his ax head flies off its handle and hits his neighbor, killing him; he must then flee to one of these cities and live there,so that the angry blood avenger doesn’t chase him down and kill him (because he isn’t worthy of death, since he hasn’t hated his [neighbor] in the past)…
But, that’s what will happen if [the refuge cities] are too far away.
This is why I’m telling you to set these three cities aside.

‘And if Jehovah enlarges your borders (as He promised your ancestors that He would do), and if He gives you all the land that He said He would give to you,you must obey these Commandments that I’m giving to you today.
[Since you must] love Jehovah your God and always walk in His ways, you must choose three cities within your borders,so that the blood of those that are innocent won’t be spilled in the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you as your inheritance, and none of you will ever be found guilty of [spilling innocent] blood.

‘However, if someone truly hates his neighbor and lies in wait for him, then sneaks up and kills him, and he thereafter flees to one of these cities;
The local elders must hand him over to the blood avenger, who must kill him.
Don’t feel sorry for him, because you must purge the innocent blood from IsraEl, so that things may go well for you.

‘Also, don’t move your neighbor’s property markers that were set by your ancestors as their inheritance…
Those that will be assigned to you in the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you as your inheritance.

‘In addition; the testimony of a single witness may never be used against a person for any sins that he may commit…
It requires two or three witnesses to prove anything.
And if someone brings a charge against a person [that can’t be proven];
Both people in the controversy must stand before Jehovah and before the priests or judges in those days.
Then the judges must seriously investigate the matter to see if the person has brought a false charge against his brother.
And if he has, you must do the same wicked thing that he wanted to do to his brother, to him…
You must remove the evil from among yourselves,so that the rest will hear about it and be afraid to do such bad things among you.
Don’t forgive this person…
It must be life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, and foot for foot!’

Chapter 20

‘And when you go to war against your enemies and find that they have a larger army and more horsemen than you do;
Don’t be afraid of them, for Jehovah your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt will be with you!
But, before you go out to fight; the Priests must come and speak to the people, and tell them this:
Listen, O IsraEl!
Today you’re going to fight against your enemies, so you must be courageous!
Don’t be afraid, don’t get confused, and don’t retreat,
because Jehovah your God is with you and He will fight against your enemies and save you!

‘The scribes must also speak to the people and say:
If any man has built a new house and he hasn’t consecrated it yet, he should go back home. For he might die in the war, and then someone else would be able to consecrate it.
And any man that has planted a vineyard and not yet [enjoyed its wine] should go back home. For he might die in the battle and then someone else would get to enjoy it.
Also, if any man is engaged [to marry] and he has not yet taken his woman, he should go back home. For he might die in the battle and then someone else would take her.

‘The scribes should also say to the people:
If there is any man that isn’t [brave] and is afraid;
He too should go back home, so his fear doesn’t discourage his brothers.


‘And after the scribes have finished speaking to the people, they must appoint generals over the army to lead them.

‘Now, whenever you approach a city; before you go to battle against them, you must call out to them peacefully.
And if they answer you peacefully and open [their gates] to you, all the people that are found there must become your subjects and serve you.
But if they don’t listen to you and they choose to fight a war against you; then you must [lay siege to the city]until Jehovah your God gives it into your hands.
And thereafter, you must kill all the men with swords.
You may spare the women, their possessions, all their cattle, and anything else that is in that city…
You may loot it and take whatever you wish and eat whatever your enemies may have, because Jehovah your God has given it to you.

‘Now, that’s what you must do to the distant cities, but not to the cities of these nations that Jehovah your God is giving to you and whose land you will inherit.
You must not leave anything alive there!
You must curse the Hittites, Amorites, CanaAnites, Pherezites, Evites, Jebusites, and Gergesites, just as Jehovah your God has commanded you,so that they don’t teach you to do all the disgusting things that they are doing before their gods and cause you to sin before Jehovah your God.

‘And whenever you lay siege to a city and you don’t succeed in capturing it right away;
You must not cut down and destroy any of its [fruit] trees.
Rather, [pick the fruit] and eat it… for the trees in the fields aren’t men that must be cut down to capture [the city].
However, you must cut down and destroy any trees that you know aren’t fruit bearing, and then use them to build a mound against the [walls] of the city that has chosen to battle with you, until it is captured.’

Chapter 21

‘If anyone is found murdered with a knife and [his body is] left in a field in the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you as an inheritance and no one knows who did it;
Your elders and judges must go there and measure the distances from the slain man to the cities round about.
Then, from whichever city is nearest to him, the elders of that city must choose a heifer from the herd that has never worn a yoke or been worked,and lead it into a valley that has never been tilled or planted, and you must slaughter the heifer there.
Thereafter, the Levite priests must go there (because they’re the ones whom Jehovah has chosen to represent Him and to praise His Name), and whatever they decide must stand.

‘Thereafter, all the elders of the city that went out to the murdered man must wash their hands over the head of the heifer that was slaughtered in the valley and say,
Our hands didn’t shed this blood and our eyes didn’t witness it.
So, please be merciful to Your people IsraEl whom You have redeemed, O Lord, so that Your people IsraEl aren’t held responsible for this innocent blood.
And by doing this, the blood will have been paid for by them.
For you must remove all innocent blood from among yourselves if you wish to do what is good and pleasing before Jehovah your God.

‘And when you’re going to fight a war against your enemies and Jehovah your God allows you to conquer them and carry away loot,and if you then notice a woman with a pretty face among the captives whom you wish to take as your woman;
When you bring her home, you must shave her head, cut her nails,and remove all the clothes that she was wearing when she was captured.
Thereafter, she must be allowed to mourn for her father and mother in your home for a month.
And only after that may you have sex with her, live with her, and take her as your woman.
But if you thereafter find that you are unhappy with her, you must then send her away free…
She can’t be sold, nor may you mistreat her, because you’ve dishonored her.

Also, if a man has two women and he loves one and doesn’t care as much for the other, and both women have given birth and the son of the one for whom he cares less is the firstborn;
When he divides his property among his sons as their inheritance, he may not give the rights of the firstborn to the son of the woman whom he loves more.
He must recognize the rights of the firstborn and give him twice as much of the things he owns, because he’s the first of his children, and he owns that birthright.

‘Now, if any man has a son who is disobedient, likes to argue, and refuses to obey his father and mother or to listen when they correct him;
They must take him before the elders at their city gateand tell them:
This is our disobedient son. He won’t listen to us and he has become a drunk and a partier
.
Then the men of the city must stone him to death with rocks; for you must remove those that are evil from among yourselves, so that the rest will hear about it and fear.

And if someone sins and is sentenced to death, and you choose to execute him by hanging him on a tree;
Don’t allow his body to remain on the tree overnight. You must bury it on that same day.
Because, through the ages, anyone that is hanged on a tree is cursed before God, and you must not [allow his body to] dirty the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you as your inheritance.’

Chapter 22

‘Whenever you see your brother’s calf or sheep wandering loose in the road, don’t just pass it by; rather, you must lead it back to your brother and give it to him.
However, if your brother doesn’t live near you and you don’t know [who owns the animal];
You must take it home with you and keep it until your brother comes searching for it, and then you must give it back to him.
That’s what you must do for his burro, his clothing, or anything else that your brother may have lost… don’t overlook anything!
And if you see your brother’s burro or ox fallen on the road, don’t just pass it by; be sure to help him get it back on its feet.

‘A woman should never wear men’s clothing, nor should a man ever wear women’s clothing.
For, through the ages, such a thing has been considered disgusting by Jehovah your God.

‘And if you should find a bird’s nest where the bird is brooding eggs or chicks in the road, or in a tree, or on the ground;
You must not take the nest with its young.
You may take the [eggs], but you must let the mother go, so things will go well for you and so that you may have a long life.

‘Whenever you build a new house, you must build a wall around [the roof] to keep anyone from falling from it, so you don’t bring the guilt of someone’s blood upon your home.

‘You must not plant different types of seeds in your vineyard;
For the [plants] could [cross-pollinate] and make your vineyard unholy.

‘You must not hitch an ox and a burro together to [pull] the same plow.

‘You must not wear clothing made of both linen and wool.

‘You must put fringes on all 4 sides of your clothing, no matter how you may dress yourselves.

‘If any man should take a woman that he comes to dislike after he has lived with her,and then he starts saying bad things about her and calling her bad names, saying,
When I took this woman and had sex with her, she didn’t prove to be a virgin;
Her father and mother must bring the girl’s proof of virginity to the elders at the city gate,and the girl’s father should tell the elders:
I gave my daughter to be this man’s woman,and now he no longer cares for her and he’s saying that he found no indication of my daughter’s virginity. But here’s the proof
And he must unfold the sheet with her [blood] before the city’s elders.
[If he can do this], the elders of that city must take the man and discipline him,then fine him 100 small silver coins and give it to the girl’s father for slandering the name of a virgin of IsraEl.
Thereafter, she must continue to be his woman and he may never divorce her.

‘However, if what he says proves to be true and no proof of the girl’s virginity can be found;
They must take her in front of her father’s house and stone her to death with rocks, because she has dishonored the children of IsraEl and the house of her father by her immorality.
You must remove the evil person from among yourselves!

‘Also, if [you find] a man having sex with another man’s woman, you must kill both the man and the woman…
You must remove those who are wicked from IsraEl!

‘And if a young woman is already engaged to a man and another man in the city has sex with her,you must take both of them outside the city gate and stone them to death with rocks…
Her, because she didn’t scream, and him, because he dishonored the woman of his neighbor.
You must remove the evil ones from among yourselves!

‘However, if a man catches an engaged woman out in a field and rapes her, you must put the man that did this to death;since, the woman hasn’t committed a sin for which she should be killed.
Something like this is just as serious as when one man murders another,because he found and [raped] an engaged woman that screamed when no one was around to help her.

‘And if any man should assault a young virgin that isn’t engaged, and this can be proven;
The man who assaulted her must pay her father 50 silver coins, then he must marry her and never be allowed to divorce her, because he dishonored her.

‘Also, no man may lay his father bare by having sex with his father’s woman.’

Chapter 23

‘No man that has been castrated, or whose sexual parts have been damaged,or any son of a whore may enter the gathering of Jehovah.

‘AmMonites and MoAbites may not enter the gathering of Jehovah…
Not through the 10th generation or through the ages,because they didn’t meet you and bring you bread and water as you were coming from Egypt, and because they hired BalaAm the son of BeOr of MesoPotamia to curse you.
Jehovah your God didn’t listen to BalaAm and He changed the curses into blessings, because He loved you.
So, you must not speak to them in peace or for profit for as long as you live, and through the ages.

‘You must not hate Edomites, because they’re your brothers;
And you must not hate Egyptians, because you were once strangers in their land.
So, their 3rd-generation sons may enter the gathering of Jehovah.

‘Also, whenever you go out to fight with your enemies, you must refrain from doing anything that is wicked.

‘If any man happens to be unclean because of a release [of semen] during the night, he must leave the camp, or not return to it.
Then that evening, he must wash his body in water and return to the camp after sundown.
So, you must set aside a place outside of the camp where [the unclean] may go.

‘And [each of] you must carry a spade in your belts, so that when you need to relieve yourselves somewhere [outside of the camp], you may use it to dig [a hole] in the ground and then cover your excrement.
[You must do this] because Jehovah your God walks in your camp to save you and to give your enemies [into your hands];
Therefore, your camp must be holy and nothing disgusting may be seen that will make Him turn away from you.

‘You must not return a slave to his master after he has run away and come to serve you.
He must live with you and among you, and you must not mistreat him for as long as he continues to please you.

‘There may be no whores among the daughters of IsraEl, nor may there be any [men] among the sons of IsraEl who are whoremongers.

‘There may be no idol worshipers among the daughters of IsraEl or among the sons of IsraEl.

‘You may not bring the wages of a prostitute or the price of a dog into the House of your God Jehovah to pay any vow, because these things are disgusting to Jehovah.

‘You must not charge your brother interest for borrowing silver, or meat, or anything else that you may lend to him.
You may charge interest on loans to strangers, but not to your brothers, so that Jehovah your God will bless everything you do in this land that you are entering and will inherit.

‘Whenever you swear an oath to your God Jehovah, you must be quick about paying it, because your God requires that you do this.
And if you don’t, this will be held as a sin against you.
If you are unwilling to offer anything, that isn’t a sin.
But whatever you vow to offer as a gift to Jehovah God must be [paid] as promised.’

Chapter 24

‘If you take a woman and live with her, and then find that you don’t care for her because of some indecent thing that she has done, you may write out a divorce certificate and put it into her hands, then send her away from your home.
And after leaving, if she becomes another man’s womanand he also finds that he dislikes her and writes a certificate of divorce and puts it into her hands and sends her out of his home, or if this last man that took her as his woman should die;
The former husband may not take her back after she has been defiled. For that is a disgusting thing before Jehovah your God.
You must not dirty the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you as your inheritance.

‘And whenever a man has recently married, he must not go to war, nor may anyone require him to do so.
Rather, he must live free in his house for 1 year as a joy to the woman whom he has taken.

‘You may not take another man’s millstone as collateral for a loan, because those that do this are requiring a life as part of the agreement.

‘Any man that is caught kidnapping and selling one of his brothers of the children of IsraEl must die…
You must remove those that are evil from among yourselves.

‘Pay special attention when it comes to the plague of leprosy…
You must be very careful to obey all the laws that the Levite priests may give you and you must do as I have instructed you.
For, remember all that Jehovah your God did to MiriAm while you were traveling from Egypt.

‘If your neighbor owes you a debt (no matter what kind), you may not enter his house to collect it.
You must stand outside, and the man that owes you the debt should bring it out to you.
However, if the man is too poor [to pay it]; you may not go to sleep while you’re holding the thing that he pledged [as collateral].
You must return it before sunset, so he can sleep in his clothes… then he will praise you, and Jehovah your God will be merciful to you.

‘You must not be unfair and withhold the wages of those that are poor and needy among your brothers, or [the wages] of strangers that come to live in your cities.
You must pay them their wages on the same day [that they do the work]… don’t allow the sun to set before [paying them], because they are poor and they need it.
For if you do, they will call out to Jehovah about you, and this will be a sin for you.

‘Fathers shouldn’t be put to death for what their children may do, nor may sons be put to death for what their fathers may do.
Rather, each person must be put to death for his own sins.

‘You must not be unjust to strangers, orphans, or widows; and you must never take a widow’s clothing as collateral.
For, remember that you were once slaves in the land of Egypt, and Jehovah your God bought you out of there.
So, do what I’m telling you to do!

‘And when you’re harvesting the grain in your fields and you realize that you’ve missed some, you must not return to get it.
Such things must be left for the strangers, orphans, and widows, so that Jehovah your God will bless you in everything you do.

‘And when you’re picking your olives, you must not go back and pick them all… some must be left for the strangers, orphans, and widows.
Don’t forget that you were once slaves in the land of Egypt, so I’m commanding you to do this!

‘And whenever you pick the grapes in your vineyard, you must not glean everything;
Rather, you must leave some for the strangers, orphans, and widows.
Don’t forget that you were once slaves in the land of Egypt, so I’m commanding you to do this!’

Chapter 25

‘Whenever there’s a dispute between two men, they should carry it to the judges and allow them to decide who’s right and who’s guilty.
And if the guilty one is sentenced to be beaten with a whip; he must be held down in front of the judges and they must have him whipped there before them for his sin.
However, they must not have him lashed more than 40 times;
For if you whip your brother more than that, he will be disgraced.

‘You must not muzzle the ox that [is used to] thresh the grain.

‘If brothers should live together and one of them dies without producing a seed; his woman may not marry someone that isn’t related to her husband.
Rather, her husband’s brother must go and take her as his woman and live with her.
Then, any children that she gives birth to thereafter will carry her deceased husband’s name, so his name won’t be blotted out of IsraEl.

‘However, if the man isn’t willing to take his brother’s woman, she should go to the elders at the [city] gate and say,
My husband’s brother has refused to keep my husband’s name alive in IsraEl.
Then the city elders should call him and make him stand before them and tell them why he refuses to take her.
And thereafter, his brother’s woman must come up before the elders and remove one shoe from his foot, then spit in his face and say,
This is how they treat the man that won’t build his brother’s house in IsraEl.
And from then on, everyone in IsraEl must speak of his house as being,
The house of the man whose shoe was removed.

‘Also, if a man gets into a fight with a brother and then one of his women should come and try to stop the other man from beating her husband by grabbing him by the testicles;
You must cut off her hand… don’t allow your eyes [to feel sorry for] her!

‘You must not carry oversized and undersized weights in your bag,nor may you keep oversized and undersized units of measure in your house.
You must have accurate weights and units of measure, so that you may live a long time in the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you as your inheritance.
For, through the ages, all that have done such unrighteous things have been disgusting to Jehovah your God.

‘Don’t forget what the AmaLechites did to you as you were traveling from the land of Egypt.
For they got in your way and harassed those that were worn out at your rear, leaving you hungry and tired, and they didn’t fear God.
So, when Jehovah your God finally provides you rest from your enemies in the land that He’s giving you to inherit, you must wipe the name of the AmaLechites out from under the skies
Don’t forget to do this!

Chapter 26

‘Once you’ve entered the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you as your inheritance and you have each received your individual inheritance and started living there,you must collect the first fruitage [from the harvest] in the land that He’s giving to you and put it into a basket, then carry it to the place where Jehovah your God will choose to have His Name called.
And when you bring it to the Priest (whomever it may be then), you must say to him,
I’m testifying before My God Jehovah today, that I’ve come to this land which the Lord swore to our ancestors that He would give to us.

‘Then the Priest must take the basket from your hands and set it before the Altar of your God Jehovah,and you must say this before Jehovah:
A small group of my ancestors (who came from Syria) went down to Egypt and stayed there, where they grew into a large number and a mighty nation.
But the Egyptians made life difficult for us, humiliated us, and put us to work at hard labor.
However, when we called out to Jehovah our God, He heard us.
And when He saw our humiliation, our hardships, and how hard we were working,
He brought us out of Egypt with His great strength, strong hand, and mighty arm through great miracles, signs, and wonders.
Then He brought us into this place and gave us this land… a land flowing with milk and honey!
So now {Look!} I’m bringing the first fruits of the land that You gave to us, O Lord, from this land that flows with milk and honey.

‘Then you must leave [the basket there] before Jehovah your God and bow low before Him,as you rejoice over all the good things that Jehovah your God has given to you, to your family, and to the Levites and strangers that are living among you.

‘And in the 3rd year, after you’ve brought in all the tithes of your harvest, you must bring a second tithe for the Levites, strangers, orphans, and widows, so that they may eat it and enjoy themselves in your cities.
At that time, you must come before Jehovah your God and say this:
I’ve collected a full measure of the holy things from my home and given them to the Levites, strangers, orphans, and widows, just as You commanded. I didn’t sin against Your Commandments and I didn’t forget them,
nor did I eat any of it during difficult times, or use it for any unclean purpose, or offer it to the dead.
I’ve listened to the voice of our God Jehovah, and I’ve done just as He commanded me.
So now, look down from your Holy House in the heavens and bless Your people IsraEl, as well as this land that flows with milk and honey, which You swore to our ancestors that You would give to us.

‘Yes, today Jehovah your God is instructing you to keep all of His rules and decisions…
You must obey them and follow them with your whole hearts and souls!
For on this day, you are choosing Him to be your God, and [you’re agreeing] to walk in His ways, follow His rules and decisions, and listen to His voice.
And today Jehovah has chosen you to be His people exclusively – as He promised in His Commandments –to be above all the other nations.
For He has made you famous, glorious, and something to brag about… a holy people to Jehovah your God, just as He promised.’

Chapter 27

Then Moses addressed the elders of IsraEl and said:
‘You must keep all these Commandments that I’m giving to you today.
And after you’ve crossed the JorDan and entered the land that Jehovah your God is giving to you, you must erect [two] huge stone [monuments] and cover them with plaster.
Then, write all the words of this Law upon them as soon as you’ve crossed the JorDan into the land that Jehovah the God of your ancestors is giving to you…
The land that’s flowing with milk and honey, which Jehovah the God of your ancestors promised to you.

‘And after you’ve crossed the JorDan, you must erect these stones with the Commandments that I’m giving you today upon Mount Ebal, then coat them with plaster.
Also, build an altar there to Jehovah your God from rocks that haven’t been cut with an iron tool.
Use whole stones and build an altar to Jehovah your God, then place whole burnt offerings to Jehovah your God upon it…
You must sacrifice them as peace offerings, which you must eat until you’re full, as you rejoice before Jehovah your God…
Be sure that the Law is clearly inscribed on the [monuments]!’

Then Moses addressed the Levite priests of IsraEl and said:
‘Be quiet and listen, O IsraEl! For today you’re becoming the people of your God, Jehovah.
Listen to His voice and obey all His Commandments and rules… all those that I will be [giving] to you today.’

And on that same day, Moses addressed the people and said,
‘After you’ve crossed the JorDan, these [tribes] must assemble on Mount GiriZim [to pronounce the blessings]:
Levi, Judah, IsSachar, [both tribes of] JoSeph, and BenJamin.
And these [tribes] must assemble on Mount Ebal to pronounce the curses:
ReuBen, Gad, Asher, ZebuLon, Dan, and NaphTali.
And from there, the Levites must shout to all IsraEl:
Any man that carves an idol or any other disgusting thing or has one that has been manufactured and puts it in a secret place, is cursed!
And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!
Any man that shows disrespect to his father or mother is cursed!
And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!
Any man that moves his neighbor’s property markers is cursed!
And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!
Any man that misleads a blind person is cursed! And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!
Any man that is unfair to a stranger, orphan, or widow is cursed!
And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!
Any man that uncovers his father’s [naked body] by having sex with his father’s woman is cursed!
And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!
Any man that has sex with an animal is cursed!
And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!
Any man that has sex with [his sister] is cursed!
And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!
Any man that has sex with his daughter-in-law is cursed!
And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!
Any man that has sex with his woman’s sister is cursed!
And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!
Any man that secretly [murders] his neighbor is cursed!
And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!
Any man that is paid to kill an innocent man is cursed!
And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!
Any man that doesn’t observe and obey all the words of this Law is cursed!
And all the people must answer and say, May it be so!

Chapter 28

‘Now, if you listen to the voice of your God Jehovah and follow and obey all these Commandments that I’m giving to you today, you will be raised higher than all the other nations on the earth by Jehovah your God,and then these blessings will search for you and find you.
For if you listen to the voice of your God Jehovah:
· Your fields and your cities will be blest.
· The offspring that comes from your bodies, the fruit of your land, your herds of oxen, and your flocks of sheep will be blest.
· Your barns and your storage bins will be blest.
· You will be blest when you leave and blest when you return.
· Jehovah will give your enemies [into your hands], and those that oppose you will fall before you.
If they come against you from one direction, they’ll run from you in 7 directions.
· Jehovah will put His blessings on your barns and on everything that you do in the land that He’s giving to you.
· Jehovah will raise you as a holy people to Himself, just as He promised your ancestors that He would do if you would listen to His voice and walk in all of His ways.Then, all the nations on the earth will see that you are called by the Name Jehovah, and they will stand in awe of you.
· Jehovah your God will bring [many children] from your bodies, many young from your cattle, and much fruit from your land… this land that Jehovah swore to your ancestors that He would give to you.
· Jehovah will open His treasures in the skies and bring rain to your land in [the proper] seasons, and He’ll bless everything that you do.
· You will lend to many nations and not borrow, and you’ll rule over many nations and not be ruled.
For, Jehovah your God will make you the head not the tail, putting you on the top…
You’ll never be on the bottom if you’ll listen to the voice of your God Jehovah and obey all the things that I’m telling you today.
· You must not swerve to the right or to the left from any of the Commandments that I’m giving to you today, or follow and serve other gods.

‘However, if you don’t listen to the voice of your God Jehovah and obey all His Commandments that I’m giving to you today, these curses will come here and catch up with you:
· You will be cursed in your cities and in your fields.
· Your barns and your storage sheds will be cursed.
· [The children] who come from your bodies, the fruit from your land, your herds of oxen, and your flocks of sheep will be cursed.
· You will be cursed when you leave and when you return.
· Jehovah will send shortages and famines [among you], and everything you do will be consumed until He has totally destroyed you.
Yes, if you leave Him and start doing evil things, you will be quickly exterminated.
· Jehovah will bring plagues among you until you’ve all been wiped from this land that you’re going to inherit.
· Jehovah will strike you with dysentery, fever, chills, inflammations, sores, and paleness…
They will chase you down and destroy you.
· He will turn the sky above you into brass and the ground beneath you into iron.
· Jehovah your God will turn the rain that falls from the skies into dust, until it destroys you and quickly consumes you.
· Jehovah will hand you over to your enemies and they will slaughter you.
You will attack them from one direction, but you’ll run from them in 7 directions, and then you’ll be scattered throughout all the kingdoms of the earth.
· Your dead will become food for the flying creatures in the skies and the animals on the ground… and nothing will scare them away.
· Jehovah will strike your bottoms with the sores of Egypt… and the scabs will itch and never heal.
· Jehovah will strike you with mental illnesses, blindness, and anxiety,so you’ll grope around in the daytime like the blind grope around in their darkness.
· Nothing you do will prosper; you’ll be treated unfairly;
You’ll be looted continuously, and no one will come to your aid.
· You’ll take women for yourselves, but other men will have them.
· You’ll build houses and not live in them.
· You’ll plant vineyards and not gather their grapes.
· Your calves will be butchered before you, but you won’t eat any of the [meat].
· Your burros will be taken from you and never be returned.
· Your sheep will be given to your enemies, and no one will get them back for you.
· Your sons and daughters will be given to other nations, then you’ll search for them as your eyes are wasting away and your hands are growing feeble.
· A nation that you’re unfamiliar with will eat the produce of your land, and all your hard work will be crushed and done away with…
You’ll be amazed by the things that you’ll see!
· Jehovah will strike you with bad sores on you knees and legs that won’t heal… from the soles of your feet to the tops of your heads.
· Jehovah will drive you and the leaders whom you’ll set over yourselves away, and you’ll be sent to a nation that neither you nor your ancestors have ever known.
There you’ll serve gods made of wood and stone;
And there, [the things that happened to you] will be used as amazing examples and illustrations among all the nations where Jehovah your God will send you.
· You’ll plant many seeds in your fields but harvest little, because the locusts will eat whatever you plant.
· You’ll plant vineyards and cultivate them, but you won’t drink the wine or enjoy any of it for yourselves, because worms will eat them.
· You’ll plant olive trees all around your land, but you won’t receive any oil to anoint yourselves, because your trees will drop their fruit.
· Sons and daughters will be born to you, but they’ll never be yours, because they’ll be carried away as captives.
· All the trees and produce of your land will be consumed by blight.
· The strangers who live among you will be lifted high, while you will be dragged down;
Then they will lend to you and you won’t be able to lend to them, for they’ll be the heads and you’ll be the tails.

‘All of these curses will come upon you and chase you down until they’ve consumed and destroyed you, if you don’t listen to the voice of your God Jehovah and keep the Commandments and rules that He has given to you.
They will serve as signs and wonders among you and among your seed through the ages,if you fail to serve Jehovah your God happily and with a [cheerful] heart, because of all the many [good] things that you will have received.

‘Then you must serve the enemies that Jehovah will send against you.
You’ll be hungry, thirsty, naked, in need of everything, and you’ll have to wear iron yokes on your necks until they’ve destroyed you.

‘Jehovah will bring a nation against you from the ends of the earth that will come like fast-flying eagles, and you won’t understand their language.
They’ll be a fearsome people that won’t respect your old people or pity your young.
They’ll eat the young of your cattle and the fruit of your land, and they won’t leave any grain, wine, oil, herds of oxen, or flocks of sheep for you, until they’ve destroyed youand totally crushed your cities.
For even your highest and strongest walls will be destroyed, and all your land and all the cities that He has given to you [will be theirs].

‘Then you will eat the fruit of your bodies… the flesh of all the sons and daughters that He has given to you.
For your enemy will bring a great time of stress and difficulty upon you.
And even those that are kind and gentle among you will look at their brothers, their loved women, and any children that may be left in an evil way,and they won’t offer them any of the flesh of their children to eat, because they wouldn’t have enough for themselves.
That’s how your enemies will pressure you and make life difficult for you in all of your cities.

‘Then, even the tender, gentle women among you – those that have never searched the ground for delicacies – will look at their loved husbands, sons, and daughters in an evil way.
For they will eat the newborn that come from between their legs secretly in their [hunger].
Yes, that’s how your enemies will make life difficult for you in your cities.

‘So, if you won’t listen to and obey all the words of the Law that have been written in this scroll and fear the glorious and wonderful Name of your God Jehovah,He will bring these horrible plagues and unending illnesses upon you and your seed.
He will bring all the pain of Egypt that you were so afraid of, and make it stick to you.
And Jehovah will even bring sicknesses and plagues that haven’t been written about in the scroll of this Law, until He has destroyed you.
Then, although you were once as many as the stars of the sky, there won’t be many left, due to the fact that you didn’t listen to the voice of your God Jehovah.

‘And as Jehovah once rejoiced over you, did good things for you, and made you grow;
He will rejoice over destroying you and in quickly removing you from the land that you’re going to inherit.
Then Jehovah your God will scatter you among all the nations – from one end of the earth to the other – and you must serve other gods there, which are made of wood and stone, and of whom you and your ancestors have never heard.

‘In addition; [in the places where you will be living] among those nations, He won’t provide any quiet, nor will the soles of your feet find any rest.
For there, Jehovah will give you weak hearts, failing eyes, and wasted lives.
You won’t know [what each day will bring], and you’ll be afraid both night and day; for nothing in your lives will be sure.
In the morning, you’ll say,
I wish it were evening!
And in the evening, you’ll say,
I wish it were morning!

You’ll have fear in your hearts and you’ll be afraid of everything you see.
Then Jehovah will take you back to Egypt in ships – back to the place that He said you should never see again – where you’ll be offered for sale to your enemies as slaves…
And nobody will [wish to] buy you!’

Chapter 29

These are the words of the Sacred Agreement that Jehovah commanded Moses to make with the children of IsraEl in the land of MoAb, which were added to the Sacred Agreement that He’d made with them at the dry place (Horeb).

Moses then called all the sons of IsraEl and said to them:
‘You have seen all the things that Jehovah did to PharaOh, to his servants, and to his entire land of Egypt.
Yes, you’ve seen the great signs and wonders with your eyes.
Yet, down to this day, Jehovah God hasn’t given you the heart to understand, the eyes to see, or the ears to hear.
However, as He was leading you through the desert during [the past] 40 years, your clothes didn’t wear out, your sandals didn’t wear off your feet,and you didn’t eat bread, or drink wine or liquor.
[He did this] so you would know that He is Jehovah your God.

‘Then when we got to this place and SeOn (the king of Hesh-EbonEh) and Og (the king of BaShan) came out to meet us in war,we cut them down and took their lands, which I gave to ReuBen, Gad, and half of the tribe of ManasSeh, as their inheritance.
So now, pay attention to all the words of this Sacred Agreement and understand all the things that you must do.

‘Here you stand before Jehovah your God today… the heads of your tribes, your elders, your judges, your officers – every man of IsraEl –as well as your women, children, and the converts who have come to live in your camps (from the wood cutters to those that draw the water).
And now, you must conclude a Sacred Agreement with your God Jehovah and swear as many oaths as Jehovah your God will be asking of you today,so that He may appoint you to be His people and for Him to be your God, as He told you and as He swore to your ancestors, AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob.

‘Understand that this Sacred Agreement and these oaths aren’t just for you…they apply to everyone that is here before Jehovah your God today, as well as to anyone that isn’t here with you today.
For you know how we lived in the land of Egypt and how we came through the midst of [several] nations,where you saw their disgusting things and their idols of wood, stone, silver, and gold.
So, if the hearts of any man, woman, family, or tribe here aren’t with Jehovah your God;
They should leave you now and go to serve the gods of those nations, so that there will be no root that is filled with gall and bitterness among you!

‘And if there’s anyone that listens to these words and their curses and then chooses to flatter himself by saying in his heart,
Good things will happen to me even if I keep on walking in the errors of my heart,
[he should also leave]! Otherwise, the innocent may be destroyed along with the sinners…for God won’t pardon him.
Rather, Jehovah’s rage and zeal will blaze against that man, and all the curses of this Sacred Agreement that are written in this scroll will come upon him…
Jehovah will blot his name out from under the skies.

‘Jehovah will also hold the children of IsraEl responsible for all their evil [and bring] all the curses of the Sacred Agreement that are written in this scroll of Law upon them.
Then, future generations – your descendants that come after you and strangers that come from far away lands – will see the plagues on your land and the diseases that Jehovah has sent here.
For then there will be sulfur rocks and burning salt, and the entire land won’t be cultivated, nor will anything green grow there. It will become like [the cities of] Sodom, GomorRah, Adama, and Seboim, which Jehovah destroyed in His anger and rage.

‘Then all the nations will ask,
Why has Jehovah done this to His land… what made Him so fierce and so angry?
And others will answer,
It’s because they broke the Sacred Agreement of Jehovah, the God of their ancestors. For, this is what He warned their ancestors that He would do to them when He brought them out of the land of Egypt.
However, they still went and served other gods… and this is [how He showed] His disapproval!
So Jehovah became very angry with that land and He brought all the curses upon it that are written about in the scroll of this Law.
Then in His rage, anger, and indignation, He removed them from their land and threw them into other lands… it’s why all these things have happened to them!

‘Remember that even the things that are done in secret [are known by Jehovah] our God, and He uncovers them.
So, the responsibility of our children and us is to obey all the words of this Law through the ages.’

Chapter 30

‘And after all these things have happened to you;
You must recall to mind the blessings and the curses that I’ve set before you today, wherever [you may be] among all the nations where Jehovah will have scattered you.
Then you must return to Jehovah your God, listen to His voice, and [obey] everything that I’m telling you today with your whole hearts and souls,so that Jehovah may heal you from your sins, feel pity for you, and gather you back from all the nations to which He will have scattered you.

‘It won’t matter whether you’ve been dispersed from one end of the skies to the other;
Jehovah will gather you from there and take youback to the land that your ancestors inherited, and you will inherit it once again.
Then He will do good things for you and cause you to grow greater than your ancestors.
For Jehovah will purge your hearts and those of your seed, and then you must love Jehovah your God with your whole hearts and souls, so you may live!

‘And after that, Jehovah your God will put all these curses on your enemies (on those who have hated and persecuted you),if you’ll turn back and listen to the voice of your God Jehovah and keep all His Commandments that I’m telling you today.
Jehovah your God will bless everything that you do, as well as the offspring of your bodies, of your cattle, and of the crops in your fields.
Then Jehovah your God will be happy over you once again… but [this time], in even a better way than He was happy with your ancestors.
[This will all happen] if you’ll just listen to the voice of your God Jehovah and keep His Commandments, rules, and decisions that are written in the scroll of this Law, and if you’ll return to Jehovah your God with your whole hearts and souls.

‘For these Commandments that I’m giving you today really aren’t a burden, nor are they far away from you.
They aren’t in the skies above, so you’d have to say,
Who will go up into the sky and take them for us so we can hear them and obey them?
Nor are they beyond the sea, so you’d have to say,
Who will cross the sea and take them for us so we can hear them and obey them?
These words are near to you… in your mouths, in your hearts, and in your hands!

‘Look, I’m setting life and death, as well as good and evil before you today.
If you’ll listen to the Commandments of your God Jehovah that I’m giving to you today… if you’ll love Jehovah your God, walk in His ways, and follow all His rules and decisions; you’ll live, grow in numbers, and Jehovah your God will bless you throughout the land where you’re going and which you will inherit.
But if you have a change of heart and choose not to listen to Him, and then go to worship and serve other gods;
I’m warning you today that you’ll be destroyed and you won’t live long on the land that you’re crossing the JorDan to inherit!

‘So I now call the land and the sky as witnesses against you today, that I’ve set life and death, the blessings and the curses, before you.
Choose life so that you and your seed may live!
Love Jehovah your God!
Listen to His voice and stick to Him, for He is your life, and [He’s] the length of the number of days that you will live in the land that Jehovah promised your ancestors AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob that He would give to you.’

Chapter 31

Well, after Moses had finished telling the children of IsraEl all these things, he said:
‘I’m a 120 years old today, and I won’t be able to [lead] you anymore. For Jehovah has told me that I may not cross the JorDan.
However, Jehovah your God will continue to walk before you… He will destroy the nations before you and you will inherit them.
And He told me that JoShua will now lead you.

‘Jehovah your God will do the same things to [those nations] that He did to the two Amorite kings, SeOn and Og, and to their land on [this side] of the JorDan, when He destroyed them.
Jehovah has given them to you, and you must do all that I’ve said you must do to them.
So, be courageous and strong! Don’t be afraid or act cowardly… don’t let them scare you!
For Jehovah your God is marching with you and among you, and He won’t forget you or leave you.’

Then Moses called JoShua and said to him before all IsraEl:
‘You must be courageous and strong, for now you must lead these people into the land that Jehovah swore to your ancestors that He would give to them as their inheritance.
Jehovah will be going with you, and He won’t forsake you or abandon you;
So, don’t be timid or afraid!’

Then Moses wrote the words of this Law in a scroll and gave it to the priests (those sons of Levi who bear the Chest of Jehovah’s Sacred Agreement) and to the elders of the sons of IsraEl.
And then Moses told them this:
‘After 7 years, during the Year of Release and on the Feast of Temporary Structureswhen all IsraEl assembles before Jehovah your God in the place that Jehovah will choose; you must read this Law so that all IsraEl can hear it.
The whole assembly – the men, the women, the children, and any converts that are living in your cities – must all hear it, so that they may learn to fear Jehovah your God and to obey all the words of this Law.
Also, the sons that haven’t [been born yet] must hear it and learn to fear Jehovah your God for as long as they live in the land that you’re crossing the JorDan to inherit.’

Then the Lord said to Moses:
‘Look; The day of your death has arrived!
Now, call JoShua and go stand at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs, where l can [explain things] to him.’

So, Moses and JoShua went to the Tent of Proofs and stood at the entrance.
Then the Lord descended in a cloud and stood next to the entrance in a column of clouds.And He said to Moses:
‘{Look!} [It’s time] for you to go to sleep with your ancestors.
However, from among these people [some] will arise that will commit adultery with the strange gods of the land that they will be entering… they will leave Me and break the Sacred Agreement that I made with them.
And when that happens, I will be very angry with them and I will leave them… I’ll turn My face away from them and they will thereafter be devoured.
But, after many bad things and plagues have come upon them, they will [finally] say,
These bad things have happened to us because Jehovah our God isn’t with us!
However, I will still just look away, because of all the wicked and evil things that they will do, and because they will have turned to other gods.

‘Now, write the words of this song and teach it to the children of IsraEl…
Have them learn to sing it, so this song may testify about Me to the faces of the children of IsraEl.
For I’m bringing them into the good land that I swore to their ancestors that I’d give to them… a land flowing with milk and honey.
But, after they’ve eaten and are full and satisfied, they will turn and follow other gods and serve them… they will break their Sacred Agreement with Me and anger Me.
And it’s this song that will stand as a witness against them, because they won’t forget it, nor will their seed ever forget it.
For, I’ve known how wicked they are and of the wicked things that they will do long before I brought them to this good land that I promised to their ancestors.’

So Moses wrote the song that day, which he would thereafter teach to the children of IsraEl.
Then he spoke to JoShua and said:
‘Be courageous and strong, because you’re now going to lead the sons of IsraEl into the land that Jehovah promised to them… and He will be with you!’

It was then that Moses finished writing the words of this Law all the way to the end.
And thereafter, he gave these instructions to the Levites who bear the Chest of the Sacred Agreement of Jehovah, saying,
‘Take this scroll of the Law and put it inside the Chest of the Sacred Agreement of your God Jehovah, so it will [always] be there among you as a testimony.

‘Oh, I know how irritating and rebellious [these people] can be; for, throughout my life with them – down to this day – they’ve been provoking God by the ways that they act.
So, how can I expect them to be any different after my death?

‘Now, gather all the heads of your tribes, as well as your elders, judges, and officers, so that I can speak all these words into their ears as I call the land and the sky as witnesses against them.
For I know that after my death they’ll become very sinful and turn from the ways that I’ve commanded them [to follow]…
Then bad things will eventually happen to them because they will make their God Jehovah angry with all the evil things that they will do.’

And thereafter, Moses spoke the words of this song, teaching it to the whole gathering:

Chapter 32

‘Listen, O heavens, and I’ll speak…
May even the ground hear the words from my mouth.
May the things that I say be looked for like rain,
And may my words fall like dew…
Like a shower on the plants and snow on the grass.

‘For, I’ve called on the Name of the Lord,
And I’ve spoken of the greatness of God.
His works are true and His ways are all just…
He isn’t unrighteous, but faithful…
Jehovah is holy and fair.

‘Against Him, they have all sinned,
For they are children with spots…
A generation of the pushy and perverted.
Is this how they pay back Jehovah?

‘Are these people all foolish and stupid?
Didn’t He become their own Father?
Didn’t He purchase them back?
Didn’t He form them and make them?

‘Remember the days of long ago…
Think of the years of past ages.
Ask your fathers and they will remind you…
Ask your elders and they will explain.

‘When the Most High divided the nations…
When the sons of Adam, He moved apart,
He set the borders for all of the nations
By the numbers of the messengers from God.

‘Jacob (His people), became the Lord’s portion;
IsraEl was what He’d inherit.
So He kept them alive in land that was dry,
And in the desert, [He sated] their thirst.
Thereafter, He led them and taught them,
And He kept them as the apple of His eye.

‘As an eagle that watches over his brood,
And as one that yearns for his young;
They were chosen by Him.
So [for them], He spread out His wings
And He lifted them onto His back.

‘It was only Jehovah that led them,
When no other gods had they known.
He raised them on the strength of the land,
And fed them with the fruit of the fields.
So, out of rocks, they sucked honey,
And out of boulders, sucked oil.

‘With the butter of cows and the milk of their sheep…
With the fat of their lambs and their rams, calves, and kids…
With the fat of kidneys and wheat.
They also drank wine… the blood of the grape.
So, Jacob ate and was filled.

‘Then this loved one kicked and grew fat…
He soon became thick and broad.
And from the God that made him, he turned…
From the God who’d saved him, he strayed.

‘With strange gods, they enraged Me,
And with loathsome things, made Me mad.
To demons unknown, they then sacrificed,
And not to the God [of all] gods.

‘Then they turned to things that were new…
[Things] of which their fathers knew not,
And they left the God who gave them birth…
They forgot the God that provided their food.

‘Jehovah was jealous when He saw this…
By His sons and daughters, He was enraged.
So He said, From them, I’ll now turn My face,
And I’ll show them what the last days will bring.
For, they’re a perverted generation,
And they are unfaithful sons.

‘They’ve made Me angry and jealous,
With gods that are nothing at all,
And they also disturbed Me with idols.
So I’ll make them angry and jealous
Over others that are not [of your] nation
I’ll enrage them with people whom they never knew.

‘For a fire has been started by My rage,
Which will burn to the place of the dead down below.
It’ll devour their land and its fruitage,
And burn to the bottoms of their hills.

‘Evil things, I’ll now bring upon them…
I’ll fight them with all of My weapons.
With hunger, they will be consumed,
And their [bodies] will be eaten by birds…
Their destruction will not be repaired.

‘I’ll send against them the teeth of wild beasts,
And the rage of things that crawl on the ground.

‘Their children will be taken from them without swords,
And in their beds, they’ll know terror.
Young men will be killed with the virgins,
As well as the newborn and those who’ve grown old.
For I told them that they would be scattered,
As their memory is erased among men.

‘Were it not for their enemys’ rage,
They would have lived a long time.
But their enemies will have gathered to attack them.

‘Yet, may their enemies never be able to say:
I did this with my own mighty arm.
For, it is Jehovah that will do all these things.

‘They’re a nation that has lost its direction,
And there’s no understanding among them…
They have no sense, so they won’t understand,
That after they’ve made such a choice,
This is what will happen to them.


‘How can one man chase a thousand,
Or two men route tens of thousands,
Unless they’d been sold by their God…
If Jehovah hadn’t handed them over?

‘Since their [new] gods are not like our God,
Our enemies will not understand.
For, their vine is like that of Sodom,
And the branch of their vines are GomorRah.
All their grapes are like gall,
And all their clusters are bitter.
Like the rage of snakes is their wine…
Like the deadly anger of asps.

{Look!} Weren’t they all assembled by Me…
Weren’t they sealed with My treasures?
So, in the time of My vengeance, I will pay them back,
And their feet will be tripped in that day
When their destruction has arrived,
And My decisions have fallen upon them.


‘For, Jehovah will judge all His people,
And take comfort [in the fall of] His servants.
Because He saw they were failing and weak;
In a hostile invasion, they’ll [fall].

So, where are these gods in whom you’ve put trust…
Where is the fat that they ate,
And the wine that you offered, which they drank?
Let them arise and come to your aid…
Let them become your protectors!

‘Look! I AM… there are no gods other than Me!
I alone can kill or make it alive…
Only I can strike down or heal…
They can’t wrest this power from My hands!

‘So I’ll lift My hand to the heavens and swear;
Yes, by My right hand, I can say:
I am alive through the ages!

Then, I will grab hold of My sword,
And make it like lightning, there in My hand.
I’ll grab My enemies and judge them in justice,
And pay back all those that hate Me.

‘My weapons will then be drunk on their blood,
And My sword will devour much flesh…
With the blood of the wounded and captured,
And the heads of My enemies that ruled them.


‘So, rejoice with Him, O you heavens,
And may God’s messengers all bow low before Him.
Rejoice with His people, you nations,
And may all of God’s sons be strengthened by Him.

‘For, He will avenge the blood of His sons,
And on His enemies, bring vengeance and justice.
He’ll bring what’s due to all those that hate Him,
When they’re purged from the land of His people.’

This was the song that Moses wrote on that day, and which he then taught to the children of IsraEl.

And thereafter, Moses and JoShua (the son of NaWeh) [stood up] and [read] all the words of this Law where the people could hear it.
And when they had finished,[Moses] added:
‘Pay whole-hearted attention to these words that I [read] to you today, and command your sons to follow and obey all the words of this Law.
Don’t allow these to be just words to you, for they’re your life… they will allow you to live for a long time in the land that you’re crossing the JorDan to inherit!’

Then the Lord spoke to Moses and said:
‘Now, go to the mountains of your forefathers and climb Mount Nebo, which is in the land of MoAb near JeriCho, and gaze at the land of CanaAn that I’m giving to the sons of IsraEl.
Then you will die in those mountains and be added to your people, just as Aaron your brother died on Mount Or and was added to his people.
For, you disobeyed [Me before] the children of IsraEl at the Waters of Rebellion at KaDesh in the Sin desert, when you failed to [speak of] Me in a holy way among the sons of IsraEl.
However, [I want you to] see this land that’s before you, which you will not be allowed to enter.’

Chapter 33

Then Moses, the man of God, gave this blessing to the children of IsraEl before he died.He said:

Jehovah came down from Mount SinAi,
And He appeared to us at Mount SeIr.
Then He quickly moved to Mount Pharan
With 10,000 Holy Ones at His right,
And [all] of His messengers with him.

‘To His people, He then brought salvation…
His holy ones, [He kept] in His hands.
Below Him, they [all heard] His words…
The Law, which Moses gave as their own
To the whole gathering of Jacob.

‘He will be with the leader He loves,
And the rulers of the peoples, among IsraEl’s tribes.

‘May ReuBen live and never die out,
And may he grow into a crowd.’

And this is the blessing of Judah:
‘O Jehovah; listen to what Judah asks,
And pay attention to his people.
With his hands, he will wage war,
And against his enemies, You’ll give him aid.’

And for Levi he said:
‘Give Levi the signs and the truth
Of a man who’s been very holy.
For they tested him at the Temptation,
And spoke against him at the Waters of Rebellion.

‘He’s the one that must say to his father and mother,
[Sorry], but I can’t [come to] visit.
He knows not his brothers, and he knows not his sons,
But he’s kept Your words and Your Sacred Agreement.

‘[Levi] will proclaim Your rules among Jacob,
And Your Laws among IsraEl.
They’ll always burn incense on Your Altar,
Even in times of Your rage.

‘O Jehovah;
Please keep on blessing his strength,
And accept the things that he offers.
Break all the enemies that may come against him,
And don’t allow those that hate him to stand.’

And to BenJamin he said:
‘Jehovah’s beloved, in safety will live;
For, God’s shadow will always be with him,
And between [God’s] shoulders, he’ll rest.’

And to JoSeph he said:
‘His land is the blest of Jehovah…
[A land of] seasons, sky, dew, and deep wells…
Of the fruitage of the changes in the seasons and sun,
And the produce of [each of] the months.

‘[Water runs down] from the tops of old mountains…
From the tops of the hills of the ages,
To produce full crops in their seasons.

‘May the things that please him be poured on his head;
On the crown of this one that has been glorified
Above all of His brothers.
Like a first-born bull, is his beauty,
And as a rhinoceros, are his horns.

‘He’ll use them to thrust out at nations
To the ends of the earth.
For, his are Ephraim’s tens of thousands,
As well as the thousands of ManasSeh.’

And to ZebuLon he said:
‘Rejoice O ZebuLon, as well as all those
Who dwell in IsSachar’s tents.
For, you’ll ariseand destroy many nations.

‘Many men, you will call that will gather
To offer sacrifices that are righteous.
The wealth of the sea will be your provisions…
The stores of those living by water.’

And to Gad he said:
‘Praise the One who’s given Gad more;
For, he will rest like a lion
That has crushed many arms along with their their kings.

‘He’ll see that his land bears the first fruits,
And leaders will gather with his people’s chiefs.
For [he’ll do what the Lord says is] righteous,
And to IsraEl, he will bring justice.’

And to Dan he said:
‘Dan is the cub of a lion,
And he will leap out of BaShan.’

And to NaphTali he said:
‘NaphTali will be filled with good things,
And he will receive the blessings from God.
For, he will inherit the west and the south.’

And to Asher he said:
‘With many children, Asher is blest,
And he’ll be approved by his brothers.
With oil, his feet are anointed,
And his sandals are like both iron and brass.

‘He’ll be strong for as long as he lives,
Since his helper is the God whom he loves…
The One that rides through the skies…
The Magnificent One of the cosmos.

‘[And as long as he stays under] God’s rule,
He will [be there] to protect you.
He will drive your enemies away
By the great might of His arm.
He’ll drive them away through the ages,
Saying to them, Be destroyed.’

‘So, IsraEl will live by themselves
In safety, within Jacob’s land;
With grain, and wine, and the clouds in the sky,
And with plenty of dew.

‘You’re blest, O IsraEl, for who else is like you…
You who’ve been saved by your helper, God.

‘He’ll hold His shield over you,
And of His sword, you will boast.
Then, you will tred on the necks
Of the enemies who’ve dared to lie before you.’

Chapter 34

Finally, Moses went from ArabOth in MoAb to the Nabau Mountains, and climbed to the top of Mount Pisgah (near JeriCho).
There Jehovah showed him all of GileAd to the land of Dan, the land of NaphTali,the lands of Ephraim and ManasSeh, the land of Judah all the way to the Sea,the whole desert, the country around JeriCho, and the land between the City of Palm Trees and Segor.
Then Jehovah said to Moses:
‘This is the land that I swore that I would give to the seed of AbraHam, IsaAc, and Jacob.
And now that you’ve seen it, you may not go there.’

So Moses, the servant of Jehovah, died there in the land of MoAb, as Jehovah said,When he died, Moses was 120 years old.
Yet his eyes were still sharp and he still had all of his natural functions.

Thereafter, the children of IsraEl cried for Moses (in ArabOth of MoAb at the JorDan near JeriCho) for 30 days, which was the [maximum traditional] period for mourning.

Then JoShua (the son of NaWeh) became filled with the spirit of knowledge, because Moses had laid his hands upon him.
So, the children of IsraEl listened to him as they did when Jehovah was commanding Moses.
But there was never again a Prophet in IsraEl like Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face,whom Jehovah sent to perform all the signs and wonders to Egypt (to PharaOh, his servants, and his entire land),and who displayed before all IsraEl the other great wonders and powers that He had.

Joshua

Introduction

From the Greek Septuagint text as used by First Century Christians.

Likely originally written by JoShua, but thereafter added to or compiled into a group of writings by someone (possibly SamuEl or even Ezra), since many references are to the beginning of the time of David. Also notice that the book seems to start off as a continuation of the previous book of Deuteronomy, and the opening words of the (following) book of Judges clearly picks up as a continuing account, since it starts off by talking about the same events with which the book of JoShua ended.
This book covers the period from the entry of the IsraElites into the Promised Land to JoShua’s death and the start of the first great turn toward unfaithfulness by IsraEl.
According to our calculations, this happened somewhere between 1510 BCE and 1480 BCE.

Chapter 1

After the death of Moses, the Lord spoke to Moses’ servant JoShua (the son of NaWeh) and said,
‘My servant Moses is now dead; so I want you and all of these people to get up and cross the JorDan [River] into the land that I’m giving to them.
I’m giving you every place that you step as yours, just as I told Moses,from the desert and the borders of Lebanon to the great River EuPhrates and to the Sea…
Your borders will run to the sunset.

‘No man will be able to stand against you during all the days of your life; for, as I was with Moses is how I’ll be with you…
I won’t fail you and I won’t leave you.
Therefore, be strong and act like a man, because, now you must divide up the land among these people that I swore to their ancestors that I would give to them.
So, you must be strong, behave like a man, and pay attention and obey, just as My servant Moses instructed you…
Don’t swerve to the right or to the left, so that you may prove to be wise in everything that you do.

‘And don’t allow the Law that has been written on the scroll to leave your mouth…
You must think about it day and night, so that you’ll know how to do everything that’s written in it.
Then you’ll be blessed, you’ll succeed, and you’ll be wise.
Look; I’m commanding you to be strong and courageous!
Don’t be a coward or fearful, for Jehovah your God will be with you no matter where you may go.’

Then JoShua gave this commandment to the people’s scribes:
‘Go throughout the camp and tell the people to get ready, for in three days we will cross the JorDan to enter and take possession of the land that Jehovah the God of your ancestors is giving to you.’

And thereafter, JoShua said this to [the tribes of] ReuBen, Gad, and the half tribe of ManasSeh:
‘Remember what Moses the servant of Jehovah told you to do.
He said,
Jehovah your God has allowed you to rest by giving you this land.
So now, settle your wives, children, and cattle here in the land that He has given to you; then, all who are strong and willing to fight must arm themselves to cross [the JorDan] before their brothers.
[You must be willing to do this] until Jehovah your God has allowed your brothers to rest, just as He has [allowed] you [to rest], after they have inherited the land that Jehovah your God is giving to them.
Only then may you each return to the inheritance that Moses allotted to you east of the JorDan.


So they answered JoShua and said:
‘We will do everything that you’ve commanded and we’ll go wherever you may send us.
For, just as we listened to Moses, we will listen to you… and may our God Jehovah be with you as He was with Moses.
If anyone chooses to disobey you, or doesn’t listen to you and obey whatever you tell him to do, he must die…
But you must be strong and courageous!’

Chapter 2

Then from SatTin, JoShua (the son of NaWeh) sent two young men as spies into the land, saying,
‘Go there and look at the land… and [specifically] at JeriCho.’

So, the two young men went and entered JeriCho and stayed at the house of a prostitute named RaHab.
However, [someone] reported this to the king of JeriCho, saying,
‘Men of the sons of IsraEl have come here as spies!’

Then the king of JeriCho sent [men to the house of] RaHab, that said,
‘Bring out the men that entered your house this evening, for they have come to spy in our land!’

But the woman had hidden the two men, and she told [the king’s] messengers:
‘The men came here,but before the [city] gate was closed this evening, they left… and I don’t know where they went.
You should chase after them to see if you can catch them.’
However, she had taken them up on the [roof] and hidden them under some hay that she’d spread there.

So the [king’s] men left and traveled toward the fords in the JorDan, and the [city] gate was closed once again.

Then, after the men that were chasing them had left (and before the spies had fallen asleep), she went up to them on the roof of her house and said,
‘I know that Jehovah has given you this land, so we’re all afraid [of you].
We’ve heard how your God Jehovah dried up the Red Sea before you when you left the land of Egypt, and of the things that He did to the two Amorite kings across the JorDan… to SeOn and Og whom you destroyed.
When we heard of this, our hearts were stunned and we were barely able to breathe because of you; for Jehovah your God is truly the God of the skies above and of the lands below.
So now, swear to me by Jehovah your God that, since I’ve been merciful with you, you’ll be merciful to the house of my father,and that you’ll allow the house of my father – my mother, my brothers, myself, and everyone in my home, as well as everything that we own – to be saved from death.’

And the men replied,
‘[We will offer] our lives for yours, even to death.’

Then she said,
‘When Jehovah gives this city to you, you must be merciful and true to me!’
And at that, she lowered them [outside the city gate] through her windowwith instructions to head toward the hill country where they should hide for three days before returning, for fear that they would run into the men that were chasing them.

And the [spies] said,
‘We promise to do what you’ve asked.
{Look!} But because we’re going to [destroy] this city, you must give us a sign.
Tie this scarlet cord in the window from which you let us down, then bring everyone – your father, mother, brothers, and your father’s entire family – into your house.
However, if anyone goes outside the door of your house, they will be guilty and no part of our promise.
We will just be responsible for those that are found inside your home.
And if anyone harms us or betrays us, the promise is broken.’

Then she told them,
‘May it be as you said.’
And at that, she sent them away.
Then they headed toward the hill country where they remained for three days… so although the people that were chasing them searched all the roads, they couldn’t find them.
Then the two young men left the mountains and returned to JoShua (the son of NaWeh) and told him everything that had happened to them.
They said:
‘Jehovah has put the entire land under our power, because everyone that lives there is shaking in fear of us.’

Chapter 3

Well, JoShua got up early the next morning, and thereafter, [the whole camp] left SatTin.
Then when they reached the JorDan, they stayed there [until it was time to] cross.
And [for the next] three days, the scribes went throughout the entire camptelling the people that as soon as they saw the Levite Priests bearing Jehovah God’s Chest of the Sacred Agreement, they were to follow behind it…
But at a distance of as much as 3,000 feet (914m), because they weren’t to get near it.
And that’s when everyone started to realize that things weren’t going to be the same as they had been in the past.

Thereafter, JoShua said to the people:
‘Now, make yourselves holy, because tomorrow Jehovah will perform a miracle among you.’
And [on the next day], JoShua told the Priests to pick up Jehovah’s Chest of the Sacred Agreement and lead the people onward.
So, the Priests picked it up and walked ahead of the people.

Then Jehovah said to JoShua:
‘Today I’m going to start [raising your prestige] before all the children of IsraEl, so they will know that I’m with you, just as I was with Moses.
Therefore, tell the Priests that are carrying the Chest of the Sacred Agreement that as soon as they get to the edge of the water, it will part;
And then they are to go down and stand still in the middle of the JorDan.’

So JoShua gathered the children of IsraEl and said:
‘Come here and listen to the words of our God Jehovah,for this is how you will know that the living God is among you and that He will destroy the CanaAnites, Hittites, Pherezites, Evites, Amorites, Gergesites, and the Jebusites ahead of you:
Watch what happens when the Chest of the Sacred Agreement of the Lord of the whole earth [is being carried] into the JorDan.

‘You must choose 12 men, one from each of your tribes,and these will [serve as witnesses] to the fact that when the feet of the Priests that are carrying the Chest of the Sacred Agreement [step into] the JorDan, the water will [move away], and that which is pouring down from above will stop flowing.’

So then, the people packed up their tents to cross over the JorDan, as the Priests walked ahead of them carrying the Chest of Jehovah’s Sacred Agreement.
And when the feet of the Priests who were carrying the Chest entered the JorDan, the water parted (although it was harvest time and the river was at flood stage)…
The water that was flowing down from above stopped in a solid wall, backing up all the way to the region of KiriAth JaiRim, and the water that flowed down to the Salt Sea dried up.
So, there the people were, standing across from JeriCho.

Then the Priests that were carrying the Chest continued on and they stopped in the middle of the JorDan and just stood there until all the children of IsraEl had passed through it on dry ground.

Chapter 4

Well, after everyone had crossed the JorDan, the Lord spoke to JoShua and said:
‘Now, select one man from each tribe,then tell them to go out to the middle of the JorDan and pick up 12 appropriate rocks and carry them back to the place where you will be camping tonight.’

So JoShua selected 12 important men from among the children of IsraEl, one from each tribe,and he told them:
‘Now, walk in front of me to the middle of the JorDan, and there in the presence of the Lord, each of you must pick up a rock and carry it on your shoulders (one [rock] for each of the 12 tribes of IsraEl).
These will serve as signs to future [generations], so that when your sons ask you,
What do these rocks mean to us?
you can tell them:
The JorDan River dried up in front of the Chest of the Sacred Agreement of the Lord of the whole earth as it started passing through.

So, these rocks are to serve as reminders of this event to the children of IsraEl through the ages.’

And that’s what the children of IsraEl did… they did just as the Lord had commanded JoShua.
They picked up 12 rocks from the middle of the JorDan (after all the children of IsraEl had finished crossing), then they carried them into their camp and laid them there.
And JoShua also had 12 other rocks placed in the JorDan at the location where the feet of the Priests that carried the Chest of the Sacred Agreement of Jehovah had entered…
And they are still there to this day!

Well, the Priests that were carrying the Chest of the Sacred Agreement just kept on standing there in the middle of the JorDan until JoShua had finished all that the Lord had commanded him to do and until everyone had crossed.
Then, after all the people had crossed, they carried Jehovah’s Chest of the Sacred Agreement and the rocks [to the other side].

Also, the sons of ReuBen, Gad, and the half tribe of ManasSeh led the way for the children of IsraEl, just as Moses had commanded them…
40,000 of their armed men crossed [the river] before Jehovah so as to join in the attack against the city of JeriCho.

As the result;
On that day, Jehovah raised JoShua’s prestige [in the eyes of] all the people of IsraEl, and they started fearing him as they [had once feared] Moses.

Then the Lord spoke to JoShua and said:
‘Now, tell the Priests that are carrying the Chest of the Sacred Agreement [that it’s time for them to] to come up out of the JorDan!’

So JoShua told the Priests to come from the JorDan;
And as soon as the Priests that were carrying the Chest stepped out of the JorDan and set their feet on dry ground, the water quickly returned to its place and overflowed its banks as it had been doing before.

It was on the 10th day of the 1st month that the children of IsraEl crossed the JorDan, and they set up camp at GilGal, east of JeriCho.
It was there at GilGal that JoShua set up those 12 rocks that they had taken from the JorDan.
And he said:
‘When your sons ask you what these rocks are,tell them that IsraEl walked on them as they crossed the JorDan on dry ground,back when our God Jehovah dried up the JorDan’s waters before them until they had all crossed, the same as He did at the Red Sea when He dried up its waters until we had all crossed.
[They are here] to remind every nation on the earth of the mighty power of Jehovah, and that you should always be bowing low before Jehovah your God!’

Chapter 5

Well, when the kings of the Amorites on the [west] side of the JorDan and the kings of Phoenicia heard that Jehovah God had dried up the JorDan River in front of the children of IsraEl as they crossed it;
Their hearts dropped, they were terrified, and they were beside themselves because of the children of IsraEl.

And thereafter, the Lord said to JoShua:
‘You must now make yourself some knives out of sharp stones, then sit down and circumcise the children of IsraEl.’

So JoShua made some very sharp knives out of stone, and he circumcised the children of IsraEl at a place [that came to] be known as, ‘The Hill of Foreskins.’
By doing this, JoShua cleansed all the children of IsraEl that had been born along the way, as well as all the uncircumcised that had come with them from Egypt…
He circumcised all [the males] that had wandered in the MabDaris Desert for the past 40 years.[Of course, this didn’t include] the uncircumcised fighting men that had left the land of Egypt but then disobeyed the commandments of God, for God had decided that they wouldn’t see the land that He had sworn to their ancestors that He would give to them…
A land flowing with milk and honey.
But in their place, He elevated their sons… these were the ones whom JoShua circumcised, since those that had been born along the way hadn’t been circumcised.
So, after they were circumcised, they had to stay there in the camp and rest until they had all healed.

It was then that the Lord said to JoShua (the son of NaWeh):
‘On this day, I have removed all the shame of Egypt from you.’
And that’s when He named the place GilGal (Circle of Stones).

It was on the 14th day of the month, in the evening, in a field to the west of JeriCho on the [west] side of the JorDan, that the children of IsraEl then celebrated the Passover.
There they ate the yeast-free new grain [that they had found] in the land;and after they had eaten the grain, the manna stopped coming.
So, the children of IsraEl no longer had the manna, and they went on to eat the fruitage from the land of the Phoenicians for the rest of that year.

Well, as JoShua was approaching JeriCho, he looked up and he saw a person standing in front of him that had a drawn sword in his hand.
So he went up to him and asked:
‘Are you for us or are you on the side of our enemies?’

And he replied:
‘I have come here as the leader of the army of Jehovah!’

Well at that, JoShua fell with his face to the ground and he asked,
‘Lord, what would you command your servant to do?’

And the leader of Jehovah’s army said to JoShua:
‘Untie the sandals from your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy ground!’

Chapter 6

Well, by this time, JeriCho was all closed up and ready for a siege, so nobody could enter or leave.
But then the Lord said to JoShua:
‘{Look!} I’m giving JeriCho to you, along with its king and all its mighty men.
So, station your army around the city,and when they hear the trumpets blowing, all the people must shout.
For it is this shouting that will bring down the walls of the city.
And thereafter, everyone must rush straight into it.’

So JoShua (the son of NaWeh) went to the Priests and said:
‘Give the sacred trumpets to 7 of the Priests, and have them blow [the trumpets] loudly as they walk before Jehovah, followed by the Lord’s Chest of the Sacred Agreement.
Also tell the people to walk in a circle around the city with the men all armed and ready for war before Jehovah.
The army is to walk ahead of the Priests, who must keep blowing the trumpets, [and they will] be followed by the Lord’s Chest of the Sacred Agreement.’

Then JoShua told the people:
‘Don’t shout or say a word until [God] Himself tells you it’s time to shout.
For, the Chest of the Sacred Agreement of God will circle the city, and then it must immediately be returned to the camp and be left there.’

So on the next day, JoShua got up in the morning and the Priests picked up the Chest of the Sacred Agreement of Jehovah.
Then the 7 Priests that had the 7 trumpets walked ahead, followed by the men of war, then the rest of the group, and finally by the Chest of the Sacred Agreement of Jehovah, as the Priests were blowing the trumpets.
The group circled the city closely 6 times, then they returned to the camp… and they did this for 6 days.

Then on the 7th day, they all arose early and circled the city 7 times…
And on the 7th round, the Priests blew their trumpets.
Then JoShua told the children of IsraEl:
‘Now shout, for Jehovah has given you the city!
You must dedicate it and everything that is in it to Jehovah of Armies, except for the prostitute RaHab and the things in her house.
You must stay free from the cursed things that are there, for fear that you might be tempted to take some and bring a curse upon the camp of the children of IsraEl, which would cause us [all] to be destroyed!
Also, all the gold, silver, brass, and iron that is there is to be considered as holy to Jehovah, so it must be taken to the Lord’s treasury!’

[Well, on the 7th round], the Priests blew their trumpets; and when the people heard that, they all started shouting together as loudly as they could…
And all the walls around the city collapsed.
So the people rushed in.

Thereafter, JoShua dedicated it and everything in it (the men and the women, both the young and the old, as well as their cattle and burros) to destruction by the edge of the sword.
However, JoShua told the two young men that had served as spies to go to the house of the woman [that had sheltered them] and bring her and all that was hers out of it.

So, the two young men went to her house and brought out the prostitute RaHab, along with her father, mother, brothers, all of her relatives and everything she had, and set her up outside of the camp of IsraEl.
And thereafter, they burned the city along with everything in it, except for the gold, silver, brass, and iron, which they carried into the treasury of Jehovah.

However, JoShua allowed RaHab the prostitute and all the house of her father to live
And she still lives in IsraEl today, because she had hidden the spies that JoShua sent to JeriCho.

Also on that day, JoShua made everyone swear before Jehovah that any man who rebuilt the city would be cursed…
The one that laid its foundation would lose his firstborn, and the one that rebuilt its gates would lose his youngest son.
Yet, that’s what Hozan of BethEl did;
He laid the foundation [with the body of] AbiRom his firstborn, and he set up its gates [with the body of] his youngest son.

Thereafter, because Jehovah was with JoShua, his name became [famous] throughout all the lands.

Chapter 7

However, the children of IsraEl committed a serious sin by taking some of the things that had been cursed.
It was Achar (the son of CharMi, the son of ZamBri and grandson of ZaRa) of the tribe of Judah that took the cursed things, which made Jehovah very angry with the children of IsraEl.

Well, [after JeriCho had been destroyed], JoShua had sent men as spies to Gai (which was close to BethEl).
And when they returned, they told him,
‘We won’t need the whole army. All we will need is two or three thousand men to take the city, because not many of our enemies are there.’

Therefore, they sent about 3,000 there to fight…
But these had to turn and run from the people of Gai,and the [people there] killed 36 of their men as they chased them away from their [city] gate, destroying them as they were running down the steep hill.
Of course, this upset the [IsraElites], and it caused their hearts to become like water.
So, JoShua started ripping his clothes, and he and the elders of IsraEl threw dust on their heads and fell with their faces to the ground before Jehovah, [just lying there] until the evening.

Then JoShua prayed:
‘O Lord; Why did You have Your servant bring these people across the JorDan and then allow the Amorites to destroy us?
We would have been better off if we had stayed on the other side of the JorDan and settled there.
What can I tell them now that IsraEl has [been forced to] flee from our enemies?
And when the CanaAnites and all the other inhabitants of the land hear about this, they will surround us and wipe us out of their land…
And then, what will You do for Your great Name?’

But the Lord said to JoShua:
‘Why have you fallen to your face? Get up!
[I allowed this because] the people have sinned and broken the agreement that I made with them by stealing things that are cursed and hiding them among their possessions.
Because of this, the children of IsraEl won’t be able to stand before their enemies… they’ll have to run from them, because they’ve brought a curse upon themselves.
So, I won’t be with you anymore until you remove those cursed things from among yourselves!

‘Now, get up and make the people holy… yes, tell them to make themselves holy!
Then explain to them that Jehovah the God of IsraEl says that there are cursed things among them and that they won’t be able to stand before their enemies until they’ve removed these cursed things.
You must gather all the tribes in the morning, and Jehovah will indicate which tribe, which family line, which household, and which man [is guilty] of doing this.
Then, those to whom He points must be burned with fire for breaking the agreement with Jehovah and bringing wickedness upon all IsraEl.’

So JoShua got up early [the next morning] and he assembled the people by their tribes.
Well, the tribe of Judah was the first to be indicated;so, all of their families [were set aside].
Next the family of the Zaraites was indicated;and all of their people were set aside.
[And finally], Achar (the son of ZamBri and grandson of ZaRa) was indicated.
So JoShua said to Achar:
‘Give glory to Jehovah the God of IsraEl today and confess.
Tell me what you’ve done… don’t [try to] hide it from me!’

And at that, Achar said to JoShua,
‘Yes, I have sinned against Jehovah the God of IsraEl… this is what I did:
I noticed an embroidered shawl, 200 silver coins, and a piece of gold among the treasures.
So because I wanted them, I took them and hid them inside my tent [under the shawl].’

Well at that, JoShua sent messengers that ran to his tent in the camp, and they found those things hidden under the shawl.
Then they brought them to JoShua and the elders of IsraEl and laid them before Jehovah.

As the result, JoShua took Achar (the son of ZaRa), along with his sons, daughters, calves, burros, sheep, tent, all his belongings, and all the people that lived with him, and he brought them to the Valley of Achar at Emec.There, JoShua said to Achar:
‘You’ve destroyed us, so today Jehovah is going to destroy you!’
Then all IsraEl stoned him along with all that were with him with rocks, and they burned [their bodies] in a fire, after which they covered [their bones] with a huge pile of rocks… which are still there today.
This brought an end to Jehovah’s rage, and it’s why that place is still called The Valley of Achar (the Troublemaker) to this day.

Chapter 8

Then Jehovah said to JoShua:
‘Don’t be afraid or tremble anymore; for, now you must take all the men of war and return to Gai. Look; I’ve given the king of Gai and his land into your hands!
So you must do to Gai as you did to JeriCho and its king; however, [this time] you may take their cattle.
Now, go and set up an ambush behind the city.’

Therefore, JoShua got the men of war ready to go to Gai.
He chose 30,000 mighty men and sent them during the night,giving them these orders:
‘Wait in ambush behind the city… don’t go too far, and everyone must be ready.
Then I will take [a group] up to the city [gate];
And when the people of Gai come out to meet us, we’re going to turn and run from them,so they will chase after us and leave the city… for they’ll think that we are running from them as we did before.
That’s when those that are lying in ambush must get up and enter the city.
You must do exactly as I’ve commanded you!’

So JoShua sent them on, and they waited in ambush to the west of Gai, between BethEl and Gai.

Well, early the next morning, JoShua got up and counted off the people. Then he and the elders went up to face the people of Gai,approaching it from the east,as the rest hid in ambush to the west of the city.
---And when the king of Gai saw them, he and all his people rushed out to meet them head on, not realizing that an ambush had formed behind their city.
Then JoShua and IsraEl turned and retreated from them,and they chased the children of IsraEl for some distance,which left very few people inside Gai…
They had left the city wide open as everyone was out chasing IsraEl.

Then Jehovah said to JoShua:
‘Now, raise the spear that’s in your hand toward the city, for I’ve given it into your hands.
Those that are hiding must quickly get up and enter it.’

So then JoShua raised his spear toward the city.
And when those that were hiding in ambush saw him raise his spear, they quickly arose and entered the city, capturing it and setting it on fire.

Well, when the inhabitants of Gai turned around and looked back, they saw the smoke from their city rising high into the sky, and they [realized] that they then had nowhere to run.
And when JoShua and all IsraEl saw that the city had been taken and its smoke was rising into the sky, they turned around and started cutting down the men of Gai.
Then the men [that were burning] the city came out and attacked them from their rear, cutting them all down until no one was left… not a survivor or an escapee.
They also captured the king of Gai and brought him before JoShua.

Well, after the children of IsraEl had finished killing everyone in Gai in the fields and on the descent from its mountain where they had started chasing them, JoShua returned to Gai and cut down all those that remained with his sword.
So, 12,000 inhabitants of Gai fell and were destroyed that day (both the men and the women).
---Then the children of IsraEl took all their cattle and they looted the city for themselves, following the instructions that Jehovah had given to JoShua.

Thereafter, JoShua finished burning the city. He turned it into an uninhabitable pile of rubble, which is what it has remained through the ages down to this day.
Then he hung the king of Gai [on a tree] and left [his body] there until the evening.
But after the sun had set, JoShua gave instructions to take his body down, and they threw it into a pit and piled a heap of rocks over it, [which can still be seen] to this day.

Then JoShua built an altar to Jehovah the God of IsraEl on Mount Ebal,just as Moses (Jehovah’s servant) had commanded the children of IsraEl, and as it is written in the Law of Moses.
It was an altar made of rocks that hadn’t been cut or touched by iron. And there he sacrificed whole burnt offerings and a peace offering to Jehovah.
Thereafter, JoShua inscribed the Law of Moses on those rocks in front of all the children of IsraEl.

Then everyone in IsraEl (including their elders, judges, and scribes) filed past the [Sacred] Chest, passing on either side, as the Levite Priests were carrying the Chest of the Sacred Agreement of Jehovah.
And after that, all the native [IsraElites] and the aliens were divided into two groups.
Half were stationed near Mount GiriZim, and the other half were stationed near Mount Ebal, just as Moses (Jehovah’s servant) had commanded, so as to receive the first blessings on the people.

Then JoShua read all the words of the Law… all the blessings and curses that were written in the Law of Moses.
There wasn’t a word that Moses had said to JoShua that wasn’t read within the hearing of the entire assembly of the children of IsraEl… the men, the women, the children, and all the aliens that had joined themselves to IsraEl.

Chapter 9

Well when the kings of the Amorites on the [west] side of the JorDan (all those in the mountain country, those in the plains by the [MediTerranean] Sea, and those near the borders of Lebanon), as well as the Hittites, CanaAnites, Pherezites, Evites, Amorites, Gergesites, and the Jebusites heard what had happened there,they all banded together to fight against JoShua and IsraEl.

However, when the inhabitants of GibeOn heard what Jehovah had done to JeriCho and Gai,they craftily made [a plan to save themselves].
They put old sacks over their shoulders, they carried old torn and patched wine skins,and they tore off the upper parts of old shoes and sandals and put them on their feet.
Then they dressed themselves in old clothes and carried along some bread that was dry, moldy, and rotting;and they went to JoShua at the camp of IsraEl at GilGal, and said,
‘We’ve come from a faraway land, [and we want you to] make a treaty with us.’

But [JoShua] asked the GibeOnites:
‘How can I sign a treaty with you if you live near to us?’

And they told JoShua:
‘We’re [coming here to be] your servants!’

Then JoShua asked:
‘So, who are you and where have you come from?

And they replied:
‘Your servants have come from a far away country in the Name of your God Jehovah.
For we’ve heard of His Name and of all that He did in Egypt,as well as of the things He did to the kings of the Amorites across the JorDan, and of what He did to SeOn the king of the Amorites and to Og the king of BaShan that lived in AstarOth and in EdraIn.>
And when our elders and the people that live in our land heard of this, they spoke to us and said,
Take along enough provisions for the trip and travel to meet with them; then tell them that we’ll be their servants and that [we want to] make a treaty with them.
Look at our bread! On the day that we started our journey to come here, it was hot. But now it’s all dry and moldy.
And look at these wine skins! When we filled them they were new, but now they’re torn…
And our clothes and shoes are worn out because of the long journey!’

So the leaders [of IsraEl] shared their provisions with them. And because they had failed to ask Jehovah’s direction,JoShua concluded a peace treaty with them and agreed to allow them to live…
And the leaders of the gathering also swore to this.

Well, it was three days after they had made the treaty [with the GibeOnites] that [the IsraElites] found out that they were [actually] close neighbors who lived in their midst.
So the children of IsraEl went to their cities (GibeOn, KePhira, Berot, and the cities around JaRim).
However, they didn’t fight against them, because all the leaders had sworn not to do this in an oath that they’d made before Jehovah the God of IsraEl…
And this caused the whole gathering to start grumbling against their leaders.

So the leaders spoke to the gathering and said this:
‘Because we have sworn [an oath] to them by Jehovah the God of IsraEl, we can’t touch them!
However, we will do this:
We’ll let them live and we’ll protect them, so [God] won’t be angry with us for [breaking] the oath that we swore to them.
But they will have to serve our entire gathering as woodcutters and water bearers, just as our leaders have told them.’

Well thereafter, JoShua assembled the [GibeOnites] and he asked them:
‘Why did you deceive me?
Why did you say that you live far away from us, when you are actually the fellow countrymen of the rest of the people that live here?
Because you did this, you are cursed and you will always have to serve as slaves, woodcutters, and water drawers for me and for my God!’

And they replied to JoShua:
‘We were told that Jehovah your God ordered his servant Moses to [take] this land and to destroy us, along with everyone else that lives here.
So it was because we feared for our lives that we did this thing!
And now look… we’ve surrendered to you, so you may do to us whatever pleases and seems good to you.’

Well, that’s what they did.
JoShua saved them from the hands of the children of IsraEl, and he didn’t allow them to be killed.
Then JoShua made them woodcutters and water bearers to the whole gathering and for the Altar of God. [And he said]:
‘The inhabitants of GibeOn will continue to serve as the woodcutters and water bearers for the Altar of God even in that [future] place that will be chosen by Jehovah.’

Chapter 10

Well, when Lord Bezek (the king of Salem) heard that JoShua had taken Gai and destroyed it the same as he had done to JeriCho and its king, and that the inhabitants of GibeOn had gone over to JoShua and IsraEl,this frightened him.
For he knew that the cities of GibeOn were large… they were some of [the land’s] primary cities, and [they were renown] for their mighty men.
So Lord Bezek sent [messages] to ElAm (the king of HebRon), PhiDon (the king of JeriMuth), JephTha (the king of LachIsh), and Dabin (the king of OdolLam) that said:
‘Come and help us to conquer GibeOn, because the GibeOnites have gone over to JoShua and the children of IsraEl!’

And at that, the 5 kings of the Jebusites joined with the king of Salem (this included the kings of HebRon, JeriMuth, LachIsh, and OdolLam).
Then they and all their people went and camped around GibeOn, laying siege against them.
So the GibeOnites sent [a message] to JoShua at his camp at GilGal, which said:
‘Hurry and send your servants to help us!
Save us from the Amorite kings of the hill country, for they have all united against us!’

Well at that, JoShua collected the best of his army [and marched them] from GilGal.
And the Lord told JoShua:
‘Don’t be afraid, for I’m giving them into your hands… there won’t be anyone left to oppose you!’

Then, because JoShua had marched all night from GilGal, he caught them by surprise,and Jehovah struck them with terror before the children of IsraEl.
So they destroyed them all with a great slaughter there at GibeOn.
He chased them to the road that leads to OroNin, Azeca, and MakeDa,and as they were fleeing the children of IsraEl along the descent from OroNin, the Lord threw hailstones from the sky at them all the way to Azeca.
And more died from the hailstones than were killed in battle by the children of IsraEl.

Then JoShua spoke to Jehovah that day as He was delivering the Amorites into the [hands] of IsraEl.
While they were destroying [their enemies] at GibeOn, JoShua said,
‘May the sun stand still over GibeOn and may the moon [stand still] over the valley of AiLon!’
And at that, the sun and the moon actually stood still as God brought vengeance on their enemies…
The sun stood still in the midst of the sky and it didn’t move for a whole day!
There has never been a day like that before or since;
For God listened to a man and He fought on the side of IsraEl!And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, unto the camp to Gilgal. [spurious words]

Well, the 5 kings had all run away and hidden themselves in a cave at MakeDa.
And when JoShua was told that the 5 kings had been found hiding in the cave at MakeDa,he said:
‘Roll boulders to cover the mouth of the cave, and then appoint men to guard them.
But don’t stop there; just keep on chasing your enemies and attacking them from the rear.
Don’t allow them to go back into their cities, for Jehovah our God has given them into our hands!’

However, although JoShua and IsraEl wiped most of them out, those that escaped finally did take refuge in their fortified cities.

Well, after the battle, all the people returned safely to JoShua at MakeDa, and none of the children of IsraEl grumbled against him after that.

Then JoShua said:
‘Now, open the cave and bring out those 5 kings!’

So they brought the 5 kings out of the cave… the king of Salem, the king of HebRon, the king of JeriMuth, the king of LachIsh, and the king of OdolLam.
And when they brought them out to JoShua, he assembled all IsraEl and said to the chiefs of the army that went with him,
‘Now, come here and put your feet on their necks.’

So they came and put their feet on the necks [of the kings],and JoShua said:
‘You must not be afraid or cowardly… you must be courageous and strong!
For this is what Jehovah will do to all of the enemies against whom you will fight.’
Then JoShua killed them and hung their bodies on 5 trees, where they remained until the evening.

It was about sunset when JoShua commanded them to be taken down from the trees, and their [bodies] were thrown into the cave where they had run for refuge.
Then stones were rolled back over the cave, and [their bodies] are still there to this day.

Also on that same day, they captured MakeDa and destroyed its inhabitants with swords…
They destroyed every living thing that was there… no one was left or escaped.
Then they did the same thing to the king of MakeDa as they had done to the king of JeriCho.

Well, after MakeDa, JoShua and all IsraEl left and laid siege against LebNa,and Jehovah gave it into their hands.
They captured it and its king, then they killed all the inhabitants with swords… they killed everything that breathed there… no one survived or escaped.
Then they did the same thing to its king as they had done to the king of JeriCho.

Thereafter, JoShua and IsraEl left LebNa and went on to LachIsh, where they camped around the city and laid siege to it.
Then Jehovah handed LachIsh over to IsraEl.
They captured it on the 2nd day and put all the inhabitants to death with swords, after which they destroyed [the city], just as they had done to LebNa.

Well, because ElAm (the king of GaZer) had gone to help LachIsh, JoShua also cut him and his people down with swords until there were none left and none had escaped.

And from LachIsh, JoShua and all IsraEl went on to OdolLam, laid siege to it, and took it.
Yes, Jehovah gave it into the hands of IsraEl on that same day, and they killed all the inhabitants as well as every breathing thing that was there with swords, as they had done at LachIsh.

Thereafter, JoShua and all IsraEl went on to HebRon and camped around it.
Then they cut it down along with all the living creatures in it with swords, leaving nothing alive there.
They destroyed the [city] and everything in it, as they had done to OdolLam.

After that, JoShua and IsraEl returned to DabIr and camped around it.
Then they took it, its king, and its villages, cutting them down with swords…
They destroyed everything that breathed there. They left nothing alive!
And what they had done to HebRon and her king is what they did to DabIr and its king.

Then JoShua attacked all the hill country, the Negev, the plain country, and AsedOth and all their kings… they didn’t spare anything.
They destroyed everything that had the breath of life (just as Jehovah the God of IsraEl had commanded),from KaDesh BarNea to the Gaza, and all of Goshen as far as GibeOn.
JoShua struck down all of their kings and he took their lands, because Jehovah the God of IsraEl was fighting on his side.

Chapter 11

And when JabIsh (the king of Asor) heard about this, he sent for Jobab (the king of MaRon), the kings of SymoOn and Aziph,the kings around Sidon, those in the hill country, those in the Araba across from KenerOth, those in the plains, those in PhenaEdDor,the CanaAnites along the eastern border, the Amorites along their borders, the Hittites, the Pherezites, the mountain Jebusites, the Evites, and all those living near Mount HerMon in the land of MasSyma.
And when all those kings and their armies came together, they were like the sands on the seashore in numbers, with multitudes of horses and chariots.
All the kings were there in person, and they camped at the waters of MaRon to prepare for war with IsraEl.

Then Jehovah said to JoShua:
‘Don’t be afraid of them, for tomorrow at this same time I will make them flee before IsraEl.
Then you must hamstring their horses and burn their chariots.’

So JoShua and all the men of war made a surprise attack on them at the waters of MaRon and in the hill country,and Jehovah gave them into IsraEl’s hands.
They struck them down and chased them all the way to Sidon, MasEron, and eastward to the plains of MasSoch… they kept destroying them until there were no more.
Then JoShua did as Jehovah commanded; he hamstrung the horses and burned their chariots in a fire.

Next, JoShua went back and took Asor and her king (back then, Asor was the capital city of those kingdoms),and they killed everything that breathed with swords…
They destroyed them all and nothing was left alive there.
Then they burned Asor with fire.

Thereafter, JoShua conquered all the cities that belonged to those kings, and he had everyone put to death by the sword.
He left no survivors, just as Moses (the servant of Jehovah) had commanded.
However, they didn’t burn down all the walled cities, just Asor.
This time, the children of IsraEl looted the cities and killed all the people with swords, leaving no breathing survivors,for this is what Jehovah had commanded His servant Moses to do, and it’s what Moses commanded JoShua to do.
So JoShua did everything that Moses had commanded.

Next, JoShua took all the hill country, all the Negev, all the land of Goshen, the plain country, all the [country] to the west, the mountains of IsraEl, the low country near the mountainsfrom Mount ChelCha to SeIr (all the way to BalaGad), and the plains to the borders of Lebanon near Mount HerMon.
He captured all their kings and he destroyed everyone.
This war that JoShua waged with those kings went on for quite some time,and there was no city that IsraEl warred against that they failed to conquer.
For Jehovah had hardened all the hearts [of the people in those cities] when they went to war against IsraEl, so that they might be destroyed without mercy, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.

Then JoShua went and destroyed the Enakim in the hill country from HebRon, to DabIr, to AnabOth, as well as all the other races in the land of IsraEl, including those in the mountains of Judea and their cities…
JoShua destroyed them all,for the children of IsraEl left no one.
And among the Enakim, the only survivors were found in Gaza, Gath, and AselDo.

Thereafter, JoShua took all their land, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses, and he and [divided] it among IsraEl by their tribes as their inheritance.
Then that’s when the wars ended.

Chapter 12

These are the kings in that land whom the children of IsraEl killed and whose land they inherited [on the east side] of the JorDan, which ran from the Arnon Valley to Mount HerMon, and all the land of the Araba in the east:
· SeOn, the king of the Amorites.
He lived in Hesh-EbonEh and ruled [over the area] from the Arnon (which is on the side of the valley) and half of GileAd as far as the JaBoc, to the borders of the children of AmMonand the Araba, up to the Sea of [GaliLee], then down to the [Dead] Sea and along the road to AsimOth, from ThaEman to AsedOth Phasga.
· Og, the king of BaShan.
He lived in AstarOth near EdraIn, which was [inhabited by] giants.
He ruled over all the land of BaShan from Mount HerMon and SecChai to the borders of GerGesi, Machi, and half of GileAd, up to the borders of SeOn, the king of Hesh-EbonEh.
They were the ones whom Moses (the servant of Jehovah) and the children of IsraEl had struck down, and whose [land] Moses gave as an inheritance to ReuBen, Gad, and the half tribe of ManasSeh.

These are the kings of the Amorites whom JoShua and the children of IsraEl killed [on the west side of] the JorDan along the [MediTerranean] Sea, from the plains of Lebanon to Mount ChelCha and along the road to SeIr (which JoShua gave to the tribes of IsraEl as their inheritance),to the mountains and plains, in the Araba and AsedOth, and to the desert and the Negev…
The [lands] of the Hittites, Amorites, CanaAnites, Pherezites, Evites, and Jebusites:
· The king of JeriCho
· The king of Gai (near BethEl)
· The king of JeruSalem
· The king of HebRon
· The king of JeriMuth
· The king of LachIsh
· The king of ElAm
· The king of GaZer
· The king of DabIr
· The king of Gader
· The king of HerMath
· The king of Ader
· The king of LebNa
· The king of OdolLam
· The king of ElAth
· The king of Taphu
· The king of Opher
· The king of Ophec and Aroc
· The king of Asom
· The king of SymoOn
· The king of MamBroth
· The king of Aziph
· The king of KaDesh
· The king of ZachAc
· The king of MaredOth
· The king of Jecom and CarMel
· The king of OdolLam (under PhenNeAldor, the king of Gei of GaliLee)
· The king of Thersa (29 kings all together).

Chapter 13

Well by then, JoShua had grown very old; so the Lord said to him:
‘You’re getting very old and there’s still a lot of land to [divide as] inheritances;for all of this is still left:
· The borders of the Philistines, Gesirites, and CanaAnitesfrom the desert across from Egypt to the borders of AcCaron (the CanaAnites are thought to have had 5 principalities among the Philistines).
They are the inhabitants of Gaza, including Azotus, AshCalon, Geth, and AcCaron.
· The Evitesfrom ThaEman through the land of CanaAn to the Gaza.
· The Sidonians from Aphec to the borders of the Amorites.
· The Philistine land of GoliAth from the border of Lebanon east of GilGal at Mount HerMon and the road to Emath.
· All those that inhabit the hill country from Lebanon to MaserEth-MemphoMaim, and all the Sidonians.
I’m going to destroy them all before IsraEl;
So, divide their land as an inheritance among IsraEl, as I told you.
Divide it [and let it be offered] in a lottery to the 9 tribes and to the half tribe of ManasSeh.
Its boundaries will run west from the JorDan to the [MediTerranean] Sea.’

Now, Moses (the servant of Jehovah) had already given the tribes of ReuBen, Gad, and the half tribe of ManasSeh their inheritance in the east across the JorDanfrom AroEr (at the brook of Arnon) to the city in the middle of the valley, as well as all of Misor to MaEdAbanand all the cities of SeOn (the king of the Amorites) who reigned from Hesh-EbonEh to the borders of the children of AmMon,as well as the region of GileAd, the borders of the Gesirites and Machatites all around Mount HerMon, the land of BaShan to Acha,and the entire kingdom of Og in the region of BaShan (he reigned in AstarOth and in EdraIn near the giants before Moses struck him down and destroyed him).
But the children of IsraEl didn’t destroy the Gesirites, Machatites, and CanaAnites; so the king of the Gesiri and the Machatites are still living among the children of IsraEl to this day.

However, no inheritance was given to the tribe of Levi;
For Jehovah the God of IsraEl is their inheritance, as He told them.

This is how Moses divided the land among the children of IsraEl at ArabOth in MoAb on the other side of the JorDan near JeriCho…
To the tribe of ReuBen and their families he gave all of this:
Their borders ran from AroEr across from the Brook of Arnon (which includes the cities in the valley of Arnon and all of Misor)to Hesh-EbonEh.
So theirs included all the cities in Misor, DaEbon, BaEmonBaAl, BethMeElBoth,BaShan, BakedMoth, MaEphaAd,KiriAth JaiRim, Sebama, Serada, Sion (on Mount Enab),BaethPhogor, AsedOth, Phasga, BaethThasinOth,all the cities of Misor, and all the kingdom of SeOn (the king of the Amorites whom Moses struck down, along with the leaders of MidiAn – Evi, Roboc, Sur, Ur, and Robe, who was the leader of the looters in Sion), all the inhabitants of Sion,and BalaAm the son of BeOr (they also killed this prophet in the battle).
The [western] border of ReuBen started at the JorDan.
So, those are the boundaries and inheritance of the children of ReuBen, which were divided among all their families, as well as their cities and villages.

He gave this inheritance to the sons of Gad and to their families:
Their borders run from JaZer (they include all the cities of GileAd and half the land of the children of AmMon) to the Araba near Arad.
Then on from Hesh-EbonEh to ArabOth through MasSepha, Botanim, and MaAn, to the borders of DaEbon,EnAdom, OtharGai, BaenThanabra, SocCotha, and Saphan, and the rest of the kingdom of SeAn (the king of Hesh-EbonEh) to the JorDan, then up to the Sea of GaliLee on the east side of the JorDan.
This is the inheritance of the children of Gad and their cities, which was divided among their families.
They had to [stick together when facing] their enemies, because those cities and villages were to be distributed among their families.

He gave this inheritance to half the tribe of ManasSeh and their families:
Their borders ran from MaAn, through the kingdom of BaShan, and the entire kingdom of Og (the king of BaShan), all the villages of JaIr that are in the region of BaShan (some 60 cities),half of GileAd, and AstarOth and EdraIn (the royal cities of Og in the land of BaShan).
That is what Moses gave to the sons of MachIr (the son of ManasSeh) and their families, which comprised the half tribe of ManasSeh.
They’re the ones that urged Moses to give them all the land east of the JorDan at ArabOth MoAb.

Chapter 14

And these were the children of IsraEl that received their inheritance in the land of CanaAn – those to whom EliEzer the Priest, JoShua (the son of NaWeh), and the family heads of the tribes of the children of IsraEl gave an inheritance.
The 9-1/2 tribes received their inheritances in a lottery, just as Jehovah had commanded JoShua;
But the Levites received no inheritance among themother than their own cities and suburbs, where their cattle were kept separate from those of the rest.
So the children of IsraEl did just as Jehovah commanded Moses, and they divided up the land.

Then (one of) the sons of Judah (Caleb, the son of JephoNe the Kenite) went to JoShua at GilGal and said to him:
‘You know what Jehovah said to Moses (the man of God) about me at KaDesh BarNea.
For I was 40 years old when Moses (the servant of God) sent me from KaDesh BarNea to spy in this land, and I returned to him and gave him an answer that pleased him.
Though my brothers that went with me preferred to listen to the people, I kept following my God Jehovah.
So Moses swore on that day, saying,
The land where you went will become the inheritance of you and your children through the ages, because you made sure that you followed our God, Jehovah.

‘Well, Jehovah has kept me alive until now, and it has been 45 years since Jehovah said that to Moses back when IsraEl [lived] in the desert.
So today, {Look!} I’m 85 years old!Yet, I’m still as strong as when Jehovah sent me; in fact, I’m still strong enough to fight as a soldier!
So now I’m asking you for this mountain [in order to fulfill Jehovah’s promise] which you heard on that day.
And though the Enakim are here in large fortified cities;
If Jehovah is with me, I’ll destroy them just as Jehovah has instructed me.’

So JoShua blessed him and gave HebRon to Caleb (the son of JephoNe and grandson of Kenez) as his inheritance.
And since then, HebRon has been the inheritance of Caleb, because he followed the commandments of Jehovah, the God of IsraEl.
The name of that city used to be ArGob when it belonged to the Enakim; but after the war, it was renamed HebRon.

Chapter 15

The border of the tribe of Judah (which land was divided among their families) runs south from Idumea and the Sin Desert, as far as KaDeshin the south.
It runs from part of the Dead Sea into the high country,then it goes toward the base of Mount AcraBin, around Sena, then south to KaDesh BarNea, over to AsoRon, up to SaraDa, then along the road west of KaDesh,out to SelMona toward the valley of Egypt, and it ends at the Sea.
These are their southern borders.

Their borders on the east run from the Dead Sea and up the JorDan. Their borders in the north run from the Sea over to part of the JorDan.
They run from BethLehem in the north to the House in the Plains, along the stone [wall] of BaeOn to the borders of the sons of ReuBen.
The border continues through a 4th part of the Valley of Achor and goes down toward GilGal to the approach to AdamMin (on the south side of the valley), and terminates at the water [that flows from] the Spring of the Sun and the Spring of RogEl.
Then it runs southward to the valley of EnNom behind Jebus (which is now JeruSalem), and ends at the top of the mountain facing the seaward side of the valley of EnNom, with the land of the RaphaIn in the north.

Then the border runs from the top of the mountain to the spring water of NaphTho, and on to Mount EphRon along the [road] that leads to BaAl (which is now the city of JaRim).
Then it runs from BaAl to the sea across Mount AsSar, which is behind the city of JaRim to the north (ChasLon), and down to the City of the Sun. From there, it heads south.
This border terminates behind AcCaron (to the north), then it runs on to SocChoth and southward to LebNa, then over to the Sea.
The [MediTerranean] Sea is their [western] border.
These are the borders of the [land that was distributed among] the families of the children of Judah.

And to Caleb (the son of JephoNe), JoShua set aside a [special] portion in the midst of the children of Judah, as God had commanded JoShua.
He gave him the city of ArBoc and the metropolis of Enac, which is now called HebRon.
So, Caleb (the son of JephoNe) destroyed the three sons of Enac (Susi, Tholami, and Achima) there,then he [attacked] DabIr, which used to be called The City of Letters.

Then Caleb swore:
‘To whoever takes, conquers, and destroys the City of Letters, I will give my daughter AsCha to be his woman.’
And it was GothoniEl (the son of Chenez, Caleb’s brother) who took [the city], so [Caleb] gave him AsCha his daughter to be his woman.
But as she was leaving [her father], she said to [Chenez]:
‘I’m going to ask my father for a field.’

So she got off her burro and started crying.
And Caleb asked her,
‘What’s wrong?’
Then she said:
‘Give me a blessing, for you’re sending me into the land of Negev… give me [a place where there are] springs!’
So he gave her both the upper and lower springs.

This is all the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah.
And their cities within the borders of Edom by the desert are BaeSeleEl, Ara, Asor,Icam, RegMa, AruEl,KaDesh, AsoriOnain, MaEnam,BalmaEnan and its suburbs,the cities of AseRon (which are now called Asor),Sen, SalmaA, MoLada,Seri, BaePhalath,CholaseOla, BeerSabee (and their villages and towns),Bala, Bacoc, Asom,ElBoudad, BethEl, Herma,SekeLac, Macharim, SethenNac,Labos, Sale, and EroMoth…
29 cities and their villages.

In the plain country, [the cities are] AstaOl, RaA, AsSa,Ramen, Tano, IluthOth, MaeAni,JerMuth, OdolLam, MemBra, SaoCho, Jazeca,SacArim, GadeRa and its villages…
14 cities and their villages.
Also, SenNa, AdaSan, MagadalGad,Dalad, MasPha, JaChareEl,BasedOth, IdeaDalea,Chabra, Maches, MaAchos,GedDor, BagadiEl, Noman, MacheDan…
16 cities and their villages.
Also, LebNa, Ithac, Anoch,Jana, Nasib,KeILam, AkiEzi, Kezib, BethEsar, AiLom…
10 cities and their villages.
Also, AcCaron and her villages and towns,AcCaron-Gemna, and all the cities near AsedOth and their villages,AsiedOth and her villages and towns, Gaza and its villages and towns, which run to the river of Egypt and along the [MediTerranean] Sea.

In the hill country, [the cities are] SamIr, JeTher, Socha,RenNa, The City of Letters (DabIr),Anon, Es, Man, AiSam,Goshen, Chalu, ChanNa, Gelom…
11 cities and their villages.
Also, AiRem, RemNa, Soma,JemaIn, BaethAchu, Phacua,Euma, the city ArBoc (HebRon), and SoraIth…
9 cities and their villages.
Also, MaOr, CarMel, Ozib, Itan,JariEl, AriCam, Zacanaim,GabaA, and ThamNatha…
9 cities and their villages.
Also, AiLua, BethSur, GedDon,MagarOth, BethAnam, and Thecum…
6 cities and their villages.
Also, Theco, EphRatha (BethLehem), Phagor, AiTan, Culon, Tatam, Thobes, Carem, Galem, Thether, and ManoCho…
11 cities and their villages.
Also, KariAth-BaAl (JaiRim) and SoTheba…
2 cities and their villages.
Also, BadDargeIsh, ThaRabaAm, AiNon, AiOchiOza, NaphLazon, Sadon, and AnKadesh…
7 cities and their villages.

Well, the Jebusites lived in JeruSalem, because the children of Judah couldn’t destroy them…
And they still live there today.

Chapter 16

The borders of the children of JoSeph run from the JorDan past JeriCho on the east, and from JeriCho to the hill country, to the desert, then up to BethEl Luza.
And from BethEl they proceed on to the borders of AchaTarOthi,then they go across toward the sea along the borders of ApTalim, and to the borders of Lower BethOron, then on to the sea.
[And that’s where] the sons of JoSeph (Ephraim and ManasSeh) claimed their inheritance.

The borders of the children of Ephraim that were divided among their families as their inheritance run eastward to AtarOth and Eroc, then on to Upper BethOron and Gazara.
They run from the sea to IcasMon north of TherMa, then east to TheNasa and SelLes, and on to JaNoca,Macho, and AtarOth (which are their villages), then toward JeriCho, ending at the JorDan.
From there they run on to Tapho, to ChelCana, and back to the sea.
This is the inheritance of the tribe of Ephraim and their families.

Many of the cities and their villages that were given to the sons of Ephraim were in the midst of the inheritance of the sons of ManasSeh.
And Ephraim failed to destroy the CanaAnites who lived in GaZer; so the CanaAnites lived in Ephraim until PharaOh, the king of Egypt (possibly Ramses the Great) went there, took it, and burned it with fire.
Then PharaOh gave the CanaAnites, Pherezites, and those that live in Gaza to his daughter as her dowry.

Chapter 17

Now, these are the borders of the tribe of the children of ManasSeh (JoSeph’s firstborn):
MachIr was the firstborn of ManasSeh and the father of GileAd, who [took] the land of GileAd and BaShan.
And the other sons of ManasSeh were also given land, which was divided among their families… the sons of Jezi, the sons of Kelez, the sons of JeziEl, the sons of SheChem, the sons of Symarim, and the sons of Opher (the family heads).

SalpaAd (the son of Opher) had no sons, just daughters, and these are their names:
SalpaAd, MaAla, Nua, Egla, Melcha, and Thersa.
They had gone before JoShua, EliEzer the Priest, and the rulers and said,
‘God commanded Moses to give us an inheritance in the midst of our family.’
So at the command of Jehovah, they were given an inheritance among their uncles.

In the lottery, these women were assigned all [the land] from AnasSa to the plain of Labec in the land of GileAd [west of] the JorDan.
And because these daughters of the sons of ManasSeh inherited land inside of GileAd, the rest of it was assigned to the other sons of ManasSeh.
Thus, the borders of the sons of ManasSeh start at DelAnath (close to the sons of Anath) and proceed to the edge of JaMin and JasSib, to the spring of ThaphThoth.
It all belongs to ManasSeh; but ThaphEth on its border belongs to the sons of Ephraim.
Then the borders go down to the valley of CaraNa, and southward past the valley of JariEl where there’s a pine tree that belongs to Ephraim near the city of ManasSeh.
Then its border runs northward to the brook and over to the sea.

The land to ManasSeh’s south belongs to Ephraim, and it runs along their border from the seacoast, then northward along the border of Aseb, and eastward up to [the land of] IsSachar.
And in the land of IsSachar, ManasSeh owns Asher, BethSan and their villages, the inhabitants of Dor and its villages, the inhabitants of MegidDo and its villages, and 1/3 of MaphEta and its villages.
However, the sons of ManasSeh weren’t able to destroy those cities, so the CanaAnites started living there.
But when the children of IsraEl were strong enough, they made the CanaAnites their subjects (they didn’t destroy them).

Then the sons of JoSeph went to JoShua [and complained]:
‘Why did you just give us just one inheritance and one border? For God has blessed us and made us a large group of people!’

But JoShua replied:
‘If you have a lot of people and the hills of Ephraim are too small for you, then go up to the forest and clear more land for yourselves.’

However, they replied:
‘We don’t like the hills of Ephraim, and the CanaAnites are living there in BethSan and its villages, as well as in the JezreEl Valley…
And they have many horsemen and iron [weapons].’

But JoShua told the sons of JoSeph:
‘If you have many people and you are very strong, you may claim more inheritance.
Also, if you need wood, there is [plenty of] wood there. Clear it and the land will be yours.
Then destroy the CanaAnites; for even if they do have good horsemen, you are stronger than they are.’

Chapter 18

Well, the entire gathering of the children of IsraEl assembled at ShiLoh, and there they set up the Tent of Proofs (since they had already conquered that land)…
And the sons of IsraEl that hadn’t received their inheritance yet (7 tribes), stayed there.

Then JoShua asked the sons of IsraEl:
‘How much longer are you going to hold back from inheriting the land that our God Jehovah has given to you?
Now, appoint three men from each tribe and have them travel throughout the land.
Then come and describe it to me so it can be properly divided.’

And thereafter, they came to him and he [arranged for them to] divide it into 7 sections.
For he said,
‘Judah’s borders to the south will stand, as will [the land of] the sons of JoSeph to the north.
But now you must divide the [rest of] the land into 7 parts and then bring the descriptions here to me, so I can parcel them out in a lottery before Jehovah our God.
However, the sons of Levi won’t receive a share among you; for the Priesthood of Jehovah is their portion.
Also, Gad, ReuBen, and the half tribe of ManasSeh have already received their inheritance east of the JorDan, which was given to them by Moses, the servant of Jehovah.’

Then as the men got up to leave, JoShua gave these orders to those that were to explore the land:
‘Go and survey the land, then come to me and I will divide it in a lottery here in ShiLoh, before Jehovah.’

So they went and explored the land.
And after examining it, they divided it into 7 parts by cities, and [they drew a map], which they brought back to JoShua.
Then JoShua threw lots for them before Jehovah there at ShiLoh.

It was the tribe of BenJamin and their families that came first, and the borders they received were between the children of Judah and the children of JoSeph.
Their borders to the east went up the JorDan behind JeriCho, northward to the mountains in the west, and to BethOn of MabDara.
It runs around the south side of Luz (BethEl), and down to MaAtarob-Orech into the hill country that is south of Lower BethOron.
Then it proceeds to the part that faces the sea, south of the mountain in front of BethOron, and ends at KariAth-BaAl (KiriAth JaiRim), a city of the children of Judah.
This was their boundary on the west.

On the south side, it runs from the border of KiriAth-BaAl across to Gasin, and to the Spring of NaphTho.
Then it runs in front of the forest of SonNam (which is east of Emec-RaphaIn) in the north, and comes down to the EnNa Valley behind JebuSai;
Then it runs south to the Spring of RogEland over to the Spring of BethSamys.
From there, it goes in front of GalilOth by way of AiThamin, then down to the stone of BaeOn (of the sons of ReuBen), where it passes behind the north side of BethAraba to the sea in the north.
These borders end at the creek of the Dead Sea and run north along the JorDan (which is their southern border)…
So the JorDan is their boundary on the east.
This is the inheritance of the children of BenJamin and their families, and these are their borders.

The cities of the children of BenJamin and their families are JeriCho, BethAgaeo, the AmeCasis,BethAbara, Sara, BesAna,AiEin, Phara, EphRatha,CarApha, Cephira, and Moni
(12 cities and their villages)
GibeOn, Rama, BeerOtha,MasSema, Miron, Amoke,Phira, Caphan, Nacan, Selecan, ThareEla,Jebus (JeruSalem), and GabaOth JaiRim
(13 cities and their villages).
This is the inheritance of the sons of BenJamin and their families.

Chapter 19

the 2nd lot fell to the children of SymeOn, so their inheritance is in the midst of the land of the children of Judah.
They were given BeerSabee, SamaA, CalaDam,ArSola, Bola, Jason,ErThula, Bula, Herma,SikElac, BethMachereb, SarSusin,BathAroth…
13 cities and their villages.
Also, EremMon, Thalcha, JeTher, and Asan…
4 cities and their villages.
Their cities run from Balec and the road to Bameth southward.
This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of SymeOn and their families.
It is part of the lot of Judah, because Judah’s portion was very large, so the inheritance of the children of SymeOn is in the midst of theirs.

The 3rd lot fell to ZebuLon and their families.
The boundaries of their inheritance run from EsedekGolato the sea and on to MagelDa, then it reaches to BethAraba in the valley across from JekMan.
From there it goes back to SedDuc and heads east to BethSamys along the border of ChaShilohThaith, and passes on to DabIrOth, then it goes up to PhanGai.
From there it goes back eastward to GeBere and the city of CataSem, and on to RemMonaA-MatharaOza.
Then it goes north to AmOth and ends at GaEphaEl,CataNath, NaBaAl, SymoOn, JeriCho, and BethMan.
This (and these cities and their villages) is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of ZebuLon and their families.

The 4th lot fell to IsSachar.
Their borders include Jazel, ChasalOth, Sunam,Agin, Siona, ReErOth,AnaChereth, DabIron, Kison, Rebes,RemMas, Jeon, TomMan, AiMarec, and BerSaphes.
They border on GaethBor, Salim, and BethSamys in the west, and then the border runs to the JorDan.This (and these cities and their villages) is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of IsSachar and their families.

The 5th lot fell to Asher and their families.
Their borders include ExelEketh, Aleph, BethOk, KeAph,EliMelech, AmiEl, and MaAsa.
Their border runs west from CarMel and on to Zion and LabaNath.
Then it runs west from BethEgeneth to where it joins ZebuLon (EkGai and PhthaeEl), then northward to SaphthaeBethMe and InaEl; then it goes on to ChobaMasomEl,ElBon, RaHab, EmeMaon, CanThan, and Sidon.
From there, it turns back and runs to Rama, to the Spring of MasPhasSat and the border of Tyre;
Then it returns to JaSiph and ends at the sea (it includes ApoLeb, EchoZob,ArchOb, Aphec, and RaAu).
This (and these cities and their villages) is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Asher and their families.

The 6th lot fell to NaphTali.
Their borders include MoOlam, Mola, BesemiIn, Arme, Naboc, JephThamai (as far as Dodam), and end at the JorDan.
Then it runs west at AthAbor and goes on to JaCana.
It borders on ZebuLon in the south, Asher in the west, and the JorDan in the east.
Theirs includes the walled cities of the Tyrians – Tyre, OmaThadakEth, KenerEth,ArmaIth, AreAl, Asor,KaDesh, AsSari and the well of Asor,Keroe, MegalaArim, BeatThame, and BethSamus.
This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of NaphTali.

The 7th lot fell to Dan.
Their borders include SarAth, Asa, the cities of SamMaus,SalaMin, AmMon, SilAtha,Elon, ThamNatha, AcCaron,AlCatha, BegEthon, GebeElan,Azor, BanaeBacat, and GethRemMon.
Then west of HierAcon, the border is near JopPa.
This (including these cities and their villages) is the inheritance of the children of Dan and their families.
However, the children of Dan didn’t drive out the Amorites.
So, they constantly harassed them in their mountains and wouldn’t allow them to come down into the valley.
They also forcibly took a portion of their land.

Then the sons of Dan went and fought against LachIsh and took it.
They cut [the people] down with swords and started living there, and they renamed the city LasenDan.
However, the Amorites continued to live in Edom and in SalamIn, but the Ephraimites held them down and forced them to pay a tribute.

So the children of IsraEl proceeded to take possession of the land inside their borders, and they gave an inheritance to JoShua (the son of NaWeh) among them.
Following the command of God, they gave him the city that he asked for, ThamnaSarach in the hills of Ephraim.
So he built the city and lived there.

These are the divisions that EliEzer the Priest, JoShua (the son of NaWeh), and the family heads of the tribes of IsraEl assigned in a lottery before Jehovah at ShiLoh, at the entrance to the Tent of Proofs.
And thereafter, they each went out to take possession of their lands.

Chapter 20

Then the Lord spoke to JoShua and said:
‘Speak to the children of IsraEl and tell them to assign the refuge cities that I spoke to you about through Moses.
They are to be havens for those that accidentally kill another person…
Cities to run to, so the one that killed the other won’t be put to death by the person acting as next-of-kin over the blood.

‘He must flee to one of these cities and go to the city gate to speak to the city elders about his case.
Thereafter, he is to be handed over [to those that are living there] and given a place where he can stay among them.

‘And when the one that is acting as the next of kin over the blood (the one that is pursuing him) arrives, they are not to hand him over for unintentionally striking his neighbor (someone whom he didn’t dislike on the previous days).

‘The person must continue to dwell in that city until he stands trial before the congregation, and thereafter, he must stay there until the death of the High Priest (whomever it may be in that day).
So then, the blood-avenger must just return to his city and home, (to the place from which the person had fled).’

Therefore, [JoShua] set aside KaDesh in the hills of NaphTali in GaliLee, SheChem in the hills of Ephraim, and the city of ArBoc (HebRon) in the hills of Judah.
And across the JorDan, he set aside Bosor in the desert plain of the tribe of ReuBen, AremOth in GileAd of the tribe of Gad, and Golan in the country of BaShan of the tribe of ManasSeh.

These were the cities that were selected for the sons of IsraEl and for the aliens who lived among them, where those that unintentionally killed another could run, so they wouldn’t be put to death by the blood avenger before they stood trial in front of the gathering.

Chapter 21

Then the heads of the families of the sons of Levi came to EliEzer the Priest, JoShua (the son of NaWeh), and the heads of families of the tribes of IsraElat ShiLoh in the land of CanaAn, and said,
‘[Remember that Jehovah] gave the commandment through Moses that we should be given cities to live in, as well as land roundabout them for our cattle.’

So, following the commands of Jehovah, the children of IsraEl gave the Levites cities and their surrounding countrysides as their inheritance.

The first lot fell to the children of CaAth;
So the sons of Aaron (the Levite Priests) received 13 cities from the tribes of Judah, SymeOn, and BenJamin, which were divided among their families in a lottery.
And then the remaining sons of CaAth were given 10 cities from the tribes of Ephraim, Dan, and the half tribe of ManasSeh.

The sons of GedSon received 13 cities, which were divided [among their families] by lottery from the tribes of IsSachar, Asher, NaphTali, and the half tribe of ManasSeh in BaShan.

The sons of MeraRi received 12 cities, which were divided among their families by lottery from the tribes of ReuBen, Gad, and ZebuLon.

The children of IsraEl also gave the Levites the land around their cities, as Jehovah had commanded Moses, which were divided in a lottery.

These are the cities that the tribes of the children of Judah, SymeOn, and part of the tribe of the children of BenJamin assignedto the sons of Aaron (the family of CaAth of the sons of Levi), for whom the first lot fell:
· KiriAth-ArBoc and the metropolis of the sons of Enac (HebRon) in the Mountain country of Judah and the surrounding suburbs.
However, JoShua gave the city itself and its villages to the sons of Caleb (the son of JephoNe) as his [family’s] possession.
He also assigned HebRon and its suburbs as a refuge city for unintentional killers. [He also gave them:]
· LemNa and its suburbs
· AiLom and its suburbs
· Tema and its suburbs
· GelLa and its suburbs
· DabIr and its suburbs
· Asa and its suburbs
· Tany and its suburbs
· BethSamus and its suburbs – 9 cities from these two tribes.

And from the tribe of BenJamin, they were given:
· GibeOn and its suburbs
· GathEth and its suburbs
· AnathOth and its suburbs
· Gamala and its suburbs – 4 cities.

So all together, the sons of Aaron (the Priests) were given these 13 cities.

And the remaining families of the sons of CaAth (the Levite Priests) were giventhese cities from the tribe of Ephraim:
· SheChem and its suburbs (which was also a refuge city)
· Gazara and its appendages and suburbs
· KibZaim and its suburbs
· BethOron and its suburbs – 4 cities.

And from the tribe of Dan [they were given]:
· HelcoThaim and its suburbs
· GethEdan and its suburbs
· AiLon and its suburbs
· GethEremMon and its suburbs – 4 cities.

And from the half tribe of ManasSeh [they were given]:
· Tanach and its suburbs
· JeBatha and its suburbs – 2 cities.

So in all, 10 cities and their suburbs were assigned to the remaining families of the sons of CaAth.

And JoShua gave the sons of GedSon (the Levites) these cities from the other half-tribe of ManasSeh:
· Golan in the country of BaShan and its suburbs, which was also a refuge city
· Bosora and its suburbs – 2 cities.

And from the tribe of IsSachar [they were given]:
· Kison and its suburbs
· DebBa and its suburbs
· RemMath and its suburbs
· The Well of Letters and its suburbs – 4 cities.

And from the tribe of Asher [they were given]:
· BaselLa and its suburbs
· DabBon and its suburbs
· Chelcat and its suburbs
· RaHab and its suburbs – 4 cities.

And from the tribe of NaphTali [they were given]:
· KaDesh in GaliLee and its suburbs, which was a refuge city
· NemMath and its suburbs
· ThemMon and its suburbs – three cities.

All together, the families of GedSon received 13 cities.

The remaining families of the sons of MeraRi (the Levites) received these cities from the tribe of ZebuLon:
· MaAn and its suburbs
· KaDesh and its suburbs
· SelLa and its suburbs – three cities.

Then on the other side of the JorDan near JeriCho, they received these cities from the tribe of ReuBen:
· Bosor in the Miso Desert and its suburbs, which was a refuge city
· JaZer and its suburbs
· DecMon and its suburbs
· Mapha and its suburbs – 4 cities.

Then from the tribe of Gad [they received]:
· RamOth in GileAd and its suburbs, which was a refuge city
· Camin and its suburbs
· Esbon and its suburbs
· JaZer and its suburbs – 4 cities.

So altogether, the families of the sons of MeraRi of the tribe of Levi received 12 cities and their outlying land.
And the Levites received 48 citiesand all their surrounding land and suburbs.

Then after JoShua stopped dividing the land and setting thei